defect

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v defect desert (a cause, a country or an army), often in order to join the opposing cause, country, or army "If soldiers deserted Hitler's army, they were shot"
    • n defect a mark or flaw that spoils the appearance of something (especially on a person's body) "a facial blemish"
    • n defect a failing or deficiency "that interpretation is an unfortunate defect of our lack of information"
    • n defect an imperfection in a bodily system "visual defects","this device permits detection of defects in the lungs"
    • n defect an imperfection in an object or machine "a flaw caused the crystal to shatter","if there are any defects you should send it back to the manufacturer"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Defect Failing; fault; imperfection, whether physical or moral; blemish; as, a defect in the ear or eye; a defect in timber or iron; a defect of memory or judgment. "Trust not yourself; but, your defects to know,
      Make use of every friend -- and every foe."
      "Among boys little tenderness is shown to personal defects ."
    • Defect to abandon one country or faction, and join another.
    • v. i Defect To fail; to become deficient. "Defected honor."
    • v. t Defect To injure; to damage. "None can my life defect ."
    • Defect Want or absence of something necessary for completeness or perfection; deficiency; -- opposed to superfluity. "Errors have been corrected, and defects supplied."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n defect Want or lack of anything; especially, the lack of something which is essential to perfection or completeness; a fault; a blemish; an imperfection: as, a defect in timber; a defect in the organs of hearing or seeing; a defect of memory or judgment.
    • n defect Synonyms Deficiency, lack, insufficiency, failure, error, flaw.
    • defect To be or become deficient; fail.
    • defect To desert; revolt.
    • defect To affect injuriously; hurt; impair; spoil.
    • defect Defective.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Defect de-fekt′ a deficiency: a want: imperfection: blemish: fault
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Quotations

  • Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe
    Johann%20Wolfgang%20Von%20Goethe
    “We must not take the faults of our youth with us into old age, for age brings along its own defects.”
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson
    Ralph%20Waldo%20Emerson
    “No change of circumstances can repair a defect of character.”
  • William Hazlitt
    William%20Hazlitt
    “One shining quality lends a luster to another, or hides some glaring defect.”
  • Benjamin Disraeli
    Benjamin%20Disraeli
    “He has not a single redeeming defect.”
  • Marquis De Sade
    Marquis%20De%20Sade
    “The more defects a man may have, the older he is, the less lovable, the more resounding his success.”
  • W. Somerset Maugham
    W.%20Somerset%20Maugham
    “We know our friends by their defects rather than their merits.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. defectus, fr. deficere, defectum, to desert, fail, be wanting; de-, + facere, to make, do. See Fact Feat, and cf. Deficit
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. deficĕre, defectum, to fail—de, down, and facĕre, to do.

Usage

In literature:

Therefore it is justly arraigned by those who say that it is defective, and that its defects have been a peril and a snare.
"Lectures on the French Revolution" by John Emerich Edward Dalberg-Acton
The army no doubt had its merits as well as its defects.
"The English Utilitarians, Volume I." by Leslie Stephen
A defective action of the irritative motions without increase of the frequency of the pulse.
"Zoonomia, Vol. II" by Erasmus Darwin
The responsibility for this defect should, however, not be laid entirely upon the shoulders of the producer.
"Outlines of Dairy Bacteriology, 8th edition" by H. L. Russell
The tragic hero is the man of innate nobleness who yet has some one defect that lays him open to ruin.
"Progress and History" by Various
He labored indeed under one most unfortunate defect, want of fluency.
"Critical and Historical Essays, Volume III (of 3)" by Thomas Babington Macaulay
Moreover these defects are characteristic of the corundum gems.
"A Text-Book of Precious Stones for Jewelers and the Gem-Loving Public" by Frank Bertram Wade
The chief defect of these constitutional provisions relating to home rule is that they do not really grant it.
"The Spirit of American Government" by J. Allen Smith
She noticed that his teeth were good, but too far apart, a defect which struck her as unpleasant.
"The Beth Book" by Sarah Grand
This has been one of the fatal defects of Hinduism from the earliest times.
"India, Its Life and Thought" by John P. Jones
Defects in weaving were visited with punishment.
"The Evolution of Modern Capitalism" by John Atkinson Hobson
But both varieties of clinical history are defective.
"The Sexual Life of the Child" by Albert Moll
Other defects 111 158.
"A Handbook of the English Language" by Robert Gordon Latham
Deaf-mutism is due to a defect; but the nature of the defect is different in different cases.
"Introduction to the Science of Sociology" by Robert E. Park
The reason for this defect lies in having regarded certain objects as primary which are in reality only secondary.
"A Plea for the Criminal" by James Leslie Allan Kayll
It threw upon the Senate the onus of repairing the defects of the bill.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume VI (of VIII)" by Various
How Defective Grid Alloy Causes Buckling.
"The Automobile Storage Battery" by O. A. Witte
The object loved appears to him under celestial colors, which veil all the defects and miseries of reality.
"The Sexual Question" by August Forel
Here we touch a radical defect and weakness.
"Seven Graded Sunday Schools" by Various
Their inclination was only slight; but it was unequal, which was a defect.
"Toilers of the Sea" by Victor Hugo
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In poetry:

