engraving

Definitions

  • STEEL PLATE ENGRAVINGS
    STEEL PLATE ENGRAVINGS
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n engraving making engraved or etched plates and printing designs from them
    • n engraving a block or plate or other hard surface that has been engraved
    • n engraving a print made from an engraving
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

ANCIENT METAL ENGRAVING ANCIENT METAL ENGRAVING
Sir Robert Cotton. From an engraving by R. White Sir Robert Cotton. From an engraving by R. White
Engraved bottle: Arkansas.--3/4 Engraved bottle: Arkansas.--3/4
Engraved design.--1/2 Engraved design.--1/2
Engraved bottle: Arkansas.--1/3 Engraved bottle: Arkansas.--1/3
Engraved bottle: Arkansas. (?)--1/3 Engraved bottle: Arkansas. (?)--1/3
Ornately engraved flowers, with an inset portrait of Mrs Browning Ornately engraved flowers, with an inset portrait of Mrs Browning
The Wood-engraver The Wood-engraver

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The first tattoo machine was invented by Samuel O'Reilly. He did this by using equipment that Thomas Edison used to engrave hard surfaces.
    • Engraving An impression from an engraved plate, block of wood, or other material; a print.
    • Engraving That which is engraved; an engraved plate.
    • Engraving The act or art of producing upon hard material incised or raised patterns, characters, lines, and the like; especially, the art of producing such lines, etc., in the surface of metal plates or blocks of wood. Engraving is used for the decoration of the surface itself; also, for producing an original, from which a pattern or design may be printed on paper.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n engraving The act or art of cutting designs, inscriptions, etc., on any hard substance, as stone, metal, or wood. Many branches of the art, as gem-engraving, cameo-cutting, and die-sinking, are of great antiquity.
    • n engraving Specifically, the art of forming designs by cutting, corrosion by acids, a photographic process, etc., on the surface of metal plates or of blocks of wood, etc., for the purpose of taking off impressions or prints of the design so formed. Wood-engraving appears to have come first into use, the earliest dated wood-engraving, representing St. Christopher, bearing the date of 1423, while the earliest engraving worthy of the name from a metal plate was produced by Maso Finiguerra, a goldsmith of Florence, in 1452. Relief-engraving on wood was, however, in use among the Orientals at a far earlier period. In engraving on metal the lines or marks which are to appear on the paper are sunk into the plate, and before being printed from are filled with ink, the rest of the surface being cleaned before the impression is taken. On a block of wood the lines for impression are left prominent, the blank parts being cut away, so that the wooden block serves as a type. Copper and steel plates are printed from separately on a press specially adapted for this use; wooden blocks, on the ordinary printing-press, commonly along with the accompanying text. The wood generally used for fine engraving is box, and the metals commonly employed by engravers are copper and steel. Different methods or styles of engraving on steel or copper are known as aquatint, etching, mezzotint, stipple, line-engraving, etc.
    • n engraving That which is engraved, or produced by engraving; an engraved representation, or an incised plate or block intended to be printed from: as, an engraving on a monument or a watch-case; a steel or a wood engraving.
    • n engraving An impression taken from an engraved plate or block; a print.
    • n engraving The taking of impressions from raised or incised seals has always been practised by civilized people. The goldsmiths of the Middle Ages and Renaissance in Europe used engraving in the decoration of their work, and were accustomed to take impressions from their designs. Such impressions have been traced to the twelfth century. Among the earliest examples of engraving, properly so called, on metal are about three hundred prints in the dotted style (manière criblée) in which black spots are relieved against white and white spots against black, which date from about 1450 a. d. The practice of engraving was encouraged by the use of niello in the decoration of metals. (See niello.) Undoubtedly frequent impressions were taken from niello designs. For making plates to print upon paper, copper and later steel were substituted for other metals. Engraving on copper was extensively practised by the great artists of the Renaissance, as Pollajuolo, Mantegna, Botticelli, and Marcantonio Raimondi in Italy, and Martin Schongauer and Albert Dürer in Germany. In France engraving on copper found its first development in the illustration of books, as in the architectural series of Jacques I. Androuet Du Cerceau. In the seventeenth century the largest development of engraving on metal, occurred about the powerful personalities of Rembrandt and Rubens. The influence of Rubens, especially, brought about the culmination of the art. After this period, engraving on copper and steel became universal throughout modern civilization. The special contribution of England to the art of engraving on metal was the development of mezzotint, which was, however, invented in Holland in the middle of the seventeenth century. Wood-engraving was brought to perfection by the large school of German artists of the Renaissance grouped about the court of the Emperor Maximilian I. The chief of them was Albert-Dürer who may still be considered the greatest master of the art. From Germany the art of wood-engraving was carried into Italy, and practised with a peculiar charm by the painters of the quattrocento and cinquecento. The father of the modern art of wood-engraving is Thomas Bewick of Newcastle, England (1753–1828). Previous to his time the practice was chiefly in black line, that is, a drawing in black lines was made upon the block and the portions of the surface not touched by the draftsman were cut away by the engraver. Bewick established the ascendancy of the white line, that is, the incision made by the engravers' tools. This change in point of view vastly increased the effectiveness and artistic interest of the engraved block. The principles of Bewick have been accepted by all modern engravers whose interest is artistic rather than commercial. As in the case of engraving on copper and steel, the development of wood-engraving in modern times has been great, but little has been added to the fundamental principles established by the older masters.
    • n engraving An engraved printing-plate produced by this process. See photo-engraving and photogravure.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • Engraving act or art of cutting or incising designs on metal, wood, &c., for the purpose of printing impressions from them in ink on paper, or other similar substance—in metal, the lines to be printed are sunk or incised; in wood, the lines to be printed appear in relief, the wood between them being cut away: an impression taken from an engraved plate: a print
    • ***

