• WordNet 3.6
    • v dung defecate; used of animals
    • v dung fertilize or dress with dung "you must dung the land"
    • n dung fecal matter of animals
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Hockey pucks were originally made from frozen cow dung
    • n Dung dŭng The excrement of an animal.
    • Dung (Calico Print) To immerse or steep, as calico, in a bath of hot water containing cow dung; -- done to remove the superfluous mordant.
    • Dung To manure with dung.
    • v. i Dung To void excrement.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: In ancient Egypt, the dung beetle symbolized eternal rebirth and the Sun God Khepri
    • n dung The excrement of animals; ordure; feces.
    • dung To cover with dung; manure with or as with dung.
    • dung In calico-printing, to immerse in a bath of cow-dung and warm water in order to remove the superfluous mordant.
    • dung To void excrement.
    • dung Preterit and past participle of ding.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The first known contraceptive was crocodile dung, used by Egyptians in 2000 B.C
    • n Dung dung the excrement of animals: refuse litter mixed with excrement
    • v.t Dung to manure with dung
    • v.i Dung to void excrement
    • ***


  • Heraclitus
    “Corpses are more fit to be thrown out than is dung.”
  • Desiderius Erasmus
    “They take unbelievable pleasure in the hideous blast of the hunting horn and baying of the hounds. Dogs dung smells sweet as cinnamon to them.”
  • Zen Saying
    Zen Saying
    “Learning Zen is a phenomenon of gold and dung. Before you understand it, it's like gold; after you understand it, it's like dung.”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
AS. dung,; akin to G. dung, dünger, OHG. tunga, Sw. dynga,; cf. Icel. dyngja, heap, Dan. dynge, MHG. tunc, underground dwelling place, orig., covered with dung. Cf. Dingy


In literature:

Was to have twelve tons per acre of farm-yard dung.
"Guano" by Solon Robinson
I bought dung and manured it.
"The Atlantic Monthly, Volume 14, No. 83, September, 1864" by Various
At last, after a lot of talk, they decided to rope it round and pull it over so that it fell on to the dung-heap.
"Marie Claire" by Marguerite Audoux
Dung rake and dung devil.
"Highways & Byways in Sussex" by E.V. Lucas
Why have I rak'd thee Out of the dung-hill?
"Bussy D'Ambois and The Revenge of Bussy D'Ambois" by George Chapman
Dungeness Spit, Wash. .
"The Bird Study Book" by Thomas Gilbert Pearson
It is not usual for a man who has 'suffered the loss of all things' to follow their disappearance by counting them 'but dung.
"Expositions of Holy Scripture" by Alexander Maclaren
Originally this "liquor" was made with sheep dung, but this is now omitted.
"The Dyeing of Cotton Fabrics" by Franklin Beech
The manure in the immediate vicinity of Calais is the dung of the stable-keepers and the filth of that town.
"Travels through the South of France and the Interior of Provinces of Provence and Languedoc in the Years 1807 and 1808" by Lt-Col. Pinkney
Houses in this province were formed of badly-built clay walls, thatched roofs, and floors of mud, polished with cow-dung.
"Great African Travellers" by W.H.G. Kingston
As no trees or shrubs grew near, a quantity of dry dung was collected to serve as fuel.
"Hendricks the Hunter" by W.H.G. Kingston
Having made a signal for a pilot, one boarded us out of a cutter off Dungeness.
"Peter Trawl" by W. H. G. Kingston
Then we tore up withered grass and buffalo-dung, and dashed them on the heap.
"Travels and Adventures of Monsieur Violet" by Captain Marryat
Dried buffalo dung formed a substitute for fuel.
"The Dog Crusoe and his Master" by R.M. Ballantyne
Set the frame over the pit, which should then be filled with fresh horse-dung, which has not lain long, nor been sodden by water.
"A Treatise on Domestic Economy" by Catherine Esther Beecher
There was no wood, no yak or pony dung, no lichens, no moss, and therefore nothing with which we could make a fire.
"In the Forbidden Land" by Arnold Henry Savage Landor
Village at New Dungeness.
"Alphabetical Vocabularies of the Clallum and Lummi" by George Gibbs
She knew very well he was not a rose-beetle; he was a dung-beetle.
"The Adventures of Maya the Bee" by Waldemar Bonsels
Devil take him if thou shalt abide at the mercy of the spite of a paltry little merchant of asses' dung!
"The Decameron of Giovanni Boccaccio" by Giovanni Boccaccio
The Master said, Rotten wood cannot be carved, nor are dung walls plastered.
"The Sayings Of Confucius" by Confucius

In poetry:

