edda

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n Edda either of two distinct works in Old Icelandic dating from the late 13th century and consisting of 34 mythological and heroic ballads composed between 800 and 1200; the primary source for Scandinavian mythology
    • n edda tropical starchy tuberous root
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Audrey Hepburn’s real name was Edda van Heemstra Hepburn-Ruston.
    • n Edda The religious or mythological book of the old Scandinavian tribes of German origin, containing two collections of Sagas (legends, myths) of the old northern gods and heroes.☞ There are two Eddas. The older, consisting of 39 poems, was reduced to writing from oral tradition in Iceland between 1050 and 1133. The younger or prose Edda, called also the Edda of Snorri, is the work of several writers, though usually ascribed to Snorri Sturleson, who was born in 1178.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n Edda A book written (in prose) by Snorri Sturluson (born about 1178, died by assassination 1241), containing the old mythological lore of Scandinavia and the old artificial rules for verse-making; also, a collection of ancient Icelandic poems. The name Edda, by whom given is not known, occurs for the first time in the inscription to one of the manuscripts of the work, written fifty or sixty years after Snorri's death. Snorri's Edda (Edda Snorra Sturlusonar) consists of five parts: Formāli (Preface), the Gylfaginning (Delusion of Gylfi), Braga-radhur (Sayings of Bragi), Skāldskapar-māl (Art of Poetry), and Hāttatal (Number of Meters), to which are added in some manuscripts Thulur, or a rhymed glossary of synonyms, lists of poets, etc. As the Skāldskapar-māl, or Art of Poetry, forms the chief part of the Edda (including several long poems), the work became a sort of handbook of poets, and so Edda came gradually to mean the old artificial poetry as opposed to the modern plain poetry contained in hymns and sacred poems. About the year 1643 the Icelandic bishop Brynjulf Sveinsson discovered a collection of the old mythological poems, which is erroneously ascribed to Sæmund Sigfussen (born about 1055, died 1133), and hence called after him Sæmundar Edda hins Frōdha, the Edda of Sæmund the Learned. The poems that compose this Edda are supposed to have been collected about the middle of the thirteenth century, but were composed probably in the eighth and ninth centuries. Hence the name now given to the collection, the Elder or Poetic Edda, in distinction from the Younger or Prose Edda of Snorri, to which alone the name Edda previously belonged. The most ancient of the poems in the Elder Edda is the Völuspa, the Prophecy of the Volva or sibyl.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Edda ed′a the name of two Scandinavian books—the 'Elder' Edda, a collection of ancient mythological and heroic songs (9th-11th century); and the 'Younger' or prose Edda, by Snorri Sturluson (c. 1230), mythological stories, poetics, and prosody.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Icel., lit. great-grandmother,i. e., of Scandinavian poetry), so called by Bishop Brynjúlf Sveinsson, who brought it again to light in 1643
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Ice., 'great-grandmother.'

Usage

In literature:

Wagner's mythology is not the mythology of the Eddas.
"Operas Every Child Should Know" by Mary Schell Hoke Bacon
The other Edda is in prose; it is a collection made about two centuries later.
"History of Religion" by Allan Menzies
The same myth turns up again among the Egyptians and the northern Edda.
"Woman under socialism" by August Bebel
Edda, Matilda, is obliged to sacrifice it.
"Henry of Ofterdingen: A Romance." by Friedrich von Hardenberg
The Edda calls him expressly the most valiant of the sons of Odin.
"Bible Myths and their Parallels in other Religions" by T. W. Doane
In trying to excuse Wagner it might be better to quote Goethe instead of the Edda.
"The Origin of the Family Private Property and the State" by Frederick Engels
Here are stories from the Sagas and the Edda, the earliest literature of the North.
"Woman's Club Work and Programs" by Caroline French Benton
Trude announces that Edda, the youngest of us, is to light the candles when we're ready for the toasts and the dessert.
"Woman" by Magdeleine Marx
Legitimately and by priority of usage, the name 'Edda' belongs to the first-named work alone.
"Library of the World's Best Literature, Ancient and Modern, Vol. 13" by Various
The Story of the Volsungs & Niblungs with certain songs from the Elder Edda.
"A Catalogue of Books in English Later than 1700 (Vol 2 of 3)" by Various
The bean-stalk is a descendant of the wonderful ash in the Edda.
"Popular Rhymes and Nursery Tales" by James Orchard Halliwell
Revised and Enlarged Edition, with a Translation of the PROSE EDDA, by J.
"An Alphabetical List of Books Contained in Bohn's Libraries (1892)" by Bohn's Libraries
The magical harp of Gunnar in the Edda has the same marvellous effects.
"Zoological Mythology, Volume I (of 2)" by Angelo de Gubernatis
The Eddas call it As-bru, the bridge of the AEsir, or gods.
"The Contemporary Review, Volume 36, October 1879" by Various
One of Odin's names amongst the gods, according to the Edda, was Gautr, the god of abundance.
"Traditions, Superstitions and Folk-lore" by Charles Hardwick
The Scandinavian trolls, or dwarfs, of the Eddas were hairy; and so was the German dwarf.
"The Testimony of Tradition" by David MacRitchie
Eddas, sagas, and the more important productions from successive periods are studied in minute detail.
"The School System of Norway" by David Allen Anderson
Ossian, Die Edda, Sigurd und Shakspeare.
"Ossian in Germany" by Rudolf Tombo
It is said, in the Edda, that the Ash was held in high veneration, and that man was formed from its wood.
"Woodland Gleanings" by Charles Tilt
Freyja, as she appears in the Edda, was the goddess of the beautiful year and of all sorts of love.
"The Heroes of Asgard" by Annie Keary
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In news:

Most of what the modern world knows about Norse mythology comes from a couple of volumes called the Prose Edda and the Poetic Edda.
From left, Edda Phillips, 9, of Troop 71010.
Arnon Goldfinger (l.) and Edda von Mildenstein (r.) in the documentary 'The Flat.'.
Amanda Knox motions to cheering supporters as her mother, Edda Mellas, looks on at a news conference shortly after her arrival at Seattle-Tacoma International Airport Tuesday in Seattle.
When Edda's Deli Café in Trolley Square closed a few years ago, "I had no idea where to eat anymore," says Ursula Roehm.
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In science:

During this run a cross-check of the method was done by means of the COSY polarimeter , and for the measurement at the excess energy of Q = 36 MeV the EDDA detection setup has been exploited.
Summary of studies of the eta meson production with polarized proton beam at COSY-11
In all measurements the left-right asymmetry for the ~p p → p p reaction was determined, and the polarisation was derived using the data base of the analysing powers for the ~p p → p p reaction, measured by the EDDA collaboration in the wide range of beam momenta and scattering angles .
Summary of studies of the eta meson production with polarized proton beam at COSY-11
EDDA group has gathered the data for the excitation functions ds dW (q∗ , pbeam ) for the elastic p p → p p process at 108 different proton kinetic energies, ranging from 240 MeV up to 2577 MeV.
Luminosity determination for the quasi-free nuclear reactions
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