damp

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj damp slightly wet "clothes damp with perspiration","a moist breeze","eyes moist with tears"
    • v damp lessen in force or effect "soften a shock","break a fall"
    • v damp make vague or obscure or make (an image) less visible "muffle the message"
    • v damp restrain or discourage "the sudden bad news damped the joyous atmosphere"
    • v damp deaden (a sound or noise), especially by wrapping
    • n damp a slight wetness
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Linen can absorb up to 20 times its weight in moisture before it feels damp
    • Damp (Mining) A gaseous product, formed in coal mines, old wells, pints, etc.
    • Damp Being in a state between dry and wet; moderately wet; moist; humid. "O'erspread with a damp sweat and holy fear."
    • Damp Dejected; depressed; sunk. "All these and more came flocking, but with looks
      Downcast and damp ."
    • Damp Dejection; depression; cloud of the mind. "Even now, while thus I stand blest in thy presence,
      A secret damp of grief comes o'er my soul."
      "It must have thrown a damp over your autumn excursion."
    • Damp Moisture; humidity; fog; fogginess; vapor. "Night . . . with black air
      Accompanied, with damps and dreadful gloom."
    • Damp To put out, as fire; to depress or deject; to deaden; to cloud; to check or restrain, as action or vigor; to make dull; to weaken; to discourage. "To damp your tender hopes.""Usury dulls and damps all industries, improvements, and new inventions, wherein money would be stirring if it were not for this slug.""How many a day has been damped and darkened by an angry word!""The failure of his enterprise damped the spirit of the soldiers."
    • Damp To render damp; to moisten; to make humid, or moderately wet; to dampen; as, to damp cloth.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n damp Moist air; humidity; moisture.
    • n damp A poisonous vapor; specifically, in mining, a stifling or poisonous gas. See black-damp, fire-damp.
    • n damp A fog.
    • n damp A check; a discouragement.
    • n damp Depression of spirits; dejection.
    • damp Moist; humid; moderately wet: as, a damp cloth; damp air.
    • damp Clammy.
    • damp Dejected; depressed.
    • damp Synonyms Humid, Dank, etc. See moist.
    • damp To moisten; make humid or moderately wet; dampen.
    • damp To extinguish; smother; suffocate.
    • damp To suffocate with damp or foul air in a mine. [Eng.]
    • damp To check or retard the force or action of: as, to damp a fire by covering it with ashes; especially, to diminish the range or amplitude of vibrations in, as a piano-string, by causing a resistance to the motions of the vibrating body. Both the vibrations and the vibrating body are said to be damped. Usually applied to acoustic vibrations, but also to slower oscillations.
    • damp To make dull or weak and indistinct, as a sound or a light; obscure; deaden.
    • damp To depress; deject; discourage; deaden; check; weaken.
    • damp Specifically To diminish or destroy the oscillation of (a metallic body in motion in a magnetic field). When a conductor is moved in a magnetic field, or when a magnet is moved in the vicinity of a conductor, there will be, in general, an induced current generated which will oppose the motion to which it is due. The moving body will act as if immersed in a viscous liquid, and will more quickly come to rest. Advantage is taken of this fact in stilling the vibrations of a magnetic needle in a galvanometer or a compass by placing masses of conducting metal near the vibrating body. Damping is also accomplished by attaching to the needle a disk, cylinder, or vane, which swings in a liquid or in air.
    • damp [Dampen is now more common in the literal sense, and is sometimes used in the derived senses.]
    • damp Synonyms To moderate, allay, dispirit.
    • damp In horticulture, to rot or waste away, as the stems and leaves of seedlings and other tender plants, when the soil and atmosphere in which they are vegetating are too wet or cold: with off: as, flower-seedlings in hotbeds are especially liable to damp off.
    • n damp The popular name of a disease which attacks young seedlings and succulent plants, causing them to rot off near the surface of the ground. An excessively moist atmosphere is particularly favorable for its development, Pythium De Baryanum is responsible for most of the “damp” in cucumbers, egg-plants, peas and similar plants while a species of Rhizoctonia causes this disease in cotton, and Alternaria, tennis produces the effect in tobacco. Also called damping off.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Damp damp vapour, mist: moist air: lowness of spirits:
    • v.t Damp to wet slightly: to chill: to discourage: to check: to make dull
    • adj Damp moist, foggy: sometimes in the form Damp′y
    • v.t Damp and v.i. Damp′en, to make or become damp or moist
    • n Damp damp (pl.) dangerous vapours in mines, &c
    • ***

Quotations

  • William Hazlitt
    William%20Hazlitt
    “We are very much what others think of us. The reception our observations meet with gives us courage to proceed, or damps our efforts.”
  • John Donne
    John%20Donne
    “Despair is the damp of hell, as joy is the serenity of heaven.”
  • George Eliot
    George%20Eliot
    “There is a sort of jealousy which needs very little fire; it is hardly a passion, but a blight bred in the cloudy, damp despondency of uneasy egoism.”
  • Dorothy Parker
    Dorothy%20Parker
    “Razors pain you; rivers are damp; acids stain you; and drugs cause cramp. Guns aren't lawful; nooses give; gas smells awful; you might as well live.”

