dialectics

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n dialectics a rationale for dialectical materialism based on change through the conflict of opposing forces
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The name Coca-Cola in China was first rendered as 'Ke-kou-ke-la.' Unfortunately, the Company did not discover until after thousands of signs had been printed that the phrase means 'bite the wax tadpole' or 'female horse stuffed with wax' depending on the dialect. Coke then researched Chinese characters and found a close phonetic equivalent, 'ko-kou-ko-le,' which can be loosely translated as 'happiness in the mouth.'
    • n Dialectics That branch of logic which teaches the rules and modes of reasoning; the application of logical principles to discursive reasoning; the science or art of discriminating truth from error; logical discussion.Dialectics was defined by Aristotle to be the method of arguing with probability on any given problem, and of defending a tenet without inconsistency. By Plato, it was used in the following senses: Discussion by dialogue as a method of scientific investigation. The method of investigating the truth by analysis. The science of ideas or of the nature and laws of being -- higher metaphysics. By Kant, it was employed to signify the logic of appearances or illusions, whether these arise from accident or error, or from those necessary limitations which, according to this philosopher, originate in the constitution of the human intellect.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The name Santa Claus is a corruption of the Dutch dialect name for Saint Nicholas Sint Klass.
    • n dialectics Same as dialectic, 2.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The Philippines has more than 1,000 regional dialects and two official languages.
    • ns Dialectics art of discussing: that branch of logic which teaches the rules and modes of reasoning
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Quotations

  • Octavio Paz
    Octavio%20Paz
    “Wisdom lies neither in fixity nor in change, but in the dialectic between the two.”
  • John Kenneth Galbraith
    John%20Kenneth%20Galbraith
    “The great dialectic in our time is not, as anciently and by some still supposed, between capital and labor; it is between economic enterprise and the state.”
  • Walt Whitman
    Walt%20Whitman
    “Viewed freely, the English language is the accretion and growth of every dialect, race, and range of time, and is both the free and compacted composition of all.”
  • Doris Lessing
    Doris%20Lessing
    “Space or science fiction has become a dialect for our time.”
  • Thomas Hardy
    Thomas%20Hardy
    “Dialect words are those terrible marks of the beast to the truly genteel.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. dialectica,sc. ars,), Gr. (sc. ): cf. F. dialectique,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr. dialektikos.

Usage

In literature:

I recognise you as such by your unmistakable dialect.
"The Log of a Privateersman" by Harry Collingwood
The tone and dialect of his diary and letters at the time show how just this impression was.
"The Life of William Ewart Gladstone, Vol. 1 (of 3)" by John Morley
Then we tried a relay system of dialects which established a vague, syncopated kind of intellectual contact.
"In Africa" by John T. McCutcheon
Abortive, crippled, or brutal, are however not necessarily "corrupted" dialects.
"On the Old Road, Vol. 2 (of 2)" by John Ruskin
Their main object was to display their dialectical skill, and their arguments sometimes led to blows.
"Outlines of Greek and Roman Medicine" by James Sands Elliott
Recovering himself, the man lowered his bow and said something in a dialect so uncouth, that the poor girl did not understand him.
"The Hot Swamp" by R.M. Ballantyne
Does he introduce dialect?
"Teachers' Outlines for Studies in English" by Gilbert Sykes Blakely
It is a very interesting town, where a peculiar German dialect is generally spoken.
"Memoirs" by Charles Godfrey Leland
The Visionary's poem offers a combination of several dialects; one, however, prevails; it is the Midland dialect.
"A Literary History of the English People" by Jean Jules Jusserand
They doggedly preserved their local gods and Semitic dialects.
"The Oriental Religions in Roman Paganism" by Franz Cumont
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In poetry:

