draft

Definitions

  • Reading the Draft Covenant for the League of Nations--Paris
    Reading the Draft Covenant for the League of Nations--Paris
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v draft engage somebody to enter the army
    • v draft make a blueprint of
    • v draft draw up an outline or sketch for something "draft a speech"
    • n draft the act of moving a load by drawing or pulling
    • n draft a large and hurried swallow "he finished it at a single gulp"
    • n draft compulsory military service
    • n draft a dose of liquid medicine "he took a sleeping draft"
    • n draft a preliminary sketch of a design or picture
    • n draft a regulator for controlling the flow of air in a fireplace
    • n draft the depth of a vessel's keel below the surface (especially when loaded)
    • n draft any of the various versions in the development of a written work "a preliminary draft","the final draft of the constitution"
    • n draft a serving of drink (usually alcoholic) drawn from a keg "they served beer on draft"
    • n draft a current of air (usually coming into a chimney or room or vehicle)
    • n draft a document ordering the payment of money; drawn by one person or bank on another
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Margaret Mitchell wrote Gone with the Wind between 1926 and 1929. In her early drafts, the main character was named "Pansy O'Hara" and the O'Hara plantation we know as Tara was called "Fountenoy Hall."
    • Draft A current of air. Same as Draught.
    • Draft A device for regulating the flow of gases in a chimney, stovepipe, fireplace, etc.; as, to close the chimney draft . It is usually a flat plate of the same internal dimensions as the flue, which can be rotated to be parallel to or perpendicular to the current of gases.
    • Draft A drawing of lines for a plan; a plan delineated, or drawn in outline; a delineation. See Draught.
    • Draft (Masonry) A narrow border left on a finished stone, worked differently from the rest of its face.
    • Draft (Masonry) A narrow border worked to a plane surface along the edge of a stone, or across its face, as a guide to the stone-cutter.
    • Draft A quantity of liquid poured out for drinking; a dose.
    • Draft (Mil) A selecting or detaching of soldiers from an army, or from any part of it, or from a military post; also from any district, or any company or collection of persons, or from the people at large; also, the body of men thus drafted. "Several of the States had supplied the deficiency by drafts to serve for the year."
    • Draft An allowance or deduction made from the gross weight of goods.
    • Draft An order from one person or party to another, directing the payment of money; a bill of exchange. "I thought it most prudent to defer the drafts till advice was received of the progress of the loan."
    • Draft (Naut) Depth of water necessary to float a ship. See Draught.
    • Draft Pertaining to, or used for, drawing or pulling (as vehicles, loads, etc.). Same as Draught; as, a draft horse.
    • Draft Relating to, or characterized by, a draft, or current of air. Same as Draught.
    • Draft The act of drawing a quantity of liquid from a large container; also, the quantity of liquid so drawn.
    • Draft The act of drawing; also, the thing drawn. Same as Draught. "Everything available for draft burden."
    • Draft The form of any writing as first drawn up; the first rough sketch of written composition, to be filled in, or completed. See Draught.
    • Draft (Milling) The slant given to the furrows in the dress of a millstone.
    • Draft To compose and write; as, to draft a memorial.
    • Draft To draw from a military band or post, or from any district, company, or society; to detach; to select; especially, to compulsorily select and induct members of a population to serve in the armed forces. "HotLips Houlihan: How did a degenerate person like him achieve such a position of responsibility in the army?
      Radar: He was drafted ."
      "Some royal seminary in Upper Egypt, from whence they drafted novices to supply their colleges and temples."
    • Draft To draw the outline of; to delineate.
    • Draft To transfer by draft. "All her rents been drafted to London."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The first pick (by Eagles) in the first NFL draft in 1935, was Jay Berwanger from the University of Chicago. He never played in the league
    • n draft The act of drawing or dragging (in any sense); a drawing; a draw; a haul; a pull.
    • n draft The capacity of being dragged or hauled; the yielding to a force which draws or drags: as, a cart or plow of easy draft.
    • n draft The act of drawing water from a well, or any liquid from a vessel; the state of being ready to be so drawn: as, ale on draught.
    • n draft That which is drawn, dragged, or pulled; a load or burden to be drawn.
    • n draft That which is secured by drawing or pulling; specifically, that which is obtained by drawing a net through the water in fishing; a haul.
    • n draft The act of drinking, as of water or wine.
    • n draft A quantity of a liquid drunk at one time; a quantity, especially of a medicine, prescribed to be drunk at one time.
    • n draft A drawing by sensuous or mental motives; attraction; enticement; inducement.
    • n draft The act of drawing or taking away a part; the act of taking a number or a portion from an aggregate; a levy; the act of depleting or reducing in number, force, etc.: as, a draft upon his resources.
