earl

Definitions

  • Admiral Earl St. Vincent
    Admiral Earl St. Vincent
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n earl a British peer ranking below a marquess and above a viscount
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Additional illustrations & photos:

The Earl of Durham The Earl of Durham
Earl of Selkirk Earl of Selkirk
General Earl Cathcart General Earl Cathcart
The Earl of Elgin The Earl of Elgin
George John, Second Earl Spencer George John, Second Earl Spencer
Earl of Sunderland Earl of Sunderland
Globe of Earl of Castlemaine, 1679 Globe of Earl of Castlemaine, 1679

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Earl Dean developed the bottle design for Coca-Cola
    • n Earl A nobleman of England ranking below a marquis, and above a viscount. The rank of an earl corresponds to that of a count comte) in France, and graf in Germany. Hence the wife of an earl is still called countess. See Count.
    • n Earl (Zoöl) The needlefish.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Born on November 2, 1718, British politician, John Montagu, the 4th Earl of Sandwich, is credited with naming the 'sandwich.' He developed a habit of eating beef between slice of toast so he could continue to play cards uninterrupted.
    • n earl A British title of nobility designating a nobleman of the third rank, being that next below a marquis and next above a viscount. Earl was the highest title until 1337, when the first duke was created; and it fell to the third rank in 1386, on the creation of the title of marquis. The earl formerly had the government of a shire, and was called shireman. After the conquest, when their office was first made hereditary, earls were for a time called counts, and from them shires took the name of counties; the wife of an earl is still called countess. Earl is now a mere title, unconnected with territorial jurisdiction, so much so that several earls have taken as their titles their own names with the prefix Earl, as Earl Grey, Earl Spencer, Earl Russell. An earl's coronet consists of a richly chased circle of gold, having on its upper edge eight strawberry-leaves, alternating with eight pearls, each raised on a spire higher than the leaves, and with a cap. etc., as in a duke's coronet. See cut under coronet.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The sandwich is named for the Fourth Earl of Sandwich (1718-92), for whom sandwiches were made so that he could stay at the gambling table without interruptions for meals.
    • n Earl ėrl an English nobleman ranking between a marquis and a viscount
    • ***

Quotations

  • Daisy Ashford
    Daisy Ashford
    “Her name was called Lady Helena Herring and her age was 25 and she mated well with the earl.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. eorl, erl, AS. eorl, man, noble; akin to OS. erl, boy, man, Icel. jarl, nobleman, count, and possibly to Gr. male, Zend arshan, man. Cf. Jarl
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. eorl, a warrior, hero; cf. Ice. jarl.

Usage

In literature:

The head of the Grenvilles was Richard Earl Temple.
"Critical and Historical Essays, Volume III (of 3)" by Thomas Babington Macaulay
In most counties there were to be no earls at all, and no one was to be earl of more than one county.
"A Student's History of England, v. 1 (of 3)" by Samuel Rawson Gardiner
JOHN, Earl (afterwards Duke) of Rothes, was son to that famous reformer the Earl of Rothes.
"Biographia Scoticana (Scots Worthies)" by John Howie
After dinner the General had retired to his room, supposing that Guy and the Earl would wish to be together.
"The Cryptogram" by James De Mille
One of these you will recollect was Edward, Earl of Marche, and the second was Edmund, Earl of Rutland.
"Richard III" by Jacob Abbott
I knew that I was face to face with the Earl of Westport.
"The O'Ruddy" by Stephen Crane
But I don't guess Earl would turn a trick like that on me, even if he could.
"The Flockmaster of Poison Creek" by George W. Ogden
The services of the Earls of Ormond were almost equally unavailable.
"History of England from the Fall of Wolsey to the Death of Elizabeth. Vol. II." by James Anthony Froude
Carlisle (Earl of), Lectures on Popular Education, 334.
"Notes and Queries, Index of Volume 5, January-June, 1852" by Various
Richard Stanhope, son of the present Earl Stanhope.
"A History of Horncastle from the earliest period to the present time" by James Conway Walter
This sidelight on the Earl is as much illumination as the story wants, for the moment.
"When Ghost Meets Ghost" by William Frend De Morgan
Years since he who was The O'Neill, the same whom the English called Earl of Tyr-owen, had fled with his family from the land.
"Nuala O'Malley" by H. Bedford-Jones
The Royal party, of thirteen nobles and gentlemen, then entered the Earl's house.
"James VI and the Gowrie Mystery" by Andrew Lang
On a motion from the Earl, his secretary Thorneycroft went out to the corridor and brought in the more or less scared valet.
"The Adventures of the Eleven Cuff-Buttons" by James Francis Thierry
Here Mary, queen of Scots, spent several years of her imprisonment under the care of the earl of Shrewsbury.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 1" by Various
In a very short time after the old Earl's death a double compromise was offered on behalf of the young Earl.
"Lady Anna" by Anthony Trollope
In Arundel Street lived the Earls of Arundel; in Buckingham Street Charles I.
"Old and New London" by Walter Thornbury
Marigny looked so blank at this that the Earl's explanation took fresh shape.
"Cynthia's Chauffeur" by Louis Tracy
The title of earl of Kilmarnock is now merged in that of earl of Erroll.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Slice 3" by Various
He was more of a Saint than King, and was glad to leave the affairs of his realm in the hands of Earl Godwin.
"A Short History of England, Ireland and Scotland" by Mary Platt Parmele
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In poetry:

"Foul fa you, Huntly!
and why did ye so?
You might have taen the Earl o Murray,
and saved his life too."
"The Bonnie Earl Moray" by Andrew Lang
"Ere thus I will outbrav-ed be,
One of us two shall die!
I know thee well! an earl thou art,
Lord Piercy! so am I.
"Chevy Chase" by Henry Morley
Ye Highlands, and ye Lawlands
Oh where have you been?
They have slain the Earl of Murray,
And they layd him on the green.
"The Bonnie Earl Moray" by Andrew Lang
"That e'er my captain fought on foot,
And I stand looking on:
You be two Earls," quoth Witherington,
"And I a Squire alone.
"Chevy Chase" by Henry Morley
"Yet shall not Scots nor Scotland say
But I will vengeance take,
And be reveng-ed on them all
For brave Earl Piercy's sake."
"Chevy Chase" by Henry Morley
'And he who will my word gainsay,
Though he be earl or knight,
I swear by all I sacred hold
He ne'er shall see morning light.
"The Gallant Peter Clarke" by Anonymous Oceania

In news:

" The group released "Will the Circle Be Unbroken" in 1972, featuring traditional country artists Mother Maybelle Carter, Earl Scruggs, Roy Acuff and Doc Watson.
A horn section lends Justin Townes Earle's fourth LP a Memphis-soul feel, which is less a departure than a shift in emphasis.
'Not One Hand Raised' for 'Medium,' 'Earl'.
(FORTUNE Magazine) – Way back in 1949, Earl Bakken, the co-founder of Medtronic, outlined his 100-year plan.
He was born Aug 4, 1933, in Volo, Ill. To Earl and Kathryn (Wagner) Paddock .
Included in this famous 1914 photo of notorious Mexican Revolutionary Gen Pancho Villa posing with an Indian motorcycle is Oxford resident Julia Chappel's grandfather, Earl Warren Manley.
Earl Barron and Jannero Pargo didn't find out that they had secured the Wizards' final two roster spots until about 12 hours before the team boarded a flight for Cleveland for the season opener.
Jimmy Earl Peele , 65, 312 Union Grove Church Road, died Sunday at Kitty Askins Hospice Center.
Starring Will Ferrell, Woody Harrelson, Andre Benjamin, Maura Tierney, Andrew Daly, Jackie Earle Haley, and Andy Richter.
Pete Seeger Teams With Bruce Springsteen, Steve Earle on New Albums.
Paul Shaffer, Steve Earle, Nellie McKay also appear.
Pete Seeger Duets With Bruce Springsteen, Steve Earle on New Album.
It all began with the unlikely partnership of Earl Silas Tupper, a reclusive small-town inventor, and Brownie Wise, a self-taught marketing whiz.
King and Earl Hooker and inspired Ike Turner.
Earl rides a hog, tries a tri, geeks out at SpoCon and more.
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In science:

Earl y subtypes dominate in metal-poor regions.
A census of the Wolf-Rayet content in Westerlund 1 from near-infrared imaging and spectroscopy
Earle Ryba is acknowledged for his valuable advice for the radial distribution analysis.
Thermodynamic properties of binary HCP solution phases from special quasirandom structures
Th is resu l t streng thened the earl ier Deutsch–Jozsa a lgori thm, wh ich is on ly exponentia l ly more efficient than de termin istic classica l a lgori thm. Desp i te i ts theore tica l importance for demonstrating the power of quan tum compu ter, Simon 's a lgori thm does not lead to practica l app l ica tions.
The Hidden Subgroup Problem
Note tha t χρg (h) = χg (h) so the defin i tion of the character is consistent w i th wha t we have seen earl ier.
The Hidden Subgroup Problem
By the restriction on the pred icate P we d iscussed earl ier, th is va lue is exactly 4 N − 1 n conta ined in .
The Hidden Subgroup Problem
However, there are examples of curves which can not be defined over KX , as first observed by Earle and Shimura in [5, 14].
Fields of moduli and fields of definition of odd signature curves
Earle: On the moduli of closed Riemann surfaces with symmetries, Advances in the Theory of Riemann Surfaces.
Fields of moduli and fields of definition of odd signature curves
Fortunately, there are no non-constant automorphisms most of the time due to the following classical result. Z2 Theorem 2.9 (Earle-Eells, [EE]).
On 4-Manifolds, Folds and Cusps
Royden and of Earle and Kra that says that any automorphism of the Teichm¨uller space of a surface of genus greater than 3 and possibly with a finite number of punctures is induced by an element of the mapping class group.
Universal Teichmuller Space
This method was first used by Duady-Earle and later greatly extended by Besson-Courtois-Gallot in their solution of a number of longstanding problems, in particular in their proof of entropy rigidity for closed, negatively curved locally symmetric manifolds.
Some recent applications of the barycenter method in geometry
Building on earlier work of Duady-Earle, Besson-Courtois-Gallot constructed a remarkable map F in every homotopy class of maps f : N → M from an arbitrary closed manifold N to any closed manifold M of negative sectional curvature.
Some recent applications of the barycenter method in geometry
This construction is due to Duady-Earle for the hyperbolic plane, was extended by Besson-Courtois-Gallot [BCG4] to negatively curved targets, and extended to symmetric spaces of noncompact type in [CF1, CF2].
Some recent applications of the barycenter method in geometry
Alpay thanks the Earl Katz family for endowing the chair which supported his research, and the Binational Science Foundation Grant number 2010117.
On algebras which are inductive limits of Banach spaces
In Earl-Kirwan , these results were used to give explicit formulas for the relations in the cohomology ring.
Witten's formulas for intersection pairings on moduli spaces of flat $G$-bundles
Earle Luck for his tireless support of my research and his continued thoughtful questioning and input.
The Origins and Evolutionary Status of B Stars Found Far From the Galactic Plane I: Composition and Spectral Features
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