dragon

Definitions

  • Dragon-fly moulting
    Dragon-fly moulting
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n dragon any of several small tropical Asian lizards capable of gliding by spreading winglike membranes on each side of the body
    • n Dragon a faint constellation twisting around the north celestial pole and lying between Ursa Major and Cepheus
    • n dragon a creature of Teutonic mythology; usually represented as breathing fire and having a reptilian body and sometimes wings
    • n dragon a fiercely vigilant and unpleasant woman
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

THE GREAT BARBARIAN DRAGON THE GREAT BARBARIAN DRAGON
Dragon Dragon
Hand Dragons Hand Dragons
The dragon catches sight of its reflection in the mirror The dragon catches sight of its reflection in the mirror
The dragon drops the cradle containing the little boy The dragon drops the cradle containing the little boy
The Marshal tells how he killed the Dragon The Marshal tells how he killed the Dragon
The Seven-Headed Dragon The Seven-Headed Dragon
The Wounded Dragon The Wounded Dragon

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Little Jackie Paper was the name of Puff the Magic Dragon's human friend.
    • dragon (Astron) A constellation of the northern hemisphere figured as a dragon; Draco.
    • dragon (Myth) A fabulous animal, generally represented as a monstrous winged serpent or lizard, with a crested head and enormous claws, and regarded as very powerful and ferocious. "The dragons which appear in early paintings and sculptures are invariably representations of a winged crocodile.""Thou breakest the heads of the dragons in the waters.""Thou shalt tread upon the lion and adder; the young lion and the dragon shalt thou trample under feet.""He laid hold on the dragon , that old serpent, which is the Devil and Satan, and bound him a thousand years."
    • dragon (Her) A fabulous winged creature, sometimes borne as a charge in a coat of arms.
    • dragon A fierce, violent person, esp. a woman.
    • dragon A luminous exhalation from marshy grounds, seeming to move through the air as a winged serpent.
    • dragon (Mil. Antiq) A short musket hooked to a swivel attached to a soldier's belt; -- so called from a representation of a dragon's head at the muzzle.
    • dragon (Zoöl) A small arboreal lizard of the genus Draco, of several species, found in the East Indies and Southern Asia. Five or six of the hind ribs, on each side, are prolonged and covered with weblike skin, forming a sort of wing. These prolongations aid them in making long leaps from tree to tree. Called also flying lizard.
    • dragon (Zoöl) A variety of carrier pigeon.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The dragons and other monsters that graced the bows of the Viking ships were so fierce-looking that a law was passed in Iceland ordering the skipper of any Viking ship to remove the figurehead before entering port.
    • n dragon A fabulous animal common to the conceptions of many primitive races and times, or, as in the Bible an indefinite creature of great size or fierceness. When described or depicted, it is represented as either; monstrous serpent or a lizard (like an exaggerated crocodile), or a compound of both, or (as in heraldry) as a combination of mammalian and reptilian characters; but always as winged, with fiery eyes, crested head, and terrible claws. It is often represented as bloodred and spouting fire, and sometime with several heads, like the Hydra and in the myths of the Scandinavian and other races, dragons are often the guardians of treasures, etc. The killing of a dragon was reckoned among the greatest feats heroes in both ancient and medieval times; thus, the legend of St. George and the dragon is one of the most celebrated in Christian literature. The dragon is the imperial emblem of China, and is regarded by the Chinese as a sort of divinity, but by other peoples generally as the type and embodiment of fierceness and cruelty or watchful malice. In the Apocalypse “the dragon, that old serpent” is a synonym of Satan (Rev. xx. 2). In the Old Testament it is either a large land-animal or a great marine fish (Isa. xxxiv. 13—revised version, jackal; Ps. lxxiv. 13—revised version, dragon), a venomous land-serpent (Ps. xci. 13—revised version, serpent), or the crocodile (Ezek. xxix. 3—revised version, dragon). The same Hebrew word, thannim, is also sometimes translated whale (Gen. i. 21—revised version, sea-monster; Job vii. 12—revised version sea-monster). The extinct pterodactyl comes nearest o all known creatures to the most prevalent conception of: dragon.
    • n dragon In zoöl.: A lizard of the genus Draco, specifically called the flying-dragon. It is a harm less creature, of about 4 inches in length of head and body, with a long slender tail, making the whole length about 10 inches. It has a large frill on each side of the body, formed of skin stretched over six elongated hinder ribs, which like a parachute sustain the creature in the air for a few moments. The structure is not a wing, and the animal does not properly fly, the arrangement somewhat resembling that in the flying-squirrel, flying-lemur, etc. The species are con-fined to the old world.
    • n dragon Any one of the monitor-lizards.
    • n dragon In ornithology, a kind of carrier-pigeon. Also called dragoon.
    • n dragon A fierce, violent person, male or female; now, more generally (from the part of guardian often played by the dragon in mythology), a spiteful, watchful woman; a duenna.
    • n dragon [capitalized] An ancient northern constellation, Draco. The figure is that of a serpent with several small coils. It appears at a very ancient date to have had wings in the space now occupied by the Little Bear.
    • n dragon A short firearm used by dragoons in the seventeenth century, described as having a barrel 16 inches long, with a large bore.
    • n dragon An old kind of standard or military ensign, so called because it was decorated with a dragon painted or embroidered upon it, or because it consisted (like the Anglo-Saxon standard at Hastings, as seen in the Bayeux tapestry) of a figure of a dragon carried upon a staff. A similar standard was in use as late as the reign of Richard I. in England, and is especially mentioned as being in his crusading army. Also called dragon-standard. See drake, 2.
    • n dragon A name given to various araceous plants, as in England to Arum maculatum; the brown dragon, Arisœma triphyllum; the green dragon, Dracunculus vulgaris, and in the United States Arisœma Dracontium; the female or water dragon, Calla palustris.
    • n dragon In Scotland, a paper kite.
    • n dragon See the extract.
    • dragon Pertaining to or resembling dragons; performed by dragons; fierce; formidable.
    • n dragon The larva of a European notodontid moth, Hybocampa millhauseri, having remarkably angular outlines and conspicuous corners and humps, so that it resembles an oak-leaf curled and eaten by a tortricid larva.
    • n dragon The hellgrammite fly, Corydalus cornutus.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Dragon drag′un a fabulous winged serpent: the constellation Draco: a fierce person: the flying lizard of the East Indies
    • ***

