dray

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n dray a low heavy horse cart without sides; used for haulage
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Dray A kind of sledge or sled.
    • n Dray A squirrel's nest.
    • Dray A strong low cart or carriage used for heavy burdens.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n dray A low, strong cart with stout wheels, used for carrying heavy loads. Also called dray-cart.
    • n dray A sledge; a sled; a rude sort of vehicle without wheels.
    • dray To carry or convey on a dray.
    • n dray A squirrel's nest. Also written drey.
    • n dray An obsolete variant of deray.
    • n dray In forestry, a single sled used in dragging logs. One end of the log rests upon the sled.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Dray drā a low strong cart for heavy goods; that which is dragged or drawn
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
AS. dræge, a dragnet, fr. dragan,. ,. See Draw, and cf. 2d Drag, 1st Dredge
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. dræge, from dragan. See Drag, v.

Usage

In literature:

Dray stood up and did something that caused the bow of his boat to shoot up, while the stern seemed to bury itself in the waves.
"The Motor Girls on Crystal Bay" by Margaret Penrose
A dray went past the end of his street rumbling hollowly, and the rumble died drearily away.
"The House with the Green Shutters" by George Douglas Brown
The man was speared while reading a book beneath the dray, and the woman was sewing, sitting against the wheel of the dray.
"Reminiscences of Queensland" by William Henry Corfield
We left John Ferguson on the bank of the river, gazing on the dray safely (or rather unsafely) fixed in the bed of the river.
"Fern Vale (Volume 1)" by Colin Munro
It was working to a dray, and was almost worked to death.
"A Soldier in the Philippines" by Needom N. Freeman
Lumbering drays no longer runneled with their broad iron tires the red-graveled flanks of the levee leading down to the wharf boats.
"Sundry Accounts" by Irvin S. Cobb
The drays, laden with furniture and beds, stood at the gate.
"Nine Little Goslings" by Susan Coolidge
We left Singapore at six o'clock in the morning in a four-horse dray.
"Tales of the Malayan Coast" by Rounsevelle Wildman
I will send for a dray.
"The Strange Adventures of Mr. Middleton" by Wardon Allan Curtis
The division is constantly building new work, such as wagons, drays, horse- and hand-carts, wheelbarrows, buggies, and road-carts.
"Tuskegee & Its People: Their Ideals and Achievements" by Various
Some of these beings were yoked to drays, on which they dragged heavy burdens.
"An Appeal in Favor of that Class of Americans Called Africans" by Lydia Maria Child
Waggons, drays, carts, mules, and horses.
"Our Home in the Silver West" by Gordon Stables
Water-carts, drays, army-wagons, and artillery go hub deep in the mud.
"My Days and Nights on the Battle-Field" by Charles Carleton Coffin
When I awoke, startled and bewildered, the sounds of screaming children, roaring, jarring drays, and the clatter of falling iron filled the room.
"A Son of the Middle Border" by Hamlin Garland
Dray, its meaning, 67.
"Notes and Queries, Index of Volume 5, January-June, 1852" by Various
One of her greatest treasures is a portrait of John Dray, by that master-painter of miniatures, Richard Cosway.
"Commercialism and Journalism" by Hamilton Holt
About this time the President appeared, and ascending a dray, spoke to the people.
"A Rebel War Clerk's Diary at the Confederate States Capital" by John Beauchamp Jones
Thus Anderson's dray business dwindled.
"Slave Narratives: a Folk History of Slavery in the United States From Interviews with Former Slaves, North Carolina Narratives, Part 2" by Work Projects Administration
I afterwards saw the horse I had traded for the mule in Sacramento, hitched to a dray.
"In the Early Days along the Overland Trail in Nebraska Territory, in 1852" by Gilbert L. Cole
Gen. Fremont ordered the Army of the West forward, but the so-called pursuit was very much like hunting a fox on a dray.
"The Struggle for Missouri" by John McElroy
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In poetry:

His dray is no living, responsible thing,
But he gives it the gender of life;
And, seeing his fancy is free in the wing,
It suits him as well as a wife.
"Bill the Bullock-Driver" by Henry Kendall
No poet is Bill, for the visions of night
To him are as visions of day;
And the pipe that in sleep he endeavours to light
Is the pipe that he smokes on the dray.
"Bill the Bullock-Driver" by Henry Kendall
There's a happy little valley on the Eumerella shore,
Where I've lingered many happy hours away,
On my little free selection I have acres by the score,
Where I unyoke the bullocks from the dray.
"The Eumerella Shore" by Anonymous Oceania
If you travel on the road, and chance to stick in Bargo,
To avoid a bad capsise, you must unload your cargo;
For to pull a dray about, I do not see the force on,
Take a bit of green hide, and hook another horse on.
"Stringy Bark and Green Hide" by Anonymous Oceania
If you chance to take a dray, and break your leader's traces,
Get a bit of green hide, to mend the broken places.
Green hide is a useful thing all that you require;
But stringy bark's another thing when you want a fire.
"Stringy Bark and Green Hide" by Anonymous Oceania
Look at 'em! Toffs with their big cigars,
Drivin' along in their motor cars.
Nothin' at all like the olden days
When the blokes came by in their bullock drays,
When a cut o' the joint and a hunk o' bread
Was a meal for a king; an' a man was fed.
"The Old Shanty" by C J Dennis

