entrenchment

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n entrenchment an entrenched fortification; a position protected by trenches
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Entrenchment an earthen parapet thrown up to give cover against an enemy's fire and the ditch or trench from which the earth is obtained: any protection: an encroachment
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Usage

In literature:

It was scarcely entrenched at all, having only a few sangars dotted about as rallying-points.
"Four Months Besieged" by H. H. S. Pearse
General Primrose heliographs that Ayub Khan has entrenched his camp at Baba Wali.
"Forty-one years in India" by Frederick Sleigh Roberts
Both sides are firmly entrenched and it's going to be a long, hard fight.
"Aunt Jane's Nieces in the Red Cross" by Edith Van Dyne
But on the other hand it is against Boer tradition to attack, especially entrenched positions.
"Ladysmith" by H. W. Nevinson
Three batteries bombarded an entrenched British battalion for two hours and only seven men were killed.
"Tommy Atkins at War" by James Alexander Kilpatrick
They entrenched, and by entrenching they have won the war for us.
"Private Peat" by Harold R. Peat
The enemy was strongly entrenched in front of these houses.
"The Colored Regulars in the United States Army" by T. G. Steward
ENTRENCHMENTS ATTACKED AND CARRIED.
"The History of Sumatra" by William Marsden
Thus to reach their entrenchment the Guides had to retire down the spur they were now on, and to cross the Jandul.
"The Story of the Guides" by G. J. Younghusband
Dillius Aponianus, and the Eighth by Numisius Lupus, Antonius decided to entrench Verona and make a demonstration in force.
"Tacitus: The Histories, Volumes I and II" by Caius Cornelius Tacitus
The castle formed part of an entrenched camp which Richard designed to cover his Norman capital.
"History of the English People, Volume I (of 8)" by John Richard Green
Fight and entrench, entrench and fight; run away when it comes to a pinch, fight while you run; but fight!
""Old Put" The Patriot" by Frederick A. Ober
They were heavily shelled and unable to proceed, as they found the enemy firmly entrenched in the hills.
"Through Palestine with the 20th Machine Gun Squadron" by Unknown
Already the fortifications had been protected against surprise by new and well-arranged entrenchments.
"The Makers of Canada: Bishop Laval" by A. Leblond de Brumath
Towards noon the Japanese batteries entrenched before Hilgard began bombarding the 28th Regiment with shrapnel.
"Banzai!" by Ferdinand Heinrich Grautoff
Two blocks farther came the order to halt and entrench.
"The Broncho Rider Boys with Funston at Vera Cruz" by Frank Fowler
But as by this time the Union cannon had come up and were entrenched in the town, an artillery duel ensued.
"The Moving Picture Girls in War Plays" by Laura Lee Hope
Our men went down to Lambs Dam to entrenching not above half a mile from the enemys brest work but nothing remarkable hapened.
"The Military Journals of Two Private Soldiers, 1758-1775" by Abraham Tomlinson
Pressing forward they passed entrenchment after entrenchment, but all were deserted.
"Through Three Campaigns" by G. A. Henty
They ought, I think, to abandon Alexandria, and make an entrenched camp out of reach of the guns of the fleet.
"Secret History of the English Occupation of Egypt" by Wilfrid Scawen Blunt
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In poetry:

Entrenched in intricacies strong,
Ditch, fort, and palisado,
He marked with scorn the coming throng,
And breathed a bold bravado:
"Sir Hornbook" by Thomas Love Peacock

In news:

