elm

Definitions

  • Slippery Elm. Red Elm
    Slippery Elm. Red Elm
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n elm any of various trees of the genus Ulmus: important timber or shade trees
    • n elm hard tough wood of an elm tree; used for e.g. implements and furniture
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

White Elm. American Elm. Water Elm White Elm. American Elm. Water Elm
Cork Elm. Rock Elm Cork Elm. Rock Elm
Elm Elm

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Elm (Bot) A tree of the genus Ulmus, of several species, much used as a shade tree, particularly in America. The English elm is Ulmus campestris; the common American or white elm is U. Americana; the slippery or red elm, U. fulva.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n elm The common name for species of Ulmus (which see), mostly large trees, some common in cultivation for shade and ornament, for which the majestic height and the wide-spreading and gracefully curving branches of the principal kinds admirably adapt them. The hard, heavy timber of most of the species is valuable for many purposes. Of the European species, the common English elm is U. campestris, of which the cork-elm (U. suberosa), with thick plates of cork on the branches, is probably only a variety. The Scotch elm, or witch-elm, U. montana, is a smaller tree than the English elm. The American species are distinguished as the American elm, white elm, or water-elm, U. Americana; the cedar-elm of Texas, U. crassifolia; the cork-, cliff-, hickory-, swamp-, or rock-elm, U. racemosa; the red elm, slippery-elm, or mooseelm, U. fulva, the inner bark of which is mucilaginous, and is used in medicine; and the winged elm, or wahoo, U. alata, with corky-winged branches. In Australia the name is given to the Aphananthe Philippinensis, a species allied to the true elm. In the West Indies Cordia Gerascanthus and C. gerascanthoides, of the order Boraginaceæ, receive the name, as also the rubiaceous Hamelia ventricosa. The wood is the toughest of European woods, and is considered to bear the driving of bolts and nails better than any other. It is very durable under water, and is frequently used for keels of ships, for boat-building, and for many structures exposed to wet, or when great strength is required. Because of its toughness, it is used for naves of wheels, shells for tackle-blocks, and common turnery. Witch-elm is much used by coach-makers, and by ship-builders for making jolly-boats. Rock-elm is much used in boat-building, and to some extent for bows.
    • n elm Of other varieties of elm (comprising some trees more or less closely related to the elm and a few belonging to different families but somewhat resembling elms: those given below are among the most important.
    • n elm The wing-elm or winged elm. See wahoo,.
    • n elm The winged elm, Ulmus alata, so called in Florida and Arkansas.
    • n elm Ulmus serotina, a tree of limited distribution on limestone hills and river-banks in southern Kentucky and northern Alabama and Georgia, only recently distinguished from U. fulva, from which it differs in its much smaller fruit, in the absence of mucilage in the inner bark, and in other respects. The wood is reddish in color.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Elm elm a genus of trees of the natural order Ulmaceæ, with serrated leaves unequal at the base, and small flowers growing in clusters appearing before the leaves
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
AS. elm,; akin to D. olm, OHG. elm, G. ulme, Icel. almr, Dan. & Sw. alm, L. ulmus, and E. alder,. Cf. Old
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. elm; Ger. ulme, L. ulmus.

Usage

In literature:

The light clouds above the elms puffed idly in the heavy air.
"The Dark Tower" by Phyllis Bottome
They walked slowly under the oaks and elms.
"Fair Margaret" by Francis Marion Crawford
It is a mercy that there is no style and changing fashion in elm trees.
"Chimney-Pot Papers" by Charles S. Brooks
He spread a great roll of elm bark upon the ground, extending it by means of four large stones, one of which he laid upon each corner.
"The Riflemen of the Ohio" by Joseph A. Altsheler
Morley was fond of reading, and during his ten years' residence at The Elms had accumulated a large number of volumes.
"A Coin of Edward VII" by Fergus Hume
Yue see yon chimbleys by they three elms yonder?
"Antony Gray,--Gardener" by Leslie Moore
I stopped him suddenly, the elm-tree still holding its great arms above us.
"The Lost Art of Reading" by Gerald Stanley Lee
He withdrew a pace or two, and took up his position beneath a decayed elm.
"The Hero of Garside School" by J. Harwood Panting
There is a large elm tree down there, the only one near.
"Peak's Island" by Ford Paul
The glade was thickening with shadows, but the sunlight still marked the top of an elm and made glorious the zenith.
"A Virginia Scout" by Hugh Pendexter
After a time Halse came to us, having made a circuit of several buildings from the rear of the Elm House.
"When Life Was Young" by C. A. Stephens
Two blocks from the grocery they stopped under a slippery elm tree.
"Rootabaga Stories" by Carl Sandburg
Sprowl dismounted heavily, and led his horse towards the couple under the elm.
"A Young Man in a Hurry" by Robert W. Chambers
The blue smoke rose up curling beside the tall elm-tree.
"The Toilers of the Field" by Richard Jefferies
Decoction of interior bark of elm.
"Zoonomia, Vol. II" by Erasmus Darwin
The Elm and the Ash have this property, that they do not easily cleave, and that they are pliable.
"An Abridgment of the Architecture of Vitruvius" by Vitruvius
Soon after this a red-headed woodpecker alighted on the trunk of the elm, preparatory to helping himself to a grain of corn.
"A Bird-Lover in the West" by Olive Thorne Miller
The dark, rounded shelter of sheets of elm bark and tree limbs was small, just big enough for two people, three at the most.
"Shaman" by Robert Shea
Overhead the maples and elms met, making a cool tunnel.
"Treasure Valley" by Marian Keith
Neither spoke until they joined Dorothy and Bradford under some old elms near the river.
"Chit-Chat; Nirvana; The Searchlight" by Mathew Joseph Holt
***

