drupe

Definitions

  • Drupe
    Drupe
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n drupe fleshy indehiscent fruit with a single seed: e.g. almond; peach; plum; cherry; elderberry; olive; jujube
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n drupe In botany, a stone-fruit; a fruit in which the outer part of the pericarp becomes fleshy or softens like a berry, while the inner hardens like a nut, forming a stone with a kernel, as the plum, cherry, apricot, and peach. The stone inclosing the kernel is called the putamen (or endocarp), while the pulpy or more succulent part is called the sarcocarp (or mesocarp), and the outer covering the epi-carp. The true drupe consists of a single one-celled and usually one-seeded Carpel, but the term is applied to similar fruits resulting from a compound pistil, in which there may be several separate or separable putamens. Many small drupes, like the huckleberry, are in ordinary usage classed with berries. On the other hand, some drupe-like fruits, as that of the hawthorn, are technically referred to the pome, and the cocoanut and walnut, being intermediate between a nut and a drupe, are described as drupaceous nuts.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Drupe drōōp a fleshy fruit containing a stone, as the plum, &c
    • ***

Etymology

Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. drupa—Gr. dryppa, an over-ripe olive—drypepēs, ripened on the tree, from drys, a tree, and peptein, to cook; cf. drupetēsdrys, and piptein, to fall.

Usage

In literature:

The whole tree is usually covered with a scaly tomentum, while the fruit is a black flattened drupe.
"Hardy Ornamental Flowering Trees and Shrubs" by A. D. Webster
These village rispetti bear the same relation to the canzoniere of Petrarch as the 'savage drupe' to the 'suave plum.
"Sketches and Studies in Italy and Greece, Second Series" by John Addington Symonds
The fruit is a drupe about the size and color of a damson.
"The Commercial Products of the Vegetable Kingdom" by P. L. Simmonds
The fruit is a drupe, containing a large blackish flatted seed.
"The History of Sumatra" by William Marsden
These village rispetti bear the same relation to the canzoniere of Petrarch as the 'savage drupe' to the 'suave plum.
"Sketches and Studies in Italy and Greece, Complete" by John Symonds
Its drupe was used in decoration, its leaves were braided into mats, hats, bags, etc.
"Unwritten Literature of Hawaii" by Nathaniel Bright Emerson
Its leaves are shaped like spear-heads; the fruit is a kind of drupe, clothed in fleshy scales.
"The Castaways" by Captain Mayne Reid
The fruit is a drupe, globose, fleshy, and devoid of bloom.
"Chambers's Edinburgh Journal, No. 456" by Various
It was while the manager was deciding which of three other young women to take that Mr. Drupe was stricken with apoplexy.
"Duffels" by Edward Eggleston
Some few drupes contain three, while others, at the outer ends of the branches, contain only one round bean, known as the peaberry.
"All About Coffee" by William H. Ukers
Fruit a large cone from which the seeds, drupe-like, usually red, hang out on long threads during the autumn.
"Trees of the Northern United States" by Austin C. Apgar
Pandans have a composite fruit made up of smaller fruits called drupes.
"Philippine Mats" by Hugo H. Miller
The orange-yellow fruit is about half an inch long and consists of a few large drupes with a pleasant flavour.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 5" by Various
Triplasandra (drupe) 4 ,, 12.
"Island Life" by Alfred Russel Wallace
The Almond fruit is a drupe, like the peach, but the flesh is thin and hard and the pit is the "Almond" of commerce.
"The Practical Garden-Book" by C. E. Hunn
The firm-fleshed drupe is heart-shaped, black or red, sweet or bitter, with scanty juice which stains the fingers.
"Wayside and Woodland Trees" by Edward Step
The flesh is dry and seeds solitary under the thick skin of the drupe.
"Trees Worth Knowing" by Julia Ellen Rogers
Its small drupes are only a line or two across.
"The Wild Flowers of California: Their Names, Haunts, and Habits" by Mary Elizabeth Parsons
Wild Rose hips and the drupes of dwarf Cornel are chewed.
"Old-Time Gardens" by Alice Morse Earle
The seed-vessel is an oblong drupe, covered with the calyx; the seed an ovate nut with cells.
"Curiosities of Medical Experience" by J. G. (John Gideon) Millingen
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In poetry:

She, blushing in her fig-leaf suit
For the chaste garb of old;
He, sighing o'er his bitter fruit
For Eden's drupes of gold.
"A Lay Of Old Time" by John Greenleaf Whittier
The words themselves are a delight to learn,
You might be in a foreign land of terms
Like samara, capsule, drupe, legume and pome,
Where bark is papery, plated, warty or smooth.
"Learning the Trees" by Howard Nemerov