dilute

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj dilute reduced in strength or concentration or quality or purity "diluted alcohol","a dilute solution","dilute acetic acid"
    • v dilute lessen the strength or flavor of a solution or mixture "cut bourbon"
    • v dilute corrupt, debase, or make impure by adding a foreign or inferior substance; often by replacing valuable ingredients with inferior ones "adulterate liquor"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Plant life could not exist without lightning. Nitrogen, an essential food for plants, comprises 80% of the atmosphere, but in a form that is insoluble and unusable. It's the intense heat of lightning that forces the nitrogen to combine with oxygen in the air, forming nitrogen oxides that are soluble in water and fall to the earth in rain as dilute nitric acid. This reacts with minerals in the ground to become the nitrates on which the plants depend.
    • a Dilute Diluted; thin; weak. "A dilute and waterish exposition."
    • v. i Dilute To become attenuated, thin, or weak; as, it dilutes easily.
    • Dilute To diminish the strength, flavor, color, etc., of, by mixing; to reduce, especially by the addition of water; to temper; to attenuate; to weaken. "Lest these colors should be diluted and weakened by the mixture of any adventitious light."
    • Dilute To make thinner or more liquid by admixture with something; to thin and dissolve by mixing. "Mix their watery store.
      With the chyle's current, and dilute it more."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • dilute To render more liquid; make thin or more fluid, as by mixture of a fluid of less with one of greater consistence; attenuate the strength or consistence of: often used figuratively: as, to dilute a narrative with weak reflections.
    • dilute Hence To weaken, as spirit or an acid, by an admixture of water or other liquid, which renders the spirit or acid less concentrated.
    • dilute To make weak or weaker, as color, by mixture; reduce the strength or standard of.
    • dilute To become liquid or more liquid; become thin or reduced in strength: as, vinegar dilutes easily.
    • dilute Thin; attenuated; reduced in strength, as spirit or color.
    • dilute Weak; paltry; poor.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • v.t Dilute dil-ūt′ to make thinner or more liquid: to diminish the strength, flavour, &c. of, by mixing, esp. with water
    • v.i Dilute to become mixed
    • adj Dilute diminished in strength by mixing with water
    • n Dilute that which dilutes
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Quotations

  • Paul Cook
    Paul Cook
    “You need to have enough immediate profits that you can finance the long-range growth without diluting the stock.”
  • Alan Dixon
    Alan Dixon
    “Politic is going to be diluted down into a ten second window, where you whack the guy as hard as you can and then get out there.”
  • Samuel Johnson
    Samuel%20Johnson
    “Its proper use is to amuse the idle, and relax the studious, and dilute the full meals of those who cannot use exercise, and will not use abstinence.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. dilutus, p. p. of diluere, to wash away, dilute; di- = dis-, + luere, equiv. to lavare, to wash, lave. See Lave, and cf. Deluge

Usage

In literature:

Of the two, the ammonia will have the least effect, especially if dilute, but borax is better than either.
"The Chemistry of Hat Manufacturing" by Watson Smith
When diluted with spirits of turpentine, it dries more quickly; but still with less rapidity than is desirable.
"French Polishing and Enamelling" by Richard Bitmead
I find that good, fresh cow's milk, diluted one-quarter with warm water, is the nearest approach to their natural food.
"The Boston Terrier and All About It" by Edward Axtell
Boil this water for an hour, adding a pinch of salt, and use it to dilute the milk instead of water.
"Public School Domestic Science" by Mrs. J. Hoodless
Mr. Dunlap: I use clear cider for making vinegar, and if it is too strong to meet the requirements of the law we dilute it when we sell it.
"Trees, Fruits and Flowers of Minnesota, 1916" by Various
He tried to speak as if his curiosity were dilute and his thoughts west of the Atlantic.
"The Lighted Match" by Charles Neville Buck
But I tried to dilute it with politics, and behold the result.
"Sunny Slopes" by Ethel Hueston
Add the cheese to this sauce, also the yolks of two eggs diluted with a little cream.
"Good Things to Eat as Suggested by Rufus" by Rufus Estes
It may be considered as blood deprived of its red corpuscles and, diluted with water.
"The People's Common Sense Medical Adviser in Plain English" by R. V. Pierce
One can of condensed milk, unsweetened, to be diluted with water according to directions on can.
"On the Trail" by Lina Beard and Adelia Belle Beard
Nevertheless, though thus diluted, it is a fructifying blessing to whomsoever may obtain it.
"Nature Mysticism" by J. Edward Mercer
Serve with the diluted sauce poured around the fish.
"How to Cook Fish" by Olive Green
Those readers no doubt preferred the diluted romance of Mrs. Radcliff to the condensed realism of Fielding.
"Thackeray" by Anthony Trollope
If a lighter shade is desired it may be still further diluted.
"Handwork in Wood" by William Noyes
By this method a dilute solution of the dioxide in water is obtained.
"An Elementary Study of Chemistry" by William McPherson
The rest of it was diluted with water, so that it wouldn't be missed.
"The Skylark of Space" by Edward Elmer Smith and Lee Hawkins Garby
Prepare the dal as above, except instead of diluting with stock dilute with milk.
"The Khaki Kook Book" by Mary Kennedy Core
It is to be given in ten to twenty minim doses, largely diluted.
"Essentials of Diseases of the Skin" by Henry Weightman Stelwagon
Chloride of zinc, much diluted, is recommended as a good preservative.
"Practical Taxidermy" by Montagu Browne
Dilute this solution to five gallons.
"Ontario Teachers' Manuals: Nature Study" by Ontario Ministry of Education
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In poetry:

