# discharge

## Definitions

• TRANSPORTS DISCHARGING IN LIVERPOOL DOCKS
• WordNet 3.6
• v discharge eliminate (a substance) "combustion products are exhausted in the engine","the plant releases a gas"
• v discharge become empty or void of its content "The room emptied"
• v discharge pronounce not guilty of criminal charges "The suspect was cleared of the murder charges"
• v discharge release from military service
• v discharge cause to go off "fire a gun","fire a bullet"
• v discharge go off or discharge "The gun fired"
• v discharge pour forth or release "discharge liquids"
• v discharge remove the charge from
• v discharge leave or unload "unload the cargo","drop off the passengers at the hotel"
• v discharge free from obligations or duties
• v discharge complete or carry out "discharge one's duties"
• n discharge the act of discharging a gun
• n discharge a formal written statement of relinquishment
• n discharge the termination of someone's employment (leaving them free to depart)
• n discharge the act of venting
• n discharge the sudden giving off of energy
• n discharge the pouring forth of a fluid
• n discharge electrical conduction through a gas in an applied electric field
• n discharge any of several bodily processes by which substances go out of the body "the discharge of pus"
• n discharge a substance that is emitted or released
• ***

Discharging Arch

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
• Interesting fact: Snails produce a colorless, sticky discharge that forms a protective carpet under them as they travel along. The discharge is so effective that they can crawl along the edge of a razor without cutting themselves.
• Discharge A flowing or issuing out; emission; vent; evacuation; also, that which is discharged or emitted; as, a rapid discharge of water from the pipe. "The hemorrhage being stopped, the next occurrence is a thin serous discharge ."
• Discharge Act of relieving of something which oppresses or weighs upon one, as an obligation, liability, debt, accusation, etc.; acquittance; as, the discharge of a debtor.
• Discharge Act of removing, or getting rid of, an obligation, liability, etc.; fulfillment, as by the payment of a debt, or the performance of a trust or duty. "Indefatigable in the discharge of business .""Nothing can absolve us from the discharge of those duties."
• Discharge Firing off; explosive removal of a charge; explosion; letting off; as, a discharge of arrows, of artillery.
• Discharge Legal release from confinement; liberation; as, the discharge of a prisoner.
• Discharge Release or dismissal from an office, employment, etc.; dismission; as, the discharge of a workman by his employer.
• Discharge That which discharges or releases from an obligation, liability, penalty, etc., as a price of ransom, a legal document. "Death, who sets all free,
Hath paid his ransom now and full discharge ."
• Discharge The act of discharging; the act of relieving of a charge or load; removal of a load or burden; unloading; as, the discharge of a ship; discharge of a cargo.
• Discharge (Elec) The equalization of a difference of electric potential between two points. The character of the discharge is mostly determined by the nature of the medium through which it takes place, the amount of the difference of potential, and the form of the terminal conductors on which the difference exists. The discharge may be alternating, continuous, brush, connective, disruptive, glow, oscillatory, stratified, etc.
• Discharge The state of being discharged or relieved of a debt, obligation, office, and the like; acquittal. "Too secure of our discharge From penalty."
• Discharge (Textile Dyeing & Printing) To bleach out or to remove or efface, as by a chemical process; as, to discharge the color from a dyed fabric in order to form light figures on a dark ground.