In news:

Southern quarterback Dray Joseph reaches school passing milestone.
Thomas Dray , 23, facing 31 charges.
Thomas Dray , 23, of Fort Lauderdale accused of possessing nearly 1,000 child pornography videos ( Broward Sheriffs Office, courtesy / November 6, 2012 ).
Julia Dray , tour guide from.
Julia Dray , tour guide from Annapolis Ghost Tours.
Travis and Nicole Leaming of Newton announce the birth of their son, Dray Michael Leaming, on Thursday, Sept 13, 2012, at Skiff Medical Center in Newton.
Dray is welcomed home by two siblings, Kalob, 12, and Breanna, 7.
The folks at The Dray in Ballard operate under a simple motto:No Crap on Tap.
Finally, Dray gets his chance to get back on the football field Stanford tight end is ready to play against TCU after being injured against Horned Frogs a year ago.
Southern sticks with Dray Joseph after FAMU victory.
Advocate staff photo by RICHARD ALAN HANNONSouthern quarterback Dray Joseph after the Jaguars missed a late two-point conversion Saturday against Alabama State.
Matthew Hinton / The Times-Picayune Southern quarterback Dray Joseph (10) is sacked by Grambling State linebacker E.J.
Steam engines and dray wagons are long gone, but the train depot still stands in Fort Recovery.
Monroe Alumni hand out food on the Dray Line.
Dray Joseph's two touchdown passes and a dominant defense led Southern University past Texas Southern 34-7 in a Southwest Athletic Conference showdown Saturday.
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In science:

The results described here for gravity are completely analogous to the work of Dray et al. for the scalar field , in which it was proposed that the field and its canonical momentum be continuous at the surface of signature change.
Gravity and Signature Change
Tevian Dray, Einstein’s Equations in the Presence of Signature Change, J.
Gravity and Signature Change
Charles Hellaby and Tevian Dray, Failure of Standard Conservation Laws at a Classical Change of Signature, Phys.
Gravity and Signature Change
Hellaby and Dray[15, 19] argue for a non-vanishing energy-momentum tensor of the signature changing surface.
Application of Colombeau's Generalized Functions to Cosmological Models with Signature Change
In the case of general relativity with the standard asymptotic conditions at null infinity, our prescription agrees with the one proposed by Dray and Streubel from entirely different considerations.
A General Definition of "Conserved Quantities" in General Relativity and Other Theories of Gravity
But it was shown by Shaw that the Dray-Streubel prescription also yields the Ashtekar-Streubel flux formula.
A General Definition of "Conserved Quantities" in General Relativity and Other Theories of Gravity
If we restrict attention to spacetimes that are asymptotically flat at both null and spatial infinity, the equivalence of our prescription to that of Dray and Streubel would follow from the fact that they both yield the ADM conserved quantities in the limit as the cross-section approaches spatial infinity.
A General Definition of "Conserved Quantities" in General Relativity and Other Theories of Gravity
Since both our prescription and that of Dray and Streubel are linear in ξ a , it suffices to consider the equivalence of the prescription for each piece separately, i.e., to consider separately the cases where (a) ξ a is everywhere tangent to ∂Σ and (b) ξ a is a supertranslation.
A General Definition of "Conserved Quantities" in General Relativity and Other Theories of Gravity
Equation (98) agrees with the Dray-Streubel prescription in case (b).
A General Definition of "Conserved Quantities" in General Relativity and Other Theories of Gravity
Consequently, our prescription agrees with that given by Dray and Streubel for all infitesimal BMS representatives ξ a and all cross-sections ∂Σ, as we desired to show.
A General Definition of "Conserved Quantities" in General Relativity and Other Theories of Gravity
For the case of asymptotically flat spacetimes at null infinity in vacuum general relativity, our proposal was shown to yield a unique prescription which, furthermore, was shown to agree with the one previously given by Dray and Streubel based upon entirely different considerations.
A General Definition of "Conserved Quantities" in General Relativity and Other Theories of Gravity
Dray and G. ’t Hooft, “The gravitational shock wave of a massless particle,” Nucl.
Tests of Classical Gravity Description for Microscopic Black Hole Production
In contrast, XRBs with Wolf-Rayet (massive helium star) donors are expected to be very rare (Dray et al. 2005), perhaps only one per cubic Milky Way. (Lommen et al. 2005).
Astrophysics in 2006
Sauvagnargues-Lesage, S., Dusserre, G., Robert, F., Dray, G., and Pearson, D. (2001).
A review of wildland fire spread modelling, 1990-present 2: Empirical and quasi-empirical models
Dray S, Siegel D. Remote possibilities? International usability testing at a distance. interactions 2004; (march + april): 10-17.
Usability testing: a review of some methodological and technical aspects of the method
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