decomposition

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n decomposition the analysis of a vector field
    • n decomposition the organic phenomenon of rotting
    • n decomposition (biology) the process of decay caused by bacterial or fungal action
    • n decomposition (chemistry) separation of a substance into two or more substances that may differ from each other and from the original substance
    • n decomposition in a decomposed state
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The decomposition point of Olive Oil is 220 degrees Celsius
    • Decomposition Repeated composition; a combination of compounds.
    • Decomposition The act or process of resolving the constituent parts of a compound body or substance into its elementary parts; separation into constituent part; analysis; the decay or dissolution consequent on the removal or alteration of some of the ingredients of a compound; disintegration; as, the decomposition of wood, rocks, etc.
    • Decomposition The state of being reduced into original elements.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: It is estimated that a plastic container can resist decomposition for as long as 50,000 years.
    • n decomposition The act or process of separating the constituent elements of a compound body or substance; analysis; resolution; specifically, the process of reducing an organic body to a state of decay or putrefaction.
    • n decomposition The state of being decomposed or resolved; release from previous combinations; disintegration; specifically, decay of an organic body.
    • n decomposition [With ref. to decomposite, q. v.] The act of compounding together things which are themselves compound; a combination of compounds.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Undertakers report that human bodies do not deteriorate as quickly as they used to. The reason, they believe, is that the modern diet contains so many preservatives that these chemicals tend to prevent the body from decomposition too rapidly after death.
    • n Decomposition act of decomposing: decay or dissolution: also the compounding of things already compound
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Pref. de-,in sense 3 intensive) + composition,: cf. F. décomposition,. Cf. Decomposition
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. de, neg., and compose.

Usage

In literature:

Having handled and examined it carefully for some time, I thought I could detect signs of decomposition about it.
"A Yeoman's Letters" by P. T. Ross
This is due to the formation of lactic acid, which is produced by the decomposition of the milk-sugar.
"Outlines of Dairy Bacteriology, 8th edition" by H. L. Russell
We do not follow the decomposition of the Hegelian school on this side any further.
"Feuerbach: The roots of the socialist philosophy" by Frederick Engels
Some decomposition must have taken place in the food before it can furnish to the bacteria the nourishment it needs.
"The Home Medical Library, Volume I (of VI)" by Various
Decomposition is not necessary for some of the blue greens to give off a bad odor, however.
"The Home Medical Library, Volume V (of VI)" by Various
Corruption spreads by it, as surely as decomposition is assisted by heat and moisture.
"The American Quarterly Review, No. 17, March 1831" by Various
Decomposition of the caffein acid-salt and considerable sublimation of the caffein also occur.
"All About Coffee" by William H. Ukers
A bottle of rose-water thrown into a room where decomposition is at work upon a body will not restore life.
"Gipsy Life being an account of our Gipsies and their children" by George Smith
Specially cultivated plant life to assist in maintaining the oxygen supply balance by decomposition of carbon dioxide.
"The Copper-Clad World" by Harl Vincent
Second, that in which galvanism has been employed to produce signals by means of bubbles of gas from the decomposition of water.
"Little Masterpieces of Science:" by Various
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In news:

Richard Haley's engaging but sometimes erratic show considers decay, death, decomposition and emptiness at Another Year in L.A. Can you trust online hotel reviews.
From AMXs to Roadrunners, they're all here in a random state of decomposition.
Plants that have long ago spent their produce lives are pulled and left laying for winter decomposition as next year's humus.
Saguaro Decomposite by Michael Berman.
Saguaro Decomposite by Michael Berman MichaelBermanSaguaro- decomposite .
Results Show Body Decomposition In Anthony's Trunk.
Police probing Hoffa burial claim say soil testing shows no traces of human decomposition .
Police probing Hoffa 'burial' say soil shows no traces of human decomposition .
Harsh Bhatia, Gregory Norgard, Valerio Pascucci, Peer-Timo Bremer, "Comments on the "Meshless Helmholtz-Hodge Decomposition "," IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, vol 99, no.
Prosecutors say dog's detection of human decomposition points to murder of Bianca Jones.
Richard Haley's engaging but sometimes erratic show considers decay, death, decomposition and emptiness at Another Year in L.A. 'Holes, Voids' is filled with ambition.
Methane gas created from the decomposition of waste is being used to fuel generators that produce electricity.
Bill Pugliano/Getty Images Officials carry out a soil sample Friday that was tested for signs of human decomposition after police drilled through a concrete driveway in Roseville, Mich.
Police investigating a claim that former Teamsters boss Jimmy Hoffa is buried in a suburban Detroit backyard say testing on soil samples shows no traces of human decomposition.
Police probing Hoffa burial claim say soil testing shows no traces of human decomposition.
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In science:

In the case dim Y = 2 the contraction α is birational and the decomposition D = Dm + E coincides with the Zariski decomposition by definition and because the intersection matrix of exceptional divisors is negative definite.
On Zariski decomposition problem
Nevertheless D = Pf + Nf is a σ -decomposition for any pseudo-effective divisor D (see ). (iii) In dimension 2 the Fujita decomposition coincides with the classical Zariski decomposition (see Proposition 2.5).
On Zariski decomposition problem
This decomposition is a Fujita decomposition (with semiample positive part).
On Zariski decomposition problem
Then there exists a birational contraction g : X ′ → X such that g ∗KX has a Zariski decomposition in Fujita sense Pf + Nf with semiample positive part Pf (and it coincides with the Shokurov decomposition ).
On Zariski decomposition problem
Zariski decomposition in sense CutkoskyKawamata-Moriwaki (or simply CKM-decomposition ) if the following conditions are satisfied: (i) NCKM (D) ≥ 0; (ii) the divisor PCKM (D) is nef; (iii) there is an isomorphism of graded algebras RX D ≃ RX PCKM (D).
On Zariski decomposition problem
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