• Discharge To free of the missile with which anything is charged or loaded; to let go the charge of; as, to discharge a bow, catapult, etc.; especially, said of firearms, -- to fire off; to shoot off; also, to relieve from a state of tension, as a Leyden jar. "The galleys also did oftentimes, out of their prows, discharge their great pieces against the city.""Feeling in other cases discharges itself in indirect muscular actions."
• Discharge To give forth; to emit or send out; as, a pipe discharges water; to let fly; to give expression to; to utter; as, to discharge a horrible oath.
• Discharge To let fly, as a missile; to shoot. "They do discharge their shot of courtesy."
• Discharge To of something weighing upon or impeding over one, as a debt, claim, obligation, responsibility, accusation, etc.; to absolve; to acquit; to clear. "Discharged of business, void of strife.""In one man's fault discharge another man of his duty."
• Discharge To prohibit; to forbid. "Avicen countermands letting blood in choleric bodies.""Which God defend that I should wring from him."
• Discharge To put forth, or remove, as a charge or burden; to take out, as that with which anything is loaded or filled; as, to discharge a cargo.
• Discharge To release legally from confinement; to set at liberty; as, to discharge a prisoner.
• Discharge To relieve of a charge, load, or burden; to empty of a load or cargo; to unburden; to unload; as, to discharge a vessel.
• Discharge To relieve of an office or employment; to send away from service; to dismiss. "Discharge the common sort
With pay and thanks."
"Grindal . . . was discharged the government of his see."
• Discharge To send away (a creditor) satisfied by payment; to pay one's debt or obligation to. "If he had
The present money to discharge the Jew."
• Discharge To set aside; to annul; to dismiss. "We say such an order was “ discharged on appeal.”""The order for Daly's attendance was discharged ."
• v. i Discharge To throw off or deliver a load, charge, or burden; to unload; to emit or give vent to fluid or other contents; as, the water pipe discharges freely. "The cloud, if it were oily or fatty, would not discharge ."
• Discharge To throw off the obligation of, as a duty or debt; to relieve one's self of, by fulfilling conditions, performing duty, trust, and the like; hence, to perform or execute, as an office, or part. "Had I a hundred tongues, a wit so large
As could their hundred offices discharge ."
• ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
• Interesting fact: The greatest measured water discharge was an estimated 740,000-1,000,000 gallons by the Giant Geyser, in Yellowstone National Park. However, this estimate made in the 1950s, was only a rough calculation.
• discharge To unload; disburden; free from a charge or load: as, to discharge a ship by removing the cargo, a bow by releasing the arrow, a gun by firing it off, a Leyden jar by connecting its inner and outer coatings, etc.
• discharge To remove, emit, or transfer; clear out or off; send off or away. Specifically— To take out or away; clear away by removing, unloading, or transferring: as, to discharge a cargo from a ship, or goods from a warehouse; to discharge weight from a beam by lessening or distributing it; to discharge dye from silk.
• discharge To give vent to; cause or allow to pass off; send or throw out; emit: as, a pipe discharges water; an ulcer discharges pus; this medicine will discharge bad humors from the blood; he discharged his fury upon the nearest object.
• discharge To send forth by propulsion; let drive: as, to discharge a shot from a gun, or a blow upon a person's head.
• discharge To clear off by payment, settlement, or performance; settle up; consummate: as, to discharge a debt or an obligation.