Idioms

Damp squib - (UK) If something is expected to have a great effect or impact but doesn't, it is a damp squib.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Akin to LG., D., & Dan. damp, vapor, steam, fog, G. dampf, Icel. dampi, Sw. damb, dust, and to MNG. dimpfen, to smoke, imp. dampf,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
M. E. dampen; akin to Dut. damp, Ger. dampf, vapour.

Usage

In literature:

Perspiration.= Shoe becoming damp from perspiration should be dried naturally by evaporation.
"Manual of Military Training" by James A. Moss
They didn't get so awful damp then.
"Free Air" by Sinclair Lewis
Exposure to damp will, as a matter of course, affect the original glueing of these parts as soon as any other.
"The Repairing & Restoration of Violins" by Horace Petherick
And he, poor boy, wept also, as he sat alone by the river, near to and watching the damp linen.
"Fairy Tales of Hans Christian Andersen" by Hans Christian Andersen
The soil that is unable to throw off any excess of water becomes cold and damp, and does not admit of proper tillage.
"Manures and the principles of manuring" by Charles Morton Aikman
If the floor is of uneven stones, these grow damp and slimy.
"The Toilers of the Field" by Richard Jefferies
These figures, taken from a table in the Neo-Hebridais, show that the year is divided into a cool, dry season and a hot, damp one.
"Two Years with the Natives in the Western Pacific" by Felix Speiser
But at sight of his bandaged arm and damp dishevelled appearance she halted with lips apart.
"Captain Desmond, V.C." by Maud Diver
Idly my eye followed it down to the filthy, sluggishly-creeping water that flows round the bend, under the damp rear-garden walls below.
"The Dop Doctor" by Clotilde Inez Mary Graves
The two boys delved into the damp rubbish it held.
"The Black Buccaneer" by Stephen W. Meader
The bare parts of the floor should be gone over with a damp duster or a damp mop.
"Scouting For Girls, Official Handbook of the Girl Scouts" by Girl Scouts
In damp muggy weather moisture is absorbed from the atmosphere.
"Dishes & Beverages of the Old South" by Martha McCulloch Williams
Even though he was a spirit, he sensed that the air was hot and damp.
"The Saracen: The Holy War" by Robert Shea
The sheets were still damp with their sweat, and the air in the little bedroom was thick with the musky odors of their secret juices.
"Shaman" by Robert Shea
Wood, not only obstructs the free current of air, but sends forth exhalations, which render it damp and unhealthy.
"The Cook and Housekeeper's Complete and Universal Dictionary; Including a System of Modern Cookery, in all Its Various Branches," by Mary Eaton
It is found in damp woods.
"The Mushroom, Edible and Otherwise" by M. E. Hard
One could smell the resin and the warm soil, damped by heavy dew.
"Partners of the Out-Trail" by Harold Bindloss
He breathed the cold, damp air in the hollow beneath the ice, then glided out and swam to land.
"Creatures of the Night" by Alfred W. Rees
But it's a clear cold, not damp like it is out here.
"The Boy With the U. S. Life-Savers" by Francis Rolt-Wheeler
The night is damp and chill, and now I look at thee, art thou not a-cold in that thin raiment of thine?
"Barclay of the Guides" by Herbert Strang
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In poetry:

Then, for Him who rose triumphant
To the heavenly Lamp,
Gird thy sword though night surround thee,
Wild and damp.
"Charge To The Knight Of Malta" by Harriet Annie Wilkins
Achter ons dekt de witte damp
De schemerende landen.
Zoo zijn wij thuis. Wij zien de lamp
In looveren warande ...
"Avondwandeling" by Pieter Cornelis Boutens
Upon the topmost turret,
With death and damp below,--
Three hundred years of spoilage,--
The crimson poppies grow.
"Poppies on Ludlow Castle" by Willa Sibert Cather
From early morning-nonsense
With tubs and troughs and strain,
With dampness in the evening
And sunsets in the rain.
"False Alarm" by Boris Pasternak
The second speaker said
Fear water. Fear drenching rain
Drizzle, oceans, puddles, a damp
Day and the flush toilet.
"Paper Men To Air Hopes And Fears" by Robert Francis
And as the Youth with holy warmth
Her hand in his did hold,
Sudden he felt Donica's hand
Grow deadly damp and cold.
"Donica - A Ballad" by Robert Southey