GENERAL, YOUR TANK IS A POWERFUL VEHICLE
It smashes down forests and crushes a hundred men.
But it has one defect:
It needs a driver.
"From A German War Primer" by Bertolt Brecht
For his defects, no one miscall
(God is the Maker of us all!)
Or fool, or blind, or hunch'd, or lame:
Who man reviles, reviles God's name.
"Godly Exhortations To A Child " by Rees Prichard
"Was perfect beauty ever made
To hawk its charms for want of trade?
We hope no great defect comes forth
To quash the sale of so much worth.
"A.B.C." by William Hutton
Ah, Mary! Could we stand, like thee,
Steadfast; and watch the vowed depart;
And grieve for their defection less
Than for the Saviour’s wounded heart?
"To The Virgin Mary" by Mary Hannay Foott
Profanenesse in my head,
Defects and darknesse in my breast,
A noise of passions ringing me for dead
Unto a place where is no rest:
Poore priest thus am I drest.
"Aaron" by George Herbert
For being freed from all defect They feel no fleshly war,
Or rather both the flesh and mind
At length united are,
For joying in so rich a peace They can admit no jar.
"Aspiration (excerpt)" by Thomas Traherne

In news:

The ballerina Natalia Makarova, who is making her first visit to the Soviet Union since her defection in 1970, is to perform with her old company, the Kirov Ballet, in Leningrad on Wednesday.
The ballerina's first performance with the company since she defected was last Aug 6 in London.
Automotive blanker's leveler eliminates costly shape defects.
Designer' babies with made-to-order defects.
LONDON--London taxi manufacturer Manganese Bronze Holdings PLC (MNGS.LN) said Friday that it is recalling about 400 of its TX4 London taxis and suspending sales of the model after the discovery of a defect in the steering box.
One of her projects looks at the blood flow in the embryonic heart and lays the groundwork for people to surgically correct heart defects.
Meat Grinder Wasn't Defective At All.
Defective boots cheaply made in China and they wont stand by them.
A remote-controlled robot helps British surgeons repair heart defects.
Senior Syrian military officer defects.
Customers suing Sears, Roebuck and Co over alleged mold defects in their Kenmore-brand washing machines can bring their claims as a class action, a federal appeals court ruled on Tuesday.
Huge study in Israel find no birth defects from anti-nausea medication.
Frequency of Down's syndrome and neural -tube defects in the same family.
Frequency of Down's syndrome and neural-tube defects in the same family.
Wilco Defect from Nonesuch .
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In science:

Halperin, Statistical mechanics of topological defects, in: Physics of Defects, Les Houches Session XXXV, North-Holland (1980). J. H.
Universality and scaling of zeros on symplectic manifolds
Kroener, Continuum theory of defects, in Physics of Defects, Les Houches Session XXXV, 1980, R.
On the solutions of the Cartan equation in Metric Affine Gravity
The time to heal one defect, τ1 , however, changes as well. τ1 is proportional to the time it takes to travel across the spreading cone ξ , times the probability to hit a defect while doing so, which is proportional to ξ d /Nd .
Anomalous Roughness, Localization, and Globally Constrained Random Walks
If M /(P ′ + V ) would contain a module from q as a submodule, then its inverse image under the pro jection M /V → M /(P ′ + V ) would have non-negative defect (being an extension of the module (P ′ + V )/V ≃ P of defect −1 by a module of positive defect).
Infinite dimensional representations of canonical algebras
If we assume that P ′ /f (P ) does not belong to t, then P ′/f (P ) has a submodule of positive defect and its inverse image in P ′ would yield a non-zero submodule of non-negative defect, impossible.
Infinite dimensional representations of canonical algebras
The congruence defect cdE of E is the smal lest congruence defect of a finite index subgroup Γ of SL2(Z) that covers E .
Belyi parametrisations of elliptic curves and congruence defects
Phys. 6 440–49 Halperin B I 1981 Statistical mechanics of topological defects. in R Balian, M Kl´eman, and J-P Poirier, eds, Les Houches Session XXV - Physics of Defects (North-Holland, Amsterdam) Hannay J H 1998 The chaotic analytic function J.
Correlations and screening of topological charges in gaussian random fields
Finite secondorder models: The motion starts in the direction of the defect of invariance, and stops when the direction of motion becomes orthogonal to the defect of invariance.
Geometry of irreversibility: The film of nonequilibrium states
In the helix, the three criteria generate defects throughout the chain, though, for this particular helix, A favors defects arising closer to the C-terminal.
Chirality and Protein Folding
It is seen that the angular terms act about the same, or slightly better, at eliminating the defects in the helix (the defects with V AN G are also found to be delocalized) but somewhat worse for the hairpin and crambin (not shown).
Chirality and Protein Folding
The defect behaves like a vacancy in that a particle in the defect can hop into the empty “lattice” site but it is not actually possible to add another particle to the system at the defect unless h ≥ p3/4.
Landscapes, dynamic heterogeneity and kinetic facilitation in a simple off-lattice model
Particles in a defect appear grey. (b) The loose particle in a divacancy allows the system to unjam and eliminate the two defects.
Landscapes, dynamic heterogeneity and kinetic facilitation in a simple off-lattice model
We can also directly identify the configurational elements that lead to dynamic heterogeneity and local rules for dynamic facilitation of defect hoping and defect elimination events.
Landscapes, dynamic heterogeneity and kinetic facilitation in a simple off-lattice model
However, the defects act as local regions of “excitation” and particles located in a defect can also hop to the vacant site.
Landscapes, dynamic heterogeneity and kinetic facilitation in a simple off-lattice model
The relaxation of these defects is many orders of magnitude slower than the thermalization which in turn sustains their further formation. Due time course the interaction among them produces local reconstruction, creates mechanical defects etc.
Fluctuations and Long-Term Stability: from Coherence to Chaos
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