Age lorded not, nor rose the hectic
Up to the cheek of Youth;
But reigned throughout their dialectic
Sobriety of truth.
"Two Visions" by Alfred Austin
"Some dialects are objected to -
For one, the IRISH brogue is:
And then, for all you have to do,
One pound a week they offer you,
And find yourself in Bogies!
"Phantasmagoria Canto IV ( Hys Nouryture )" by Lewis Carroll
O, the gallant Watch and Ward,
Sleepy England's wakeful guard,
With larum, rattle, pike, and hook,
Owd Ludd at Cabbage Ho' they took.
* In Lancashire dialect, a 'ghost'.
"The Watch And Ward." by Samuel Bamford
He gives the order ‘Whusky!’ ere he goes below once more—
And ‘Whusky’ is a Russian word I never heard before;
Perhaps some Tartar dialect, because, you know, you’ll meet
Some very various Muscovites aboard the Baltic fleet.
"Those Foreign Engineers" by Henry Lawson
I first drew in New England's air, and from her hardy breast
Sucked in the tyrant-hating milk that will not let me rest;
And if my words seem treason to the dullard and the tame,
'Tis but my Bay-State dialect,--our fathers spake the same!
"On The Capture Of Fugitive Slaves Near Washington" by James Russell Lowell
E'er the completion of the impious pile,
Thou mayest have heard, with silent nonchalance,
That strange catastrophe of human speech,
That dire confusion of the languages,
Confounding all the tongues and dialects
To unknown chaos of peculiar sounds.
"Metabole." by Alfred Castner King

In news:

LONDON—In a remote fishing town on the tip of Scotland's Black Isle, the last native speaker of the Cromarty dialect has passed away, taking with him a little fragment of the English linguistic mosaic.
Robinson said he would like to see more efforts taken to safeguard minority Scots dialects .
LONDON – The last native speaker of the Cromarty dialect has died, taking with him a way of speaking unique to a small seaside town at the tip of Scotland's Black Isle.
The last native speaker of the Cromarty dialect has died, taking with him a way of speaking unique to a small seaside town at the tip of Scotland's Black Isle.
Fusion of English and Spanish along the border creates a distinct dialect .
Linsanity' Is Contender for Word of Year, Dialect Society Says.
Tangier Islanders Retain Unique Dialect .
Reiding in the Negro Dialect .
Sam Chwat, dialect coach to the stars, dies at 57.
How to speak with a remodeling dialect .
Pulitzer Prize-winning American novelist and Charles Dickens expert Jane Smiley shares the importance of local dialects in the writings of Charles Dickens, author of A Tale of Two Cities and Great Expectations.
Jane Smiley on the Importance of Dialect in the Writings of Charles Dickens.
"Yat Dat" apparently a thing, according to the American Dialect Society.
China has long been a patchwork of often mutually unintelligible dialects .
Beijing made Mandarin the country's official language in 1982, leading to bans on other dialects at many radio and television stations.
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In science:

In the current paper we focus on specific semantic results, and, as said, we use a dynamic epistemic ‘dialect’, not full PDL. A recent contribution on combining public ontic and epistemic change, including detailed expressivity results for different combinations of static and dynamic modalities, is found in .
Semantic results for ontic and epistemic change
So, to “derive” the table of the universal genetic code and any of its dialects, one only needs to know the initial sequence of codons and the properties of their respective amino acids. Emergence of new nucleotides and new amino acids .
Evolution of the genetic code. From the CG- to the CGUA-alphabet, from RNA double helix to DNA
This determines the symmetry of the genetic code. Dialects of the genetic code. Let us now consider the differences characteristic of various dialects of the genetic code .
Evolution of the genetic code. From the CG- to the CGUA-alphabet, from RNA double helix to DNA
There is an interesting dialectic at play here.
Puzzles, Progress, Prospects: pre-Summary for the Quark Matter 2009 Conference
Nevertheless, a common (“normative”) language can establish, as is impressively shown, for example, by the unification of regionally spoken dialects in Germany triggered by the Luther bible.
Cooperation, Norms, and Revolutions: A Unified Game-Theoretical Approach
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