In news:

IT was opening night at the Half King on West 23rd Street, and though the bar was still half finished, fragrant with damp paint and sawdust, it was at full capacity with a crowd of authors, magazine journalists, literary agents and editors.
Damp homes and hunger our biggest test at school, say decile 1 pupils.
The cool, damp weather is going to be with us through the weekend.
Too warm, too damp, too soft for any real mental discipline.
Banks' Young Romney Donors Lament as Fox Damps Soiree.
Botched Chile Lithium Tender Won't Damp Mining Investments.
Spills will roll right off and a few wipes with a soft damp cloth and it will look like new.
Translated, it means "corner of the field," which sounds about right, if the corner of the field is shady, damp, green and on the banks of a twittering stream.
The workshop will include meditations to address stress and fatigue as well as practices to help strengthen and protect oneself against the cold, damp and viral infections of winter.
Mild Saturday, chilly, damp Sunday, clouds throughout.
Cold, Dark and Damp, Pockets of Misery Persist 2 Weeks Later.
Nat MPs' rentals cold, damp.
So on a damp, chilly evening, my neighbor Gerri and I became part of the crowd of smiling faces, greeting each other with waves of hands or hellos, all of us anticipating the delicious experience that was ahead of us.
Zabriski Point is one of the "must see" spots in Death Valley – and to say it's over-photographed is like saying fish are a "little" damp.
Hotel Buyers Inflate Property Prices as Values Outpace US Lodging Demand Record prices being paid by investors for US hotels may be outpacing gains in room rates and stays as the slow economic recovery damps a lodging revival.
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In science:

On the time scale of days J rotates about B due to its magnetic moment (Dolginov & Mytrophanov 1976), while gaseous damping time takes tgas ∼ 105 years.
Physics of Grain Alignment
It is noteworthy that in the zero slope limit this gaussian damping factor turns out to be the same as that of t-channel (eq. (5.10)).
Worldsheet and Spacetime Properties of p-p' System with B Field and Noncommutative Geometry
The noncommutative U (1) photons get decelerated by the presence of this cloud, which is reflected in our damping factor eq. (5.10).
Worldsheet and Spacetime Properties of p-p' System with B Field and Noncommutative Geometry
During that operation the damping waveguides with prebrazed end flanges were also bonded with the cells.
Design of a 3 GHz Accelerator Structure for the CLIC Test Facility (CTF 3) Drive Beam
The change in the lapse drops as an exponentially damped oscillation until at t ∼ 3500M it reaches the level of round-off error (10−16) and settles down (other functions show a similar behavior).
Simple excision of a black hole in 3+1 numerical relativity
This conservation law gives the correct quadrupole radiation formula of energy which is in good agreement with the analysis of the gravitational damping for the pulsar PSR1916-13 .
Angular momentum conservation law in Einstein-Cartan space-time
Landau damping, static magnetic modes are not screened.
QCD at high baryon density in a random matrix model
The coupling constant C and damping γ can be varied.
Localize energy in random media: A new phase state
These features are valid for a range of the coupling constant C and the damping rate.
Localize energy in random media: A new phase state
When the damping rate γ is increased to a large value, the phase ordering will then be degraded.
Localize energy in random media: A new phase state
A calculation of the one loop gravitational self-energy graph in non-anticommutative quantum gravity reveals that graviton loops are damped by internal momentum dependent factors in the modified propagator and the vertex functions.
Non-Anticommutative Quantum Gravity
It was shown that the planar one loop graviton graph and vacuum polarization are essentially the same as for the commutative perturbative result, while the non-planar graviton loop graphs were damped due to the oscillatory behavior of the noncommutative phase factor in the Feynman integrand.
Non-Anticommutative Quantum Gravity
In Section 3, a calculation of the first order, self-energy graviton loop diagrams reveals that they are finite due to the damping of the ultraviolet divergences by the modified graviton propagator.
Non-Anticommutative Quantum Gravity
Higher order graviton self-energy loops will contain products of the modified propagator, corresponding to the number of internal lines in a loop diagram, which will also damp out the ultraviolet behavior of the internal momentum integrations.
Non-Anticommutative Quantum Gravity
Collisional damping erases fluctuations in the matter power spectrum on scales < 100h−1M pc.
CMB Constraints on a Baryonic Dark Matter-Dominated Universe
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