element

Definitions

  • Showing the different elements of the Doric order
    Showing the different elements of the Doric order
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n element an artifact that is one of the individual parts of which a composite entity is made up; especially a part that can be separated from or attached to a system "spare components for cars","a component or constituent element of a system"
    • n element an abstract part of something "jealousy was a component of his character","two constituents of a musical composition are melody and harmony","the grammatical elements of a sentence","a key factor in her success","humor: an effective ingredient of a speech"
    • n element the most favorable environment for a plant or animal "water is the element of fishes"
    • n element a straight line that generates a cylinder or cone
    • n element the situation in which you are happiest and most effective "in your element"
    • n element any of the more than 100 known substances (of which 92 occur naturally) that cannot be separated into simpler substances and that singly or in combination constitute all matter
    • n element one of four substances thought in ancient and medieval cosmology to constitute the physical universe "the alchemists believed that there were four elements"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Diagram showing elements of the Ionic order Diagram showing elements of the Ionic order
Showing architectural elements, animal and human forms and other decoration Showing architectural elements, animal and human forms and other decoration

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The letter J does not appear anywhere on the periodic table of the elements
    • Element (Math) An infinitesimal part of anything of the same nature as the entire magnitude considered; as, in a solid an element may be the infinitesimal portion between any two planes that are separated an indefinitely small distance. In the calculus, element is sometimes used as synonymous with differential.
    • Element Any outline or sketch, regarded as containing the fundamental ideas or features of the thing in question; as, the elements of a plan.
    • Element One of the necessary data or values upon which a system of calculations depends, or general conclusions are based; as, the elements of a planet's orbit.
    • Element One of the simple substances, as supposed by the ancient philosophers; one of the imaginary principles of matter.
    • Element (Biol) One of the simplest essential parts, more commonly called cells, of which animal and vegetable organisms, or their tissues and organs, are composed.
    • Element One of the simplest or essential parts or principles of which anything consists, or upon which the constitution or fundamental powers of anything are based.
    • Element One of the smallest natural divisions of the organism, as a blood corpuscle, a muscular fiber.
    • Element (Math) One of the terms in an algebraic expression.
    • Element One of the ultimate parts which are variously combined in anything; as, letters are the elements of written language; hence, also, a simple portion of that which is complex, as a shaft, lever, wheel, or any simple part in a machine; one of the essential ingredients of any mixture; a constituent part; as, quartz, feldspar, and mica are the elements of granite. "The simplicity which is so large an element in a noble nature was laughed to scorn."
    • Element One of the ultimate, undecomposable constituents of any kind of matter. Specifically: Chem A substance which cannot be decomposed into different kinds of matter by any means at present employed; as, the elements of water are oxygen and hydrogen.
    • Element One out of several parts combined in a system of aggregation, when each is of the nature of the whole; as, a single cell is an element of the honeycomb.
    • Element (Math) Sometimes a curve, or surface, or volume is considered as described by a moving point, or curve, or surface, the latter being at any instant called an element of the former.
    • Element The elements of the alchemists were salt, sulphur, and mercury.
    • Element (Eccl) The bread and wine used in the eucharist or Lord's supper.
    • Element The four elements were, air, earth, water, and fire
    • Element The simplest or fundamental principles of any system in philosophy, science, or art; rudiments; as, the elements of geometry, or of music.
    • Element The whole material composing the world. "The elements shall melt with fervent heat."
    • Element To compound of elements or first principles. "Love] being elemented too."
    • Element To constitute; to make up with elements. "His very soul was elemented of nothing but sadness."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: By weight, the sun is 70% hydrogen, 28% helium, 1.5% carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen, and 0.5% all other elements.
    • n element That of which anything is in part compounded, which exists in it, and which is itself not decomposable into parts of different kinds; a fundamental or ultimate part or principle; hence, in general, any component part; any constituent part or principle.
    • n element Specifically— An ingredient, especially of the temperament.
    • n element plural The rudimentary principles of any science: as, Euclid's “Elements” (Gr. στοιχει%148α), a work setting forth in an orderly and logical way the simple and fundamental propositions of geometry.
    • n element In geometry, one of the points, lines, or planes, or other geometrical forms, by which a figure or geometrical construction is made up. “Space may be considered as a geometrical figure whose elements are either points or planes. Taking the points as elements, the straight lines of space are so many ranges, and the planes of space so many planes of points. If, on the other hand, the planes are considered as elements, the straight lines of space are the axes of so many axial pencils, and points of space are centers of so many sheaves of planes” (Cremona, Geom., tr. by Leuesdorff, § 31).