• discharge To pay or settle for; satisfy a demand or an obligation for.
• discharge To set free; dismiss; absolve; release from accusation, restraint, obligation, duty, or service: as, to discharge a prisoner, a debtor, a jury, a servant, etc.; to discharge one's conscience of duty; to discharge the mind of business.
• discharge To carry on, as an obligatory course of action; perform the functions of, as an employment or office; execute; fulfil: as, to discharge the duties of a sheriff or of a priest; to discharge a trust.
• discharge To clear one's self of, as by explanation; account for.
• discharge In dyeing, to free from the dye. In silk-dyeing, to free(the silk) from the dye, if from any cause it is found to have taken the color in an unsatisfactory manner.
• discharge In calico-or other cloth-printing, to free (the cloth) from the color in the places where the figure is to appear.
• discharge To remove (the color). See discharge style, below.
• discharge In silk-manuf., to deprive (silk) of (its) external covering, the silk-glue.
• discharge To throw off a burden.
• discharge To deliver a load or charge: as, the troops loaded and discharged with great rapidity.
• discharge To blur or run: as, the lines of an india-ink drawing are liable to discharge if gone over with a wash of water-color.
• n discharge The act of unloading or disburdening; relief from a burden or charge: as, the discharge of a ship. As applied to an electrical jar, battery, etc., it signifies the removal of the charge by communication between the positive and negative surfaces or poles, or with the earth. The discharge may be disruptive, as when it takes place by a spark through a resisting medium like the air, glass, wood, etc.; or conductive, through a conductor, as a metallic wire; orconvective, by the motion of electrified particles of matter, as of air.
• n discharge Specifically The act of firing a missile weapon, as a bow by drawing and releasing the string, or a gun by exploding the charge of powder.
• n discharge The act of removing or taking away; removal, as of a burden or load, by physical means, or by settlement, payment, fulfilment, etc.: as, the discharge of a cargo, of a debt, or of an obligation.
• n discharge A flowing out; emission; vent: as, the discharge of water from a river or from an orifice, of blood from a wound, of lightning from a cloud.
• n discharge The act of freeing; dismissal; release or dismissal from accusation, restraint, obligation, duty, or service; also, a certificate of such release or dismissal: as, the discharge of a prisoner, of a debtor, or of a servant.
• n discharge The rate of flowing out: as, the discharge is 100 gallons a minute.
• n discharge That which is thrown out; matter emitted: as, a thin serous discharge; a purulent discharge.
• n discharge Performance; execution: as, a good man is faithful in the discharge of his duties.
• n discharge In dyeing, a compound, as chlorid of lime, which has the property of bleaching, or taking away the color already communicated to a fabric, by which means white patterns are produced on colored grounds. If to this compound a color be added which is not affected by it, the first color is destroyed as before, and this second color takes the place of the white pattern.
• discharge In law, to make an end of; annul; cancel: as, to discharge a rule to show cause.
• ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
• Interesting fact: Elvis Presley received his U.S. army discharge on March 5, 1960.
• v.t Discharge dis-chärj′ to free from a load or charge: to unload or remove the cargo: to set free: to acquit: to dismiss: to fire, as a gun: to let out or emit: to perform, as duties: to pay, as an account
• n Discharge act of discharging: unloading: acquittance: dismissal: a flowing out: payment: performance: that which is discharged
• ***