While the green era is entrenched among us, one long-held tenet of the environmental movement has come under scrutiny: recycling.
Facing a fiscal crisis and entrenched opposition in Congress, he came up with measures that some economists say weren't enough to get the job done.
BlackBerrys have become as firmly entrenched in the offices of federal workers as the plastic-encased security badges that dangle around their necks.
Anti-gay sentiments have been entrenched in hip-hop for decades.
Directors, who were friends with the student, say Turkey has entrenched institutional homophobia.
Due to entrenched political correctness, there is still a long way to go for a truly colorblind society ("The Promise of Cain," Linda Chavez, PostOpinion, Oct 15).
For most of storefront America, difficult macroeconomic headwinds have ushered in a period of re-entrenchment.
1985—In a speech at Georgetown law school, Justice William J Brennan Jr attempts to defend his judicial career of misinterpreting the Constitution to entrench liberal policy preferences.
EVERY so often some gifted thinker stares at a long-entrenched product or tradition, and with sudden inspiration redesigns it and changes the world for the better.
Among the lineup of entrenched Kanawha County magistrates elected to new terms on Tuesday were two newcomers.
Lawmakers see need for action, not entrenchment.
Who is going to take back the stories that have been entrenched in American culture about Native Americans for so long.
We're far enough removed from the holiday guilt, and fully entrenched in our typical routines, stresses, and temptations.
New Orleans' Chris Ivory is entrenched on the bench, but coach Joe Vitt on Thursday said Ivory isn't going anywhere.
Joss Whedon's legendary SciFi series 'Firefly' may have come and gone, with all its actors ten years older and firmly entrenched in other projects, but no true fan (or Browncoat) will ever lose faith in the ability to re-light the 'Firefly'.
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In science:

Previous attempts [Gro88], [GM88] describe the revision of each theory K by a different structure without any glue relating the different structures: sphere systems or epistemic entrenchment relations, corresponding to different K ’s.
Distance Semantics for Belief Revision
Our revisions are therefore defined by a polynomial (in the number of models considered) number of pseudo-distances instead of an exponential number of sphere systems or epistemic entrenchment relations (one for each theory K ).
Distance Semantics for Belief Revision
Makinson, “Revisions of Knowledge Systems using Epistemic Entrenchment”, in Proceedings of the Second Conference on Theoretical Aspects of Reasoning About Knowledge, M.Y.
Distance Semantics for Belief Revision
This has led to the concept of ‘Multi-Physics simulations’ – a curious term that is perhaps difficult to make sense of without some understanding of this context, in particular the artificial entrenchment of physics sub-disciplines imposed by software requirements that only exists in such a form in computational physics.
Continuum multi-physics modeling with scripting languages: the Nsim simulation compiler prototype for classical field theory
A)| ≥ |Γd (S )| . 2A Hamming-sphere is more like a ball than a sphere, but the terminology is entrenched.
Recovering randomness from an asymptotic Hamming distance
To better understand why paper usage is so entrenched in our lives, it’s important to identify the attributes of paper that lend to its pervasive quality.
Examining Motivations behind Paper Usage in Academia
Although one could in principle absorb that factor into a redefinition of the coupling, effectively redefining the normalization of “unit color charge”, the standard definition of αs is now so entrenched that alternative choices would be counter-productive, at least in the context of a supposedly pedagogical review.
Introduction to QCD
Even if we ignore the (contentious) issue of fairness, there are well-motivated economic objectives that are penalized by the entrenchment effect.
Shuffling a Stacked Deck: The Case for Partially Randomized Ranking of Search Engine Results
Relying on popularity as a surrogate for quality sets up a vicious cycle of neglect for new pages, even as entrenched pages collect an increasing fraction of user clicks.
Shuffling a Stacked Deck: The Case for Partially Randomized Ranking of Search Engine Results
The entrenchment problem may not be unique to the Web search engine context.
Shuffling a Stacked Deck: The Case for Partially Randomized Ranking of Search Engine Results
The entrenchment problem is particularly acute in the case of Web search, because the sheer size of the Web forces large numbers of users to locate new content using search engines alone.
Shuffling a Stacked Deck: The Case for Partially Randomized Ranking of Search Engine Results
Therefore, in this paper, we specifically focus on diminishing the entrenchment bias in t he Web search context.
Shuffling a Stacked Deck: The Case for Partially Randomized Ranking of Search Engine Results
For example, communities with very active users are likely to be less susceptible to the entrenchment effect than those whose users do not visit very many pages.
Shuffling a Stacked Deck: The Case for Partially Randomized Ranking of Search Engine Results
If so, popular pages would remain entrenched for a longer time than under our model, leading to even worse TBP than our model predicts.
Shuffling a Stacked Deck: The Case for Partially Randomized Ranking of Search Engine Results
However, I prefer to reserve “domain” for the different meanings that are entrenched in subspecializations of computer science such as programming language semantics, constraint processing, and databases.
Set-Theoretic Preliminaries for Computer Scientists
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