    • n element In mathematics, one of a number of objects arranged in a symmetrical or regular figure. The elements of a determinant are the quantities arranged in a square block or matrix, the sum of whose products forms the determinant.
    • n element In astronomy, one of the quantities necessary to be known in calculating the place of a planet (perhaps because the planets were called elements). They are six, namely, the longitude of the ascending node, the inclination of the orbit to the ecliptic, the longitude of the perihelion, the mean distance from the sun, the mean longitude at any epoch, and the eccentricity.
    • n element A datum required for the solution of any problem.
    • n element plural The bread and wine used in the eucharist: distinctively called communion elements.
    • n element In biology, one of the primary or embryological parts composing the body of an animal, or of the pieces which have united to form any part. Thus, the thorax of an insect is composed of three principal elements or rings, the epicranium is formed of several elements or pieces which are soldered together, etc.
    • n element In electricity, a voltaic cell. See cell.
    • n element One of the four things, fire, water, earth, and air (to which ether was added as a fifth element), falsely regarded by the ancients as the constituents of which all things are composed. Water, as an element, consists of all that is in the rain, the rivers, the sea, etc.; fire, of lightning, the sun, etc.; these, together with the air and earth, were supposed to make up the matter of nature. The elements often means in a particular sense wind and water, especially in action: as, the fury of the elements.
    • n element A kind of matter undecomposable into other kinds. The elements as enumerated by Empedocles, and generally recognized in antiquity, were four—fire, water, earth, and air. (See 2.) The older chemists, of the fifteenth century and later, recognized three elements—sulphur, mercury, and salt. In modern chemistry an element, or elementary body, is regarded merely as a simple substance which has hitherto resisted analysis by any known chemical means. The list of such elements is a provisional one, since it is possible, and not improbable, that many bodies now considered elementary may be proved to be compound. There are about 70 elements at present (1889) recognized by chemists, commonly divided into two groups, namely, metals and the non-metallic bodies or metalloids. The non-metallic elements are hydrogen, chlorin, bromine, iodine, fluorin, oxygen, sulphur, selenium, tellurium, nitrogen, phosphorus, arsenic, antimony, bismuth, boron, silicon, and carbon. (See metalloid.) The remaining elements are regarded as metals. (See metal.) Five of the elements, oxygen, nitrogen, hydrogen, chlorin, and fluorin, are gases at ordinary temperatures; two, bromine and mercury, are liquids; the rest are solids. The properties of all the elements bear a close relation to their atomic weights. (See periodic law, under periodic.) The following is a list of the elements with symbols and atomic weights.
    • n element There are a number of other bodies which have been named as elements (as phillipium, norwegium, etc.), whose properties have, however, not yet been sufficiently investigated and defined to warrant their inclusion in the list.
    • n element The proper or natural environment of anything; that in which something exists; hence, the sphere of experience of a person; the class of persons with whom one naturally associates, or the sphere of life with which one is familiar: as, he is out of his element.
    • element To compound of elements or first principles.
    • element To constitute; form from elements; compose; enter into the constitution of.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: There is no element on Mendeleev's (the current) periodic table of elements abbreviated, either partially, or fully, with the letter J.
    • n Element el′e-ment a first principle: one of the essential parts of anything: an ingredient: the proper state or sphere of any thing or being: : :
    • n Element el′e-ment (pl.) the rudiments of learning: the bread and wine used in the Eucharist: fire, air, earth, and water, supposed by the ancients to be the foundation of everything
    • n Element el′e-ment (chem.) the simplest known constituents of all compound substances
    • n Element el′e-ment (astron.) those numerical quantities, and those principles deduced from astronomical observations and calculations, which are employed in the construction of tables exhibiting the planetary motions
    • ***

Quotations

  • Albert Einstein
    Albert%20Einstein
    “All such action would cease if those powerful elemental forces were to cease stirring within us.”
  • Robert Collier
    Robert%20Collier
    “First the stalk -- then the roots. First the need -- then the means to satisfy that need. First the nucleus -- then the elements needed for its growth.”
  • Conrad Hilton
    Conrad Hilton
    “Enthusiasm is a vital element toward the individual success of every man or woman.”
  • Franz Kafka
    Franz%20Kafka
    “In theory there is a possibility of perfect happiness: To believe in the indestructible element within one, and not to strive towards it.”
  • Thomas Carlyle
    Thomas%20Carlyle
    “Secrecy is the element of all goodness; even virtue, even beauty is mysterious.”
  • John Stuart Mill
    John%20Stuart%20Mill
    “A party of order or stability, and a party of progress or reform, are both necessary elements of a healthy state of political life.”