Quotations

  • Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe
    Johann%20Wolfgang%20Von%20Goethe
    “We are so constituted that we believe the most incredible things; and, once they are engraved upon the memory, woe to him who would endeavor to erase them.”
  • Natalie Clifford Barney
    Natalie%20Clifford%20Barney
    “Time engraves our faces with all the tears we have not shed.”

Etymology

Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. en (=L. in), and grave, v.

Usage

In literature:

He was an engraver by profession, having studied under James Smithers, and engraved most of the plates for the magazine.
"The Philadelphia Magazines and their Contributors 1741-1850" by Albert Smyth
An engraved slab of granite.
"The American Family Robinson" by D. W. Belisle
Mantegna was a fine engraver also, and his plates are now very valuable.
"A History of Art for Beginners and Students: Painting, Sculpture, Architecture" by Clara Erskine Clement
Third edition, 260 Wood Engravings, 12mo, cloth, price 6s.
"Elements of Agricultural Chemistry" by Thomas Anderson
Superbly Illustrated with 141 Engravings from Designs by the most Eminent Artists.
"Reminiscences of Forts Sumter and Moultrie in 1860-'61" by Abner Doubleday
There are also engravings of Lord Lumley by Fittler and Thane.
"English Book Collectors" by William Younger Fletcher
With a Steel Engraving.
"Tales of a Wayside Inn" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Illustrated by more than 100 engravings.
"Mysteries of Bee-keeping Explained" by M. Quinby
The engraving represents the scene.
"Rollo in Geneva" by Jacob Abbott
Method, period and antiquity, of engraving the scarab and other forms.
"Scarabs" by Isaac Myer
He was an ancestor of the late Dr. Stukely, who, in 1722, was at the expence of having a small head of him engraved.
"On the Portraits of English Authors on Gardening," by Samuel Felton
Until 1827, Seymour confined his labours to drawing for the wood-engravers.
"Dickens and His Illustrators" by Frederic G. Kitton
It is supposed that these engravings were executed in the Netherlands: the female figures are said to be in the costume of the Court of Burgundy!
"A Brief History of Wood-engraving from Its Invention" by Joseph Cundall
The former is another of our many landscape-painters who began as engravers on steel.
"Art in America" by Samuel Greene Wheeler (S.G.W.) Benjamin
The lithographic process is something different from the mere printing from an engraving.
"Arguments before the Committee on Patents of the House of Representatives, conjointly with the Senate Committee on Patents, on H.R. 19853, to amend and consolidate the acts respecting copyright" by United States Committee on Patents
Ditto, engraved by W. N. Gardiner, from a drawing by S. Harding, taken from the original picture in Dulwich College, 1794.
"Notes and Queries, Vol. V, Number 118, January 31, 1852" by Various
The engraving of the chapter rings was excellent.
"Smithsonian Institution - United States National Museum - Bulletin 240" by Anonymous
It has a Swastika engraved on its pedestal.
"The Swastika" by Thomas Wilson
In colouring prints for John Raphael Smith, the engraver, printseller, and miniature painter.
"Turner" by William Cosmo Monkhouse
Indeed, because of the great toughness of the stone-paper, the engraving process approaches copper engraving more closely.
"The Invention of Lithography" by Alois Senefelder
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In poetry:

Engrave not battle on its cheek:
With war I've nought to do;
I'm none of those that took Maastricht,
Nor Yarmouth leaguer knew.
"Upon His Drinking a Bowl" by Lord John Wilmot
Of the deep, the grand and awful wave,
Where the frothy waters toil and rave
On in their course, as they engrave
Their history.
"Biographia" by Samuel Alfred Beadle
I would not garner in my home,
I could not gather to my heart,
A dim gray mockery of that face
Chilled under the engraver's art.
"Only A Chromo" by Elizabeth Stuart Phelps Ward
How should I praise thee, Lord! how should my rymes
Gladly engrave thy love in steel,
If what my soul doth feel sometimes
My soul might ever feel!
"The Temper" by George Herbert
When its objects are screen'd from the sight,
It is there the resemblance we find;
On the tablet of memory engrav'd,
And immoveably fix'd in the mind.
"Absence" by Elizabeth Bath
A helmet and sword are engraved on the stone,
Half hidden by yonder willow;
There he sleeps, whose death in battle was won,
But he died on his own home pillow.
"The Soldier's Grave" by Letitia Elizabeth Landon

In news:

Chelsea Dye of Akron, Ohio, feels the words engraved into the Flight 93 National Memorial¿s Wall of Names on Sunday.
Classes at Walla Walla Community College introduce students to the art of cutting, polishing and engraving stones.
Mavis Blanchfill and her son, Austin, are members of Engraved, playing Saturday at the WOW.
Engraved is the rare band led by a mother-son duo: Mavis and Austin Blanchfill (left).
Several Greek letters appear around a circle and dot, all of which are engraved on the end of the menorah 's handle.
Engraving Discovered In Book At Brown University.
A rare engraved print created by Paul Revere has been found in a 19th century book at Brown University.
An engraving depicts the first Catholic Mass held in St Augustine on Sept 8, 1565.
He received an engraved plaque and a gift certificate from the store.
Bernie Britton's name is engraved on the Korean War Memorial at the Elizabethton War Memorial Park in downtown Elizabethton.
The caption to this engraving, "The Black Finns," from On New Shores by Konrad Bercovici (1925), addresses the perception that the Finns were uniquely alien among North American immigrants.
For those whose pulse races at the rate of ticker tape, Terry Mayer makes a flat heart pendant engraved with stock market figures on an 18-inch chain, for $100.
Comes with silver engraving plate.
How many times come and go that leave their unique memories forever engraved in the back of one's mind.
US was engraved in the handle.
***

In science:

This has been done numerically for a thinly sampled profile, then sent for engraving on fused silica.
Fresnel Interferometric Imager: ground-based prototype
With the minimal engraving width being 2 µm, and the narrowest Fresnel zone 34 µm, there can be only 16 levels within, resulting in a PTV error of λ/16 for the outermost fraction of the beam.
Fresnel Interferometric Imager: ground-based prototype
The final IT rea dout will be then performed with an XV pattern of strips and pads engraved on a polyimide foil substrate, 100 µm thick ( fig. 2).
Status of the Cylindical-GEM project for the KLOE-2 Inner Tracker
Pinning along the the engraved track may in principle influence the motion of the vortices.
Vortices on "rail road tracks": A possible realization of random matrix ensemble
Sketch of a superconducting thin film with tracks engraved into the surface.
Vortices on "rail road tracks": A possible realization of random matrix ensemble
Engraved circles on the faces of Jublains (from an image of Ref.3).
Roman Dodecahedron as dioptron: analysis of freely available data
Also, since the phase masks are engraved on a glass substrate, their transmission map is measured with a fl at illumination provided by the internal lamp of NACO.
Morphology of the very inclined debris disk around HD 32297
Periodic deviations in the engraved facets from flaws in the ruling engine produce periodic spectral features near bright spectral lines (Rowland ghosts).
Classical Spectroscopy
This engraving is aligned with a matching feature on the grating frame for rapid initial alignment of the grating. d ) A CAD rendering of a mounting cell for a reference grating.
Methods for evaluating the performance of volume phase holographic gratings for the VIRUS spectrograph array
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