diabetes

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n diabetes a polygenic disease characterized by abnormally high glucose levels in the blood; any of several metabolic disorders marked by excessive urination and persistent thirst
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Due to eating habits in the USA, one in three children born in the year 2000 have a chance of getting type II diabetes
    • n diabetes (Med) Any of several diseases which is attended with a persistent, excessive discharge of urine; when used without qualification, the term usually refers to diabetes mellitus. The most common form is diabetes mellitus, in which the urine is not only increased in quantity, but contains saccharine matter, and the condition if untreated is generally fatal.☞ The two major subtypes recognized are diabetes insipidus and diabetes mellitus. In diabetes insipidus there is excretion of large amounts of urine of relatively low density, accompanied by extreme thirst, but the urine contains no abnormal constituent. The more serious form diabetes mellitusfrom Latin mellitus, sweetened with honey) is a metabolic disease in which the utilization of carbohydrate is reduced and that of lipids and proteins is increased. This form is caused by a deficiency in insulin (which is mostly formed in the pancreas), and may be accompanied by glucosuria, hyperglycemia, elecrolyte loss, ketoacidosis, and sometimes coma. It has severe long-term effects, including damage to the nerves, the retina, and the kidney, and degeneration of blood vessels which may lead to poor circulation, especially in the limbs, subsequent infection, and eventual loss of limbs. Diabetes mellitus itself has recognized variants, being divided into insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus is also called adult-onset diabetesabbreviated NIDDM), and is the less severe form of diabetes mellitus, occurring mostly in obese individuals over the age of 35. It may be treated by diet and oral hypoglycemic agents, though occasionally serious degenerative effects may develop. Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (abbreviated IDDM), also called type I diabetes, is a severe form of the disease, usually starting when the affected person is young (hence also called juvenile-onset diabetes). In addition to the increased urine (polyuria) common to all forms of diabetes, this form is characterized by low levels of insulin in the blood, ketoacidosis, increased appetite, and increased fluid intake, and may lead to weight loss and eventually the severe degenerative effects mentioned above. Treatment requires administration of insulin and careful regulation of the diet.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The number one cause of blindness in adults in the United States is diabetes
    • n diabetes In pathology, the name of two different affections, diabetes mellitus, or persistent glucosuria, and diabetes insipidus, or polyuria, both characterized in ordinary cases by an abnormally large discharge of urine. The former is distinguished by the presence of an excessive quantity of sugar in the urine, and to it there is a strong tendency to restrict the name. Light and evanescent grades of glucosuria are not considered as diabetes, and doubtless frequently have an entirely different causation. The disease is chronic and generally fatal. Its essential pathology is unknown. It is not an affection of the kidneys, but depends upon the accumulation of sugar in the blood, or glucohemia. (See glucosuria.) Diabetes insipidus, or polyuria, is characterized by the discharge of abnormally large quantities of ordinary or watery urine.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Diabetes is the fourth leading cause of death in the U.S., accounting for about 180,000 deaths per year
    • n Diabetes dī-a-bē′tēz a disease marked by a morbid and excessive discharge of urine
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
NL., from Gr. , fr. to pass or cross over. See Diabase
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr., from diabainein, dia, through, and bainein, to go.

Usage

In literature:

Persistent furunculosis is not infrequent in diabetes mellitus.
"Essentials of Diseases of the Skin" by Henry Weightman Stelwagon
Diabetes mellitus is frequently due to beer-drinking, and is made much worse by its continuance.
"Alcohol: A Dangerous and Unnecessary Medicine, How and Why" by Martha M. Allen
DIABETES, occurrence of, in three brothers, ii.
"The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, Volume II (of 2)" by Charles Darwin
When not arrested, it is liable, according to Dr. PROUT, to pass into diabetes.
"North American Medical and Surgical Journal, Vol. 2, No. 3, July, 1826" by Various
In this manner the appearance of cells containing glycogen in diabetes was first proved.
"Histology of the Blood" by Paul Ehrlich
One sees no violent changes in respiration, pulse or blood-pressure, such as are present in the intoxication comas of diabetes or nephritis.
"Benign Stupors" by August Hoch
Diabetes as a rule advances comparatively slowly except in the case of young persons, in whom its progress is apt to be rapid.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 3" by Various
DIURESIS (POLYURIA, DIABETES INSIPIDUS, EXCESSIVE SECRETION OF URINE).
"Special Report on Diseases of Cattle" by U.S. Department of Agriculture
But come to the hill of Pneumonia or Diabetes and you are very likely not to make the grade.
"How to Analyze People on Sight" by Elsie Lincoln Benedict and Ralph Paine Benedict
This is made by pouring 30 grams of soft custard (diabetic) over 1 Lister biscuit.
"Dietetics for Nurses" by Fairfax T. Proudfit
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In news:

An investigational diabetes therapy made by Takeda helped lower HbA1C levels among patients with Type 2 diabetes, the drug maker said.
Nearly eight out of every ten senior citizens have either Diabetes or pre-Diabetes.
Dallas-based Boston's Restaurant and Sports Bar is teaming up with the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation to support the organization's efforts in funding critical research to find a cure for type 1 diabetes.
Check out participants in this weekend's Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation's Walk to Cure Juvenile Diabetes .
The Omaha group "Bwitch'd" (Babes With Intent To Cure Horrible Diabetes) will be hosting a Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation fundraiser at the Soaring Wings Winery in Springfield, Nebraska on Saturday, September 29th.
Sanofi-aventis and the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation (JDRF) are partnering to develop therapeutic treatments for people with type 1 diabetes at different stages of the disease, as well as to prevent diabetes in those at risk.
Diabetes is a term that is commonly heard, but for two young Winsted girls who are dealing with juvenile diabetes , it's a term that is all too familiar in their lives.
Is a camp where children with juvenile diabetes can have fun for a week and be monitored by the American Diabetes Association.
At different retinopathy diabetic nephropathy diabetic neuropathy and 60 minutes) or administered to washed with HBSS coronary heart.
If you are diabetic or pre-diabetic, you may not have to give up your cravings completely.
For example, people are often told they have Type 1 or Type 2, when they actually have MODY , also called maturity-onset diabetes of the young or monogenic diabetes.
Neuropathy , or nerve damage, is one of the most common diabetic complications, affecting up to 70% of people who have diabetes.
We, us —those of you reading, those of you with diabetes, those of you living with and helping care for people with diabetes.
Why, for example, are most people with Type 2 diabetes overweight or obese, yet most overweight or obese people do not have diabetes.
Piccadilly Restaurants, LLC is teaming up with the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation (JDRF) for their annual Paper Sneaker Sales Program to help raise money to find a cure for type 1 diabetes.
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In science:

Diabetes was defined as a “yes” to a question asking about use of insulin or pills for diabetes.
Statistical adjustment for a measure of healthy lifestyle doesn't yield the truth about hormone therapy
We will consider only the subset of N = 1,378 that were not diabetic and who had systolic blood pressure less than 140 at the beginning of the study.
Misspecifying the Shape of a Random Effects Distribution: Why Getting It Wrong May Not Matter
I have tested rFerns on 7 classification problems from the R’s mlbench package, namely DNA (dna), Ionosphere (ion), Pima Indian Diabetes (pim), Satellite (sat), Sonar (son), Vehicle (veh) and Vowel (vow).
Random ferns method implementation for the general-purpose machine learning
Examples of terms existing in the list: toxicity of inorganic selenium salts, cancer of the liver, diabetic syndrome, histological examination, etc.
A Linguistic Model for Terminology Extraction based Conditional Random Fields
Slower speeds in patients with diabetic neuropathy lead to improved local dynamic stability of continuous overground walking. J Biomech.
Effect of rhythmic auditory cueing on gait stability during treadmill walking: an experimental study in healthy individuals
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