dismay

Definitions

  • THE ITALIAN WAS SO HORRIFIED AND DISMAYED TO SEE WHAT HAD HAPPENED THAT HE FORGOT WHAT LITTLE ENGLISH HE KNEW
    THE ITALIAN WAS SO HORRIFIED AND DISMAYED TO SEE WHAT HAD HAPPENED THAT HE FORGOT WHAT LITTLE ENGLISH HE KNEW
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v dismay fill with apprehension or alarm; cause to be unpleasantly surprised "I was horrified at the thought of being late for my interview","The news of the executions horrified us"
    • v dismay lower someone's spirits; make downhearted "These news depressed her","The bad state of her child's health demoralizes her"
    • n dismay fear resulting from the awareness of danger
    • n dismay the feeling of despair in the face of obstacles
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

RECOGNISES WITH DISMAY A VIEW OF THE GRAND CANAL RECOGNISES WITH DISMAY A VIEW OF THE GRAND CANAL

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Dismay Condition fitted to dismay; ruin.
    • Dismay Loss of courage and firmness through fear; overwhelming and disabling terror; a sinking of the spirits; consternation. "I . . . can not think of such a battle without dismay .""Thou with a tiger spring dost leap upon thy prey,
      And tear his helpless breast, o'erwhelmed with wild dismay ."
    • Dismay To disable with alarm or apprehensions; to depress the spirits or courage of; to deprive or firmness and energy through fear; to daunt; to appall; to terrify. "Be not afraid, neither be thou dismayed .""What words be these? What fears do you dismay ?"
    • Dismay To render lifeless; to subdue; to disquiet. "Do not dismay yourself for this.""So flies a herd of beeves, that hear, dismayed ,
      The lions roaring through the midnight shade."
      "Jove got such heroes as my sire, whose soul
      No fear could daunt , nor earth nor hell control."
      "Now the last ruin the whole host appalls ;
      Now Greece has trembled in her wooden walls."
    • v. i Dismay To take dismay or fright; to be filled with dismay.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • dismay To break down the courage of, as by sudden danger or insuperable difficulty; overcome with fear of impending calamity or failure; fill with despairing apprehension; utterly dishearten: usually in the past participle.
    • dismay To defeat by sudden onslaught; put to rout.
    • dismay To disquiet; trouble: usually reflexive.
    • dismay Synonyms To appal, daunt, dispirit, deject, frighten, paralyse, demoralize.
    • dismay To be daunted; stand aghast with fear; be confounded with terror.
    • n dismay Sudden or complete loss of courage; despairing fear or apprehension; discouraged or terrified amazement; utter disheartenment.
    • n dismay Ruin; defeat; destruction.
    • n dismay Synonyms Apprehension, Fright, etc. (see alarm); discouragement.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • v.t Dismay dis-mā′ to terrify: to discourage
    • n Dismay loss of strength and courage through fear
    • ***

Quotations

  • Bible
    Bible
    “Have I not commanded you? Be strong and courageous. Do not tremble or be dismayed, for the Lord your God is with you wherever you go. [Joshua 1:9]”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. desmaien, dismaien, OF. esmaier,; pref. es-,L. ex,) + OHG. magan, to be strong or able; akin to E. may,. In English the pref. es-, was changed to dis-,L. dis-,). See May (v. i.)

Usage

In literature:

He was met by a cold, disapproving stare from his mother and a little gasp of dismay from Anne.
"From the Housetops" by George Barr McCutcheon
He trusted that he might be able to allay this feeling of dismay.
"Phineas Redux" by Anthony Trollope
It held neither curiosity nor dismay.
"The Swindler and Other Stories" by Ethel M. Dell
The situation, however, could hardly have dismayed her as much as it was dismaying her substitute.
"The Rebellion of Margaret" by Geraldine Mockler
But for once, to his dismay, the old plainsman seemed fairly stumped.
"The Border Boys Across the Frontier" by Fremont B. Deering
He also colored hotly, and a feeling of dismay took possession of him.
"His Heart's Queen" by Mrs. Georgie Sheldon
You ought not to be angry with her for regarding your withdrawal into Cambridgeshire with dismay.
"Can You Forgive Her?" by Anthony Trollope
The Very Young Man looked about in dismay.
"The Girl in the Golden Atom" by Raymond King Cummings
They are not dismayed by the uncouth apparition.
"The Lone Ranche" by Captain Mayne Reid
At dinner Bert informed his mother, and she too was dismayed.
"Five Hundred Dollars" by Horatio Alger
The watch below rushed up on deck, looks of dismay on the countenances of many.
"In the Eastern Seas" by W.H.G. Kingston
When I last went to see them, what was my dismay to find their hut burnt to the ground!
"Hendricks the Hunter" by W.H.G. Kingston
She would not be dismayed by difficulties: as the Professor said, only cowards and weaklings escaped these.
"The Daughters of Danaus" by Mona Caird
Then she gave it to me, and we found to our dismay that there was only one cartridge left.
"Afterwards" by Kathlyn Rhodes
Everywhere my spirit shudders, dismayed at the very silence.
"The Aeneid of Virgil" by Virgil
When he saw the broken door an exclamation of dismay came from the lips of the sheriff.
"Frank Merriwell's Bravery" by Burt L. Standish
When they found that their long-trusted leader was dead, their dismay was great.
"Old Jack" by W.H.G. Kingston
To our dismay, we perceived a reinforcement just joining them!
"The War Trail" by Mayne Reid
Dismayed, not defeated, the Head Master considered other methods of regenerating the Manor.
"The Hill" by Horace Annesley Vachell
Pickering looked over at Jasper in great dismay.
"Five Little Peppers at School" by Margaret Sidney
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In poetry:

Prince, all our pleasures fade;
Vain all the toils of man;
And Fancy cries dismayed,
"Where are the Pipes of Pan?"
"Where Are The Pipes Of Pan?" by Oscar Fay Adams
He heard and smiled, and bid me try,
I eagerly obeyed;
But when from him I turned my eye,
How was my soul dismayed!
"Peter Walking Upon The Water" by John Newton
"Young man, I say to thee, arise."
Who hears, he must obey:
Up starts the body; wide the eyes
Flash wonder and dismay.
"The Widow of Nain" by George MacDonald
And so I shrank. But sweet and good
The dream came to my aid;
Within the trees my father stood,
I must not be dismayed.
"A Book of Dreams: Part I" by George MacDonald
The terror of one frown of thine
Melts all our strength away;
Like men that totter drunk with wine,
We tremble in dismay.
"Psalm 60" by Isaac Watts
I look at man in grim dismay;
He tried my virtue all to steal:
My heart is full of joy today,
No sin is on my soul I feel.
"The Song Of The Negro Maid" by Marcus Mosiah Garvey

In news:

Tyrone Langager, Minot As a former member of the State Board of Higher Education I have watched with interest, and admitted dismay, the actions of the board as it has delegated huge power to the.
Ms Warren also received some unwelcome attention at the convention when Native American delegates expressed dismay over her lies about her Cherokee heritage.
Now I have been a consistent advocate for Zimmerman's innocence, much to the dismay to many of my peers.
A dismayed Jason Chimera skated away as New York Rangers players celebrated more.
Troop dismay no longer hidden.
Two university officials ordered records related to faculty dismay with a dean destroyed .
BOULDER — Speaking Tuesday during his weekly media luncheon, Colorado coach Jon Embree said he has been dismayed, perhaps as much as anything, by his team's inability to generate a consistently effective running attack.
For weeks we — and that means all of us, including editorial writers — have been nursing a bad case of national dismay, and we've been at each other's jugulars on local matters, too.
I read with great dismay about the killing of Stan Hyer.
Our wedding is coming but oh, what dismay.
Both 'X Factor' and 'The Voice' will go head-to-head in a live results battle of epic proportions, probably much to the dismay of Simon Cowell.
I watched with great dismay (again) the event known as Black Friday.
CHICAGO — Note to those finance chairmen of any political party or philanthropic organization who may have been dismayed to learn about Hispanics' paltry campaign contributions during this presidential race: Look to the future.
Two university officials ordered records related to faculty dismay with a dean destroyed.
So it is with sadness and dismay when we see one of our finalists fall down.
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In science:

To his dismay, it turned out (because of a general theorem of Robin Pemantle and Herb Wilf ) that the limiting distribution is the utterly boring Gaussian (aka normal) distribution.
A Note on the Stanley Distribution
But Laplace would likely be puzzled (and perhaps a little dismayed) by the way the data are currently being analyzed, where talk abounds of “detection statistics” and “false alarm and false dismissal probabilities”.
Gravitational Wave Astronomy: Needle in a Haystack
To my dismay, at the Oxford Conference in April 1990, Peter Neumann told me that, although both were named William and both obtained a D.
Galois theory on the line in nonzero characteristic
However I was quickly surprised and somewhat dismayed by many of the plenary talks, which discussed meson physics from viewpoints with which I was only vaguely familiar. A second theme of this meeting, beginning with Prof.
MESON2000 Conference Summary
First, we were all dismayed not to benefit from John Bahcall’s 30 years of wisdom in the field.
Structure and Evolution of The Intergalactic Medium: Conference Summary
It is surprising how this point escaped the genius of Einstein who was dismayed on obtaining non-static solution of eqs.(2) when he used them to solve the “cosmological problem”.
The Genesis of the Big-Bang and Inflation
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