deception

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n deception an illusory feat; considered magical by naive observers
    • n deception the act of deceiving
    • n deception a misleading falsehood
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Deception That which deceives or is intended to deceive; false representation; artifice; cheat; fraud. "There was of course room for vast deception ."
    • Deception The act of deceiving or misleading.
    • Deception The state of being deceived or misled. "There is one thing relating either to the action or enjoyments of man in which he is not liable to deception ."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n deception The act of deceiving or misleading.
    • n deception The state of being deceived or misled.
    • n deception That which deceives; artifice; cheat: as, the scheme is all a deception. Synonyms and Deceit, Deception, Fraud. See deceit. Trick, imposition, ruse, wile.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Deception de-sep′shun act of deceiving: the means by which it is sought to deceive
    • ***

Quotations

  • Robert Southey
    Robert%20Southey
    “All deception in the course of life is indeed nothing else but a lie reduced to practice, and falsehood passing from words into things.”
  • Marina Tsvetaeva
    Marina Tsvetaeva
    “A deception that elevates us is dearer than a host of low truths.”
  • Marquis De Vauvenargues
    Marquis%20De%20Vauvenargues
    “The art of pleasing is the art of deception.”
  • Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
    Sir%20Arthur%20Conan%20Doyle
    “There is nothing as deceptive as an obvious fact.”
  • Desiderius Erasmus
    Desiderius%20Erasmus
    “Now I believe I can hear the philosophers protesting that it can only be misery to live in folly, illusion, deception and ignorance, but it isn't --it's human.”
  • Thomas Carlyle
    Thomas%20Carlyle
    “The person who cannot laugh is not only ready for treason, and deceptions, their whole life is already a treason and deception.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. déception, L. deceptio, fr. decipere, deceptum,. See Deceive
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr.,—Low L. deceptio, -nisdecipĕre, to deceive.

Usage

In literature:

Here at least I could meet with no shame, no disappointment, and no deception.
"Dr. Dumany's Wife" by Mór Jókai
The acquired deceptiveness of the world of men was leaving them.
"The Emigrant Trail" by Geraldine Bonner
I don't mean to scold you, my dear; you are a very good girl, too, but you are quite a deception.
"Girlhood and Womanhood" by Sarah Tytler
Furthermore, they also demonstrate some of the mechanisms of conscious deception.
"Studies in Forensic Psychiatry" by Bernard Glueck
They accused him of gross deception in not announcing that he had been from the first engaged to be married.
"Captain Jinks, Hero" by Ernest Crosby
They were as subject to deception and trickery, and as full of political and sectarian rancor as partisans in these times.
"History of Rationalism Embracing a Survey of the Present State of Protestant Theology" by John F. Hurst
There would be no need to try any deception upon them.
"The Yukon Trail" by William MacLeod Raine
But this was only the commencement of the system of degrading deception which awaited him.
"Henrietta Temple A Love Story" by Benjamin Disraeli
Quite clearly, without any hope or self-deception, he knew that Felicita was dead.
"Cobwebs and Cables" by Hesba Stretton
The camouflage of zebras is equally deceptive.
"The Human Side of Animals" by Royal Dixon
A great portion of his strength lay in his capacity for deception.
"The Child of Pleasure" by Gabriele D'Annunzio
It had been hardly more than a phrase of music, and it must have been a deceptive murmur of the wind.
"Riders of the Silences" by John Frederick
Just as deceptive as plain fraud is the deceptive ballot.
"A Preface to Politics" by Walter Lippmann
I must keep up the deception, and I may find an opportunity to escape.
"Frank Merriwell's Bravery" by Burt L. Standish
What ambition, what self-deception, what pride and conceit filled the world!
"Erasmus and the Age of Reformation" by Johan Huizinga
Of what fine, almost imperceptible links is the chain of deception formed!
"Helen and Arthur" by Caroline Lee Hentz
She could not stoop to an innocent deception, much less to an absolute falsehood.
"Monte-Cristo's Daughter" by Edmund Flagg
This was no time for deception, for pretty lies.
"The Snowshoe Trail" by Edison Marshall
Perhaps, she thought mournfully, this perversion of proper feeling was her punishment for the deception she had practised.
"Lucy Maud Montgomery Short Stories, 1907 to 1908" by Lucy Maud Montgomery
But the show of cordiality was deceptive, and Essex chose to imagine himself continually aggrieved.
"Sir Walter Ralegh" by William Stebbing
***

In poetry:

Words left half-spoken, self-deception,
Promises, shadows-all are vain,
And only faith in resurrection
Can give the semblance of a sign.
"In Memory of Marina Tsvetaeva" by Boris Pasternak
ASTOLFO. Ah, Rosaura thou mayst feign,
But the soul bears no deception,
And though seeing thee as Astrea,
As Rosaura it must serve thee.
"Life Is A Dream - Act II" by Denis Florence MacCarthy
When thou art dress'd, then go to pray,
Without deception, or delay,
And fall upon thy knees in haste,
Ere thou a bit, or drop, dost taste.
"Mr. Prichard's Advice To His Son Samuel" by Rees Prichard
I might have met his anger with a smile
For so it was that I had set my heart
To mask deception with a wanton's guile,
And save the tears that now begin to start.
"Forgiven" by Charles Hamilton Musgrove
Drunk with illusions and deceptive hope,
With a withered hyacinth on your breast,
You return to your dingy little room to dine
With hunger, your one and only guest.
"Street-Walker" by Hristo Smirnenski
There was joy in her cheek, there was love in her eye,
And innocence played around her;
But her laugh of mirth was changed to a sigh
When the toils of deception bound her.
"Stanzas #3" by John Gardiner Calkins Brainard

