dextrose

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n dextrose an isomer of glucose that is found in honey and sweet fruits
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Dextrose dĕks"trōs` (Chem) A sirupy, or white crystalline, variety of sugar, C6H12O6so called from turning the plane of polarization to the right), occurring in many ripe fruits, and also called glucose. Dextrose and levulose are obtained by the inversion of cane sugar or sucrose, and hence the mixture is called called invert sugar. Dextrose is chiefly obtained by the action of heat and acids on starch, and hence called also starch sugar. It is also formed from starchy food by the action of the amylolytic ferments of saliva and pancreatic juice.☞ The solid products are known to the trade as grape sugar; the sirupy products as glucose, or mixing sirup. These are harmless, but are only about half as sweet as cane sugar or sucrose.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n dextrose A sugar (C6H12O6) belonging to the glucose group, which crystallizes from aqueous solution with one molecule of water in nodular masses of six-sided scales. It is readily solvent in water and alcohol, has a taste less sweet than ordinary cane-sugar, and directly reduces alkaline copper solution. It is dextrorotatory to polarized light. Dextrose is widely distributed, being found in most sweet fruits, grapes, raisins, cherries, etc., usually associated with levulose. It also occurs sparingly in various animal tissues and juices, and in excessive quantity in diabetic urine. Dextrose is manufactured from starch in large quantity by the action of sulphuric acid. It is used for making cheap syrup, called glucose syrup, in the manufacture of beer, and for adulterating molasses. Also called dextroglucose, grape-sugar, and starch-sugar.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Dextrose a glucose sugar, found in grapes, &c., and manufactured from starch by means of sulphuric acid
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
See Dexter
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—L. dexter.

Usage

In literature:

For exact quantitative determination it is necessary to standardize the solution with pure anhydrous dextrose.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 611, September 17, 1887" by Various
Dextrose 20 per cent.
"Creative Chemistry" by Edwin E. Slosson
It also has much to do with bringing about certain chemical changes in sugar or dextrose.
"Vitality Supreme" by Bernarr Macfadden
Before starch becomes dextrose, hydration is necessary.
"Human Foods and Their Nutritive Value" by Harry Snyder
This fact has long been known, but only recently has it been shown that dextrose was the variety of sugar which was formed.
"The Dyeing of Cotton Fabrics" by Franklin Beech
Such constants are similar to those for the starch-dextrose series, viz.
"Researches on Cellulose" by C. F. Cross
Weigh out 20 grammes dextrose and add to the contents of the flask (dextrose up to 40 grammes may be used for the different organisms).
"The Elements of Bacteriological Technique" by John William Henry Eyre
Mix the solution well, pour through a dry filter and determine the dextrose in an aliquot.
"All About Coffee" by William H. Ukers
The constant carbohydrate constituent of plasma, however, is dextrose.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Slice 1" by Various
By this means the starch is partially converted into dextrose, a sugar, and dextrin, a gum.
"Candy-Making Revolutionized" by Mary Elizabeth Hall
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In news:

Dextrose Injection 50%, Amphastar (IMS) 50 mL Luer-Jet syringes (NDC 00548-3301-00).
Dextrose Injection 50%, Hospira 50 mL vial, 25 count (NDC 00409-6648-02).
Nitroglycerin in Dextrose 5%, Baxter.
RENAL CHANGES FOLLOWING ADMINISTRATION OF HYPERTONIC SOLUTIONS (50 PER CENT SUCROSE, 50 PER CENT D-SORBITOL,* 50 PER CENT DEXTROSE AND 10 PER CENT SODIUM CHLORIDE).
Serious sugar hits like Pixy Stix and Gummi Bears give more power, but true "candy rockets " (yes, that really is a term used in model rocketry) are made with the hard stuff: pure sucrose (table sugar) or dextrose (processed starch).
You can order dextrose and maltodextrin in bulk from any of several supplement companies.
Other than sugars , honey or molasses, look for dextrose, fructose, sucrose, glucose, fruit juice concentrate or malt, cane and corn syrups.
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