Quotations

  • Benjamin Disraeli
    Benjamin%20Disraeli
    “The age of chivalry is past. Bores have succeeded to dragons.”
  • John Maynard Keynes
    John%20Maynard%20Keynes
    “Only with absolute fearlessness can we slay the dragons of mediocrity that invade our gardens.”
  • Alexandre Dumas
    Alexandre Dumas
    “Happiness is like those palaces in fairy tales whose gates are guarded by dragons: we must fight in order to conquer it.”
  • Havelock Ellis
    Havelock%20Ellis
    “Jealousy, that dragon which slays love under the pretence of keeping it alive.”
  • Proverb
    Proverb
    “Unless a serpent devour a serpent it will not become a dragon. Unless one power absorb another, it will not become great.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. dragon, L. draco, fr. Gr. dra`kwn, prob. fr. de`rkesqai dra`kein, to look (akin to Skr. darç, to see), and so called from its terrible eyes. Cf. Drake a dragon, Dragoon
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—L. draco, draconis—Gr. drakōn, from aorist of derk-esthai, to look.

Usage

In literature:

They had decided that there was no time like the present, and that Elsie had better try to tame the dragon soon as late.
"The Magic World" by Edith Nesbit
A mandarin robe of dragoned blue brocade was flung over her night-gown.
"IT and Other Stories" by Gouverneur Morris
The Dragon was now so near that in a couple of springs he would be over the frontier.
"The Yellow Fairy Book" by Leonora Blanche Alleyne Lang
The Dragon felt she had made a mistake in not shutting the door against this lion at first.
"Somehow Good" by William de Morgan
To come here at Count Ruprecht's invitation, to see his dragon and then tell him to destroy it!
"In Brief Authority" by F. Anstey
Its legs were carved in the form of twisting, wingless dragons.
"The Saracen: The Holy War" by Robert Shea
Tiamat, on the contrary, the Babylonian dragon of the waters, is a mythological personification.
"The Astronomy of the Bible" by E. Walter Maunder
There dwells the dragon, Fafner, and near him Alberich also watches.
"Operas Every Child Should Know" by Mary Schell Hoke Bacon
The Gray Dragon will carry on the work of the Gray Dragon!
"Peter the Brazen" by George F. Worts
They are so smart and fierce, and look like dragons ready to fight the devouring element.
"Oswald Bastable and Others" by Edith Nesbit
The green dragon was partially engulfed by the amoeba, but it still relentlessly tore off huge chunks and devoured them.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science July 1930" by Various
Pretty soon came the scarlet dragon-fly, expecting so to dazzle the princess by his gorgeous colors that she would accept him at once.
"Japanese Fairy World" by William Elliot Griffis
At the mouth of the Chute there was a great, knife-like rock, like a dragon's tooth, that cut the Chute into two roaring channels.
"The Valley of Silent Men" by James Oliver Curwood
And Sigurd himself steered the ship with the dragon's head, which was the finest of the fleet.
"Told by the Northmen:" by E. M. [Ethel Mary] Wilmot-Buxton
The Dragon's Eye is gone!
"Philo Gubb Correspondence-School Detective" by Ellis Parker Butler
The dragon was already miles away because dragons fly quickly after a knight charges at them.
"FreeChildrenStories.com Collection" by Daniel Errico
There is a dragon upon the spire nearly nine feet long.
"England, Picturesque and Descriptive" by Joel Cook
She had nothing to fear from the dragon of the family.
"Is He Popenjoy?" by Anthony Trollope
If by any means she succeeded in eluding the others, the dragon, who was very wise and very evil, would come himself and eat her babes.
"Geronimo's Story of His Life" by Geronimo
Athalie was a real dragon to Timea, in small things as well as great.
"Timar's Two Worlds" by Mór Jókai
***