In news:

POM Wonderful deceptively advertised health claims in juice ads, judge rules.
Behind Boston crime lab chemist's alleged deceptions.
Gruber's Hagerstown Town and Country Almanack , a deceptively slim volume that is available to farmers, merchants and all good citizens at the nominal cost of $4.99.
The agencies said American Express violated federal laws prohibiting deceptive practices by using false statements to get customers to settle old debts.
American Express is refunding $85 million to about 250,000 customers and is paying $27.5 million in civil fines to settle charges of deceptive practices.
American Express will refund $85 million for what government officials called deceptive practices involving about 250,000 customers.
The American Soybean Association is supporting NO on 37: Coalition Against the Deceptive Food Labeling Scheme, a coalition of California farmers, food producers, grocers and retailers formed to oppose Proposition 37.
The biggest deception of the debate clearly belonged to Paul Ryan when he talked about unemployment: "You know what the unemployment rate in Scranton is today".
A drastic change in tone occurs partway through this methodically deceptive drama.
11/29 at 4 pm Raymond Rondeau, 41, of Pompano, Fla. Was arrested on State Road by Detective David Beauregard on a charge of acquiring drugs by deception.
Michael Wayne Moyer Jr, 30, of 1640 Sherman St, has been charged with theft-related offenses after obtaining a gift card at Walmart in Montoursville through deceptive means, borough police said.
Deception about Benghazi murders serves Shariah.
Two men are wanted for theft by deception in Grovetown.
Floyd Landis wrote the book on deception .
Judge tells Big Tobacco to disclose deception on packaging.
***

In science:

We further propose a theoretical component to the framework based on signaling theory from economics (see Section 6) and use it to reason about the factors that influence deception prevalence in online review communities.
Estimating the Prevalence of Deception in Online Review Communities
We find first that the prevalence of deception indeed varies by community.
Estimating the Prevalence of Deception in Online Review Communities
However, because it is not possible to validate these estimates empirically (i.e., the gold-standard rate of deception in each community is unknown), we focus our discussion instead on the relative differences in the rate of deception between communities.
Estimating the Prevalence of Deception in Online Review Communities
Here, the results confirm our hypotheses and suggest that deception is most prevalent in communities with a low signal cost.
Estimating the Prevalence of Deception in Online Review Communities
Importantly, when measures are taken to increase a community’s signal cost, we find dramatic reductions in our estimates of the rate of deception in that community.
Estimating the Prevalence of Deception in Online Review Communities
The resulting sampling equations, and the corresponding Bayesian Prevalence Model estimate of the prevalence of deception, πbayes , are given in greater detail in Appendix A.
Estimating the Prevalence of Deception in Online Review Communities
DECEPTION DETECTION 4.1 Deception Classifier The next component of the framework given in Section 2 is the deception classifier, which predicts whether each unlabeled review is truthful (real) or deceptive (fake).
Estimating the Prevalence of Deception in Online Review Communities
Following previous work , we assume given some amount of labeled training reviews, so that we can train deception classifiers using a supervised learning algorithm.
Estimating the Prevalence of Deception in Online Review Communities
Previous work has shown that Support Vector Machines (SVM) trained on n-gram features perform well in deception detection tasks [8, 13, 15].
Estimating the Prevalence of Deception in Online Review Communities
Furthermore, the simple approach just outlined has been previously evaluated to be nearly 90% accurate at detecting deception in a balanced dataset .
Estimating the Prevalence of Deception in Online Review Communities
Classifier Sensitivity and Specificity Both Prevalence Models introduced in Section 3 can utilize knowledge of the underlying deception classifier’s sensitivity (η∗ ), i.e., deceptive recall rate, and specificity (θ∗ ), i.e., truthful recall rate.
Estimating the Prevalence of Deception in Online Review Communities
Following Ott et al. , we excluded all reviews with fewer than 150 characters, as well as all non-English reviews.6 5.1 Training Reviews (Dtrain ) Training a supervised deception classifier requires labeled training data.
Estimating the Prevalence of Deception in Online Review Communities
Deceptive Reviews : In Section 1, we discuss some of the difficulties associated with obtaining gold-standard labels of deception, including the inaccuracy of human judgements, and the problems with self-reports of deception.
Estimating the Prevalence of Deception in Online Review Communities
To date, this is the only publicly-available7 gold-standard deceptive opinion spam dataset.
Estimating the Prevalence of Deception in Online Review Communities
As such, we choose it to be our sole source of labeled deceptive reviews for training our supervised deception classifiers.
Estimating the Prevalence of Deception in Online Review Communities
***