dram

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n dram the basic unit of money in Armenia
    • n dram 1/16 ounce or 1.771 grams
    • n dram a unit of apothecary weight equal to an eighth of an ounce or to 60 grains
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Dram A minute quantity; a mite. "Were I the chooser, a dram of well-doing should be preferred before many times as mush the forcible hindrance of evildoing."
    • Dram (Numis) A Persian daric.
    • Dram A weight; in Apothecaries' weight, one eighth part of an ounce, or sixty grains; in Avoirdupois weight, one sixteenth part of an ounce, or 27.34375 grains.
    • Dram As much spirituous liquor as is usually drunk at once; as, a dram of brandy; hence, a potation or potion; as, a dram of poison.
    • v. i. & t Dram To drink drams; to ply with drams.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n dram A unit of weight less than an ounce. The dram is generally supposed to be of Greek origin. Many weights of this denomination and its multiples have been exhumed at Athens, belonging to different systems, of 57, 67, 75, and 78 grains troy, and there were doubtless others. The Solonic dram, the Athenian monetary weight, had at first 67.4, later 66.6 grains troy. The Æginetan weight was greater, and is fixed by the latest authorities as normally 97 grains. A dram afterward appears in Phenician systems as a half or quarter of a shekel; and under the Ptolemies there was in Egypt a dram of 54.6 grains troy. Under the early Roman emperors a dram was introduced into the Roman system as ⅛ of an ounce, equal to 63.2 grains troy. This relation to the ounce has been preserved in several modern systems. Thus, in apothecaries' weight, a dram is ⅛ of an ounce, or 60 grains, divided into 3 scruples of 20 grains each. The avoirdupois dram, however (derived from the Spanish adarme), is only of an ounce, or grains. In the old Spanish apothecaries' weight a dram was of an ounce. In the Neapolitan system 10 drams made ah ounce of grains troy. The Nuremberg drachm was 57.5grains troy. The Tuscan dramma was 54.6 grains troy. In the Arabian systems the dram is properly represented by the mitcal, but the derham is often called a dram, and was in fact derived from the Attic drachma. Abbreviated dr.
    • n dram A small quantity.
    • n dram As much liquid as is drunk at once; specifically, a drink of spirits: as, a dram of brandy.
    • n dram A division (one twentieth) of a raft of staves. See crib, 13.
    • dram To drink drams; indulge in the use of ardent spirits.
    • dram To give a dram or drams to; ply with drink.
    • dram To ascertain the fineness or size of by dram weight, as of a silk thread or yarn.
    • dram An abbreviation of dramatic and dramatist.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Dram dram a contraction of Drachm: 1⁄16th of an oz. avoirdupois: formerly, with apothecaries, ⅛th of an oz.: as much raw spirits as is drunk at once
    • v.i Dram to drink a dram
    • v.t Dram to give a dram to
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OF. drame, F. drachme, L. drachma, drachm, drachma, fr. Gr. drachmh`, prop., a handful, fr. dra`ssesqai to grasp. Cf. Drachm Drachma

Usage

In literature:

He had a package, which he laid upon the counter while he poured out his dram.
"Up the River" by Oliver Optic
A decoction of two drams of Fol.
"An Account of the Foxglove and some of its Medical Uses" by William Withering
That last wee dram of sauerkraut got me all lit up like a picture palace!
"Tam O' The Scoots" by Edgar Wallace
And the quieting Draught is a Dram.
"The Beggar's Opera" by John Gay
Of course I took my dram like the other workmen, an' it never hurt me.
"The Uncalled" by Paul Laurence Dunbar
Reading is mostly dram-drinking, mostly drugging; it throws a veil over realities.
"A Tramp's Notebook" by Morley Roberts
You shall have money for tobacco and a dram.
"Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine - Volume 54, No. 338, December 1843" by Various
The minute he opened his eyes he went for his morning dram.
"Deerfoot in The Mountains" by Edward S. Ellis
I won't sell a man that's had a dram too many.
"Blue Ridge Country" by Jean Thomas
He wanted both, for he was thirsting and hankering for a dram.
"Little Bobtail" by Oliver Optic
It is a highly meritorious dram, which I hope to present to you at Gad's.
"The Letters of Charles Dickens" by Charles Dickens
And they made for the Red Lion for the matutinal dram.
"The House with the Green Shutters" by George Douglas Brown
Also, a dram after fatiguing duty.
"The Sailor's Word-Book" by William Henry Smyth
Ay, every dram of woman's flesh is false, If she be so.
"Characteristics of Women" by Anna Jameson
In the consumption of this last article Mrs. Tempest was as bad as a dram-drinker.
"Vixen, Volume I." by M. E. Braddon
Lize, under the spur of her dram, talked on with bitter boldness.
"Cavanaugh: Forest Ranger" by Hamlin Garland
He tried to secure a situation, but his dram-drinking habits frustrated his exertions.
"The Printer Boy." by William M. Thayer
Trim the tiny points slightly, and anoint with this salve: Two drams of ointment of nitric oxida of mercury, and one dram of lard.
"The Ladies Book of Useful Information" by Anonymous
This was agreed upon, and the two retired into the nearest dram-shop to conclude the bargain.
"Literary Tours in The Highlands and Islands of Scotland" by Daniel Turner Holmes
Velsers, de Lussan, Rock see that the men get into the boats as soon as they have their dram.
"Sir Henry Morgan, Buccaneer" by Cyrus Townsend Brady
***

In poetry:

But what can careless Molly hope
When she destroys two drams of soap?
Left in the sink while water pours
A text he'd handle full two hours.
"The Parson In Pickle" by William Hutton
Rattling, roaring, swearing, drinking;
How could thought her station keep?
Drams and drumming (faes to thinking)
Doz'd reflection fast asleep.
"The Waes O' War : Or The Upshot Of The History O' Will And Jean. In Four Parts" by Hector MacNeill
I wish I could put back a dram
As Ernie could;
I wish that I could cuss and damn
As soldier should;
And fain with every verse would I
Ernie outvie.
"Ernie Pyle" by Robert W Service
Having his paternoster said,
He took a dram and went to bed;
He fell asleep, and death was glad
That he had catched him; For Therburn was e'en ill bested,
That none did watch him.
"An Elegy Upon James Therburn, In Chatto" by James Thomson
They tauld ye that Davie was keen o' the drink,
That siller ne'er baid in his pouches a blink;
An' a' he got claut o' he waret on the dram,
An' ae pay ne'er sert till anither ane cam.
"The Drunkard's Wife" by Janet Hamilton
"Weel, neebor, for you an' puir Mary I'm wae,
That a chiel like Tam Broon shou'd ha'e tack'lt ye sae;
I ken him fu' weel, an' he's gi'en to the dram,
But sleekit, an' pawkie, and guid at a sham."
"The Ballad O' Mary Muiren" by Janet Hamilton

In news:

Dram Shop Decision Gives Guidance To Plaintiffs On ' Visibly Intoxicated' Standard.
Alison Norton's am dram column.
Micron Technology, an Idaho-based manufacturer of DRAM and other memory solutions, has tapped Mark Durcan to assume the responsibilities of former CEO Steve Appleton , who died suddenly in a plane crash Friday at the age of 51.
The technology is also being developed by Toshiba and other companies at much higher storage capacity as a possible replacement for flash and DRAM memory.
DRAM Glut Killing Memory Makers' Profits.
You'd think that with all the smartphones and tablets people are buying these days, makers of dynamic random-access memory (DRAM) would be living high on the hog.
Dram Shop Decision Gives Guidance To Plaintiffs On 'Visibly Intoxicated ' Standard.
Celtic mythology has the last laugh in 'A Dram of Drummhicit' premiering at the La Jolla Playhouse.
Micron 's DRAM buyout makes it a key Apple supplier.
Micron Technology has offered $1.5 billion to take over the troubled Japanese DRAM maker Elpida Memory, DigiTimes reports.
JEDEC has released its list of standards for the next-generation DDR4 DRAM memory, paving the way toward faster and more energy-efficient PCs.
A non-volatile, random access memory technology that is designed to initially replace flash memory and, eventually, DRAM memory.
M019307 Pineapple Oil - 1 Dram.
Four other Samsung executives have pleaded guilty to a DRAM price-fixing conspiracy and agreed to serve prison terms ranging from seven to eight months and to each pay a $250,000 fine.
Since the 1980s, the DRAM business has been a high-volume, commodity business, with the lion's share of production going to PCs.
***

In science:

Here, we explore the prognosis for a solid-state, scalable quantum dynamic random access memory (Q-DRAM), where the qubits are encoded by the spin orientations of single quantons in exchange-decoupled quantum dots.
Prospects for a Quantum Dynamic Random Access Memory (Q-DRAM)
Because of the relatively short coherence time of electron or hole spins, non-volatile quantum static memories (Q-SRAMs) are not appropriate; rather, quantum dynamic memories (Q-DRAMs) may be possible if the qubit can be refreshed periodically through refresh cycles.
Prospects for a Quantum Dynamic Random Access Memory (Q-DRAM)
For such niche applications, we can develop a Q-DRAM with present technology as explained below.
Prospects for a Quantum Dynamic Random Access Memory (Q-DRAM)
This is a crude, but often effective, quantum dynamic random access memory (Q-DRAM).
Prospects for a Quantum Dynamic Random Access Memory (Q-DRAM)
In this brief report, we have pointed out the possibilities of quantum-dot based quantum dynamic random access memory (Q-DRAM), and outlined three possible schemes to implement qubit refreshing.
Prospects for a Quantum Dynamic Random Access Memory (Q-DRAM)
DSP, DRAM, and to each of the eight nearest neighbors via , bit{serial lines.
Status of the 0.8 Teraflops Supercomputer at Columbia
Software models of the DSP and DRAM, available from Logic Modeling Co., were \connected" with the software model of the NGA to provide a fully operational model of a single node.
Status of the 0.8 Teraflops Supercomputer at Columbia
The NGA has three types of control signals, one for the DSP, one for the DRAM and one for the serial communication signals.
Status of the 0.8 Teraflops Supercomputer at Columbia
The design and testing of the NGA have been completed and several chips have been manufactured and delivered by the Atmel Corporation. ) Daughterboard: The NGA, the DSP, and the DRAM are mounted on the daughterboard.
Status of the 0.8 Teraflops Supercomputer at Columbia
The control/diagnostic network is completely independent of the physics network and does not involve the NGA or DRAM.
Status of the 0.8 Teraflops Supercomputer at Columbia
To approach this level of performance will require a very wide path to a synchronous DRAM.
GRAPE-6: A Petaflops Prototype
To achieve the required bandwidth it will be necessary to look to high performance memory interfaces such as Rambus or synchronous DRAM.
GRAPE-6: A Petaflops Prototype
Computers typically contain several different types of memory, including an L1 cache, an L2 cache, and a main memory composed of DRAM.
How to Couple from the Past Using a Read-Once Source of Randomness
For some nodes, more than one processor is combined in SMP configurations providing full mutual cache coherency. Memory – Dynamic Random Access Memory (DRAM) has dominated the main memory business for two decades providing high density with moderate access times at reasonable cost.
Cluster Computing White Paper
Thottethodi. Effective Management of DRAM Bandwidth in Multicore Processors.
The Multi-Core Era - Trends and Challenges
***