eruption

Definitions

  • Native Refugees from Katmai Eruption
    Native Refugees from Katmai Eruption
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n eruption the emergence of a tooth as it breaks through the gum
    • n eruption a sudden very loud noise
    • n eruption a sudden violent spontaneous occurrence (usually of some undesirable condition) "the outbreak of hostilities"
    • n eruption the sudden occurrence of a violent discharge of steam and volcanic material
    • n eruption (of volcanos) pouring out fumes or lava (or a deposit so formed)
    • n eruption symptom consisting of a breaking out and becoming visible
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: After the Krakatoa volcano eruption in 1883 in Indonesia, many people reported that, because of the dust, the sunset appeared green and the moon blue. The moon was said to appear blue for almost two years.
    • eruption A sudden and overwhelming hostile movement of armed men from one country to another.
    • eruption A violent commotion.
    • eruption A violent exclamation; ejaculation. "He would . . . break out into bitter and passionate eruditions ."
    • eruption A violent throwing out of flames, lava, etc., as from a volcano or a fissure in the earth's crust.
    • eruption That which bursts forth.
    • eruption The act of breaking out or bursting forth;
    • eruption (Med) The breaking out of pimples, or an efflorescence, as in measles, scarlatina, etc.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The permanent teeth that erupt to replace their primary predecessors (baby teeth) are called succedaneous teeth.
    • n eruption A bursting forth; a sudden breaking out, as from inclosure or confinement; a violent emission or outbreak: as, an eruption of flame and lava from a volcano; an eruption of military force; an eruption of ill temper.
    • n eruption The act of forcibly expelling matter from inclosure or confinement.
    • n eruption In pathology: A breaking out, as of a cutaneous disease.
    • n eruption The exanthema accompanying a disease, as the rash of scarlet fever.
    • n eruption Synonyms Outburst, outbreak.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: When Mount Vesuvius erupted in in the year 79, over 2,000 citizens of Pompeii ran into their cellars to wait until everything had ended. Excavators found them still there 1,800 years later.
    • n Eruption a breaking or bursting forth: that which bursts forth: a breaking out of spots on the skin
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Quotations

  • Eldridge Cleaver
    Eldridge Cleaver
    “Americans think of themselves collectively as a huge rescue squad on twenty-four-hour call to any spot on the globe where dispute and conflict may erupt.”
  • Raoul Vaneigem
    Raoul%20Vaneigem
    “The eruption of lived pleasure is such that in losing myself I find myself; forgetting that I exist, I realize myself.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. eruptio, fr. erumpere, eruptum, to break out; e, out + rumpere, to break: cf. F. éruption,. See Rupture
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. erumpĕre, eruptum.—e, out, rumpĕre, to break.

Usage

In literature:

