dextrin

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n dextrin any of various polysaccharides obtained by hydrolysis of starch; a tasteless and odorless gummy substance that is used as a thickening agent and in adhesives and in dietary supplements
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Dextrin (Chem) A translucent, gummy, amorphous substance, nearly tasteless and odorless, used as a substitute for gum, for sizing, etc., and obtained from starch by the action of heat, acids, or diastase. It is of somewhat variable composition, containing several carbohydrates which change easily to their respective varieties of sugar. It is so named from its rotating the plane of polarization to the right; -- called also British gum Alsace gum gommelin leiocome, etc. See Achro√∂dextrin, and Erythrodextrin.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Cf. F. dextrine, G. dextrin,. See Dexter

Usage

In literature:

GUM AND DEXTRIN SOLUTIONS.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 821, Sep. 26, 1891" by Various
Take of gum dextrine two parts, acetic acid one part, water five parts.
"The Whitehouse Cookbook (1887)" by Mrs. F.L. Gillette
Here, in the crisp slices, you will have the much desired dextrine.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 484, April 11, 1885" by Various
Most gums are prepared from potato starch, dextrin or gum arabic.
"What Philately Teaches" by John N. Luff
Dextrin, or starch paste, is not sweet at all.
"Creative Chemistry" by Edwin E. Slosson
The long boiling converts the starch into dextrine, which is more easily digested than starch.
"Public School Domestic Science" by Mrs. J. Hoodless
Dextrine is a form of sugar resulting from thoroughly cooking or partially digesting starch.
"The Mother and Her Child" by William S. Sadler
Dextrine is formed on the crust of bread, or whenever potatoes or starchy foods are browned.
"Human Foods and Their Nutritive Value" by Harry Snyder
Cover it with a mixture of 6 ounces of magnesium sulphate, 2 ounces of dextrine, and 20 ounces of water.
"Practical Mechanics for Boys" by J. S. Zerbe
It may be mixed with about 6 per cent of Gum Dextrine for use.
"One Thousand Secrets of Wise and Rich Men Revealed" by C. A. Bogardus
In other forms a substance (probably glycogen or amylo-dextrin) which turns brown with iodine has been observed.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Part 1, Slice 2" by Various
Starch is made from it both for the laundry and for the manufacture of farina, dextrin, etc.
"Storyology" by Benjamin Taylor
Dextrine much resembles gum arabic, for which it is generally substituted.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 3" by Various
Mix dextrine with water and add a drop or two of glycerine.
"Paper and Printing Recipes" by J. Sawtelle Ford
Upon hydrolysis starch gives first a mixture of dextrin and maltose, then glucose alone as an end-product.
"Dietetics for Nurses" by Fairfax T. Proudfit
It comes to the same if the first product of assimilation is sugar, or dextrine which is a sort of soluble starch, or starch itself.
"The Elements of Botany" by Asa Gray
By this means the starch is partially converted into dextrose, a sugar, and dextrin, a gum.
"Candy-Making Revolutionized" by Mary Elizabeth Hall
Dextrine is used in calico printing for thickening colours; for the preparation of gums, and for stiffening cloth.
"The New Gresham Encyclopedia" by Various
Of other adhesive substances, dextrine, gum, gelatine, and isinglass are used for certain purposes.
"Practical Bookbinding" by Paul Adam
With intense "dry" heat, as in toasting, the granule expands and opens, and the contents change to dextrin.
"Foods and Household Management" by Helen Kinne
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In news:

Made with an indigestible form of dextrin or dietary fiber, Pepsi Special is supposed to reduce the absorption of fat in the body from food intake and help lower cholesterol levels.
PepsiCo Inc on Tuesday plans to launch a version of its namesake soda with a fat-blocking fiber called dextrin in Japan.
Pepsi-Cola in Japan is unveiling a fiber-infused drink, Pepsi Special, that contains dextrin, a fiber that distributor Suntory claims will help reduce fat levels in the body.
Pepsi 's announcement comes just months after beverage rival Kirin, released its own sugar-free, dextrin soda called "Mets" said ABC News.
Rival Kirin, better known for its beer, released its own sugar-free, dextrin soda this summer: the "Mets" cola.
It's called Pepsi Special, the new cola that says it tastes like regular Pepsi , but it has an added ingredient called dextrin, a natural water-soluble dietary fiber derived from potatoes.
PepsiCo Inc on Tuesday plans to launch a version of its namesake soda, called Pepsi Special, with a fat-blocking fiber called dextrin in Japan.
The drink, creatively named "Pepsi Special," which goes on sale Tuesday, contains the fiber-rich starch dextrin.
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