dicast

Definitions

  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n dicast dī"kȧst A functionary in ancient Athens resembling closely to the modern juryman.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n dicast In ancient Athens, one of 6,000 citizens who were chosen by lot annually to sit as judges, in greater or less number according to the importance of the case, and whose functions corresponded to those of the modern juryman and judge combined. The 6,000 dicasts were divided by lot into 10 sections of 500 each, with a supplementary section of 1,000, from which accidental deficiencies or absences were supplied. The sections were assigned from time to time to the different courts; and, according to the character of the case to be tried, a single section sat, or two or more sections together, or a fractional part of a section. In cases pertaining to religion or military matters, etc., trial was sometimes had before a selected panel of dicasts (a special or struck jury), who sat as experts. In cases of importance one of the thesmothetes served as president of the court. Also dikast.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Dicast dī′kast one of the 6000 Athenians annually chosen to act as judges
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Gr. dikasth`s, fr. dika`zein to judge, di`kh right, judgment, justice
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr. dikastēs, dikē, justice.

Usage

In literature:

And knowledge is not true opinion; for the Athenian dicasts have true opinion but not knowledge.
"Theaetetus" by Plato
This seems to have enraged the dicasts and he was condemned to death.
"A Smaller History of Greece" by William Smith
EPOPS Are you dicasts?
"The Birds" by Aristophanes
Constant mistakes are made between the pay, and even the constitution, of the ecclesiasts and the dicasts.
"Athens: Its Rise and Fall, Complete" by Edward Bulwer-Lytton
Socrates used to practice speaking, he who talked as he did to the tyrants, to the dicasts (judges), he who talked in his prison.
"A Selection from the Discourses of Epictetus With the Encheiridion" by Epictetus
The administrators of the three great divisions of law are severally Archons, Merists, and Dicasts.
"The Crown of Wild Olive" by John Ruskin
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