• WordNet 3.6
    • n epiglottis a flap of cartilage that covers the windpipe while swallowing
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Epiglottis (Anat) A cartilaginous lidlike appendage which closes the glottis while food or drink is passing while food or drink is passing through the pharynx.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n epiglottis A valve-like organ which helps to prevent the entrance of food and drink into the larynx during deglutition. In man the epiglottis is of oblong figure, broad and round above, attached by its narrow base to the anterior angle of the upper border of the thyroid cartilage or Adam's-apple, and also to the hyoid or tongue-bone, and the tongue itself; its ligaments for these attachments are the thyro-epiglottic, hyo-epiglottic, and glosso-epiglottic, the latter three in number, forming folds of mucous membrane. The muscles of the epiglottis are three, the thyro-epiglottideus and the superior and inferior aryteno-epiglottideus. Its substance is elastic yellow fibrocartilage, covered with mucous membrane continuous with that of the fauces and air-passages. In its ordinary state, as during respiration, the epiglottis stands upon end, uncovering the opening of the larynx; during the act of deglutition it is brought backward so as to protect this orifice. Any similar structure in the lower animals receives the same name. See cuts under alimentary and month.
    • n epiglottis In Polyzoa, same as epistoma.
    • n epiglottis In entomology, same as epipharynæ.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Epiglottis ep-i-glot′is the cartilage at the root of the tongue that partly closes the aperture of the larynx
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
NL., fr. Gr. ; 'epi` upon + , , tongue. See Glottis
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr. epi, upon, glōtta (glōssa), the tongue.


In literature:

Enos of Brooklyn in 1854 reported absence of the epiglottis without interference with deglutition.
"Anomalies and Curiosities of Medicine" by George M. Gould
She watched him sometimes, at the table, when on Sundays he ate the mid-day meal with them; his thin hatchet face, his prominent epiglottis.
"Dangerous Days" by Mary Roberts Rinehart
Thumb and forefinger bored under the jaw and Mr. Dodd's epiglottis ceased vibrating.
"The Landloper" by Holman Day
The windpipe opens downward from the pharynx, but this communication can be shut off by a little plate or lid of cartilage, the epiglottis.
"A Practical Physiology" by Albert F. Blaisdell
Besides these there is the epiglottis, which from its situation above the glottis acts more or less as a lid.
"The Brain and the Voice in Speech and Song" by F. W. Mott
A had all the vocal part of his jaw shot off, and several useful portions of his epiglottis carried away.
"Lippincott's Magazine of Popular Literature and Science, Vol. XII, No. 28. July, 1873." by Various
Once in it begins to do light housekeeping on the aforementioned stranger's epiglottis.
"The Silly Syclopedia" by Noah Lott
Epiglottis contracted or swollen.
"Aids to Forensic Medicine and Toxicology" by W. G. Aitchison Robertson
They say it took all the mucous membrane off his epiglottis.
"Captain Jinks, Hero" by Ernest Crosby
Epiglottis: = epipharynx; q.v.
"Explanation of Terms Used in Entomology" by John. B. Smith

In news:

Myxolipoma of the epiglottis in an adult: A case report.