dune

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n dune a ridge of sand created by the wind; found in deserts or near lakes and oceans
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The Sahara desert has the highest sand dunes.
    • n Dune dūn A low hill of drifting sand usually formed on the coats, but often carried far inland by the prevailing winds. "Three great rivers, the Rhine, the Meuse, and the Scheldt, had deposited their slime for ages among the dunes or sand banks heaved up by the ocean around their mouths."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: For the movie "Mission To Mars", director Brian DePalma and crew needed to re-create the surface of the planet Mars. They chose the more than two million square feet of a 45-acre sand dune in Vancouver, Canada. To give the sand dune the color of the planet Mars, they covered it with over 15,000 gallons of red paint.
    • n dune A mound, ridge, or hill of loose sand, heaped up by the wind on the sea-coast, or rarely on the shore of a large lake, as on Lake Superior. Hills of loose sand at a distance from the coast, or in the interior of a country, are sometimes called by French authors dunes; but this is not the usage in English. Also down.
    • n dune An ancient fort with a hemispherical or conical roof.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: American colonists discovered that superior candles could be made from the fruit of a squat bush growing in the sand dunes along the New England seashore. The small, grayish bayberry was picked, crushed, and boiled. It had to be skimmed several times before the pale, nearly transparent, green fat was sufficiently refined. Bayberry candles were highly prized, because so much labor and so many berries were needed to make just one candle.
    • n Dune dūn a low hill of sand on the seashore.
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
The same word as down,: cf. D. duin,. See Down a bank of sand
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
An earlier form of down, a hill.

Usage

In literature:

In a few minutes the Spahi, the murderer and I stood in the fold of the sand dunes, and Sidi-Massarli was blotted from our sight.
"The Desert Drum" by Robert Hichens
Moira'd been out all day on the dunes and toward night the fog had swept over us.
"The Best Short Stories of 1919" by Various
Godfrey and Tartlet then commenced to descend the talus of the dunes in the direction of the reef.
"Godfrey Morgan" by Jules Verne
Stronger after a meal, he climbed the highest sand-dune and studied the situation.
""Where Angels Fear to Tread" and Other Stories of the Sea" by Morgan Robertson
And just as the surface, or "skin," friction forms waves at the surface of water, it also piles the desert sand in wave-like dunes.
"Wealth of the World's Waste Places and Oceania" by Jewett Castello Gilson
This grass grows usually in moist sandy loams, sand dunes, and is very common on the Coromandel coast and in the Deccan Districts.
"A Handbook of Some South Indian Grasses" by Rai Bahadur K. Ranga Achariyar
Weel dune, weel dune, wee wifie, quo' I.
"Children's Rhymes, Children's Games, Children's Songs, Children's Stories" by Robert Ford
It is upon this dune that the Chukches erect their tents.
"The Voyage of the Vega round Asia and Europe, Volume I and Volume II" by A.E. Nordenskieold
Duna and Duning (Chapter VII).
"The Romance of Names" by Ernest Weekley
A tangle of cords stretched out to the nylon of the main chute draped over a dust dune.
"The Quantum Jump" by Robert Wicks
On attempting to scale the "dune", they found that their wading was not yet at an end.
"The Boy Slaves" by Mayne Reid
No enclosure marks it from the unconsecrated dunes.
"New Italian sketches" by John Addington Symonds
He had caught sight of the figure of a Frank moving briskly along the ridge of the opposite dune.
"The Valley of the Kings" by Marmaduke Pickthall
Captain Downs walked with Mayo for a distance across the sand-dunes when the latter started to make his way to the nearest railroad station.
"Blow The Man Down" by Holman Day
Just as the fiery disc of the sun peered over the sand dunes Murray heard music that was not of the birds.
"Lucy Maud Montgomery Short Stories, 1905 to 1906" by Lucy Maud Montgomery
She rowed herself down the long pond to the row of golden-brown sand dunes that parted it from the gulf.
"Lucy Maud Montgomery Short Stories, 1909 to 1922" by Lucy Maud Montgomery
Even the sand-dunes have been reclaimed and converted into pasturage.
"Commercial Geography" by Jacques W. Redway
In many places the dry winds have caught up these sands, when laid bare at low water, and elevated them into dunes or galls.
"The Continental Monthly, Vol. 3, No. 1 January 1863" by Various
By far the greater number of werwolfery cases in this country are to be met with amongst the sand-dunes on the sea coast.
"Werwolves" by Elliott O'Donnell
The first shell from the monitor fell short, blowing an enormous crater in the grass-grown dunes.
"The Submarine Hunters" by Percy F. Westerman
***

In poetry:

As he gaed ower yon high, high hill,
As he had dune before, O;
There he met his sister dear,
Came rinnin' fast to Yarrow.
"The Braes O' Yarrow" by Henry Morley
But noo, whan I see ye gang, Nannie,
Eident at what's to be dune,
Liltin a haiveless sang, Nannie,
I wud kiss yer verra shune!
"Nannie Braw" by George MacDonald
"Ye've dune yer best to break my hert,
An' smoor't wi' grief an' shame
But if ye can forgie yersell,
I'se try to dae the same."
"Mary Lee: A Ballad" by Janet Hamilton
"What is't that brocht ye here," quo' he,
"What ill thing ha'e ye dune?
I see it's but a feint ye mak',
Sae tell me true an' sune."
"Ballad of The Monkland Cottar" by Janet Hamilton
O meikle, meikle wrath, I wat,
Was in the hearts o' a';
"An' wha can hae dune the deed?" they ask'd,
While they thocht on Simon Gaw.
"The Weary Weird" by Alexander Anderson
Now when she had her work all dune,
She went to a bush o' broom,
That she might hear what he did say,
When he saw that she was gane.
"The Broomfield Hill" by Andrew Lang

In news:

Lauderdale condo destroys sand dune .
For years he has fought authorities' attempts to rebuild the dunes in front of his $1.7 million oceanfront home to act as a buffer to Atlantic storms.
They weren't called "the Dunes " back then.
I smoked weed at bonfires and made out with my prince of the Dunes until my Slicker-coated lips were sore.
Reading ' Dune ,' My Junior-High Survival Guide.
CORVALLIS — An environmental review of a plan to close some unauthorized off-road vehicle trails in the Oregon Dunes National Recreation Area has been released for public comment.
Dune wall-mounted basin in solid surfacing in Night Sky by Omvivo, 61-3-9339-8130.
One dune 's disappearance has personal impact.
Nov 7, 2012 — The cult favorite 1965 novel Dune was a classic of SciFi literature.
But author Leigh Bardugo says that when she was 12, Dune wasn't just an escape -- it changed her world.
In beach communities, dunes are held holy, and for the 30 years we've lived here, through numerous hurricanes and northeasters, the dune had held back the sea.
"To the dune ," we toasted.
(AP) — The ocean has broken through the dunes on a portion of Long Beach Island, where evacuations are under way due to Hurricane Sandy.
A dune breach in Beach Haven has flooded the streets, and flooding is reported elsewhere on the island as well.
Sussex County officials say the dune breach occurred around dawn Sunday morning.
***

In science:

In this respect, a DUNE+Planck programme can be seen as the next significant step in testing, and thus challenging, the standard model of cosmology.
Summary of the DUNE Mission Concept
The DUNE concept has been recently proposed to ESA’s Cosmic Vision programme and has been selected jointly with SPACE15 for an ongoing ESA Assesment Phase which has led to the merged Euclid mission concept.
Summary of the DUNE Mission Concept
We thank CNES for support on an earlier version of the DUNE mission and EADS/Astrium, Alcatel/Alenia Space, as well as Kayser/Threde for their help in the preparation of the ESA proposal.
Summary of the DUNE Mission Concept
More recently, a small visible-imaging mission concept DUNE has been considering the observation of about 10,000 supernovae up to z = 1 from space (R´efr´egier et al. 2006).
Dark energy constraints from a space-based supernova survey
New space missions are currently being developed in order to constrain dark energy, both in north America (the JDEM mission, now called WFIRST) and in Europe (the EUCLID mission, which incorporates the second DUNE concept).
Dark energy constraints from a space-based supernova survey
We point out that saturation transients are indispensable for a proper description of sand flux over structured terrain, by applying the model to the windward side of an isolated dune, thereby resolving recently reported discrepancies between field measurements and theoretical predictions.
A Continuum Saltation Model for Sand Dunes
Aeolian sand transport, from the entrainment of single grains to the formation and movement of dunes, have been studied for a long time.
A Continuum Saltation Model for Sand Dunes
The grains of typical dune sand have a diameter of the order of 0.25 mm and are therefore transported via bed–load.
A Continuum Saltation Model for Sand Dunes
This length scale is large enough to play an important role in dune formation.
A Continuum Saltation Model for Sand Dunes
The boundary problem is evident for an isolated dune like a barchan sketched in Figure 6.
A Continuum Saltation Model for Sand Dunes
Recent field measurements of the wind speed and the sand flux on the central slice of a barchan dune show a large discrepancy between the measured sand flux at the windward foot and the sand flux predicted by Eq.(41) for the measured wind speed.
A Continuum Saltation Model for Sand Dunes
The measured sand flux was a monotonously increasing function, whereas the calculated sand fluxes decreased near the dune’s foot due to the depression of the wind velocity. A decrease of the flux is correlated with deposition at the dune’s foot leading to a flattening of the dune.
A Continuum Saltation Model for Sand Dunes
In particular, the influx of an isolated dune in a dune field should depend on the outflux of several dunes upwind.
A Continuum Saltation Model for Sand Dunes
Both models exhibit the unphysical deposition at the dune’s foot described above.
A Continuum Saltation Model for Sand Dunes
Due to the saturation transients we obtain a monotonously increasing flux and therefore no deposition of sand at the dune’s foot.
A Continuum Saltation Model for Sand Dunes
***