destructive distillation

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n destructive distillation heating a solid substance in a closed container and collecting the volatile products
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Destructive distillation See Distillation.
    • Destructive distillation (Chem) the distillation, especially of complex solid substances, so that the ultimate constituents are separated or evolved in new compounds, -- usually requiring a high degree of heat; as, the destructive distillation of soft coal or of wood.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • Destructive distillation the collection of the volatile matters released when a substance is destroyed by heat in a close vessel (as coal in making gas)
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Etymology

Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. distiller—L. distillāre, -ātumde, down, stillāre, to drop—stilla, a drop.

Usage

In literature:

ACROLEIN, a light volatile limpid liquid obtained by the destructive distillation of fats.
"The Nuttall Encyclopaedia" by Edited by Rev. James Wood
These, then, are the two main products of the destructive distillation of coal.
"Creative Chemistry" by Edwin E. Slosson
The method is essentially destructive distillation.
"Artificial Light" by M. Luckiesh
Taking up first the proper varnishes, we find that these are produced by the destructive distillation of resin in huge cast-iron stills.
"The Building of a Book" by Various
Let them be effectually protected from the destructive ravages of distilled spirits.
"American Slave Trade" by Jesse Torrey
The tobacco-pipe experiment of our boyhood is our first practical introduction to the destructive distillation of coal.
"Coal" by Raphael Meldola
On destructive distillation the leaves yield much gas, 10,000 cub.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 9, Slice 8" by Various
DIPPEL'S OIL, a pharmaceutical preparation obtained by the destructive distillation of animal matter, such as horn, ivory, blood.
"The New Gresham Encyclopedia" by Various
This arises from the destructive distillation of imperfectly carbonized organic matter.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 11, Slice 3" by Various
The liquid products of the destructive distillation of coal are tar and ammoniacal liquor.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 11, Slice 4" by Various
It is found amongst the products of the destructive distillation of a great many organic bodies, but the most abundant source is coal-tar.
"Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary (part 1 of 4: A-D)" by Various
It is obtained from wood by destructive distillation in close vessels.
"The American Reformed Cattle Doctor" by George Dadd
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