By faith my works, my righteousness,
And duties all I own
But loss and dung; and lay my stress
On what my Lord has done.
"The Believer's Principles : Chap. IV." by Ralph Erskine
Are dung-hills deck'd with flow'ry glore,
Which Solomon's outvie?
Sure thine is infinitely more,
Thy Husband decks the sky.
"The Believer's Jointure : Chapter I." by Ralph Erskine
I have seen a fool half-fashioned
Borrow from the heavens a tongue,
So to curse them more at leisure--
--And I trod him not as dung.
"The Fish" by Gilbert Keith Chesterton
Thou'rt not put off with barren leaves,
Or dung of earthly-pelf;
More wealth than heav'n and earth he gives,
Thy Husband's thine himself.
"The Believer's Jointure : Chapter I." by Ralph Erskine
An' when the vrost do catch the stream,
An' oves wi' icicles be hung,
My pantèn hosses' breath do steam
In white-grass'd vields, a-haulèn dung.
"The Carter" by William Barnes
The smoke, white orchards, drifts from you,
And, though it has imbibed the chill of
Sea water, smells of summer dew,
Of dung, of honey and vanilla.
""The camel snorts. He won't get up"" by Ivan Bunin

In news:

Crab fisherman north of Sonoma County cannot head to sea until the end of the month because the Dungeness crab population is still too small to harvest.
With crab off the Southern Oregon Coast still on the lean side, the local ocean commercial Dungeness crab season has been delayed again.
The ocean commercial Dungeness crab season is delayed through Dec 30 by fishery managers to improve quality.
Crab fisherman north of Sonoma County cannot head to sea until the end of the month because the Dungeness crab population is still too small to harvest.
Fresh Dungeness crab right off the boat at Pillar Point Harbor in Princeton-by-the-Sea, Calif on Saturday Nov 17, 2012.
Deal set on Dungeness crab - strike ends.
The Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife has delayed the state's ocean commercial Dungeness crab season again, this time through Dec 30.The season is being delayed to allow the crabs to fill with more meat.
Fresh Dungeness crab at Fisherman's Wharf.
"The size is good, the quality is really good and we're really excited we're going to have fresh Dungeness crab for Thanksgiving," said Joe Pezzolo from Pezzolo's seafood.
Checks a Dungeness crab from Washington, but he hopes to have local crab soon.
In fact, it was the best on record for Dungeness crab landings in California with 31,680,250 pounds of crabs caught commercially.
Shells have mostly hardened on the hordes of Dungeness crabs in the Strait of Georgia so the annual summer personal-use season has started (officially Thursday, Aug 16) in Marine Sub-area 7-North.
If it's approved, the new Dungeness Water Management Rule would put into place a new regulatory regime for much of eastern Clallam County.
Elephant dung coffee is the latest craze from Thailand - but the price could leave a nasty taste in your mouth.
The exotic new brew is made from beans eaten by Thai elephants and plucked a day or two later from their dung.

In science:

We are grateful to Dung-Hai Lee, JunRen Shi, Fa Wang and Hong Yao for stimulating discussions.
d+id' Chiral Superconductivity in Bilayer Silicene
We introduce matrix and its block to the Dung’s theory of argumentation frameworks.
The matrices of argumentation frameworks
Among them, Dung’s theory of argumentation framework is quite influence.
The matrices of argumentation frameworks
Let us first recall some basic notion in Dung’s theory of argumentation framework.
The matrices of argumentation frameworks
Since every extension of an AF under the standard semantics (stable, preferred, complete and grounded extensions) introduced by Dung is an admissible set, the concept of admissible extensions plays an important role in the study of argumentation frameworks.
The matrices of argumentation frameworks
We offer one version of equational semantics which is equivalent to CF2 semantics, and a better version which gives the same results as traditional Dung semantics for even loops but can still handle odd loops.
The Equational Approach to CF2 Semantics
In their papers the authors offer the CF2 semantics in response to difficulties arising from the Dung semantics handling of odd and even loops.
The Equational Approach to CF2 Semantics
The only extension in traditional Dung semantics is all undecided.
The Equational Approach to CF2 Semantics
The notion of conflict freeness is a neutral notion and does not use the central notion of “attack” of the Dung semantics.
The Equational Approach to CF2 Semantics
If we use E qmax (A) then the solutions f correspond exactly to the Dung extensions of A.
The Equational Approach to CF2 Semantics
It busts all even numbered loops and yields all allowable Dung extensions for such loops.
The Equational Approach to CF2 Semantics
Before we prove soundness of LBM relative to the traditional Dung semantics and compare LBM with CF2 semantics, let us do some examples.
The Equational Approach to CF2 Semantics
What happens here is that the minimal absolute semantics gives the same extensions for even loops as the traditional Dung extensions, but the CF2 semantics gives more.
The Equational Approach to CF2 Semantics
The network (SB , RB ) is an ordinary Dung network and has traditional Dung extensions.
The Equational Approach to CF2 Semantics
Dung and Kanchanasut define the notion of fixpoint completion of a program which provides connections between the supported and the stable semantics, as well as between the Fitting and the well-founded semantics, studied by Fages and Wendt .
Towards a Systematic Account of Different Semantics for Logic Programs