Success knows no diminution,
For failure hovers so near,
That with trace of slight dilution,
Success must cease to appear.
"Success" by Jared Barhite
He probes relentlessly the nature
Of each complaint, and is swift with such
Dilutions of confidence as,
`Ah! You'll be worse
Before you're better.'
"Ten Types of Hospital Visitor" by Charles Causley
Then shalt thou scent the rich regale
Of turtle and diluting ale,
Nay, share the savoury bit;
And see, what thou hast never seen,
For thou hast but at Hampton been,
A feat devoid of wit.
"Ode To Dragon" by Hannah More

In news:

So when I got to naturopathic school and I heard that extremely diluted substances ( homeopathic medicines) could affect miraculous cures, I promptly placed the idea in my "skeptical box" and forgot about it.
Forget 24/7 talking heads and the apocalyptic blockbuster: When human suffering becomes as fast as a luge race and a Google search away, you know even the most vicious of news cycles has diluted to little more than a snuff-movie factory.
If you know your forages are high in nitrates , Cherney suggests diluting the toxic feed with other forages sources.
(Diluted with water, fresh urine is excellent fertilizer.
Examining the Order of Particle Removal by Filtration from Dilute Suspensions.
Can Communism in the course of time, with sufficient dilution and added impurity, catch the multitude.
If you know your forages are high in nitrates, Cherney suggests diluting the toxic feed with other forages sources.
Round rocks or cubes, they won't dilute.
ALBANY—As both sides of the State Senate leadership struggle inch closer to an operating agreement, Democrats are positioning themselves to take one last crack at diluting mayoral control of city schools.
She is a Dilute Calico and has beautiful markings.
Keefe, Bruyette & Woods Inc analysts said on June 2 that eliminating interest payments on the TARP funds would more than offset any dilution from the stock offerings.
EAST PROVIDENCE — Aria is a dilute tortoiseshell, domestic shorthair hair feline available for adoption at East Providence Animal Control Center.
Some tequilas will strip the lining off your throat unless you dilute them with crushed ice and margarita mix.
The result may be a dilution of what authentic really means—but for diners, it also means new forms of "inspired by" cuisine.
CSX says repairs have been made to a rail car whch leaked a diluted hydrochloric acid solution late Saturday night.
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In science:

The transition to the thermodynamic equilibrium, given by the crystal phase, is instead driven by three-body recombinations, which are however rare events in very dilute samples and take place on a relatively long time scale.
Helium nanodroplets and trapped Bose-Einstein condensates as prototypes of finite quantum fluids
This happens when the interaction is weak, but also for particles with arbitrary interaction, provided the gas is dilute.
Helium nanodroplets and trapped Bose-Einstein condensates as prototypes of finite quantum fluids
As we will see later on, one can easily find situations where the gas is dilute but strongly nonideal.
Helium nanodroplets and trapped Bose-Einstein condensates as prototypes of finite quantum fluids
When the system is neither weakly interacting nor dilute, the mean-field theory based on Eq. (10) is no more applicable.
Helium nanodroplets and trapped Bose-Einstein condensates as prototypes of finite quantum fluids
While in a dilute gas setting n = |Φ|2 is an excellent approximation, in a correlated system it is meaningless.
Helium nanodroplets and trapped Bose-Einstein condensates as prototypes of finite quantum fluids
In the latter case, the condensate density is expected to be about 10% of the total density in the inner part of the droplet, increasing to a maximum value at the surface where the system is more dilute (see also for a recent discussion).
Helium nanodroplets and trapped Bose-Einstein condensates as prototypes of finite quantum fluids
For uniform and dilute gases, the spectrum of excitations is given by the Bogoliubov result (16), which is phononic at low q and single-particle at high q .
Helium nanodroplets and trapped Bose-Einstein condensates as prototypes of finite quantum fluids
The existence of analog critical velocities in dilute condensates is also currently investigated.
Helium nanodroplets and trapped Bose-Einstein condensates as prototypes of finite quantum fluids
This is a fundamental feature characterizing the superfluid motion, which applies to both liquid helium and dilute condensates.
Helium nanodroplets and trapped Bose-Einstein condensates as prototypes of finite quantum fluids
In this paper we reviewed some properties of both helium nanodroplets and dilute trapped condensates.
Helium nanodroplets and trapped Bose-Einstein condensates as prototypes of finite quantum fluids
Of course, the close connections between trapped dilute gases and helium droplets would equally emerge when examined from the viewpoint of more microscopic theories or stochastic Monte Carlo techniques.
Helium nanodroplets and trapped Bose-Einstein condensates as prototypes of finite quantum fluids
For the description of such a disordered system, dilution is thus more realistic than for example a random distribution of non-vanishing couplings.
Quenched bond dilution in two-dimensional Potts models
Here we stress that self-duality is an internal symmetry which can lead to some simplifications that the dilute problem does not present and thus it is worth comparing both problems.
Quenched bond dilution in two-dimensional Potts models
Section 3 presents the phase diagram of the diluted Potts models with q = 3, 4, and 8, and section 4 the results of transfer matrix calculations and the critical behaviour of the order parameter correlation function.
Quenched bond dilution in two-dimensional Potts models
The tests have only been performed for the 4-state Potts model on strips of width L = 8 with a pseudo critical exchange coupling Kc = 1.16215 at the dilution p = 0.75.
Quenched bond dilution in two-dimensional Potts models
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