dark

Definitions

  • A DARK TRANSACTION
    A DARK TRANSACTION
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj dark not giving performances; closed "the theater is dark on Mondays"
    • adj dark having skin rich in melanin pigments "National Association for the Advancement of Colored People","dark-skinned peoples"
    • adj dark brunet (used of hair or skin or eyes) "dark eyes"
    • adj dark devoid of or deficient in light or brightness; shadowed or black "sitting in a dark corner","a dark day","dark shadows","dark as the inside of a black cat"
    • adj dark causing dejection "a blue day","the dark days of the war","a week of rainy depressing weather","a disconsolate winter landscape","the first dismal dispiriting days of November","a dark gloomy day","grim rainy weather"
    • adj dark (used of color) having a dark hue "dark green","dark glasses","dark colors like wine red or navy blue"
    • adj dark marked by difficulty of style or expression "much that was dark is now quite clear to me","those who do not appreciate Kafka's work say his style is obscure"
    • adj dark lacking enlightenment or knowledge or culture "this benighted country","benighted ages of barbarism and superstition","the dark ages","a dark age in the history of education"
    • adj dark stemming from evil characteristics or forces; wicked or dishonorable "black deeds","a black lie","his black heart has concocted yet another black deed","Darth Vader of the dark side","a dark purpose","dark undercurrents of ethnic hostility","the scheme of some sinister intelligence bent on punishing him"-Thomas Hardy"
    • adj dark showing a brooding ill humor "a dark scowl","the proverbially dour New England Puritan","a glum, hopeless shrug","he sat in moody silence","a morose and unsociable manner","a saturnine, almost misanthropic young genius"- Bruce Bliven","a sour temper","a sullen crowd"
    • adj dark secret "keep it dark"
    • n dark an unenlightened state "he was in the dark concerning their intentions","his lectures dispelled the darkness"
    • n dark an unilluminated area "he moved off into the darkness"
    • n dark absence of light or illumination
    • n dark absence of moral or spiritual values "the powers of darkness"
    • n dark the time after sunset and before sunrise while it is dark outside
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

When Darkness Closes In When Darkness Closes In
Time-worn palaces, and the darkly doubtful water at their base Time-worn palaces, and the darkly doubtful water at their base
WORRIES OF THE DARK AGES WORRIES OF THE DARK AGES
I can see in the dark I can see in the dark

