• The Fourth Duke of Richmond
    The Fourth Duke of Richmond
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n duke a British peer of the highest rank
    • n duke a nobleman (in various countries) of high rank
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

His Royal Highness the Duke of Kent, K.B His Royal Highness the Duke of Kent, K.B
Alexander Farnese, Duke of Parma——32 Alexander Farnese, Duke of Parma——32
Charles de Lorraine, Duke of Mayenne——35 Charles de Lorraine, Duke of Mayenne——35
Henry, Duke of Montmorency, at Castelnaudary——199 Henry, Duke of Montmorency, at Castelnaudary——199
Fenelon and the Duke of Burgundy——610 Fenelon and the Duke of Burgundy——610
Dad Drove the Dukes out 135 Dad Drove the Dukes out 135
Murder of the Duke Of Orleans——38 Murder of the Duke Of Orleans——38
Duke of Roxburghe Duke of Roxburghe

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The General Lee cars used in the popular show The Dukes of Hazards were 1969 Dodge Chargers
    • Duke A leader; a chief; a prince. "Hannibal, duke of Carthage.""All were dukes once, who were “duces” -- captains or leaders of their people."
    • Duke In England, one of the highest order of nobility after princes and princesses of the royal blood and the four archbishops of England and Ireland.
    • Duke In some European countries, a sovereign prince, without the title of king.
    • Duke The fists; as, put up your dukes .
    • v. i Duke dūk To play the duke. "Lord Angelo dukes it well in his absence."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Mayonnaise is said to be the invention of the French chef of the Duke de Richelieu in 1756. While the Duke was defeating the British at Port Mahon, his chef was creating a victory feast that included a sauce made of cream and eggs. When the chef realized that there was no cream in the kitchen, he improvised, substituting olive oil for the cream. A new culinary masterpiece was born, and the chef named it "Mahonnaise" in honor of the Duke's victory.
    • n duke A chief; a prince; a commander; a leader: as, “the dukes of Edom,”
    • n duke In Great Britain, France, Italy, Spain, and Portugal, a hereditary title of nobility, ranking next below that of prince, but in some instances a sovereign title, as in those of the dukes of Burgundy, Normandy, Lorraine, etc. (see 3, below), or borne as his distinguishing title by a prince of the blood royal. The first English duke was Edward the Black Prince, created Duke of Cornwall in 1837. Dukes, when British peers, sit in the House of Lords by right of birth; Scotch and Irish dukes have a right of election to it, in common with other peers of those countries, in certain proportions; in other countries, except Germany (see below), the title conveys no prescriptive political power. In Great Britain a duke's coronet consists of a richly chased gold circle, having on its upper edge eight strawberry-leaves, with or without a cap of crimson velvet, closed at the top with a gold tassel, lined with sarcenet, and turned up with ermine.
    • n duke A sovereign prince, the ruler of a state called a duchy. In the middle ages, on the continent of Europe, all dukes were hereditary territorial rulers, generally in subordination to a king or an emperor, though often independent; now only German dukes retain that status, and of these there are but five, those of Anhalt, Brunswick, Saxe-Altenburg, Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, and Saxe-Meiningen. Modena and Parma, in Italy, were ruled by sovereign dukes until their incorporation with the kingdom of Italy in 1860.
    • n duke A name of the great eagle-owl of Europe, Bubo maximus, called grand-duc by the French.
    • n duke plural The fists.
    • duke To play the duke.
    • n duke A dialectal (Scotch) form of duck.
    • n duke A vehicle having a victoria body suspended at the front on scroll-irons. At the rear is a rumble for a footman. It is sometimes driven by a postilion. Now called a ladies' driving-phaëton.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The U.S. Army has a stealth reconnaissance helicopter named "The Duke" in honor of John Wayne.
    • n Duke dūk the highest order of nobility next below that of prince:
    • n Duke dūk (B.) a chieftain: on the Continent, a sovereign prince
    • ***


  • David Lloyd George
    “A fully equipped duke costs as much to keep up as two Dreadnoughts, and dukes are just as great a terror -- and they last longer.”
  • William Cowper
    “The parson knows enough who knows a Duke.”
  • W. H. Auden
    “When I am in the company of scientists, I feel like a shabby curate who has strayed by mistake into a drawing room full of dukes.”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. duc, fr. L. dux, ducis, leader, commander, fr. ducere, to lead; akin to AS. teón, to draw; cf. AS. heretoga, here, army) an army leader, general, G. herzog, duke. See Tue, and cf. Doge Duchess Ducat Duct Adduce Deduct
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. duc—L. dux, ducis, a leader—ducĕre, to lead.