Idioms

In your element - If you are in your element, you feel happy and relaxed because you are doing something that you like doing and are good at. "You should have seen her when they asked her to sing; she was in her element."
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. élément, L. elementum,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—L. elementum, pl. elementà, first principles.

Usage

In literature:

As soon as we understand a phrase we analyse it and criticise each of its elements.
"Introduction to the Study of History" by Charles V. Langlois
The inferior clergy were of course in their element.
"Ireland as It Is" by Robert John Buckley (AKA R.J.B.)
To remove an element it is simply necessary to unbolt the connectors, remove the glass cover and hold-down and lift wit the element.
"The Automobile Storage Battery" by O. A. Witte
In such preparations the morphological elements have preserved their shape completely.
"Histology of the Blood" by Paul Ehrlich
That art was of highest excellence, he wrote, which possessed most elements of variety and universality.
"Thoughts on Art and Life" by Leonardo da Vinci
This is seen to advantage when their most similar elements are compared.
"The Religious Sentiment" by Daniel G. Brinton
The setting in the latter case is used as an adjunct to the element of character instead of to the element of action.
"A Manual of the Art of Fiction" by Clayton Hamilton
But the process never really stopped; from beginning to end new elements were constantly absorbed and old elements dropped.
"Landmarks in the History of Early Christianity" by Kirsopp Lake
But his system was non-Christian, because it excludes the element of mediation.
"Monophysitism Past and Present" by A. A. Luce
The material element in modern life is far greater than in ancient; but it does not follow that the spiritual element is correspondingly less.
"Five Stages of Greek Religion" by Gilbert Murray
It contains within itself all the elements which nourish the body.
"Special Report on Diseases of Cattle" by U.S. Department of Agriculture
And once in, would he not prove a most dangerous element?
"Carmen Ariza" by Charles Francis Stocking
Subordination is an essential element of human happiness.
"Hours in a Library" by Leslie Stephen
But this self-consciousness and self-adjustment to a given end is an element of strength and not of weakness.
"Whitman" by John Burroughs
Even to-day these tonal centres are still used; for they are elemental, like the primitive colors of the spectroscope.
"Music: An Art and a Language" by Walter Raymond Spalding
This personal element will be found to dominate the activities, conversation and interests of the Alimentive.
"How to Analyze People on Sight" by Elsie Lincoln Benedict and Ralph Paine Benedict
Other elements of feudalism.
"History of Human Society" by Frank W. Blackmar
The alliance of element with element is necessary; they divide their task.
"Toilers of the Sea" by Victor Hugo
The chemist is the man who has determined for us the existence and the distribution of the seventy elements.
"Earth and Sky Every Child Should Know" by Julia Ellen Rogers
Here a new element becomes active, an element which at best existed only in the germ at the time when monogamy developed: individual sexlove.
"The Origin of the Family Private Property and the State" by Frederick Engels
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In poetry:

Four elements, joined in
Harmonious strife,
Shadow the world forth,
And typify life.
"Punch Song" by Friedrich von Schiller
Don't fear the flaming element
Thee hurt with burning ire;
Or that the scorching heart torment:
Thy Husband made the fire.
"The Believer's Jointure : Chapter II." by Ralph Erskine
Where nothing properly had name
Save that still element the air,
Burnt sea of universal frame
In which impounded now we were:
"Shadow And Shade" by Allen Tate
We read it pensively and knew
Some element of precious gain
Had come to it from wounds and pain,
And mightily its meaning grew.
"Our Legend" by Maurice Thompson
The summer clouds lay pitched like tents
In meads of heavenly azure;
And each dread gun of the elements
Slept in its hid embrasure.
"Music In Camp" by John Reuben Thompson
Wave of the wilderness, adieu--
Adieu, ye rocks, ye wilds, ye woods!
Roll on, thou Element of blue,
And fill these awful solitudes!
"Lake Superior" by Samuel Griswold Goodrich

In news:

If confirmed, the achievement will mark the first time Japan has discovered a new element, and should make Japan the first Asian country with naming rights to a member of the periodic table.
Japanese scientists claim first synthesis of element 113 .
Scientists in Japan are claiming to be the first to synthesize element 113 , ununtrium.
Elusive element 113 created at last, Japanese researchers say.
Elusive element 113 may be confirmed.
Elemental vs Compound Personality Traits.
Isilon founder joins Elemental 's board.
Emmanuel Vaughn-Lee, Co-Director of Elemental .
Jean talks with filmmaker Emmanuel Vaughn-Lee, Co-Director of the film " Elemental ", showing at Frontenac Cinema for the St Louis Independent Film Festival.
Elemental eases YouTube Live production.
Del Yeah featuring the Del McCoury Band, Elemental Shakedown, the Hillbenders and others at the Old Rock House, Friday, October 5.
The tradition of bluegrass may be as old as St Louis itself, but Elemental Shakedown isn't content to be a museum piece.
Chemistry remains elemental to brilliance of 'Breaking Bad'.
Last week the Elemental by D1 debuted at Dwell on Design.
Elemental , CTCSP partner in Japan.
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In science:

If he, a′i is an element of E ′ , then the elements of he,a′ iκ′ ∗ are the elements of E ′ of the form he′ , a′i, and such a pair will belong to E ′ iff π(e′ ) = g (a′ ).
Abelian extensions of algebras in congruence-modular varieties
For each 1 ≤ i ≤ n, let Ti be the step index k for the random walk W at which the element xi ∈ ~x is first multiplied by a uniformly chosen random element of G, as the result of an element either of the form (~u; e) or of the form (~v ; τ ).
Random walks on wreath products of groups
In terminology for partially ordered sets, a is the universal (greatest) element of the co-ideal {a} generated by a, and the identity element, 1, for products in the ring containing S is the null (least) element of {a}.
Factorization of integers and arithmetic functions
For any nonzero element a ∈ eRe, Theorem 1.6 provides elements x, y ∈ R such that xay = 1, and then exe and eye are elements of eRe such that (exe)a(eye) = e.
$K_0$ of purely infinite simple regular rings
P and R are permutations of n elements, γ1(P ) is the number of elements left in their original positions by P , and r(P ) is the number of elements that are moved to the right of their original positions by P .
Spectral statistics of the k-body random-interaction model
Since H is connected, BH contains a regular unipotent element u as well (because every unipotent element of H is conjugate to an element of U ).
Derangements in simple and primitive groups
Since a semisimple regular element lies in a unique maximal torus, it follows that the union of all regular semisimple elements of Xσ that are conjugate to an element of Tw has cardinality at most |Xσ |f (w)/|W |.
Derangements in simple and primitive groups
We note that R is precisely the set of conjugacy classes of regular semisimple elements conjugate to an element of Hσ (since the centralizer of such an element will be a maximal torus in H ).
Derangements in simple and primitive groups
However, ΠD X is not necessary a Banach space because of it may contain nonstandard elements (non-zero elements with zero norm or elements for which their norms, calculated by the Minkowski’s functional, are infinite).
Classification of Banach Spaces --its Topological and Cardinality Properties
Lemma 2.0.5. A smooth family of elements in G over a contractible open subset X of Rk lifts to a smooth family over X of elements in the group of invertible elements in Mn (On ).
Deformation Quantization of Endomorphism Bundles
Let x be an element of Z p r , one of its homogeneous components xl which takes values in Ll , is an element of Z pq r , if xl is a Vp p + q -chain, and d(xl ) is an element of Vp+r .
Non abelian cohomology: the point of view of gerbed tower
Every homotopy class can be uniquely represented by a reduced word in elements of the form x, for x ∈ Z2 (i.e., a finite-length word in the elements x and x−1 in which no element x appears next to its inverse x−1 ).
Random Surfaces
According to eq. (3.8), every element p of P ≃ G/K is conjugated with some element h = eH (H ∈ H0 ) through p = khk−1 , where k ∈ K/M ′ and H is defined up to the elements in the factor group M ′/M .
Random matrix theory and symmetric spaces
The particular role of the zero is not surprising, considered its function in the arithmetic of (cid:12)elds: zero is the neutral element of the additive group and the only element that is not element of the multiplicative group.
Pseudo Random Coins Show More Heads Than Tails
Since the least element of such a set is unique, the sentence η ⊜ (∀v0 )(ψ(v0 , t) ⇐⇒ v0 = n), expressing the uniqueness of this element and the fact that this element is just n, is true.
Boolos-style proofs of limitative theorems
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