In poetry:

A patriarchal elm
Its stately form uprears,
Which twice a hundred years
Has ruled this woodland realm.
"Summer Hours" by Horatio Alger Jr
Holly logs will burn like wax,
You should burn them green,
Elm logs like smouldering flax,
No flame to be seen.
"The Firewood Rhyme" by Anonymous British
Old Kriss Kringle looked around,
And saw on the elm-tree bough,
High hung, an oriole’s nest,
Lonely and empty now.
"Kriss Kringle" by Thomas Bailey Aldrich
At last the ancient inn appears,
The spreading elm below,
Whose flapping sign these fifty years
Has seesawed to and fro.
"Agnes" by Oliver Wendell Holmes
At intervals in the velvet grass
A few old elm trees rise,
While a warm flood of yellow light
Streams from the western skies.
"Alexander And Zenobia" by Anne Bronte
'Your form like the stately elm
When Phoebus gilds the morning ray;
Your cheeks like the ocean bed
That blooms a rose in May.
"To J.M.B." by Louisa May Alcott

In news:

Williams-Sonoma's West Elm to Debut West Elm Market.
Nightmare On Elm Street-All Of Freddy's Kills.
The orange "rough road" sign only teases at the turmoil ahead on Elm Street.
For weeks, residents who live along or travel along Elm Street Road have been complaining and rightly so.
Mark Patton, KC native and star of Nightmare on Elm Street 2, on acting, horror and his 'scream queen' status.
Chili Cookoff Saturday at historic Elm Springs.
Today barely 100 elms remain.
South Elm St development still "in the works" downtown.
Hayden Geis, left center, of Elm Creek breaks free for a touchdown on the first possession of the game against Overton.
Elm Creek defeated Overton 26-13 Friday night.
A 23-year-old man from Little Elm was killed in an early Wednesday morning motorcycle crash west of Ponder.
Lara's Library (Sort Of): Knitmare on Elm Street.
Finish The Work On The Elm Street Courthouse.
Second Group Steps Up to Buy Elm Street Site.
Bella Kitchen and Bath LLC, an Elm Grove-based remodeling firm, has abruptly closed, according to one of the firm's customers.
***

In science:

Blackbody emission from the surface of a possible pulsar companion to the ELM WDs will be gravitationally bent, allowing observation of >75% of the neutron star surface in X rays even if the radio pulsar beam misses our line of sight (Beloborodov 2002).
The ELM Survey. IV. 24 White Dwarf Merger Systems
We compute distances to the ELM WDs using the models of Panei et al. (2007) and the SDSS photometry, and the neutral hydrogen column density NH using the Colden tool11 (Dickey & Lockman 1990).
The ELM Survey. IV. 24 White Dwarf Merger Systems
Our seven targets with optical spectroscopy data were classified as ELM WDs based on lower-resolution and signal-tonoise ratio SDSS spectra.
The ELM Survey. IV. 24 White Dwarf Merger Systems
X-ray count rate upper limits for two ELM WDs from Chandra X-ray observations.
The ELM Survey. IV. 24 White Dwarf Merger Systems
F I G . 2 . — Surface gravity versus effective temperature of the ob served WDs (filled points) in the ELM Survey, compared with predicte d tracks for He WDs with 0.16–0.42 M⊙ (Panei et al. 2007).
The ELM Survey. IV. 24 White Dwarf Merger Systems
The mass distribution of our sample of ELM WDs will be extremely useful for constraining the γ and α mechanisms, although with the caveat that modeling two common envelope phases for our systems clearly has large uncertainties.
The ELM Survey. IV. 24 White Dwarf Merger Systems
The Future: Merger Products The future evolution of the ELM WD systems depend on the mass ratio of the two components.
The ELM Survey. IV. 24 White Dwarf Merger Systems
Figure 6 shows the observed mass distribution of the known ELM WDs and the stability criteria for different binaries (adapted from Marsh et al. 2004; Dan et al. 2011).
The ELM Survey. IV. 24 White Dwarf Merger Systems
There are about a dozen ELM WDs that will have subEddington accretion rates and stable mass transfer.
The ELM Survey. IV. 24 White Dwarf Merger Systems
Brown et al. (2011a) constrain the ELM WD space density using the WDs found in the magnitudelimited Hypervelocity star survey.
The ELM Survey. IV. 24 White Dwarf Merger Systems
They find that ELM WDs contribute at least a few percent to the AM CVn population.
The ELM Survey. IV. 24 White Dwarf Merger Systems
The subsequent discovery of the <40 min orbital period systems indicates that the ELM WD contribution to the AM CVn population is a few times larger.
The ELM Survey. IV. 24 White Dwarf Merger Systems
However, the current sample of ELM WDs is not a complete sample due to the SDSS target selection biases.
The ELM Survey. IV. 24 White Dwarf Merger Systems
More accurate estimates for the ELM WD merger rate and space density have to wait until a larger magnitude-limited survey in a well de fined color-ran ge is completed (Brown et al. 2012).
The ELM Survey. IV. 24 White Dwarf Merger Systems
Binary WDs (assuming i = 60◦ for the systems with unknown inclinations) in the ELM Survey are shown as filled dots .
The ELM Survey. IV. 24 White Dwarf Merger Systems
***