In literature:

Why the Duke does not insist upon his not seeing the Duke of Cumberland I cannot imagine.
"The Greville Memoirs" by Charles C. F. Greville
At this juncture, Duke George conveniently died, and Leopold Eberhard became Duke.
"A German Pompadour" by Marie Hay
To a keen student of physiognomy the mental attitude of the Duke of Alva would have been an open book.
"The Ghost Breaker" by Charles Goddard
Army was pitted against army; Protestant Duke of Rohan against Catholic Duke of Luynes.
"The Great Events by Famous Historians, Volume 11" by Various
The Duke of Bedford, who was lord lieutenant of Ireland, had urged the importance of making some concessions to Roman catholics.
"The Political History of England - Vol XI" by George Brodrick
On April 7, the French vanguard crossed the Bidassoa, and the Duke entered Irun, welcomed by Spanish royalists.
"A History of the Nineteenth Century, Year by Year" by Edwin Emerson
Dukes; the duke of Yorke and the duke of Norfolk.
"A Chronicle of London from 1089 to 1483" by Anonymous
The widower, Henry of Orleans (Duke de Longueville), by birth, dignity, and wealth was looked upon as the first match in France.
"Political Women (Vol. 1 of 2)" by Sutherland Menzies
The Duke of Burgundy and his eldest son, the Duke of Brittany, had died.
"Political Women, Vol. 2 (of 2)" by Sutherland Menzies
William of Juliers fell on the side of the Flemings; the son of the Duke of Burgundy and many others on that of the French.
"The Great Events by Famous Historians, Volume 07" by Various
The best of these relations, Philip, Duke of Burgundy, died in 1404.
"The Red True Story Book" by Various
Doth the jade look for a Duke or a Prince, trow?
"Robin Tremayne" by Emily Sarah Holt
It was the Duke's law, and if the Duke was a strong man he kept peace in the land.
"A Student's History of England, v. 1 (of 3)" by Samuel Rawson Gardiner
To-day his Highness the Duke holds a review of the Guard.
"A Modern Mercenary" by Kate Prichard and Hesketh Vernon Hesketh-Prichard
He was also Duke of Lancaster, and is often designated by that name.
"Richard II" by Jacob Abbott
Now, as appears by the table, John of Gaunt was the third of the four sons, Lionel, Duke of Clarence, being the second.
"Richard III" by Jacob Abbott
The Queen's letter might have contributed to this as well as the entreaties of the Duke of Bedford and Lord Lansdowne.
"The Letters of Queen Victoria, Volume III (of 3), 1854-1861" by Queen of Great Britain Victoria
After the Count had followed the Duke and Countess about the palace half the night, the Duke came into the room in a rage.
"Operas Every Child Should Know" by Mary Schell Hoke Bacon
How down they pulled the Duke's arms everywhere!
"The Poetical Works of Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Volume IV" by Elizabeth Barrett Browning
The thieves were the Duke d'Amville and Monsieur de la Chesnaye.
"Curiosities of Literature, Vol. 3 (of 3)" by Isaac Disraeli

In poetry:

He vews with pleasant look
This pooty flower of May,
Then, says the wenarable Duke,
"Egad, it's my buthday."
"Lines On A Late Hospicious Ewent," by William Makepeace Thackeray
The great Duke of Wellington
Reduced himself to a skellington.
He reached seven stone two,
And then – Waterloo!
"Clerihew – Wellington" by Edmund Clerihew Bentley
That Prince his leave was took,
His hinterview was done.
So let us give the good old Duke
Good luck of his god-son.
"Lines On A Late Hospicious Ewent," by William Makepeace Thackeray
Says Mrs. L. to the Duke,
"Your Grace, it is A PRINCE."
And at that nuss's bold rebuke,
He did both laugh and wince.
"Lines On A Late Hospicious Ewent," by William Makepeace Thackeray
Duke William took the land away,
To build this minster high.
Bury the robber where ye may,
But here he shall not lie.'
"The Burial of William - the Conqueror" by Robert Fuller Murray
From Mount Seir, Duke Iram roveth,
Three renewals of the moon:
To see Egypt him behoveth,
Ere his life be past its noon.
"Lita of the Nile" by Richard Doddridge Blackmore