A second eruption, coupled with an earthquake, on May 20, completed the wreckage of the buildings.
"Plotting in Pirate Seas" by Francis Rolt-Wheeler
The flames of an eruption, the fall of an avalanche, told of the wrath of the mountain god.
"The Mountain that was 'God'" by John H. Williams
Indeed, it's only quite recently that we've been working out the relations between volcanic eruptions and weather.
"The Boy with the U. S. Weather Men" by Francis William Rolt-Wheeler
Its summit, with an undulating sky-line, lay to the west of it, no doubt formed by erupted matter.
"Across Unknown South America" by Arnold Henry Savage Landor
The earliest eruption recorded is that of 1616, mentioned by Spilbergen.
"The Philippine Islands" by John Foreman
Fonua Lei was again destroyed by an eruption in 1846.
"Voyage of H.M.S. Pandora" by Edward Edwards
The prevalent idea of a geyser is a hot fountain, sometimes quiescent, but at others rising in turbulent eruption.
"The Continental Monthly, Vol. 6, No 3, September 1864" by Various
With the risk of another eruption of the volcano, it was important to be able to start at a moment's notice.
"The Rival Crusoes" by W.H.G. Kingston
There's going to be an eruption.
"Jack at Sea" by George Manville Fenn
So are skin eruptions of various kinds.
"Special Report on Diseases of the Horse" by United States Department of Agriculture
The former, thirteen thousand feet in height, was in violent eruption, and the latter, ten thousand feet high, was quiescent.
"Wealth of the World's Waste Places and Oceania" by Jewett Castello Gilson
Just then a burst of angry shouting and scuffling erupted in the corridor.
"I Was a Teen-Age Secret Weapon" by Richard Sabia
The condition must be distinguished from the contagious skin eruptions.
"The Home Medical Library, Volume II (of VI)" by Various
The stones, ashes, and mud ejected during eruptions are even more destructive than the rivers of lava.
"The Beauties of Nature" by Sir John Lubbock
There has been no eruption from this mountain since 1845.
"The Land of Thor" by J. Ross Browne
Krakatoa was not a volcano, except so far as eruptions on the paint went.
"Somehow Good" by William de Morgan
The earliest outbursts on record took place in 1532 and 1533; and since then the eruptions have been both numerous and destructive.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 5" by Various
A pustular eruption is often witnessed during the existence of distemper, and I have not seen the same phenomenon distinct from the disease.
"The Dog" by Dinks, Mayhew, and Hutchinson
We've got to deal with them before they erupt.
"Black Man's Burden" by Dallas McCord Reynolds
The sea swallowed them and a second later belched an eruption of water.
"A Yankee Flier with the R.A.F." by Rutherford G. Montgomery
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In poetry:

At times the moon, erupting, streaks
Some long cloud; like Andean peaks
That double
Horizon-vast volcano chains,
The earthquake scars with lava veins
That bubble.
"Clearing" by Madison Julius Cawein
How then to set her free or come to terms
With the volcano itself, the fierce power
Erupting injuries, shrieking alarms?
Kali among her skulls must have her hour.
"(From) The Invocation to Kali " by May Sarton
"Older than the beasts, the oldest Palaeotherium;
Older than the trees, the oldest Cryptogami;
Older than the hills, those infantile eruptions
Of earth's epidermis!
"To The Pliocene Skull" by Francis Bret Harte
Hot-shooting pains, eruptions, tumours, boils,
Agues and fevers, quinsies, gout, and stone,
Plague, pestilence, consumptions, fits, and piles,
(Nay, ev'ry ail,) proceed from God alone.
"Advice To The Sick" by Rees Prichard
Heart that was big as the bowels of Vesuvius,
Words that were wing'd as her sparks in eruption,
Eagled and thundered as Jupiter Pluvius,
Sound in your wind past all signs o' corruption.
"Mesmerism" by Ezra Pound

In news:

Eruption of Iceland's Grímsvötn Volcano Captured on May 23rd, 2011, this image shows the massive cloud of volcanic ash spewed into the air above Iceland by the Grímsvötn volcano.
Geologist Elizabeth Cottrell discusses the effects of the Icelandic volcanic eruption and the work of the Smithsonian's Global Volcanism Program.
Volcano often erupts in tandem with much bigger one nearby.
Ash From Icelandic Eruption May Just Be the Start.
Icelandic Volcano Eruption Strands Air Passengers Across Europe.
Webcam capture by Eruptions reader Kirby.
Ill-timed fight erupts over money-market funds.
The PNC Park crowd erupts as Sidney Crosby hoists the Stanley Cup before the game against the Tigers yesterday, Many members of the NHL champion Penguins attended the game.
It will be a long time before residents of the Kanawha Valley forget the terrible explosion and fire that erupted at the Bayer CropScience plant in Institute in August 2008.
Seven years before hostilities continued erupting Wednesday in Washington over a pitcher's use of pine tar on his glove, a similar, more heated fracas occurred in Anaheim.
The use of the words "Conch Republic" has erupted into a court case pitting a Key Largo nonprofit business group against a Key West entrepreneur.
Sweet, innocent laughter erupted from the baby as the music played.
Kilauea's current eruption is still going strong after 29 years.
It usually collects in a magma chamber beneath a volcano, and can then be injected into cracks in rocks or issue out of volcanoes in eruptions.
Nicaraguan protests erupt over rise in power costs.
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In science:

Some studies also suggest that a large fraction of the erupted flux may actually be retracted back into the deeper layers of the SCZ (Rabin, Moore, and Hagyard 1984; Parker 1984, 1987, Howard 1992; D’Silva 1995) thus not contributing to the poloidal field regeneration.
Characteristics Of A Magnetic Buoyancy Driven Solar Dynamo Model
Our present, fully time-dependent calculations include cases both where the wind is driven back by infall to the stellar surface, and where it erupts as a true outflow.
Trapped Protostellar Winds and their Breakout
Interestingly, nova eruptions may actually occur during this phase, but the recurrence time would be exceedingly long (∼1 Gyr).
New Low Accretion-Rate Magnetic Binary Systems and their Significance for the Evolution of Cataclysmic Variables
More than 100 years of monitoring Z And ( first records from 1887) demonstrated an eruptive character of its light curve (LC).
Structure of the hot object in the symbiotic prototype Z And during its 2000-03 active phase
T h , for the hot object during eruptions with respect to quantities from quiescence.
Structure of the hot object in the symbiotic prototype Z And during its 2000-03 active phase
MHD modeling is key to understanding solar eruptive events and their effect on the heliospheric enviroment.
Fluxon Modeling of Low-Beta Plasmas
Among the suprising features of Enceladus discovered by Cassini is the existence of fountains, probably eruptions of subsurface water.
ALMA Capabilities for Observations of Spectral Line Emission
The large mass, momentum, and kinetic energy came from a single exlposive event, and could not have been driven by radiation pressure alone or by the stellar wind that has blown after the eruption.
Eta Carinae and Nebulae Around Massive Stars: Similarities to Planetary Nebulae?
This is because we can observe the stellar wind that has been blowing after the 19th century eruption, potentially inflating and shaping the nebula.
Eta Carinae and Nebulae Around Massive Stars: Similarities to Planetary Nebulae?
The present-day, post-eruption wind of Eta Car is also bipolar in shape with a speed comparable to that of the nebula (Smith et al. 2003), although it is much weaker than the mass-loss rate during the 19th century eruption that made the nebula.
Eta Carinae and Nebulae Around Massive Stars: Similarities to Planetary Nebulae?
Mi . 85M⊙ are believed to turn into luminous blue variables (LBVs), as which they experience outbursts of violent, eruptive shell-ejections (Humphreys & Davidson 1979, Humphreys & Davidson 1994).
A Spectroscopic Survey of WNL Stars in the LMC: General Properties and Binary Status
The most advanced is the DESIR (DEtection of Solar eruptive Infrared Radiation) experiment for the France-China satellite SMESE (SMall Explorer for the study of Solar Eruptions) (Vial et al., 2008).
Sub-terahertz, microwaves and high energy emissions during the December 6, 2006 flare, at 18:40 UT
Great Eruption” ejected more than 10 M⊙ of matter (Smith et al. 2003) from the central ob ject over a ∼ 20 year period, forming the bipolar nebula known as the Homunculus.
3D modelling of the colliding winds in Eta Carinae - evidence for radiative inhibition
Stellar flares and other eruptive phenomena could have a similarly large effect on the habitability of extrasolar planets, especially those orbiting highly variable M dwarfs, which are the focus of several targeted planet search programs.
Temporal Variability of Stars and Stellar Systems
Second, despite their internal dynamics, prominences that have been stable and healthy for weeks suddenly die in an spectacular eruption.
Prominence seismology using small amplitude oscillations
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