    • n draft A selection of men or things for a special duty or purpose; specifically, a selection or drawing of persons from the general body of the people, by lot or otherwise, for military service; a levy; conscription; also, a selection of persons already in service, to be sent from one post or organization to another, in either the army or the navy; a detachment; also, a transfer of vessels of war to a different fleet or squadron.
    • n draft A team of horses in a cart or wagon. Brockett.
    • n draft The depth of water which a ship draws or requires to float it; the depth a ship sinks in water, especially when laden: as, a ship of 12 feet draft. If the vessel is fully laden, it is termed the load-water draft; if unloaded, the light-water draft.
    • n draft A written order drawn by one person upon another; a writing directing the payment of money on account of the drawer: a bill of exchange; particularly, an inland bill of exchange. Drafts are frequently used by the agents or officers of corporations, one agent drawing on another. One reason for using them is the convenience in keeping accounts and having vouchers for payments. Drafts are frequently used between municipal officers, and are not usually negotiable instruments when thus used. Abbreviated dft.
    • n draft The distance to which an arrow may be shot; a bow-shot. Also called bow-draught.
    • n draft The drawing or moving of air; the air so drawn or moved; a confined current, of air, as in a room or in the flue of a chimney. The draft of a chimney depends, apart from the mode of construction, on the difference of the density of the rarefied column inside the chimney, as compared with an equal column of the external atmosphere, or on the difference in height of the two columns of elastic fluid, supposing them reduced to the same standard of density. The velocity of the current is the same as that of a heavy body let fall from a height equal to the difference in height of two such aërial columns. Drafts may be produced or increased by a blast which rarefies the air above the fire (a blast-draft), or by blowers which compress the air beneath the fire (a forced draft).
    • n draft A move in chess or checkers.
    • n draft plural The game of checkers. The name draughts (literally ‘moves’) has reference to the manner of playing, the name checkers to the kind of board used. See checker, 3.
    • n draft A mild blister; a poultice.
    • n draft A drain; a sink; a privy.
    • n draft An allowance for waste of goods sold by weight; also, an allowance made at the custom-house on excisable goods.
    • n draft The act of drawing; delineation; that which is delineated; a representation by lines, as the figure of a house, a machine, a fort, etc., drawn on paper; a drawing or first sketch; an outline.
    • n draft Hence A first sketch, outline, or copy of any writing or composition; the proposed form of a written instrument prepared for amendment and alteration, as may be required, preliminary to making a fair copy.
    • n draft A treatise; a discourse.
    • n draft A drawbridge: same as draught-bridge.
    • n draft In founding, the slight bevel given to the pattern for a casting, in order that it may be drawn from the sand without injury to the mold.
    • n draft In masonry, a line on the surface of a stone hewn to the breadth of the chisel.
    • n draft In weaving, the cording of a loom or the arrangement of the heddles.
    • n draft The sectional area of the openings in a turbine-wheel or in a sluice-gate.
    • n draft The degree of deflection of a millstone-furrow from a radial direction.
    • n draft A stroke.
    • n draft Skill; art; stratagem.
    • n draft A company or lot.
    • n draft The heart, liver, and lights of a calf or sheep: in this sense only draught. Also called pluck.
    • draft Used or suited for drawing loads: as, draft cattle.
    • draft Being on draught; drawn as required from the cask: as, draught ale.
    • draft To draw; pull. The cold and dense polar water, as it flows in at the bottom of the equatorial column, will not directly take the place of that which has been drafted off from the surface. W. B. Carpenter, in Croll's Climate and Time, p. 164.
    • draft In weaving, to draw (thread) through the heddles.
    • draft To draw out by selection, as for service; levy; conscript; specifically, to select (persons) by a draft for military purposes.
    • draft To draw in outline; delineate; sketch; outline.
    • draft To prepare the proposed form of, as a document or writing of any kind; make a first sketch of in writing: as, to draft a memorial or a lease.
    • n draft Same as draff.
    • n draft In textile-manuf., the amount of attenuation of a lap, sliver, or roving effected by drawing it between rollers running at different speeds.
    • n draft A body or bunch of cattle which have been separated from the rest of the herd. See draft, 10.
    • draft In cotton manuf., to attenuate (a lap, sliver, or roving) by drawing it between rollers which run at different speeds.
    • draft To separate (and sort) from the herd: as, to draft cattle. See def. 3.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The blueprints for the Eiffel Tower covered more than 14,000 square feet of drafting paper.
    • n Draft dräft anything drawn: a selection of men from an army, &c.: an order for the payment of money: lines drawn for a plan: a rough sketch: the depth to which a vessel sinks in water
    • v.t Draft to draw an outline of: to compose and write: to draw off: to detach
    • ***