In poetry:

On the sand, together-
Dragon, steed, and lance;
In a swoon the rider,
The maiden-in a trance.
"Fairy Tale" by Boris Pasternak
"The weary caterpillar
Hath nestled beneath the weeds;
All wet with dew now slumbers
The dragon-fly in the reeds.
"Evening Song" by Friedrich Ruckert
Two I choose to know the secret —
Thee, and yonder wordless flute;
Dragons watch me, tender Lily,
And thou must be mute.
"The Lily Confidante" by Henry Timrod
There is now no place of silence deep,
Whether on land or sea;
And the Dragons lie in the mountain-rock ,
As if for eternity!
"The Fossil Elephant" by Mary Botham Howitt
No ship went over the waters then,
No ship with oar or sail;
But the wastes of the sea were habited
By the Dragon and the Whale.
"The Fossil Elephant" by Mary Botham Howitt
Above the rest was Britain's crest
In living flame enroll'd !
And the Virgin's form, in silver wrought,
With the brazon dragon bold !
"The Prophecy Of Merlin" by Anne Bannerman

In news:

Cannerelli / The Post-Standard Cortland Red Dragons lacrosse senior Jack Kennedy hasn't had a bad game in two years, according to his coach.
Killjoy Cooking With the Dungeons & Dragons Crowd.
Cookbooks are a lot like Dungeons & Dragons and other role-playing games.
Killjoy Cooking With the Dungeons & Dragons Crowd.
And Kilted Dragon Brewery heads to Garden City.
Baby Kung Fu fights dragon.
New Komodo dragon makes his debut.
Tujah, an 8-year-old komodo dragon , explores his new habitat at the St Augustine Alligator Farm Zoological Park on Tuesday morning, Oct 23, 2012.
Komodo Dragon Feeding Time at Riverbanks Zoo & Gardens.
Komodo dragon kills boy, 8, in Indonesia.
Zoo celebrates virgin birth of Komodo dragon s.
'Dragon Tattoo' inks a latecomer .
It's better late than never for Alan Dale, as the New Zealand thesp has joined the cast of Sony's "The Girl With the Dragon Tattoo" -- even as production comes to an end.
A Falcon9 rocket carring the Dragon spacecraft blasts off at 3:44 am EDT, Tuesday, May 22, 2012 from Complex 40 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station.
"Silence of the Lambs" is nearly perfect, "Hannibal" is an all-out mess and "Red Dragon" lies somewhere in between.
***

In science:

FIG. 6: (Color online) The Q-histograms resulting from simulations of realistic hadronic final states with the help of DRAGON.
The Kolmogorov-Smirnov test and its use for the identification of fireball fragmentation
Charged hadrons were generated with the Monte Carlo event genarator DRAGON with b = 10 fm3 and 50% of hadrons generated from droplets.
The Kolmogorov-Smirnov test and its use for the identification of fireball fragmentation
He calls these events ‘dragon kings’ and says that they are the result of positive feedback mechanisms that make them much larger than their peers.
Black swans or dragon kings? A simple test for deviations from the power law
Observations lying outside the curves spanned by the CI are likely to be (i.e. with probability 1− α) dragon kings.
Black swans or dragon kings? A simple test for deviations from the power law
We start the empirical analysis with a simulation study to check the effectiveness of the test for dragon kings.
Black swans or dragon kings? A simple test for deviations from the power law
Motivated by the fact that dragon kings are to be expected in the very tails of the distribution, we arbitrarily set x to be the fourth largest observation, i.e. x(4) .
Black swans or dragon kings? A simple test for deviations from the power law
The latter indicates that the dragon king test works well – even for small sample sizes – provided that the power law is correctly estimated.
Black swans or dragon kings? A simple test for deviations from the power law
Thus, once an observation is classified as a dragon king it is very likely to be so.
Black swans or dragon kings? A simple test for deviations from the power law
On the other hand, if the power law fit is not accurate, an observation inside but close to the egde of the CI may be a dragon king as well.
Black swans or dragon kings? A simple test for deviations from the power law
We will now check whether these outliers can be considered as dragon kings.
Black swans or dragon kings? A simple test for deviations from the power law
Johansen and Sornette claim that dragon kings are common in the distributions of financial drawdowns.
Black swans or dragon kings? A simple test for deviations from the power law
In our opinion this is not evidence for dragon kings, but rather indicates that a heavier-tailed distribution would better describe the data.
Black swans or dragon kings? A simple test for deviations from the power law
At the same time, this simple exercise shows that dragon kings are a model dependent feature.
Black swans or dragon kings? A simple test for deviations from the power law
In Figures 5 and 6 we present the dragon king test results for the right tails of the distributions of deseasonalized price changes, i.e. of ∆Xt , for four selected hours of the day.
Black swans or dragon kings? A simple test for deviations from the power law
True negatives are also reported, for instance the absence of Dragon-Kings in the distribution of cities in Germany.
Robust Statistical Tests of Dragon-Kings beyond Power Law Distributions
***