decentralize

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v decentralize make less central "After the revolution, food distribution was decentralized"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • v. t Decentralize to make less central; to prevent from centralizing; to cause to withdraw from the center or place of concentration; to divide and distribute (what has been united or concentrated); -- esp. said of authority, or the administration of public affairs.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • decentralize To distribute or take away from a center, or a central situation or authority; disperse, as what has been brought together, concentrated, or centralized.
    • ***

Quotations

  • Anthony J. F. O'Reilly
    Anthony J. F. O'Reilly
    “One of the vices of the virtue of decentralization is that people don't share ideas.”

Usage

In literature:

To M. de Camors, in principle it was a matter of perfect indifference whether France was centralized or decentralized.
"Monsieur de Camors, Complete" by Octave Feuillet
The decentralized, intrapreneurship-based corporation is a late response to these trends.
"After the Rain" by Sam Vaknin
This was now dropped and a decentralized plan was adopted.
"A History of Trade Unionism in the United States" by Selig Perlman
New marches were formed, traversing the previous Lombard fabric and introducing divisions that decentralized the kingdom.
"Renaissance in Italy, Volume 1 (of 7)" by John Addington Symonds
To rid himself of this new idea, and to decentralize the illusion, he shifted his position.
"Phantom Wires" by Arthur Stringer
I gave myself to my work, and then a curious decentralizing process took place.
"The Daughters of Danaus" by Mona Caird
One main cause for this, perhaps, was the decentralization of the South.
"Four Years in Rebel Capitals" by T. C. DeLeon
For a long time decentralization was needed.
"The Ontario High School Reader" by A.E. Marty
The decentralization of the public school system caused many abuses to spring up.
"The Journal of Negro History, Volume 5, 1920" by Various
The tendency of trade, as for all else, is toward decentralization.
"The Conquest of Bread" by Peter Kropotkin
Even with decentralization going full blast, people must live within reasonable access to their work.
"This Crowded Earth" by Robert Bloch
In the state governments on the other hand we find a high degree of administrative decentralization.
"The Spirit of American Government" by J. Allen Smith
The only way to engage the people in the task is to decentralize the government.
"China, Japan and the U.S.A." by John Dewey
This decentralization began with an organization of all the states.
"Herbert Hoover" by Vernon Kellogg
The Broussists, on the other hand, believe in decentralization, and would prefer municipalizing industries to nationalizing them.
"Contemporary Socialism" by John Rae
It owes to them, indeed, in a great degree, its decentralized character.
"The Brothers' War" by John Calvin Reed
If the government of the society is strictly monarchial, its administration is, on the contrary, extremely decentralized.
"The War Upon Religion" by Rev. Francis A. Cunningham
Despite superficial decentralization after 1878 any real growth of local self-government was rendered impossible.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 7" by Various
The blocs and minorities that are appearing in American public life are accomplishing a measure of decentralization.
"Behind the Mirrors" by Clinton W. Gilbert
The work of decentralization in England is rapidly going on.
"British Political Leaders" by Justin McCarthy
***

In news:

Since watching The Bourne Legacy last week, I've had Alfred Hitchcock 's Topaz (1969) on the brain, as both films could be described as decentralized espionage films.
Time-stamp ordering, Access synchronization, approximation , concurrency control, deadlock, decentralized system, locking, object model.
Provider of residential and decentralized water reuse, wastewater and odor control treatment technologies challenges industry to make water reuse a national priority.
2012 Recruiting/Talent Acquisition (TA) Survey: To What Extent are TA Organizations " Centralized vs Decentralized".
TA Organizational Centralization vs Decentralization.
The West Virginia Public Service Commission recently ordered the Pocahontas County Public Service District to build a centralized facility, rather than a two-part decentralized system.
TA Organizational Centralization vs Decentralization .
Those forces are causing health systems and businesses to become decentralized : moving their services out into the community rather than saturating a large campus with all of their offerings.
Decentralized generation means making electricity on a smaller scale than we generally do today.
I recently wrote a guest column in which I outlined a plan to decentralize the Lee County School District by breaking up our very large school district into five smaller community school districts.
Reducing district administration key to decentralization plan.
I recently wrote a guest column in which I outlined a plan to decentralize the Lee County School District by breaking up our very large school district into five smaller community school district.
In 2006, the engineering team selected EEA Consulting Engineers in Austin, Texas, to design the entire decentralized system.
Sandia National Laboratories wanted a decentralized steam plant due to the high maintenance costs associated with the base's previous steam plant system.
A slow economy, decentralized departments and the need to do more with less increase the risk of fraud – and no college or university is immune.
***

In science:

We have chosen the term “decentralized search” (following recent work by Kleinberg ) but others terms have been used to describe the same thing. “Navigation”, used in e.g. , is quite common, but perhaps not as descriptive.
Decentralized Search with Random Costs
In Section 2 we set out the basic definitions of decentralized search, as well as rigorously define our new “cost-greedy” search algorithm.
Decentralized Search with Random Costs
Below, we mean by “local knowledge” that which decentralized algorithm may use, as given in 2.3.
Decentralized Search with Random Costs
If one wishes for a completely decentralized search system, as, for instance in peer-to-peer systems such as , then one cannot store a global vector of weights.
Decentralized Search with Random Costs
We will see experimentally in Section 6 that a routing table of size around E [S z (x; AG )] works well in practice, both when using a single vector and in a decentralized system.
Decentralized Search with Random Costs
While it may seem like a limitation that this will only work on graphs where routing in a logarithmic number of steps is possible, those are likely to account for most situations where decentralized search is of interest.
Decentralized Search with Random Costs
Beyond Kleinberg’s small-world model, other cases where decentralized routing is expected to take a logarithmic number of steps are hypercubes (where the hamming distance is adapted for routing), and Chord networks (where the circular distance is).
Decentralized Search with Random Costs
In the decentralized variant, we equip each vertex with its own weight vector, measuring the mean cost of routing from it to destinations at varying distances.
Decentralized Search with Random Costs
Finally, in Figure 8 we use the decentralized method to route in a situation when we both have exponential edge costs, and vertices of varying out-degree (in this case a power-law with P(|N (x)| > t) ≈ t−2 ).
Decentralized Search with Random Costs
We have presented a method for decentralized search that takes varying costs of routing down different edges into account.
Decentralized Search with Random Costs
The long term goal of these studies is to try to find adaptive methods for decentralized search when the edge costs are not independent random values, but depend, for instance, on the number of queries that have passed down the edges recently.
Decentralized Search with Random Costs
Complex networks and decentralized search algorithms.
Decentralized Search with Random Costs
Decentralized search in networks using homophily.
Decentralized Search with Random Costs
Stern. A class of decentralized routing algorithms using relaxation.
Decentralized Search with Random Costs
We would like the message to be delivered in a decentralized fashion, in a way that would guarantee delivery. A natural approach would be to use the universal exploration sequence originated from s.
On ad hoc routing with guaranteed delivery
***