darken

Definitions

  • Cabot's Route. Land discovered by him darkened
    Cabot's Route. Land discovered by him darkened
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v darken make dark or darker "darken a room"
    • v darken become dark or darker "The sky darkened"
    • v darken tarnish or stain "a scandal that darkened the family's good name"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Darken To cast a gloom upon. "With these forced thoughts, I prithee, darken not
      The mirth of the feast."
    • Darken To cloud, obscure, or perplex; to render less clear or intelligible. "Such was his wisdom that his confidence did seldom darken his foresight.""Who is this that darkeneth counsel by words without knowledge?"
    • v. i Darken To grow or darker.
    • Darken To make dark or black; to deprive of light; to obscure; as, a darkened room. "They [locusts] covered the face of the whole earth, so that the land was darkened .""So spake the Sovran Voice; and clouds began
      To darken all the hill."
    • Darken To make foul; to sully; to tarnish. "I must not think there are
      Evils enough to darken all his goodness."
    • Darken To render dim; to deprive of vision. "Let their eyes be darkened , that they may not see."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • darken To grow dark or darker.
    • darken To grow less white or clear; assume a darker hue or appearance: as, white paper darkens with age.
    • darken To deprive of light; make dark or darker: as, to darken a room by closing the shutters.
    • darken To obscure or shut out the light of.
    • darken To render less white or clear; impart a darker hue to: as, exposure to the sun darkens the complexion.
    • darken To obscure or cloud the meaning or intelligence of; perplex; render vague or uncertain.
    • darken To render gloomy; sadden.
    • darken To deprive of vision; strike with blindness.
    • darken Hence To deprive of intellectual or spiritual light; sink in darkness or ignorance.
    • darken To sully; make foul; make less bright or lustrous.
    • darken To hide; conceal.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • v.t Darken to make dark: to render ignorant: to sully
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Quotations

  • John Milton
    John%20Milton
    “And when night, darkens the streets, then wander forth the sons of Belial, flown with insolence and wine.”
  • Logan Pearsall Smith
    Logan%20Pearsall%20Smith
    “How many of our daydreams would darken into nightmares, were there a danger of their coming true!”
  • Kelvin Mackenzie
    Kelvin Mackenzie
    “If they have a popular thought they have to go into a darkened room and lie down until it passes.”
  • J. R. Tolkien
    J. R. Tolkien
    “Faithless is he that says farewell when the road darkens.”
  • King Jr. Martin Luther
    King%20Jr.%20Martin%20Luther
    “Hatred paralyzes life; love releases it. Hatred confuses life; love harmonizes it. Hatred darkens life; love illuminates it.”

Idioms

Never darken my door again - This is a way of telling someone never to visit you again.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
AS. deorcian,. See Dark (a.)
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. deorc.

Usage

In literature:

He stood up tall and stern in a darkened chamber.
"Fantazius Mallare" by Ben Hecht
What her purpose can be in thus darkening her own fame he is at a loss to divine.
"The Wagnerian Romances" by Gertrude Hall
They were hastily withdrawn, and a faint color crept up, darkening the youngster's tan.
"Shoe-Bar Stratton" by Joseph Bushnell Ames
We acknowledge that "the understanding is darkened" by sin.
"Christianity and Greek Philosophy" by Benjamin Franklin Cocker
The man Ugo pocketed the money with a darkening face and turned to depart.
"The Doomsman" by Van Tassel Sutphen
Here she lay in the sunlight, with bars of orange light darkening to ocean blue, and one far sparkling line in the West.
"Child and Country" by Will Levington Comfort
The red face darkened to a perilous purple, and the narrow, dull eyes flashed fire.
"Making People Happy" by Thompson Buchanan
Mr Wentworth stayed behind, pacing up and down the darkening walk.
"The Perpetual Curate" by Mrs [Margaret] Oliphant
It had darkened perceptibly and swiftly.
"The Scarlet Feather" by Houghton Townley
His fair face was darkened with anger, his blue eyes were blazing.
"The End of the Rainbow" by Marian Keith
However, Mr. Singleton's eyes darkened and saddened under the words.
"Rose O'Paradise" by Grace Miller White
Then her face darkened.
"The Light of the Star" by Hamlin Garland
He recognized the darkened, distorted face.
"The Saracen: Land of the Infidel" by Robert Shea
The storm had so darkened the room that the cardinal's servants had lit extra candles.
"The Saracen: The Holy War" by Robert Shea
His wisdom was darkened with the tinge and colour of the cynic's thought.
"The Roof Tree" by Charles Neville Buck
A board creaked near him, toward the heart of that darkened vault.
"Peter the Brazen" by George F. Worts
The palaces would be old and darkened, the place of kings obscured.
"The Rainbow" by D. H. (David Herbert) Lawrence
Slowly, without a backward glance, he rode on across the darkening levels.
"Tharon of Lost Valley" by Vingie E. Roe
Late in the day the sky darkened rapidly.
"Shaman" by Robert Shea
Rochester's face suddenly darkened.
"The Moving Finger" by E. Phillips Oppenheim
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In poetry:

The maple darkens
(Pale grow I!)
The near night shivers
(The temple fades.)
"Love In Japan" by Cale Young Rice
Ignominy and pain you knew,
The lash, the scourge,
You, the perfect molten metal
Of my darkened forge.
"Christ's Bounty" by Anonymous Irish
Over the eyes of gladness
The lids of sorrow fall,
And the light of mirth is darkened
Under the funeral pall.
"Over The Eyes Of Gladness" by James Whitcomb Riley
The sea darkens and roars,
while the olive trees turn pale.
The flutes of darkness sound,
and a muted gong of the snow.
"The Gypsy And The Wind" by Federico Garcia Lorca
High on a rock, whose castled shade
Darken'd the lake below,
In ancient strength majestic stood
The towers of Arlinkow.
"Donica - A Ballad" by Robert Southey
Then a man uprose before us--
We had once despised his race--
But we saw a lofty purpose
Lighting up his darkened face.
"Our Hero" by Frances Ellen Watkins Harper

In news:

On an autumn afternoon under darkening skies, the University of Washington football team proved that you can put lipstick on a pig, but in the end it is still a pig.
Today, there are hundreds of programs, many of them harking back to the days of the sweater-wearing Jimmy Carter and the darkened Christmas lights.
We all have our own remedies for those restless nights when sleep evades us, everything from warm milk and a good book to room-darkening shades and the right blankets.
Arctic wildfire soot darkening Greenland ice sheet.
Japan survey shows business sentiment darkening.
The business elite in Ciudad Juárez favor SUVs with darkened windows to temper the hot sun and keep the outside world from peering in.
As the evening sky darkens during November, Mars will appear 10 degrees high in the southwest an hour after sunset for viewers around 40 degrees north latitude.
A slowed, darkened New York City begins to stir to life .
The health of most of the planet's population is rapidly coming to resemble that of the United States, where death in childhood is rare, too much food is a bigger problem than too little, and life is long and often darkened by disability.
Monoethanolamine, or MEA, is currently used in ammonia-free dyes to darken hair, but L'Oréal was able to strengthen the substance to be able to use in lighter and gray-covering dyes.
When you walk into a darkened room, your first instinct is to feel around for a light switch.
This week, lucky viewers will see the full moon darken as a penumbral lunar eclipse graces the sky.
Kenny Salvini hit the slopes one night with his bros and scored major air off a terrain park ramp, soaring into the darkened sky.
Lights Off, Eyes Open: New Moon Darkens Skies For Meteor Shower.
Residents say the volcano spewed a lot of ash, darkened the sky.
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In science:

It incorporates a broad range of spot and star parameters, including stellar limb-darkening, and it allows for the presence of multiple spots of any shape, including umbra-penumbra effects.
Astrometric Methods and Instrumentation to Identify and Characterize Extrasolar Planets: A Review
For most ob jects, the oblate distortion of the star and Von Zeipel gravity darkening for radiative envelopes may lead to a distribution of mass flux which is stronger towards the pole than to the equator [Owocki].
Mass loss summary - a personal perspective
Because the source is probably limb-darkened, the fractional flux is likely to b e underestimated in the second lobe as a reduced slope due to limbdarkening will be compensated by a lower A with the uniform disk model.
The molecular and dusty composition of Betelgeuse's inner circumstellar environment
The diameter is the average of the two limb-darkened disk diameter estimates of that paper. A consistent limb-darkened diameter has been measured in the H band with visibilities in the first a nd second lobes (Haubois et al. (2006)).
The molecular and dusty composition of Betelgeuse's inner circumstellar environment
In the following, we use this near-infrared limb-darkened diameter as an N-band uniform disk diameter as limb-darkening in this latter wavelength range is supposedly much smaller.
The molecular and dusty composition of Betelgeuse's inner circumstellar environment
This is however a limitation as we do not measure any limb-darkening in the N band and interpret apparent limb-darkening as due to the opacity of the shell.
The molecular and dusty composition of Betelgeuse's inner circumstellar environment
Below 9.18 µm, data have been obtained in the second visibility lobe and this spatial frequency range is very sensitive to limb darkening.
The molecular and dusty composition of Betelgeuse's inner circumstellar environment
Limb darkening in the second visibility lobe also has an impact on the derived diameter.
The molecular and dusty composition of Betelgeuse's inner circumstellar environment
The size of the object is very sensitive - to this level of accuracy - to the assumed amount of limb darkening.
The molecular and dusty composition of Betelgeuse's inner circumstellar environment
With the photosphere + shell model, the photosphere is naturally limb darkened when the shell has a non zero optical depth.
The molecular and dusty composition of Betelgeuse's inner circumstellar environment
In particular as underlined in Section 3 a more complete set of data is needed both at shorter and somewhat longer baselines in order to better measure limb darkening and better measure the optical depth of the shells above the photosphere.
The molecular and dusty composition of Betelgeuse's inner circumstellar environment
In the above expression, g1 is the gravity darkening coefficient of the primary and u1 is its limb-darkening coefficient, and i is the orbital inclination.
Observational Evidence for Tidal Interaction in Close Binary Systems
The amplitude of the shift depends on the relative spin-orbit inclination, but also on the rotational velocity of the eclipsed star, the ratio of the two radii and the limb darkening of the stellar disk (Kopal 1942; 1959; Hosokawa 1953; Ohta et al. 2005; Winn et al. 2005; Gim´enez 2006).
Observational Evidence for Tidal Interaction in Close Binary Systems
In species 26o , satins result from darkening cells containing half-turn centres along alternate mirrors.
Isonemal Prefabrics with Perpendicular Axes of Symmetry
In species 26e , satins result from darkening alternate cells containing half-turn centres along the mirrors containing just them in such a way that, along the perpendicular mirrors, such cells are either all dark or all not.
Isonemal Prefabrics with Perpendicular Axes of Symmetry
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