endemic

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj endemic originating where it is found "the autochthonal fauna of Australia includes the kangaroo","autochthonous rocks and people and folktales","endemic folkways","the Ainu are indigenous to the northernmost islands of Japan"
    • adj endemic native to or confined to a certain region "the islands have a number of interesting endemic species"
    • adj endemic of or relating to a disease (or anything resembling a disease) constantly present to greater or lesser extent in a particular locality "diseases endemic to the tropics","endemic malaria","food shortages and starvation are endemic in certain parts of the world"
    • n endemic a plant that is native to a certain limited area "it is an endemic found only this island"
    • n endemic a disease that is constantly present to a greater or lesser degree in people of a certain class or in people living in a particular location
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Endemic (Med) An endemic disease. "Fear, which is an endemic latent in every human heart, sometimes rises into an epidemic."
    • Endemic Belonging or native to a particular people or country; native as distinguished from introduced or naturalized; hence, regularly or ordinarily occurring in a given region; local; as, a plant endemic in Australia; -- often distinguished from exotic. "The traditions of folklore . . . form a kind of endemic symbolism."
    • Endemic Peculiar to a district or particular locality, or class of persons; as, an endemic disease.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • endemic Peculiar to a people or nation, or to the residents of a particular locality: chiefly applied to diseases.
    • endemic In phytogeography and zoögeog., peculiar to and characteristic of a locality or region, as a plant or an animal; indigenous or autochthonous in some region, and not elsewhere.
    • n endemic A prevalence of endemic disease.
    • endemic In phytogeography, properly, confined to a particular region, whether indigenous or not: sometimes confused with indigenous. Originally used (A. P. De Candolle, 1820) of genera whose species are all grouped in one region; later, also of species whose distribution is similarly limited. Compare polydemic, pandemic, and sporadic.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • adj Endemic en-dem′ik peculiar to a people or a district, as a disease
    • n Endemic a disease affecting a number of persons simultaneously, in such manner as to show a distinct connection with certain localities
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Gr. , ; + the people: cf. F. endémique,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr. endēmiosen, in, and dēmos, a people, a district.

Usage

In literature:

Heretofore, the shipping to these regions has not been from ports where yellow fever was endemic or even likely to be epidemic.
"Insects and Diseases" by Rennie W. Doane
Plica polonica, which is endemic in Russia, is almost cosmopolitan.
"Fungi: Their Nature and Uses" by Mordecai Cubitt Cooke
A cujus is a great rarity; though even that happens after late dances, or when influenza is endemic.
"When Ghost Meets Ghost" by William Frend De Morgan
Thus war is endemic, and every citizen of these democracies, every worker ant, has to take part in the fighting.
"The Forerunners" by Romain Rolland
Let the inquiry, for example, be into the cause of Endemic Goitre.
"Logic, Inductive and Deductive" by William Minto
It cannot be called endemic, since it exists everywhere.
"The Dog" by Dinks, Mayhew, and Hutchinson
The endemic form of cretinism prevails in certain districts, as in the valleys of central Switzerland, Tirol and the Pyrenees.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 6" by Various
Diphtheria is endemic in all European and American countries, and is apparently increasing, but the incidence varies greatly.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 5" by Various
In addition to fever and dysentery, small-pox, which in the Sudan is endemic, increased with fearful rapidity.
"Ten Years' Captivity in the Mahdi's Camp 1882-1892" by F. R. Wingate
All of the known specimens are from this valley and the adjacent slopes, an area to which the species apparently is endemic.
"The Amphibians and Reptiles of Michoacán, México" by William E. Duellman
Many of those fishes found in Spring River are characteristic of an Ozarkian fauna, and some are endemic to the Ozark uplands.
"Fishes of Chautauqua, Cowley and Elk Counties, Kansas" by Artie L. Metcalf
THE RELATION BETWEEN EPIDEMIC AND ENDEMIC DISEASES.
"Epidemics Examined and Explained: or, Living Germs Proved by Analogy to be a Source of Disease" by John Grove
There are no pulmonary or other endemic complaints.
"Canada West 1914" by Unknown
Without social organisation they are alike incapable of real endemic improvement or of seriously affecting other peoples.
"Man, Past and Present" by Agustus Henry Keane
Diseases endemic in one region may appear elsewhere when similar influences arise.
"The New Gresham Encyclopedia" by Various
The first death from fever, or any other endemic, furnishes him with a pretext.
"Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, Volume 65, No. 403, May, 1849" by Various
In view of the fact that scurvy is endemic among adults in Russia, we should also expect to find infantile scurvy widespread in that country.
"Scurvy Past and Present" by Alfred Fabian Hess
The vegetation is very dense, and the stagnant waters are the cause of endemic fevers.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 15, Slice 7" by Various
Ferns are prominent among the flora, about one-third of which consists of endemic species.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 15, Slice 5" by Various
It is notoriously unhealthy; yellow fever is endemic.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 15, Slice 1" by Various
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In news:

The endangered and California-endemic tidewater goby.
West Nile fever (WNF) is a mosquito-borne flavivirus infection endemic in Africa and Asia.
This beautiful species of hummingbird is endemic to southern Peru.
Suffers from a problem seemingly endemic to contemporary leftist critique.
William Newman, the president of Cycling South Africa, said doping was "not endemic" in South African cycling despite the sport's battered international image.
Or the beautiful endemic Hawaiian creatures that lure in the water.
Ken Beach to build direct sales team and head up endemic ad business.
The McCown's longspur is one of nine grassland birds endemic, or unique, to the northern Great Plains .
GSA splurges endemic of DC culture.
Hot sauce s made from Habañero peppers are endemic in the Caribbean, but seldom found elsewhere.
Foxtail pines, like these on Seven Up Peak, are endemic to California.
The mind can play tricks on you, especially if you have the sort of tunnel vision endemic to most football coaches.
Tensions between the US military and its Okinawan hosts are endemic, and base-related crimes are a particularly sensitive issue.
Polio cases are way down this year, though the disease remains endemic in Pakistan, Afghanistan and Nigeria.
There is an endemic prevarication to this machinery, a vulgarity of character that is bone-deep and structural to the skeletal vertebrae of its culture.
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In science:

Siteseer suffers from problems endemic to a purely collaborative approach.
A Connection-Centric Survey of Recommender Systems Research
If the effective spreading rate λ>λc , the infection spreads and becomes endemic; otherwise the infection will die out.
The Spread of Infectious Disease with Household-Structure on the Complex Networks
These studies were concerned with SIR model, which cannot appear endemic behavior.
The Spread of Infectious Disease with Household-Structure on the Complex Networks
This model is conceived for representing endemic infections which do not confer permanent immunity, allowing individuals to go through the stochastic cycle susceptible → infected → susceptible by contracting the infection over and over again.
Absence of epidemic threshold in scale-free networks with connectivity correlations
It is found that for a spreading probability λ ≥ λc , where λc is the epidemic threshold depending on the network average connectivity and topology, the system reaches an endemic state with a finite stationary density ρ.
Absence of epidemic threshold in scale-free networks with connectivity correlations
Certain access limitations – SNO shifts have been canceled because of seismic activity – may be endemic to a site, regardless of its operations.
Reference Design Project Book: NUSEL-Homestake
For example, interstellar polarization is endemic to all polarimetric studies of distant ob jects, and there are standard techniques for its correction, based on wavelength dependence and lack of variability.
The Hanle Effect as a Diagnostic of Magnetic Fields in Stellar Envelopes IV. Application to Polarized P Cygni Wind Lines
Nasell (1996) The quasi-stationary distribution of the closed endemic SIS model.
Critical Scaling for the Simple SIS Stochastic Epidemic
We study the Susceptible-Infected-Susceptible model of the spread of an endemic infection.
Epidemic Size in the Sis Model of Endemic Infec- Tions
The Susceptible-Infected-Susceptible (SIS) model of Weiss and Dishon is one of the simplest model of endemic infections.
Epidemic Size in the Sis Model of Endemic Infec- Tions
The SIS model, on the other hand, describes an endemic infection which can (above threshold) persist indefinitely, at least at the deterministic level.
Epidemic Size in the Sis Model of Endemic Infec- Tions
Thus at the classical level, R0 = 1 marks the threshold between an infection that becomes endemic and those that fail to spread.
Epidemic Size in the Sis Model of Endemic Infec- Tions
We have exhibited an exact expression for the mean epidemic size in the SIS model of endemic infection.
Epidemic Size in the Sis Model of Endemic Infec- Tions
The quasi-stationary distribution of the closed endemic sis model.
Epidemic Size in the Sis Model of Endemic Infec- Tions
Epidemic dynamics and endemic states in complex networks.
Analysis of Social Voting Patterns on Digg
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