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: There are bananas called "Red banana" that are maroon to dark purple when ripe
    • Dark (Fine Arts) A dark shade or dark passage in a painting, engraving, or the like; as, the light and darks are well contrasted. "The lights may serve for a repose to the darks , and the darks to the lights."
    • Dark Absence of light; darkness; obscurity; a place where there is little or no light. "Here stood he in the dark , his sharp sword out."
    • Dark Deprived of sight; blind. "He was, I think, at this time quite dark , and so had been for some years."
    • Dark Destitute of knowledge and culture; in moral or intellectual darkness; unrefined; ignorant. "The age wherein he lived was dark , but he
      Could not want light who taught the world to see."
      "The tenth century used to be reckoned by mediæval historians as the darkest part of this intellectual night."
    • Dark Destitute, or partially destitute, of light; not receiving, reflecting, or radiating light; wholly or partially black, or of some deep shade of color; not light-colored; as, a dark room; a dark day; dark cloth; dark paint; a dark complexion. "O dark dark dark , amid the blaze of noon,
      Irrecoverably dark , total eclipse
      Without all hope of day!"
      "In the dark and silent grave."
    • Dark Evincing black or foul traits of character; vile; wicked; atrocious; as, a dark villain; a dark deed. "Left him at large to his own dark designs."
    • Dark Foreboding evil; gloomy; jealous; suspicious. "More dark and dark our woes.""A deep melancholy took possesion of him, and gave a dark tinge to all his views of human nature.""There is, in every true woman-s heart, a spark of heavenly fire, which beams and blazes in the dark hour of adversity."
    • Dark Not clear to the understanding; not easily seen through; obscure; mysterious; hidden. "The dark problems of existence.""What may seem dark at the first, will afterward be found more plain.""What's your dark meaning, mouse, of this light word?"
    • Dark The condition of ignorance; gloom; secrecy. "Look, what you do, you do it still i' th' dark .""Till we perceive by our own understandings, we are as much in the dark , and as void of knowledge, as before."
    • v. t Dark To darken; to obscure.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: If you keep a Goldfish in the dark room, it will eventually turn white
    • dark Without light; marked by the absence of light; unilluminated; shadowy: as, a dark night; a dark room.
    • dark Not radiating or reflecting light; wholly or partially black or gray in appearance; having the quality opposite to light or white: as, a dark object; a dark color.
    • dark Not fair: applied to the complexion: as, the dark-skinned races.
    • dark Lacking in light or brightness; shaded; obscure: as, a dark day; the dark recesses of a forest.
    • dark Characterized by or producing gloom; dreary; cheerless: as, a dark time in the affairs of the country.
    • dark Threatening; frowning; gloomy; morose: as, a dark scowl.
    • dark Obscure; not easily perceived or understood; difficult to interpret or explain: as, a dark saying; a dark passage in an author.
    • dark Hence Concealed; secret; mysterious; inscrutable as, keep it dark.
    • dark Blind; sightless.
    • dark Unenlightened, either mentally or spiritually; characterized by backwardness in learning, art, science, or religion; destitute of knowledge or culture; ignorant; uninstructed; rude: uncivilized: as, the dark places of the earth; the dark ages.
    • dark Morally black; atrocious; wicked; sinister.
    • n dark The absence of light; darkness.
    • n dark A dark place.
    • n dark A dark hue; a dark spot or part.
    • n dark A state of concealment; secrecy: as, things done in the dark.
    • n dark An obscured or unenlightened state or condition; obscurity; a state of ignorance: as, I am still in the dark regarding his intentions.
    • dark In the dark; without light.
    • dark To grow or become dark; darken.
    • dark To remain in the dark; lurk; lie hidden or concealed.
    • dark To make dark; darken; obscure.
    • n dark An obsolete form of darg.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Thomas Edison was afraid of the dark
    • adj Dark därk without light: black, or somewhat black: gloomy: difficult to understand: unenlightened: secret: sinister
    • n Dark absence of light: obscurity: a state of ignorance
    • adv Dark (Shak.) in a state of dark
    • v.i Dark to grow dark or darker
    • adv Dark and adj. Dark′ling, dark: in the dark
    • ***

Quotations

  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “He who knows the darkness shall learn to live in the light.”
  • Carl Zwanzig
    Carl Zwanzig
    “Duct tape is like the force. It has a light side, a dark side, and it holds the universe together.”
  • Dwight L. Moody
    Dwight%20L.%20Moody
    “Character is what you are in the dark.”
  • James Thurber
    James%20Thurber
    “But what is all this fear of and opposition to Oblivion? What is the matter with the soft Darkness, the Dreamless Sleep?”
  • Henry David Thoreau
    Henry%20David%20Thoreau
    “I put a piece of paper under my pillow, and when I could not sleep I wrote in the dark.”
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson
    Ralph%20Waldo%20Emerson
    “When it is dark enough, you can see the stars.”

Idioms

All cats are grey in the dark - Things are indistinguishable in the dark so appearances don't matter.('All cats are grey at night' is also used.)
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Dark horse - If someone is a dark horse, they are a bit of a mystery and we don't know how they will react or perform.
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In the dark - If you're in the dark, you don't know what is happening around you.
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Left in the dark - If you are left in the dark about something, you aren't given the information that you should have.
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Shot in the dark - If you have a shot in the dark at something, you try something where you have little hope of success.
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Whistling in the dark - If someone is whistling in the dark, they believe in a positive result, even though everybody else is sure it will not happen.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. dark, derk, deork, AS. dearc, deorc,; cf. Gael. & Ir. dorch, dorcha, dark, black, dusky

Usage

In literature:

The great hound had risen to his feet and was staring at him with eyes as dark brown as his master's.
"The Saracen: Land of the Infidel" by Robert Shea
Sophia and Simon went for a walk in the atrium, and in a dark corner she let him kiss her.
"The Saracen: The Holy War" by Robert Shea
In the dark opening the last slippery mass held quiet for endless seconds.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science February 1930" by Various
A vertical stripe of yellow light cleaved the dark of the corridor as a door was quietly shut.
"Peter the Brazen" by George F. Worts
Otherwise it was black darkness: one breathed darkness.
"The Rainbow" by D. H. (David Herbert) Lawrence
Tonight she thought of him, somehow, as she went about the supper work along with Anita and Jose and pretty dark Paula.
"Tharon of Lost Valley" by Vingie E. Roe
He saw a square, dark opening in the glowing surface of the star.
"Shaman" by Robert Shea
The spores are dark ferruginous when caught on white paper, but paler on dark paper.
"The Mushroom, Edible and Otherwise" by M. E. Hard
In the dark nothing existed save souls, and souls were equal.
"The Web of the Golden Spider" by Frederick Orin Bartlett
Then the dark bulk of a building loomed up ahead and Pete pushed open a door.
"Partners of the Out-Trail" by Harold Bindloss
But even in the darkness he sensed the understanding of Peter.
"The Country Beyond" by James Oliver Curwood
The thin brown wall appears dark bay with the inclosed spores.
"The Myxomycetes of the Miami Valley, Ohio" by A. P. Morgan
It was the darkness of mid-evening when we left the Planetara for Halsey's office.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, March 1930" by Various
It was beginning to grow dark, almost too dark for landing.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, May, 1930" by Various
It lay enveloped in the darkness of the powder-gas cloud and its own darkness bombs.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, June, 1930" by Various
Her dark hair fell in disorder over her flushed cheeks, and her eyes were sparkling with pleasure.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, October, 1930" by Various
He was a slight, dark man, of somewhat remarkable refinement of appearance.
"The Law-Breakers" by Ridgwell Cullum
A dark slaty colored bird with white specks, and a patch of dark chestnut on the fore back.
"The Bird Book" by Chester A. Reed
But Dark's wrecked ship drifted into a dangerous zone of meteor swarms where they couldn't follow.
"The World with a Thousand Moons" by Edmond Hamilton
In darkness we have lived; in darkness we shall emerge.
"Brood of the Dark Moon" by Charles Willard Diffin
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In poetry:

Her hair held earth.
Her eyes were dark.
A double flute
made her move.
"Kore" by Robert Creeley
Noisome insects
Here are engender'd;
Fatal darkness
Veils their malice.
"To My Friend - Ode II" by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
"I see them hearken,
The Houris that wait!
Their dark eyes darken
The diamond gate!
"Abu Midjan" by George MacDonald
But I see no night,
For my Lord is here
With him dark is light,
With him far is near.
"Antiphon" by George MacDonald
Thick is the darkness -
Sunward, O, sunward!
Rough is the highway -
Onward, still onward!
"Thick Is The Darkness" by William Ernest Henley
Darkness hides no dearer head:
Why should darkness end
Day so soon, O dear and dead
Friend?
"A Dead Friend" by Algernon Charles Swinburne

In news:

Bloated 'Dark Knight Rises' brings Batman trilogy to clumsy end.
I have a totally different take, one that's pretty dark.
Take a well-tailored jacket, add a spot of cashmere, don some dark denim and step into a suede shoe, and Bob's your uncle.
The ad campaign works, as it shows dual sides of our girl rocking her blonde hair in a flashy showgirl look on top, and dark hair in her Egyptian goddess look on the bottom.
Starbucks said its new Starbucks Blonde Roast is designed to cater to coffee drinkers that prefer a lighter roast to the brewer's current portfolio of medium and dark roast coffees.
Human history is full of blood, and it has not only been spilled on battlefields and in dark alleys.
Dim the lights and turn up the radio for some dark, passionate rock from this Seattle trio.
They will no doubt shackle one of the worst singular moments of American violence with the premiere of The Dark Knight Rises.
It has a dark green leaf and the common variety has clusters of bright red flowers.
Being of Armenian descent, Kim Kardashian's eyes are as dark as her glossy brunette hair.
Dark and blustery days are upon us.
But, in the `40s and `50s, L. Ron Hubbard when he was still a mere science fiction writer and JPL co-founder and dark arts practitioner Jack Parsons.
"The Dark Knight Rises" pits Christian Bale as Bruce Wayne/Batman against Tom Hardy as Bane.
"The Dark Knight Rises" is the final installment in Christopher Nolan's Batman trilogy.
Now when the sun rises in the morning and knocks darkness clear out the sky – now, that's power.
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In science:

The sub ject of dark nebulae and what makes them dark have a very patchy history.
Cosmic Dust in the 21st Century
Dark Matter ]Dark matter is an important problem in cosmology.
Gauge Theory of Gravity
Commonly accepted mechanisms are unable to explain the existence of these patterns and Bureau et al. proposed disk dark matter (scaling with the H I distribution) or a rotating triaxial dark halo as alternative solutions.
On the Spiral Structure of NGC 2915 and Dark Matter
Structure formation simulations in cold dark matter (CDM) scenarios have long argued for (strongly) triaxial dark matter halos around galaxies (e.g.
On the Spiral Structure of NGC 2915 and Dark Matter
Indeed, Brighenti & Mathews (1997) later decomposed Irwin & Sarazin’s (1996) mass distribution into separate stellar and dark-matter components (as we also do, in §4.3), and argued that any dark-matter halo must contribute negligibly to the total mass inside R <∼ 7.5 kpc ≃ 0.5Reff .
Dynamics of the Globular Cluster System Associated with M49 (NGC4472): Cluster Orbital Properties and the Distribution of Dark Matter
Furthermore, the erosion of the stellar cusp may lower the central dark matter density through a process (‘adiabatic expansion’) that is the opposite of the adiabatic compression of dark halos in response to baryonic cooling and infall (Blumenthal et al. 1986).
The formation of galaxy stellar cores by the hierarchical merging of supermassive black holes
Re /Rd=0.1, where Re is the effective radius of the galaxy and Rd is the radius of the dark matter core) but massive (Mdark /MLum = 10) dark halo has been assumed.
The cosmic evolution of the galaxy luminosity density
By means of high resolution N–body simulations of massive dark matter halos in a ΛCDM cosmology, we find that scaling relations similar to those observed for galaxy clusters are already defined by their dark matter hosts.
The scaling relations of galaxy clusters and their dark matter halos
Weak gravitational lensing methods (for review see [6, 7, 8] and references therein), that allow one to investigate the evolution of matter clustering and the growth of large-scale structure [10, 11], are a way to probe both dark energy and dark matter.
Observations of cluster substructure using weakly lensed sextupole moments
Among these are, for example, the warm dark matter (WDM) model of structure formation [2, 3] and the cold dark matter model with a running spectral index.
Decaying particles and the reionization history of the Universe
Therefore, a possible supernegative equation of state of dark energy deserves due attention. A new type of dark energy with the equation of state characterized by w < −1 was proposed in and named phantom energy.
Generalized phantom energy
These studies into F dwarfs and K giants also supported Oort’s previous discovery of disk dark matter, but now claimed that approximately half of the mass density in the solar neighborhood of the disk is dark.
Dark Matter in the Local Galactic Disk
Because the dark matter is fit with an isothermal equilibrium model, the determination of the dark matter component varies with the assumption of the velocity dispersion of the dark matter; larger dispersions result in smaller central densities for dark matter.
Dark Matter in the Local Galactic Disk
Furthermore, the extended assumption that the dark matter is also in equilibrium with an isothermal profile is ad hoc since the form of dark matter is not yet known.
Dark Matter in the Local Galactic Disk
One of the most debated puzzles in cosmology is why the ratio between the energy densities of Dark Energy (DE) and Dark Matter (DM) is around two today.
Dynamical Relaxation of the Dark Matter to Baryon Ratio
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