## Quotations

• Francois De La Rochefoucauld
“Too great a hurry to discharge an obligation is a kind of ingratitude.”
• Walter S. Robertson
“The only way to get rid of responsibilities is to discharge them.”
• Samuel Johnson
“It is wonderful when a calculation is made, how little the mind is actually employed in the discharge of any profession.”
• Norman Mailer
“I think it's bad to talk about one's present work, for it spoils something at the root of the creative act. It discharges the tension.”
• William Shakespeare
“Whereof what's past is prologue; what to come, In yours and my discharge.”
• John Randolph
“We all know our duty better than we discharge it.”

## Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. deschargen, dischargen, OF. deschargier, F. décharger,; pref. des-,L. dis,) + chargier, F. charger,. See Charge

## Usage

### In literature:

Here it remained until the 21st, waiting impatiently for its pay and discharge.
"History of the Eighty-sixth Regiment, Illinois Volunteer Infantry, during its term of service" by John R. Kinnear
Again the seconds produced pistols, and again the pair fired: but this time Pitt discharged his weapon into the air.
"William Pitt and the Great War" by John Holland Rose
In part discharge of his obligations, he assigned to the Queen the Ark Ralegh at the price of L5000.
"Sir Walter Ralegh" by William Stebbing
It can be discharged through a tube with such accuracy that it can strike an object several hundred yards off.
"A Yacht Voyage Round England" by W.H.G. Kingston
My first move was to call the help all together and promptly discharge them.
"Twenty Years of Hus'ling" by J. P. Johnston
Then he put the bottle into the discharging cylinder, and preparing to push it out he stooped over the port-hole.
"Pharaoh's Broker" by Ellsworth Douglass
It was his discharge papers.
"The Goose Man" by Jacob Wassermann
That and the service of vowing to discharge these duties all owe to God.
"The Ordinance of Covenanting" by John Cunningham
I simply ask to be sustained in the discharge of my duty as a teacher.
"Dikes and Ditches" by Oliver Optic
If there was anything I wanted more than a discharge, it was a breast-plate.
"How Private George W. Peck Put Down The Rebellion or, The Funny Experiences of a Raw Recruit - 1887" by George W. Peck
This second task, having gone through the first with dubious success, Philip discharged with conscientious zeal.
"The Manxman A Novel - 1895" by Hall Caine
Wallis ordered a general discharge, and had two guns loaded with fine shot.
"Celebrated Travels and Travellers" by Jules Verne
Would it not take more force to discharge it?
"Philosophy of Osteopathy" by Andrew T. Still
Part of it was paid in discharge of service done to the Trustees in building.
"An Historical Account of the Settlements of Scotch Highlanders in America" by J. P. MacLean
Discharging his pistol with the left hand at Somers, he dashed forward like a festive horse.
"The Young Lieutenant" by Oliver Optic
The vesicles soon mature and rupture, the discharge drying to yellowish, honeycomb-like crusts.
"Essentials of Diseases of the Skin" by Henry Weightman Stelwagon
Suddenly one of them discharged his gun, and a moment later another shot was heard.
"Footprints in the Forest" by Edward Sylvester Ellis
Gaelic for the discharge of a river into a lake.
"The Sailor's Word-Book" by William Henry Smyth
As discharge can escape from the wound in the scalp, the puffy tumour does not necessarily form.
"Manual of Surgery Volume Second: Extremities--Head--Neck. Sixth Edition." by Alexander Miles
As reckless of danger as usual, he raised his rifle and discharged it.
"The Ranger" by Edward S. Ellis
***

### In poetry:

The law's a charge for what I owe;
The gospel my discharge to show:
The one a scene of fears doth ope;
The other is the door of hope.
"The Believer's Principles : Chap. II." by Ralph Erskine
Pluto, offended with a sprite,
Discharged from the realms of night,
(So masters turn away from school
The turbulent they cannot rule.)
"The Poetical Club" by William Hutton
For, just because he had not died,
Nor been discharged nor sick,
They dragged it out with My Mother's Son
Longer than he could stick….
"The Mother's Son" by Rudyard Kipling
Where waters wrestling with the stones
Do fight themselves to foam,
And hollow clouds with thund'ring groans
Discharge their pregnant womb:
"The Believer's Principles : Chap. V." by Ralph Erskine
Let us discharge the debts we owe,
But still some debts will be unpaid;
But we, if we forgive, also,
Should ne'er, despairing, feel afraid.
"New Year's Day" by Thomas Frederick Young
And hence her thunder, earthquakes, hail,
Her levin bolts, her clouds' discharge:
She sins upon a larger scale,
Because She is herself more large.
"The Door Of Humility" by Alfred Austin

