dun

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj dun of a dull greyish brown to brownish grey color "the dun and dreary prairie"
    • v dun make a dun color
    • v dun cure by salting "dun codfish"
    • v dun persistently ask for overdue payment "The grocer dunned his customers every day by telephone"
    • v dun treat cruelly "The children tormented the stuttering teacher"
    • n dun horse of a dull brownish grey color
    • n dun a color or pigment varying around a light grey-brown color "she wore dun"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Dun dŭn A mound or small hill.
    • Dun An urgent request or demand of payment; as, he sent his debtor a dun .
    • a Dun Of a dark color; of a color partaking of a brown and black; of a dull brown color; swarthy. "Summer's dun cloud comes thundering up.""Chill and dun Falls on the moor the brief November day."
    • Dun One who duns; a dunner. "To be pulled by the sleeve by some rascally dun ."
    • v. t. & i Dun dŭn To ask or beset (e.g., a debtor), for payment; to urge importunately. "Hath she sent so soon to dun ?"
    • v. t Dun To cure, as codfish, in a particular manner, by laying them, after salting, in a pile in a dark place, covered with salt grass or some like substance.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • dun Of a color partaking of brown and black; of a dull-brown color; swarthy.
    • dun Dark; gloomy.
    • n dun A familiar name for an old horse or jade: used as a quasi-proper name (like dobbin).
    • dun To make of a dun or dull-brown color.
    • dun Especially To cure, as cod, in such a manner as to impart a dun or brown color. See dunfish.
    • dun To become of a dun color.
    • dun To make a loud noise; din.
    • dun To demand payment of a debt from; press or urge for payment or for fulfilment of an obligation of any kind.
    • n dun One who duns; an importunate creditor, or an agent employed to collect debts.
    • n dun A demand for the payment of a debt, especially a written one; a dunning-letter: as, to send one's debtor a dun.
    • n dun A hill; a mound; a fortified eminence. This word enters into the composition of many place-names in Great Britain, frequently under the modifled forms dum-, don-, -don (as well as down, which see): as, Dunstable, Dunmow, Dundee, Dunbar, Dumfries, Dumbarton, Doncaster, Donegal, etc.
    • n dun A dun-colored natural or artificial fly used in angling: as, the pale-olive dun, made with a body of hair from the polar bear; goose-dun, with a body of gray goose-pinion; blue dun, with a body of pale mole-fur.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • adj Dun dun of a dark colour, partly brown and black: dark
    • v.t Dun (U.S.) to cure and brown, as cod
    • v.i Dun to become dun-coloured
    • v.t Dun dun to demand a debt with din or noise: to urge for payment
    • pr.p Dun dun′ning; pa.p. dunned
    • n Dun one who duns: a demand for payment
    • n Dun dun a hill: a fortified mound.
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
AS. dyne, noise, dynian, to make a noise, or fr. Icel. dynr, duna, noise, thunder, duna, to thunder; the same word as E. din,. √74. See Din
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. dún—Celt.; in many place-names, as Dunbar, Doncaster.

Usage

In literature:

Penrose, dun yo' think there'll be yethbobs (tufts of heather) i' heaven?
"Lancashire Idylls (1898)" by Marshall Mather
And when all was over, the Dagda brought out the heifer he had got as wages from Bres at the time he was making his dun.
"Gods and Fighting Men" by Lady I. A. Gregory
Three heads of thy fighting men did I carry off from Dun Moonremar, and one of the three was the head of thy eldest son.
"The High Deeds of Finn and other Bardic Romances of Ancient Ireland" by T. W. Rolleston
He dun lade down in de mud en roll ober en ober.
"That Old-Time Child, Roberta" by Sophie Fox Sea
Robert Graham Dun (1826-1900), mercantile credit expert, was grandson of Rev.
"Scotland's Mark on America" by George Fraser Black
Among those who prepared for the charge was the poor boy on the old dun horse.
"Folk Tales Every Child Should Know" by Various
Guy went back to England and heard that a terrible dun-colored cow had appeared in Warwickshire.
"Young Folks Treasury, Volume 2 (of 12)" by Various
Weel, whon ey gets ower t' stoan wa', whot dun yo think ey sees!
"The Lancashire Witches" by William Harrison Ainsworth
One genplum he gwine gib her a mule for her own sef and forty acres ob groun'; so she dun gon' ter see 'bout hit.
"Memories" by Fannie A. (Mrs.) Beers
Among the families to which he was introduced as an artist, was that of Edmund Dunning.
"The Knight of the Golden Melice" by John Turvill Adams
Once more let me draw upon Mr. Finlay Dun.
"The Reminiscences of an Irish Land Agent" by S.M. Hussey
I dun'no' when I've been anywhere.
"Jane Field" by Mary E. Wilkins Freeman
I dun'no' where he is.
"Jerome, A Poor Man" by Mary E. Wilkins Freeman
He it was that resided in Derlus, to the south of Dun-leth-glaise (Downpatrick).
"The Most Ancient Lives of Saint Patrick" by Various
My spurs fairly lifted the dun horse, and we scuttled in the opposite direction like a scared antelope.
"Raw Gold" by Bertrand W. Sinclair
Howsomever, 'taint becomin' to talk 'bout dat, 'cause your fathah he dun pay me fer dat dar job, he is.
"Captain Sam" by George Cary Eggleston
Dun hued, unobtrusive, withdrawn, he aged slowly, almost imperceptibly.
"The Best Short Stories of 1921 and the Yearbook of the American Short Story" by Various
Some claims she dun't, some claims she do.
"Blister Jones" by John Taintor Foote
Next day Fergus and his two sons, Illann the Fair and Buinne the Red, set out in their galley for the dun of the Sons of Usna on Loch Etive.
"A Book of Myths" by Jean Lang
Kate had given him her dun pony.
"Laramie Holds the Range" by Frank H. Spearman
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In poetry:

Faithful in the dun hour,
Like a praying priest,
Eagerly the sunflower
Scans the East.
"Break Of Day" by John Gneisenau Neihardt
Star of even! sunk the sun!
Lost for e'er the ruddy line;
And the earth is veiled in dun,--
"Nay, in darkness, best I shine!"
"Then, Most, I Smile" by Victor Marie Hugo
There the unholy river gleameth,
Deep, and cold, and dun,
Hiding secrets from the sun,
As an awful dream one dreameth,
As Oblivion:
"The Children's Grass" by Roden Berkeley Wriothesley Noel
And, no less sovran than the sun,
Imagination brings relief
Of morning light to shadows dun,
To heart's distress, and spirit's grief.
"The Door Of Humility" by Alfred Austin
She hears him. Him she owes
For half her loveliness a love well won
By work that lights the shapeless and the dun,
Their common foes.
"Earth And Man" by George Meredith
II. Where the unholy river gleameth,
Deep, and cold, and dun,
Hiding secrets from the sun,
As an awful dream one dreameth,
As Oblivion:
"The Children's Grass" by Roden Berkeley Wriothesley Noel

In news:

Wendell Brent Dunning , 48, formerly of the Buckeye Community near Leachville, died Friday, Dec 27, 2002, in Murphy, Miss.
Born at Leachville, he was the son of the late Jack and Betty Buck Dunning and had lived in Mississippi for the past 17 years.
Freetown Corridor Committee rebuts Dunning's criticisms.
With Gram & Dun, Urban Table works through some growing pains.
But Gram & Dun, the new "gastropub" on the Country Club Plaza, makes forking over a credit card kind of fun, even for a hefty tab.
Gram & Dun offers savory fare with a Southern slant.
Driven sparingly , Dunning says his Lincoln has won national honors.
Weysan Dun, Special Agent in Charge at the FBI's Omaha office, will be the guest speaker for Creighton's upcoming Asian World Lecture.
Q&A: Dunning Sportswear founder Ralph Dunning.
BOSTON — Ayana Dunning had 16 points, 11 rebounds and four blocked shots as No 14 West Virginia held off Boston University 60-57 Monday night.
Dunnings says complaints of illegal activity led to move.
Members of the town board and engineers met July 5 to discuss possible ways to improve the Dunning Street and Fox Wander West intersection.
Gen Jon Bruning, right, talks to Steve Dunning of Omaha as he takes a break from waving to passing motorists in Omaha.
Join Kathy Collins, Rochelle Dunning, Robin Garrison, Julie Kawamura and Kristi Scott to help raise funds and awareness to end violence against women and girls.
The point Bob Dunning makes about watering trees in his Friday column illuminates one more important advantage of the Loge-Williams consumption-based fixed revenue water rate structure over traditional rate structures.
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In science:

Z duN nG ˆA ˆB (X ) ˙X ˆB − 2N −2Vw o , where X = (X ˆA) = (φi , ϕα , Φs ) ∈ RN , N = n + l + |S |, and minisupermetric G is defined in (3.22).
On exact solutions in multidimensional gravity with antisymmetric forms
The subject matter in this paper was partly inspired by a discussion with John Franks and Amie Wilkinson, and a comment in an email from ´Etienne Ghys. I would like to thank Nathan Dun field for some excellent comments on an earlier version of this paper, and Hee Oh for some useful info about arithmetic lattices.
Dynamical forcing of circular groups
Dunfield, Laminations and groups of homeomorphsisms of the circle, Invent.
Dynamical forcing of circular groups
Die Josephson-las ’n Josephson-las bestaan uit twee supergeleiers wat geskei word deur ’n nie-supergeleidende laag s ´o dun dat elektrone deur die isolerende laag kan tonnel (die Josephson-effek).
Quantum computing (Kwantumberekening)
Dunning, Accurate methods for the statistics of surprise and coincidence, Computat.
Goodness of fit tests for weighted histograms
In fact even the words and opinions of the man who gave birth to general relativity are ignored in order to maintain the status quo of ‘conventional wisdom’, as phrased by Dunning-Davies .
Some Comments on the Tests of General Relativity
P(DUn > a) = vD (a) = − min(gT (a|Θ), gT (a| − Θ)).
Large deviations of U-empirical Kolmogorov-Smirnov tests, and their efficiency
In order to illustrate the result on large deviations of the statistic DUn , assume for simplicity that the initial continuous d.f. F is defined on some finite or infinite interval [a, b] and is strictly monotonic there.
Large deviations of U-empirical Kolmogorov-Smirnov tests, and their efficiency
We denote the set of all up-up (resp. up-down, down-up, down-down) permutations of length n by U Un (resp. U Dn , DUn , DDn ) for all n ≥ 2 (for n = 0, 1 we define U Un = U Dn = DUn = DDn =
Restricted 132-alternating permutations and Chebyshev polynomials
Dunning-Davies, Qualms regarding "Superstatistics" by C.
First-Passage Time: A Conception Leading to Superstatistics. II. Continuous Distributions and their Applications
Dunfield, An ascending HNN extension of a free group inside SL2C.
Some group theory problems
Dun,R(t; y )] · h, the derivative, in the direction h, of the mapping y 7→ un,R (t; y ).
Invariant measures for a stochastic Kuramoto-Sivashinky equation
Dun and Dvn are computed respectively, component by component, through the maxmod and the upwind finite difference operators, and D2u denotes the standard five-points discretization of the Laplace operator on the grid (see for the details).
An existence result for the sandpile problem on flat tables with walls
The standard way is the following: after (33) and (34) have been applied, we look for the sign of (Dun+1 · ν ) at the wall nodes.
An existence result for the sandpile problem on flat tables with walls
Dorey P., Dunning C., Tateo R., From P T -symmetric quantum mechanics to conformal f ield theory, Pramana J.
PT Symmetric Schr\"odinger Operators: Reality of the Perturbed Eigenvalues
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