dialect

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n dialect the usage or vocabulary that is characteristic of a specific group of people "the immigrants spoke an odd dialect of English","he has a strong German accent","it has been said that a language is a dialect with an army and navy"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The name Coca-Cola in China was first rendered as 'Ke-kou-ke-la.' Unfortunately, the Company did not discover until after thousands of signs had been printed that the phrase means 'bite the wax tadpole' or 'female horse stuffed with wax' depending on the dialect. Coke then researched Chinese characters and found a close phonetic equivalent, 'ko-kou-ko-le,' which can be loosely translated as 'happiness in the mouth.'
    • Dialect Means or mode of expressing thoughts; language; tongue; form of speech. "This book is writ in such a dialect As may the minds of listless men affect. Bunyan .
      The universal dialect of the world."
    • Dialect The form of speech of a limited region or people, as distinguished from ether forms nearly related to it; a variety or subdivision of a language; speech characterized by local peculiarities or specific circumstances; as, the Ionic and Attic were dialects of Greece; the Yorkshire dialect; the dialect of the learned. "In the midst of this Babel of dialects there suddenly appeared a standard English language.""Charles V.] could address his subjects from every quarter in their native dialect ."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The name Santa Claus is a corruption of the Dutch dialect name for Saint Nicholas Sint Klass.
    • n dialect Language; speech; mode of speech; manner of speaking.
    • n dialect One of a number of related modes of speech, regarded as descended from a common original; a language viewed in its relation to other languages of the same kindred; the idiom of a district or class, differing from that of other districts or classes. Thus, the Scotch is a dialect of English; English is a dialect of the Germanic or Teutonic group; Germanic speech is an Aryan or Indo-European dialect. Of the various dialects of Greek —Attic, Ionic, Doric, Æolic, and so on —the Attic finally became the common dialect of all cultivated Greeks. Every literary language is originally one of a body of related dialects, to which favoring circumstances have given vogue and general acceptance.
    • n dialect The idiom of a locality or class, as distinguished from the generally accepted literary language, or speech of educated people.
    • n dialect Dialectic; logic.
    • dialect To make dialectal.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The Philippines has more than 1,000 regional dialects and two official languages.
    • n Dialect dī′a-lekt a variety or form of a language peculiar to a district: a non-literary vernacular: a peculiar manner of speaking
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Quotations

  • Octavio Paz
    Octavio%20Paz
    “Wisdom lies neither in fixity nor in change, but in the dialectic between the two.”
  • John Kenneth Galbraith
    John%20Kenneth%20Galbraith
    “The great dialectic in our time is not, as anciently and by some still supposed, between capital and labor; it is between economic enterprise and the state.”
  • Walt Whitman
    Walt%20Whitman
    “Viewed freely, the English language is the accretion and growth of every dialect, race, and range of time, and is both the free and compacted composition of all.”
  • Doris Lessing
    Doris%20Lessing
    “Space or science fiction has become a dialect for our time.”
  • Thomas Hardy
    Thomas%20Hardy
    “Dialect words are those terrible marks of the beast to the truly genteel.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. dialecte, L. dialectus, fr. Gr. , fr. to converse, discourse. See Dialogue
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Through Fr. and L. from Gr. dialektos, speech, manner of speech, peculiarity of speech—dia, between, legein, to speak.

Usage

In literature:

Amongst these four well-known forms of the South Tamulian tongue, may be distributed several dialects and sub-dialects.
"The Ethnology of the British Colonies and Dependencies" by Robert Gordon Latham
The conversation was in the Tagalog dialect, and consequently Larry did not understand a word of it.
"The Campaign of the Jungle" by Edward Stratemeyer
Most of these dialects are found fringing the coast-line of China, and penetrating but a comparatively short way into the interior.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 2" by Various
THE REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE OF THE DIALECTICAL SOCIETY.
"Psychic Phenomena" by Edward T. Bennett
The books and family letters of our grandfathers are not quite in our dialect.
"The Crow's Nest" by Clarence Day, Jr.
I have found it beyond me to convince anyone here that my studies of the mountain dialect are made from any better motive than vulgar curiosity.
"Our Southern Highlanders" by Horace Kephart
In accordance with the rules of the dialectic, it is your business to propound definitions, and demand his Yes or No to them.
"Logic, Inductive and Deductive" by William Minto
Proudhon attached himself, as already mentioned, specially to the Hegelian dialectic and to the doctrine of Antitheses.
"Anarchism" by E. V. Zenker
That enemy has now obeyed the law of the dialectic and passed away.
"Landmarks of Scientific Socialism" by Friedrich Engels
After a brief exchange in the local dialect he hung up.
"The Pirates of Shan" by Harold Leland Goodwin
Nothing assists barbarism like a dialect adapted to its own wants.
"Confessions Of Con Cregan An Irish Gil Blas" by Charles James Lever
The question of dialect has been debated often and at length, both for and against.
"The Technique of Fiction Writing" by Robert Saunders Dowst
He was master of fifty languages and dialects.
"The Scrap Book, Volume 1, No. 3" by Various
The Geg and Tosk dialects differ, and there are also variations within subgroups.
"Area Handbook for Albania" by Eugene K. Keefe
He speaks Igorot and Ifugao, as well as the Filipino dialects of this region.
"The Golden Skull" by John Blaine
I well know the subtle dialectic which insists that a term taken in another relation must needs be an intrinsically different term.
"Essays in Radical Empiricism" by William James
It is the catching of a shadow of a meaning here and there, the hunting for directions cloaked in dialect, that is annoying.
"From Sea to Sea" by Rudyard Kipling
The newspaper writer must beware of two pitfalls in writing: Fine writing and dialect.
"The Style Book of The Detroit News" by The Detroit News
Missionaries in China, you know, have teachers of the dialects.
"Peeps Into China" by E. C. Phillips
These four writers almost exhaust the dialect of the South of Ireland.
"English As We Speak It in Ireland" by P. W. Joyce
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In poetry:

Age lorded not, nor rose the hectic
Up to the cheek of Youth;
But reigned throughout their dialectic
Sobriety of truth.
"Two Visions" by Alfred Austin
O, the gallant Watch and Ward,
Sleepy England's wakeful guard,
With larum, rattle, pike, and hook,
Owd Ludd at Cabbage Ho' they took.
* In Lancashire dialect, a 'ghost'.
"The Watch And Ward." by Samuel Bamford
Brutal like all Olympic games,
Though fought with smiles and Christian names
And less dramatic,
This dialectic strife between
The civil gods is just as mean,
And more fanatic.
"Under Which Lyre" by W H Auden
A roaring company that festive night;
The beast of dialectic dragged his chains,
Prowling from chair to chair is the smoking light,
While the snow hissed against the windowpanes.
"The Dark And The Fair" by Stanley Kunitz
He gives the order ‘Whusky!’ ere he goes below once more—
And ‘Whusky’ is a Russian word I never heard before;
Perhaps some Tartar dialect, because, you know, you’ll meet
Some very various Muscovites aboard the Baltic fleet.
"Those Foreign Engineers" by Henry Lawson
I first drew in New England's air, and from her hardy breast
Sucked in the tyrant-hating milk that will not let me rest;
And if my words seem treason to the dullard and the tame,
'Tis but my Bay-State dialect,--our fathers spake the same!
"On The Capture Of Fugitive Slaves Near Washington" by James Russell Lowell

In news:

I talked to Bill Caudill, who has studied Scottish dialects , but he was not familiar with Cromarty fisherfolk.
Lastly, he said industrialization has pushed to the margin dialects that developed partly though work songs.
Well, it is directly related to the Scots dialects that are spoken all over Scotland, but it is also heavily influenced by Gaelic.
And Cromarty had three different dialects at one point - one for the town folk, one for the farmers and one for the fisher.
Oct 7, 2012 (Weekend Edition Sunday) — In the tiny fishing village of Cromarty, on the tip of Scotland's Black Isle, the last speaker of the local dialect has died.
In the tiny fishing village of Cromarty, on the tip of Scotland's Black Isle, the last speaker of the local dialect has died.
Cromarty fisherfolk dialect 's last native speaker dies.
Earlier this year, Highland Council made a commitment to recognise and protect the region's languages and dialects .
Council pledge on native dialects .
"Modern Dialect " opens at the Dixon Gallery and Gardens.
Vacuum Robot Is Trilingual, Knows Witty Dialect .
Fusion of English and Spanish along the border creates a distinct dialect .
Linsanity' Is Contender for Word of Year, Dialect Society Says.
Tangier Islanders Retain Unique Dialect .
Reiding in the Negro Dialect .
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In science:

This determines the symmetry of the genetic code. Dialects of the genetic code. Let us now consider the differences characteristic of various dialects of the genetic code .
Evolution of the genetic code. From the CG- to the CGUA-alphabet, from RNA double helix to DNA
There is an interesting dialectic at play here.
Puzzles, Progress, Prospects: pre-Summary for the Quark Matter 2009 Conference
Write user requirements, in the form of logical formulas in some temporal logic dialect (most action-based logics will be suitable). 4.
Behavioural Models for Group Communications
Regarding SAI it is possible to draw a number of specific conclusions based on an inspection of the inventory of dialectical root cases.
Dialectical Roots for Interest Prohibition Theory
The prohibition of SAI cannot be convincingly inferred from any of the dialectical roots that have been collected in the survey below.
Dialectical Roots for Interest Prohibition Theory
The remarkable reward which authors obtain from the use of arguments based on one or more of the dialectical roots is that they need not be clear about the arguments from authority involved in the matter.
Dialectical Roots for Interest Prohibition Theory
Dialectical roots can be used in an argument against a financial product if some similarity between the root case and a product instance can be established.
Dialectical Roots for Interest Prohibition Theory
Below I will argue that none of the dialectical root cases offers a similarity to SAI which by itself induces a prohibition of SAI assuming that one shares the injunction embodied in that particular root case.
Dialectical Roots for Interest Prohibition Theory
Below I will outline the known dialectical roots of interest prohibition.
Dialectical Roots for Interest Prohibition Theory
I will now consider each of the dialectical roots for IP and one by one it will be argued that the root cannot be used to infer that SAI must be prohibited.
Dialectical Roots for Interest Prohibition Theory
Because these dialectical roots cover all rational arguments for IP, it follows that no such rational argument exists in the specific case of SAI.
Dialectical Roots for Interest Prohibition Theory
This reasoning may be criticized for ignoring the possibility that a combined use of different dialectical roots might lead to a convincing rejection of SAI.
Dialectical Roots for Interest Prohibition Theory
This also improves the results about the effective semilinearity of the reachability relations for such flat counter systems from [7, 13]; indeed, our logical dialects allow to specify whether a configuration is reachable.
Taming Past LTL and Flat Counter Systems
However, the notion of universal witness can be broadened to include “dialects” of Un (a, b, c).
Universal Witnesses for State Complexity of Boolean Operations and Concatenation Combined with Star
Since there are operations for which ternary witnesses do not meet the worstcase bounds, the notions of universal witness and dialect have been extended to quaternary alphabets , by adding a fourth input d which performs the identity permutation, denoted by d : 1Q .
Universal Witnesses for State Complexity of Boolean Operations and Concatenation Combined with Star
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