Quotations

  • Ambrose Bierce
    Ambrose%20Bierce
    “Architect. One who drafts a plan of your house, and plans a draft of your money.”
  • Stanley Garn
    Stanley Garn
    “If the aborigine drafted an IQ test, all of Western civilization would presumably flunk it.”
  • Philip L. Graham
    Philip L. Graham
    “News is the first rough draft of history.”
  • Jean De La Bruyere
    Jean%20De%20La%20Bruyere
    “The Opera is obviously the first draft of a fine spectacle; it suggests the idea of one.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
The same word as draught,. OE. draught, draht, fr. AS. dragan, to draw. See Draw, and cf. Draught

Usage

In literature:

The draft had already been stopped by violence.
"A Political History of the State of New York, Volumes 1-3" by DeAlva Stanwood Alexander
In securing the best results in fuel economy, the draft area in a boiler is an important consideration.
"Steam, Its Generation and Use" by Babcock & Wilcox Co.
They opposed the draft for troops, and were partly responsible for the draft riots in 1863.
"History of the United States, Volume 4" by E. Benjamin Andrews
I'd like to see some Government agent come along and grab me for the draft!
"The Blot on the Kaiser's 'Scutcheon" by Newell Dwight Hillis
The work to which a horse is put (saddle or harness, speed or draft) will influence the predisposition of an animal to inflammatory diseases.
"Special Report on Diseases of the Horse" by United States Department of Agriculture
Within their embrace was a more or less safe anchorage for light draft craft.
"The Heart of Unaga" by Ridgwell Cullum
Early that afternoon I dictated my first draft to Susan.
"The Professional Approach" by Charles Leonard Harness
I had a little taste of the draft riots during that memorable week beginning July 13th, 1863.
"Between the Lines" by Henry Bascom Smith
He prescribed only a draft of one-fifth part of the whole militia of the province.
"The Rise of Canada, from Barbarism to Wealth and Civilisation" by Charles Roger
They fear that when they have learned their drill they will be drafted.
"Letters from Port Royal" by Various
It was a rough draft, but across the bottom was drawn the bold, masculine signature of the old lady.
"Bidwell's Travels, from Wall Street to London Prison" by Austin Biron Bidwell
The draft lays down a general policy, which the Queen is afraid may ultimately turn out very dangerous.
"The Letters of Queen Victoria, Vol 2 (of 3), 1844-1853" by Queen Victoria
But even if it were known that the estimates would not be rigidly adhered to, would such a financial draft be considered Utopian?
"The Jewish State" by Theodor Herzl
This was partly replaced on the 17th August by a first draft from the reinforcements camped at Zeitun.
"The 28th: A Record of War Service in the Australian Imperial Force, 1915-19, Vol. I" by Herbert Brayley Collett
This must be the first draft men just going away!
"The Search" by Grace Livingston Hill
They started me on the land decently, and twice when we'd harvested frost and horse-sickness, they sent along the draft I asked them for.
"Masters of the Wheat-Lands" by Harold Bindloss
Those who could possibly be passed for military service were drafted into the army.
"World's War Events, Vol. II" by Various
Were he to shoot off his finger, for instance, he would not be drafted!
"Where the Souls of Men are Calling" by Credo Harris
At musters, or when drafting for market, we make the necessary exchanges.
"Brighter Britain! (Volume 1 of 2)" by William Delisle Hay
The first drafts of the British Expeditionary Force landed in France on August 16, 1914.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume IV (of 8)"
***

In poetry:

The third speaker said
Fear wind. And it needn't be
A hurricane. Drafts, open
Windows, electric fans.
"Paper Men To Air Hopes And Fears" by Robert Francis
Proud from yon cloud-crowned height to look henceforth
On insignificance that peoples earth,
Recalling oft the bitter draft which turns
The mind to meditate on what it learns.
"Old Man Of The Mountain" by Mary Baker Eddy
Sea-breeze from Morocco touched the water.
Simooms blew. In snowdrifts snored Archangel.
Candles swam; the rough draft of 'The Prophet'
Slowly dried, and dawn broke on the Ganges
"1918" by Boris Pasternak
Sea-breeze from Morocco touched the water.
Simooms blew. In snowdrifts snored Archangel.
Candles swam; the rough draft of 'The Prophet'
Slowly dried, and dawn broke on the Ganges.
"Stars were racing" by Boris Pasternak
"Is it the wind's moan as it louder grows
That scares you or, perhaps, the rasping sound
Of pebbles by the waves rolled round and round?"
"No, I'm unwell, and there's a draft, it blows."
"The Fisherwoman" by Ivan Bunin
Drafting a world where no such road will run
From you to me;
To watch that world come up like a cold sun,
Rewarding others, is my liberty.
Not to prevent it is my will's fulfillment.
Willing it, my ailment.
"No Road" by Philip Larkin