In news:

Some $100,000 worth of dining carts Duke University Dining Services had planned to deploy at its West Campus Plaza sector have been delayed until at least October, according to a report in the campuss Duke Chronicle news service.
CULLMAN — Thomas Wayne Duke.
Prince William and Kate, Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, view a hybrid orchid named in their honor at the Orchid Garden within the Singapore Botanical Gardens in Singapore on Tuesday, Sept 11, 2012.
The Dutchess & the Duke's "Sunset/Sunrise".
The Dutchess and The Duke are not married.
If you missed The Dutchess and The Duke on today's installment of the Rock 'N Roll Club, check them out tonight at the Crepe Place at 9pm.
MEN'S COLLEGE BASKETBALL - 9th ranked Duke upsets 3rd ranked Kentucky 75-68 From the Sports Edge: WOMEN'S COLLEGE BASKETBALL.
Duke Ellington At the Côte d'Azur with Ella Fitzgerald and Joan Miró/The Last Jam Session.
While Augusta and Randy Roman duke it out in court, three embryos they created together are on ice.
Duke ellington blue pepper (far east of the blues) far east suite rca 1102 - 1966.
Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, Prince Harry and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge arrive at the Epsom Derby at Epsom Downs racecourse in Epsom , England.
Christoph O Guttentag, Duke University's dean of admissions, has thought a lot about why sports matters so much to so many people.
Duke's Christian Laettner shakes hands with fans at the Spectrum after his famous.
Art During the Reign of Philip III Nasher Museum of Art at Duke University Through Nov 9 www.nasher.duke.edu/elgreco We're an empire now, and when we act, we create our own reality.
Kim Roberts was the other exotic dancer at the Duke lacrosse party on the night of the alleged rape.

In science:

Duke, Hanno Lefmann, Vo jtech R¨odl, and Raphael Yuster.
Testing Odd-Cycle-Freeness in Boolean Functions
Ta-Tsien(Daqian) Li, Wenci Yu, Boundary value problem for quasilinear hyperbolic systems, Duke Univ.
Shock-free Solutions of the Compressible Euler Equations
Geudens, A critical phenomenon in the two-matrix model in the quartic/quadratic case, to appear in Duke Math. J., preprint arXiv:1111.2162 .
Asymptotic analysis of the two matrix model with a quartic potential
Odaibo completed a housemanship in Internal Medicine at Duke University Hospital and is currently an Ophthalmology resident at Howard University Hospital in Washington DC.
A Quantum Mechanical Review of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Geudens, A critical phenomenon in the two matrix model in the quartic/quadratic case, to appear in Duke Math. J. M.
Painlev\'e kernels in Hermitian matrix models
Kabanov: The second cohomology of moduli spaces of Riemann surfaces with twisted coefficients, Thesis, Duke University, 1995. A.
Infinitesimal presentations of the Torelli groups
Morita: Abelian quotients of subgroups of the mapping class group of surfaces, Duke Math.
Infinitesimal presentations of the Torelli groups
Cassel, D., review talk at Xth International Conference on Physics in Col lision, Duke University, Durham, NC, June 1990. 14.
New Physics and Enhanced Gluonic Penguin
Manin, Stacks of stable maps and Gromov-Witten invariants, Duke J.
Rational curves on hypersurfaces [after A. Givental]
G Kuperberg, Non-involutory Hopf algebras and 3–manifold invariants,Duke J.
Right integrals and invariants of three-manifolds
Hu, The geometry and topology of quotient varieties of torus actions, Duke Math.
Combinatorics and Quotients of Toric Varieties
Gelfand, Fundamental Solutions for the Tricomi Operator, Duke Math.
Bessel Integrals and Fundamental Solutions for a Generalized Tricomi Operator
See CARTAN, E., Les syst`emes differentiels ext´erieurs et leurs applications g´eom´etriques, Hermann, Paris, 1945 and 1971 for an analytic proof on the existence of orthogonal coordinates; DETURCK, M., Duke Math.
Three-dimensional metrics as deformations of a constant curvature metric
Robert, Uniform semiclassical estimates for the propagation of quantum observables, Duke Math.
Self-averaging of Wigner transforms in random media
Kostant, A cubic Dirac operator and the emergence of Euler number multiplets of representations for equal rank subgroups, Duke Math.
Induction Functor in Non-commutative Equivariant Cohomology and Dirac Cohomology