• Careful excavation was required to identify the fill of long-obliterated ditches once draining fields and marking property boundaries
    Careful excavation was required to identify the fill of long-obliterated ditches once draining fields and marking property boundaries
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj drained drained of electric charge; discharged "a dead battery","left the lights on and came back to find the battery drained"
    • adj drained emptied or exhausted of (as by drawing off e.g. water or other liquid) "a drained marsh","a drained tank","a drained and apathetic old man...not caring any longer about anything"
    • adj drained very tired
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Covered Drain without Pipes Covered Drain without Pipes
Open Drain Open Drain
Stone-laid Drains Stone-laid Drains
Drain Tiles Drain Tiles
Drain-traps Drain-traps


  • Arthur Somers Roche
    Arthur Somers Roche
    “Anxiety is a thin stream of fear trickling through the mind. If encouraged, it cuts a channel into which all other thoughts are drained.”
  • Jerome K. Jerome
    “If you desire to drain to the dregs the fullest cup of scorn and hatred that a fellow human being can pour out for you, let a young mother hear you call dear baby it.”
  • Chogyam Trungpa
    Chogyam Trungpa
    “Compassion automatically invites you to relate with people because you no longer regard people as a drain on your energy.”
  • Rev. W. A. Spooner
    Rev. W. A. Spooner
    “Sir, you have tasted two whole worms; you have hissed all my mystery lectures and been caught fighting a liar in the quad; you will leave by the next town drain.”
  • A. P. Herbert
    A. P. Herbert
    “Well, fancy giving money to the Government! Might as well have put it down the drain.”
  • Peter C. Newman
    Peter C. Newman
    “Life at the top is financially rewarding, spiritually draining, physically exhausting, and short.”


Brain drain - When organisations or countries can pay higher salaries to attract talented people from poorer countries, there's a brain drain, a loss of talent.
Circle the drain - If someone is circling the drain, they are spiraling downward to a usually inevitable death.
Circling the drain - If someone is circling the drain, they are very near death and have little time to live. The phrase can also describe a project or plan or campaign that that is on the brink of failure.
Down the drain - If something goes down the drain, especially money or work, it is wasted or produces no results.


In literature:

The pupils will drain, season, and serve the food.
"Ontario Teachers' Manuals: Household Management" by Ministry of Education
Two 4-inch lines run through the cellar, one a sanitary drain, the other a storm drain.
"Elements of Plumbing" by Samuel Dibble
Drain the perch well, and dish them with the above sauce.
"A Poetical Cook-Book" by Maria J. Moss
Drain off the water and pour over the rice several cups of cold water.
"The Khaki Kook Book" by Mary Kennedy Core
An old term for the gutter or drain along a battlement or parapet wall.
"The Sailor's Word-Book" by William Henry Smyth
Boil, drain and add as much water as juice drained out.
"American Cookery" by Various
Drain, rinse thoroughly, and separate into flakes; there should be two tablespoons.
"The Starvation Treatment of Diabetes" by Lewis Webb Hill
I'll drain off what's left, if convenient.
"A Son of Hagar" by Sir Hall Caine
Examine the soil to see if it is well drained and sufficiently deep to permit of good cultivation.
"Ontario Teachers' Manuals: Nature Study" by Ontario Ministry of Education
In most of the smaller swamps, systematic draining is unnecessary, the water drying away in summer enough to admit of easy working.
"Peat and its Uses as Fertilizer and Fuel" by Samuel William Johnson
When done, take them up and drain them.
"Choice Cookery" by Catherine Owen
Drain, and serve on a hot platter, with slices of lemon around them.
"The Suffrage Cook Book"
If they made any advance in national wealth, it was drained away for royal and ecclesiastical tribute.
"Aztec Land" by Maturin M. Ballou
Glora was stricken into immobility, the blood draining from her face.
"Astounding Stories, March, 1931" by Various
If the neck of the womb is so close that the liquid can not escape, a second tube may be inserted to drain it off.
"Special Report on Diseases of Cattle" by U.S. Department of Agriculture
All but a very small portion of the precipitation drains through the rivers to the coastline without leaving the country.
"Area Handbook for Albania" by Eugene K. Keefe
Fecal matter must be prevented from draining into wells and other water supplies, and must be screened from flies.
"American Red Cross Text-Book on Home Hygiene and Care of the Sick" by Jane A. Delano
Plunge it whole into a large pot of boiling salted water and boil for five minutes, remove and drain.
"Home Pork Making" by A. W. Fulton
But it is capable of improvement by draining, and he has liberty to drain if he likes.
"Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, Volume 57, No. 353, March 1845" by Various
When tender, drain and drop immediately in cold water; drain again, and then chop it very fine.
"Hand-Book of Practical Cookery for Ladies and Professional Cooks" by Pierre Blot

In poetry:

Four fateful years of mortal strife,
Which slowly drained the Nation's life,
(Yet, for each drop that ran
There sprang an armed man!)
"Abraham Lincoln: An Horatian Ode" by Richard Henry Stoddard
As I crossed the wooden bridge I wondered
As I looked into the drain
If ever a summer morning should find me
Shovelling up eels again.
"On An Apple-Ripe September Morning" by Patrick Kavanagh
The brown bee drains the cottage flowers
Of honey to their crimson dregs,
And love hath many happy hours
'Twixt birth and death at Killybegs!
"At Killybegs" by Clinton Scollard
Drain'd and forgotten soon: thy years
Will then be free from grief and tears,
And to thy spirit shall be known
The pleasantness of life alone !—
"Cards of Fortune" by Eliza Acton
For, how I drained it with love and delight!
Opened its heart with the magic of grief!
Reaped every season--its day and its night!
Loved every sheaf!
"The Dying Poet" by Cale Young Rice
Just such a man was Bernaqrd Jupp
He scoffed at Fortune's frown;
He gaily drained his bitter cup -
Though Fortune often threw him up,
It never cast him down.
"A Worm Will Turn" by William Schwenck Gilbert