In news:

Michael Perez/Associated Press Jaiquawn Jarrett, a safety the Eagles drafted in the second round of the 2011 NFL Draft, was released earlier this week.
Tyrann Mathieu To Enter NFL Draft, Will He Be Drafted.
Texas A&M point guard Acie Law IV realized a boyhood dream when he was drafted in the first round of the NBA draft by the Atlanta Hawks Thursday night.
A 2009 Rocklin High School graduate, Pat Stover was drafted by the Los Angeles Dodgers in the 40th round (1,226 overall) of the 2012 Major League Baseball Draft.
He had two solid seasons at Wisconsin before declaring for the draft, but Texans fans booed when the team selected the defensive end with the 11th overall pick in the 2011 draft.
3 Wolverines off to a 6-0 start, Burke has moved up to No 17 on DraftExpress.com's mock draft and No 18 on the draft board of Sports Illustrated's Chris Mannix.
ESPN draft analyst Todd McShay offers his second mock draft in an Insider piece.
Drafted out of Oklahoma State with the 22nd pick of April's draft, Weeden beat out Colt McCoy for starting duties and is on his second professional sports career.
The Seattle Seahawks appeared to resolve their desire to have a beastly backup for Marshawn Lynch, drafting bruising Utah State running back Robert Turbin in the fourth round of the NFL draft on Saturday.
The NHL Entry Draft starts tonight, with the first round starting at 4pm on NBC Sports Network or, locally, at one of the Winterhawks draft parties, and the rest of it going Saturday morning.
Debate on the draft legislation Tuesday spanned seven hours and saw more than 100 people voice support or opposition for the draft legislation.
The Minnesota Twins that year drafted Jeff in the MLB player draft, but Clement decided to attend USC, where he played baseball.
Heading into the 2001 draft, the New Orleans Saints ran through countless mock drafts and what-if scenarios.
ESPN.com junior draft guru Todd McShay's first effort has them taking Alabama cornerback Dee Milliner, above, with the seventh pick (where they would be drafting as it stands now).
Sporting Kansas City has acquired midfielder Benny Feilhaber from the New England Revolution for allocation money along with the club's first-round draft pick this season and second-round draft pick next season.
***

In science:

Weiner and Pierre LeBreton for critically reading an early draft of this manuscript.
Entropic Elasticity of Weakly Perturbed Polymers
The first draft of this monograph was prepared on the basis of the talks I gave at the Workshop on Criticality calculations using KENO, held at Kalpakkam during September 7-18, 1998. I thank A.
Monte Carlo: Basics
In addition, we thank him for feedback regarding initial drafts of this survey.
A Connection-Centric Survey of Recommender Systems Research
While working on the first draft of this work, we learnt of , where the authors consider law of large numbers for L-dependent non-nestling environments.
A law of large numbers for random walks in random mixing environments
Thanks to Gr´egory Miermont for careful reading of a draft of this paper.
Poisson-Kingman partitions
Athanassoula are also thanked for reading and commenting on a first draft of the manuscript.
On the Spiral Structure of NGC 2915 and Dark Matter
The authors would like to thank the referee for several helpful comments which led to improvements in the final draft.
Some intrinsic properties of simple graph $C^*$-algebras
Kobrin for reading a preliminary draft of this paper, and for their comments.
Information theory and generalized statistics
Wood for his valuable support and for commenting on drafts of this paper. I also thank the School of Mathematics of the University of Leeds for the use of its facilities.
Harmonic morphisms between degenerate semi-Riemannian manifolds
We call a proxy carrying such a policy a restricted proxy. We have standardized the format for these proxy credentials and have submitted it as an internet draft to the IETF PKIX working group .
A Community Authorization Service for Group Collaboration
Grid applications, specifically delegation flexibility and mechanisms to extract information. We have documented our extensions in an Global Grid Forum draft to encourage their implementation in other GSSAPI libraries.
A Community Authorization Service for Group Collaboration
We are especially grateful to Greg McColm for his comments on an earlier draft of the paper.
Monotone properties of random geometric graphs have sharp thresholds
For instance, one might generate a dialogue according to the Information State approach, and then edit this draft with a single author.
Dialogue as Discourse: Controlling Global Properties of Scripted Dialogue
We thank Michal Marvan for comments on an earlier draft.
Algebra generators and information theory
The author would like to thank his advisor Philippe Biane for his comments on draft of this paper.
Failure of the Raikov theorem for free random variables
***