dyad

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n dyad two items of the same kind
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Dyad (Chem) An element, atom, or radical having a valence or combining power of two.
    • a Dyad (Chem) Having a valence or combining power of two; capable of being substituted for, combined with, or replaced by, two atoms of hydrogen; as, oxygen and calcium are dyad elements. See Valence.
    • Dyad Two units treated as one; a couple; a pair.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n dyad Two units treated as one; a pair; a couple.
    • n dyad In chem., an elementary substance each of whose atoms, in combining with other atoms or molecules, is equivalent in saturating power to two atoms of hydrogen. For example, oxygen is a dyad as seen in the compound H2O (water), where one atom of oxygen combines with and saturates two atoms of hydrogen.
    • n dyad In morphology, a secondary unit of organization, resulting from individuation or integration of an aggregate of monads. See monad.
    • n dyad In mathematics, an expression signifying the operation of multiplying internally by one vector and then by another.
    • dyad Same as dyadic.
    • n dyad A group or association of two chromosomes in certain cells, such as the germ-cells in certain stages.
    • n dyad In prosody, a group of two lines having different rhythms.
    • dyad Noting an axis of twofold symmetry. See symmetry.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Dyad dī′ad a pair of units treated as one: :
    • n Dyad dī′ad (chem.) an atom, radical, or element having a combining power of two units
    • n Dyad dī′ad (biol.) a secondary unit of organisation consisting of an aggregate of monads
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. dyas, dyadis, the number two. Gr. : cf. F. dyade,. See two, and cf. Duad

Usage

In literature:

Accordingly elements have been classed as monads, dyads, triads, etc.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 324, March 18, 1882" by Various
This suggests that the elements, called by the chemists monads, dyads, triads and so on, consist of one, two, etc.
"Aether and Gravitation" by William George Hooper
In figure 130 one lagging chromosome shows the dyad nature of the products of the division of the tetrad.
"Studies in Spermatogenesis (Part 1 of 2)" by Nettie Maria Stevens
There being six pairs of parallel edges on an octahedron, there are consequently six dyad axes of symmetry.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 7" by Various
What is to become two, must partake of the Dyad: what is to become one, of the Monad.
"Plato and the Other Companions of Sokrates, 3rd ed. Volume II (of 4)" by George Grote
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In news:

Using a syncopated motorik beat as a baseline, Dyad makes the kind of electronic music with a seeming leg in '90s house that could well fill the synth-pop album that Aphex Twin never made.
Request feedback on Hospital implementation of new policies due t. Job Descriptions for Dyad Leadership Model.
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In science:

Jij = Jij − (RiPj − Rj Pi ) Dij = Dij − (RiPj + Rj Pi ) , Similarly remove from the quadrupole and stress tensors the CM coordinate and momentum dyads.
Areal Theory
Yau, International Press Company, 157–223 (1994) [NR69] Nazarova, L.A., Roiter, A.V.: Finitely generated modules over a dyad of two local Dedekind rings, and finite groups with an Abelian normal divisor of index p.
Simple vector bundles on plane degenerations of an elliptic curve
AA = fA · pAA is the AA dyad probability, and so on.
Random copolymer adsorption: Morita approximation compared to exact numerical simulations
Beyond values depending on the sole distribution of symbols, one may consider pairs (dyads) or sequences of three (triads) adjacent outcomes.
Assessing Cognitive Randomness: A Kolmogorov Complexity Approach
In a truly (infinite) random sequence, any dyad should appear with the same probability.
Assessing Cognitive Randomness: A Kolmogorov Complexity Approach
Any distance between the distribution of dyads or triads (and so on) and uniformity may therefore be thought of as a measure of randomness.
Assessing Cognitive Randomness: A Kolmogorov Complexity Approach
One may also consider dyads of outcomes separated by 1, 2 or k elements in the sequence, which is done, for instance, through C Ck and CRk coefficients, a generalization of C C1 and CR1 .
Assessing Cognitive Randomness: A Kolmogorov Complexity Approach
The algorithm alternates between proposing a change to a dyad with probability pdyad and proposing a change to a nodal variable.
Exponential-family Random Network Models
Because the graphs for social networks are usually sparse, when proposing a dyad change the algorithm selects an edge to remove with probability pedge and a random dyad to toggle with probability 1 − pedge .
Exponential-family Random Network Models
We found that this leads to better mixing than simply toggling a random dyad (Morris et al., 2008).
Exponential-family Random Network Models
This, of course, is because neither of these dyads is made up of two equal elements.
A Mathematical Random Number Generator (MRNG)
The digits obtained by the procedure described, from the dyads appearing explicitly in figure 1, are shown in figure 2.
A Mathematical Random Number Generator (MRNG)
Only the digits obtained from the dyads appearing explicitly in figure 1 are shown.
A Mathematical Random Number Generator (MRNG)
The expression p(0, 0) refers to the probability that a dyad (i.e., a sequence of two consecutive bits) selected at random from that string will be (0, 0).
A Mathematical Random Number Generator (MRNG)
Considering the above, for random binary strings of various lengths, one can calculate – from a theoretical perspective – the most probable numbers for the different dyads, triads, tetrads, pentads and the transitions that will be present in them.
A Mathematical Random Number Generator (MRNG)
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