View full size Target Ship Management agreed on Wednesday, May 30, 2012, to pay a $1 million fine and plead guilty to crimes related to oily waste discharges from this ship, the Gaurav Prem, as it was on its way to the Port of Mobile in 2011. The Gulf state Oman is toughening up its act to stop the illegal dumping of crude oil waste in its waters by building new oily waste reception facilities and fining offenders who illegally discharge oil. The researchers checked the cultures at the hospital laboratories weekly until 6 weeks after each patient's discharge. A 10-year-old boy presented with a complaint of a left-sided nasal obstruction with an associated foul-smelling discharge. He served our country as a paratrooper in WWII and was honorably discharged. More than 2,000 hospitals—including some nationally recognized ones —will be penalized by the government starting in October because many of their patients are readmitted soon after discharge, new records show. The US Environmental Protection Agency has compiled data from discharge monitoring reports submitted under the Clean Water Act into a database-linked tool that is accessible and usable by the public. Military illegally discharging veterans with personality disorder , report says. My father is a retired chief petty officer and my mother served nearly seven years and was honorably discharged as a second class petty officer . New phosphorus water quality standards, which will determine permit levels for municipal and industrial point dischargers, and new standards for phosphorus runoff from agricultural fields are two of these tools. Chicago-area discharge follows one in Town of Jackson. Jimmy is eighteen, gay, dishonorably discharged from the Marines, and living in New York. Interchangeable inlet and discharge stacked valve assemblies and more. Prince Philip has made his first public appearance since he was discharged from a hospital last week. There is no discharge day yet, spokeswoman says. *** ### In science: Cosmic rays could induce the atmosphere to act as a giant spark chamber, triggering discharges of the ambient ﬁeld gradient . Extensive Air Shower Radio Detection: Recent Results and Outlook The main diﬃculty associated with pulse detection is that signal pulses are not easily distinguishable from large spurious pulses originating from atmospheric discharges. Extensive Air Shower Radio Detection: Recent Results and Outlook The leading process of discharge of the EMBH is due to the vacuum polarization process in view of their very short time scale 10−19 seconds, see . Observational tests of the Electro-Magnetic Black Hole Theory in Gamma-Ray Bursts In fact, in the non-conservative model each site can only discharge a ﬁnite number of times during an avalanche, which imposes D ≤ 1 in eq. (2). A Nonconservative Earthquake Model of Self-Organized Criticality on a Random Graph The decrease in the specific activity of uranium upon the electric discharge on a metallic foil noted in is, most likely, related to the transformation of uranium nuclei. On the possible physical mechanism of Chernobyl catastrophe and the unsoundness of official conclusion Industrial examples appear in the transportation, processing and storage of materials in systems such as rotary kilns, tumbling mixers, and feeding and discharge of silos. Surface Granular flows: Two Related Examples For the self-consistent electron interaction, the mean-ﬁeld pote ntial Umean = Uc (Q − Q0 ) denotes the charging (discharging) energy. Broken Symmetry and Coherence of Molecular Vibrations in Tunnel Transitions In the Breit-Wigner approximation, the charging - discharging transitions are accounted for by the offset of the energy (or the frequency shifts) dependence on the dot location relative to the leads. Broken Symmetry and Coherence of Molecular Vibrations in Tunnel Transitions Consider, the diﬃculty of measuring the discharging of a capacitor in milli-seconds or in couple of hours. Simple 8085 microprocessor compatible I/O card Here n – is the number of discharged chambers in calorimeter, n >=1, while under Eh the whole disposure of hadron component energy in the calorimeter is meant (starting from the 4-th layer and below) . On some peculiarities of cosmic gamma-radiation in the energy range ~ 10^14 - 10^15 eV Earlier micro-discharges appear at lower irradiation doses. Silicon Sensors implemented on p-type substrates for high radiation resistance applications Large CMEs discharge ∼ 1011 to ∼ 1013 kg of ionized material non-isotropically into the heliosphere over periods of hours. Revising the Local Bubble Model due to Solar Wind Charge Exchange X-ray Emission The detector was operated with the gas gain of 2.6× 105 stably without any discharges more than one hour. Development of a large area gas photomultiplier with GEM/$\mu\$PIC
Because this phenomenon occurs in many different systems, ranging from stars to dense atomic vapours such as gas lasers, discharges and hot plasmas, this ﬁeld has been sub ject to intense studies for many decades, including seminal work by Holstein .
L\'evy flights of photons in hot atomic vapours
We provide three examples of exact calculations for the spontaneous discharge process for 4D charged black holes by considering the process on three special nonrotating de Sitter black hole backgrounds, which allow to bring back the problem to a Kaluza-Klein reduction.
Pair-production of charged Dirac particles on charged Nariai and ultracold black hole manifolds
***