deduct

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v deduct reason by deduction; establish by deduction
    • v deduct make a subtraction "subtract this amount from my paycheck"
    • v deduct retain and refrain from disbursing; of payments "My employer is withholding taxes"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Nearly 22,000 checks will be deducted from the wrong account over the next hour.
    • Deduct To lead forth or out. "A people deducted out of the city of Philippos."
    • Deduct To reduce; to diminish. "Do not deduct it to days."
    • Deduct To take away, separate, or remove, in numbering, estimating, or calculating; to subtract; -- often with from or out of. "Deduct what is but vanity, or dress.""Two and a half per cent should be deducted out of the pay of the foreign troops.""We deduct from the computation of our years that part of our time which is spent in . . . infancy."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • deduct To lead forth or away; deduce; conduct.
    • deduct To trace out; set forth.
    • deduct To bring down; reduce.
    • deduct To take away, separate, or remove in numbering, estimating, or calculating; subtract, as a counterbalancing item or particular: as, to deduct losses from the total receipts; from the amount of profits deduct the freight-charges.
    • deduct Synonyms Deduct, Subtract. These words cannot properly be used interchangeably. Deduct is to lead away, set aside, in a general or distributive sense; subtract, to draw off, remove, in a literal or collective sense. In settling a mercantile account, certain items, as charges, losses, etc., are deducted by being added together and their total subtracted from the grand total of the transaction. From a parcel of goods of known value or number articles are subtracted or literally taken away as required; the value or number of the remainder at any time may be ascertained by deducting the value or number of those taken from the original package; and this again is effected by subtracting the figures representing the smaller amount from those representing the larger.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • v.t Deduct to take from: to separate: to subtract
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Quotations

  • Henry David Thoreau
    Henry%20David%20Thoreau
    “We do not learn by inference and deduction and the application of mathematics to philosophy, but by direct intercourse and sympathy.”
  • Lewis H. Lapham
    Lewis%20H.%20Lapham
    “I never can pass by the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York without thinking of it not as a gallery of living portraits but as a cemetery of tax-deductible wealth.”
  • Xaviera Hollander
    Xaviera Hollander
    “Actually, if my business was legitimate, I would deduct a substantial percentage for depreciation of my body.”
  • Albert Einstein
    Albert%20Einstein
    “The grand aim of all science is to cover the greatest number of empirical facts by logical deduction from the smallest number of hypotheses or axioms.”
  • Shelby Friedman
    Shelby Friedman
    “Income tax time is when you test your powers of deduction.”
  • American Proverb
    American Proverb
    “No matter how bad a child is, he is still good for a tax deduction.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. deductus, p. p. of deducere, to deduct. See Deduce
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. deducĕre, deductumde, from ducĕre, ductum, to lead.

Usage

In literature:

Deduct the farm lands, and there remain unoccupied 8,250,330 acres.
"The Continental Monthly, Vol. 3, No. 1 January 1863" by Various
These systems must be exact, or deductions cannot be made from them.
"The Approach to Philosophy" by Ralph Barton Perry
The doctrine of evolution is now a vital part of biology, and we might accept the evolution of man as a special deduction from the general law.
"The World's Greatest Books - Volume 15 - Science" by Various
But Cobbett's deduction from his principles is peculiar.
"The English Utilitarians, Volume II (of 3)" by Leslie Stephen
In mathematical and deductive science, of course, it is quite otherwise.
"The Great Events by Famous Historians, Volume 11" by Various
Moreover, I should have to deduct fifty cents if it had been finished, because long stitches show on the wrong side.
"Patty's Success" by Carolyn Wells
We shall be convinced of this if we consider the two essential functions of intellect, the faculty of deduction and that of induction.
"Creative Evolution" by Henri Bergson
Is that not a fair deduction, sir?
"Simon" by J. Storer Clouston
His brain must be constructive, logical; he must have the power of deduction.
"The Wonder" by J. D. Beresford
Deduction begins vertically, and makes that which comes from above to be its guide and standard in all inductive work.
"A Tour of the Missions" by Augustus Hopkins Strong
Over extended runs of hundreds and even thousands of hours, the above deductions may be scarcely applicable.
"Steam Turbines" by Hubert E. Collins
Congress will make their own deductions from these facts, after allowing for their inaccuracy.
"The Diplomatic Correspondence of the American Revolution, Vol. XI" by Various
But, when all deductions have been made, great merit must be allowed to this work.
"Critical and Historical Essays, Volume III (of 3)" by Thomas Babington Macaulay
Is it a fair deduction?
"English: Composition and Literature" by W. F. (William Franklin) Webster
In like manner, Dr. Wayland, by his own admission, has overthrown all his most confident deductions from the notion of equal rights.
"Cotton is King and The Pro-Slavery Arguments" by Various
Inferences may be drawn, and deductions made, on a basis of peace-time observation and of historical precedent.
"Sound Military Decision" by U.s. Naval War College
A squadron at War strength can dismount, after due deduction made of the horse-holders, seventy carbines.
"Cavalry in Future Wars" by Frederick von Bernhardi
In mathematical and deductive science, of course, it is quite otherwise.
"Pioneers of Science" by Oliver Lodge
Howell Cobb, President of Congress, making deductions from the dispatches, announced his belief that it was a drawn battle.
"A Rebel War Clerk's Diary at the Confederate States Capital" by John Beauchamp Jones
After subtracting these deductions, two dollars and fifty cents were left as the net per diem pay of each one.
"Solaris Farm" by Milan C. Edson
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In poetry:

There was once a man who made a weird machine,
Employing dynamite and kerosene.
His subsequent destruction
Was a matter of deduction,
And a circumstance that might have been foreseen.
"An Error in Creation" by C J Dennis

In news:

Romney reveals potential tax deduction and spending cuts at fundraiser.
Gregoire seeks sales tax deduction extension.
Gov Chris Gregoire and six other governors have sent a letter to leadership in the US House and Senate asking for an extension of the state and local sales tax deduction .
Geithner on Extending Sales Tax Deduction Permanently.
Don't take away California property tax deduction .
The loss of that tax deduction — plus mandatory new fees imposed by Congress on all new conventional and FHA loans — could effectively increase the costs of homeownership this year.
Federal tax deduction for mortgage insurance premiums expires.
Don't let 2011 end without saving the sales- tax deduction .
As 2011 draws to a close, please take a moment to think of how important WFHB is to you, and make a tax-deductible contribution today.
Texas lawmakers seek to protect state taxpayers' sales tax deduction .
Gifts to WKAR are tax deductible to the extent allowed by law.
Coins in the donation jar, who gets the tax deduction .
The lowdown on 1099s, AGI, exemptions, deductions and credits.
New deductions and Capitol gains.
Participants in VIA Project may not be able to claim deductions thanks to questionable practices discovered by governing body.
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In science:

The deductive engine remains unchanged in this process.
QUIP - A Tool for Computing Nonmonotonic Reasoning Tasks
This is a special feature of 1D classical systems, and can be verified by a deduction from Eq. (5).
Localization of acoustic waves in 1D random liquid media
The AGM framework, defined in [AGM85], studies revision operations, denoted ∗, that operate on two arguments: a set K of formulas closed under logical deduction on the left and a formula α on the right.
Distance Semantics for Belief Revision
A theory will be an arbitrary set of formulas, not necessarily deductively closed.
Distance Semantics for Belief Revision
Note that |= T ↔ T h(M (T )), and T = T h(M (T )) if T is deductively closed.
Distance Semantics for Belief Revision
We use inference rules, say deduction rules, in the style of Natural semantics [Kah87, Des88, Pet94] for both the reduction semantics and the type system.
Typed Generic Traversal With Term Rewriting Strategies
Deduction rules are tagged so that we can refer to them.
Typed Generic Traversal With Term Rewriting Strategies
Deduction rules define, as usual, how to d erive valid judgements from given valid judgements.
Typed Generic Traversal With Term Rewriting Strategies
Deduction rules The axioms for ǫ and δ are trivial.
Typed Generic Traversal With Term Rewriting Strategies
Typing rules The corresponding deduction rules are shown in Figure 10.
Typed Generic Traversal With Term Rewriting Strategies
Note there are no proof obligations for deduction rules which do not yield a proper term reduct, namely for negative rules.
Typed Generic Traversal With Term Rewriting Strategies
The deduction rule [extend′ + ] defines the new reduction semantics of strategy extension.
Typed Generic Traversal With Term Rewriting Strategies
It is well-known that deduction rules in the style of Natural semantics map nicely to Prolog clauses (cf. [Des88]).
Typed Generic Traversal With Term Rewriting Strategies
Prolog’s uni fication and ba cktracking enable the straight execution of a large class of deduction systems.
Typed Generic Traversal With Term Rewriting Strategies
We seek to find normative criteria of adequacy for nonmonotonic logic similar to the criterion of validity for deductive logic.
Evaluating Defaults
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