In news:

2 11 oz cans white whole kernel or shoe-peg corn, well drained 1 bunch green onions, chopped (green tops, too.
Chesapeake Energy Asset Sales Plug Cash Drain: Corporate Finance .
Drain well, patting dry with paper towels.
Rinse and draining Cranberries and wash Oranges.
Drain pasta and put into skillet.
Drain pasta and drizzle with some olive oil to prevent sticking.
Add 2 tbsp chopped drained stem ginger in syrup to the custard when heating the milk.
Ground beef, cooked and drained 2 cans black beans, drained 2 (28 oz.
2 (10-ounce) packages frozen spinach thawed and drained.
Hillsboro had such a heavy 45 minute rain and hail storm that the storm drain could not handle it.
Prevents loads on the auxiliary battery from draining the starting battery.
This weekend's Chicago Tribune travel section contained a piece about a trip to Spring Green, Wis.--and if the married reporters' capabilities are truly reflected in this piece, it's no wonder the paper is circling the drain.
0A baby kitten stuck underground for more than 48 hours in a storm drain is now in safe hands.
MIAMI (AP) — Federal engineers are draining storm-swollen Lake Okeechobee .
Draining the lake will ease pressure on its aging dike.

In science:

The emission from the dust is calculated using the ‘thermal-continuous’ model of Draine & Li (2001) and the dust model parameters derived by Li & Draine (2001) and Weingartner & Draine (2001) for the local interstellar medium.
A Simple Model For Mid-Infrared Emission from Normal Galaxies
We also attempted to fit the observed fluxes with a combination of the CE01 templates and obscuration based on the Li & Draine (2002) model which would most prominently introduce a spectral feature at 9.7µm corresponding to silicate absorption.
Spitzer Observations of the Prototypical Extremely Red Objects HR10 and LBDS53W091: Separating Dusty Starbursts from Old Elliptical Galaxies
We find that a fit including the Li & Draine (2002) model for dust obscuration provides a better fit to the mid-infrared data points, although the derived LFIR = 3 × 1012L⊙ remains essentially unchanged.
Spitzer Observations of the Prototypical Extremely Red Objects HR10 and LBDS53W091: Separating Dusty Starbursts from Old Elliptical Galaxies
As mentioned earlier, the Doppler parameter that controls the effect of the broadening of the lines on the self-shielding of H2 (Draine & Bertoldi 1996) was implemented with a small value of 0.1 km.s−1 .
Effects of turbulent diffusion on the chemistry of diffuse clouds
Draine & Lazarian (1998a) ruled out this interpretation based on energetic arguments and suggested rotational or spinning dust as a plausible emission mechanism (Draine & Lazarian, 1998b).
Separation of anomalous and synchrotron emissions using WMAP polarization data
VPR for VGC = VGR = -0.275 V c) Gray-scale plot of the differential conductance (linear scale) as a function of VPR and source-drain-bias VSD.
Laterally defined freely suspended quantum dots in GaAs/AlGaAs heterostructures
All models of diffusive shock acceleration predict that ions receive far more energy than electrons. When this energy drain becomes significant, the gas hydrodynamics and shock profile are modified.
The Galactic gamma-ray club
As a result the energy is drained out of the system.
On the supersymmetric nonlinear evolution equations
The optical constants for the dust components came from P´egouri´e (1988); Hanner (1998) and Draine & Lee (1984) for SiC, amorphous carbon and graphite, respectively.
Silicon carbide absorption features: dust formation in the outflows of extreme carbon stars
In their interpretation the dips arise because transmission requires the separated spin and charge degrees of freedom of an injected electron to recombine at the drain lead after traveling through the ring a different number of turns in the presence of the AB flux.
Spin-charge separation in strongly interacting finite ladder rings
When the driving amplitude is below this threshold (subthreshold amplitude), the dissipation drains away gradually the system’s energy and breather modes cannot be supported.
Nucleation of breathers via stochastic resonance in nonlinear lattices
It is thus sufficient to drain the heat via copper sheets that are integrated in the slabs while only cooling actively at the extremities of a slab.
CALICE Si/W electromagnetic Calorimeter
FIG. 3 Data points: Integrated level spacing distribution of a single 10 nm diameter gold particle (barely visible in the micrograph as a white dot touching source and drain electrodes), measured by resonant tunneling in zero magnetic field and in a high magnetic field.
Applications of random matrix theory to condensed matter and optical physics
Inset shows an AFM image (scale bar: 200nm) of a single GS bridging source (S) and drain (D) electrodes on 100nm SiO2 on p++-Si which is used as a back-gate. (b) 2D resistivity of as-made and different types of reduced GS, with the purple region showing the resistivity range of pristine graphene reported in ref 13-15.
Solvothermal Reduction of Chemically Exfoliated Graphene Sheets
In the spectra of the main shock and subregion (Fig. 8a and b) the PAH emission bands at 6.2 µm, 7.7 µm and 8.6 µm are far weaker compared to the 11.3 µm bands, which when strong are predominantly produced by neutral PAH molecules (Draine & Li 2001).
Powerful H$_2$ Line-cooling in Stephan's Quintet : I - Mapping the Significant Cooling Pathways in Group-wide Shocks