culture

Definitions

  • THE PITFALLS OF CULTURE
    THE PITFALLS OF CULTURE
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v culture grow in a special preparation "the biologist grows microorganisms"
    • n culture the raising of plants or animals "the culture of oysters"
    • n culture (biology) the growing of microorganisms in a nutrient medium (such as gelatin or agar) "the culture of cells in a Petri dish"
    • n culture the tastes in art and manners that are favored by a social group
    • n culture all the knowledge and values shared by a society
    • n culture the attitudes and behavior that are characteristic of a particular social group or organization "the developing drug culture","the reason that the agency is doomed to inaction has something to do with the FBI culture"
    • n culture a particular society at a particular time and place "early Mayan civilization"
    • n culture a highly developed state of perfection; having a flawless or impeccable quality "they performed with great polish","I admired the exquisite refinement of his prose","almost an inspiration which gives to all work that finish which is almost art"--Joseph Conrad"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The papaya tree is known as "the medicinal tree" in some cultures because it?s seeds and leaves have been used as ingredients in different medicines
    • Culture The act of, or any labor or means employed for, training, disciplining, or refining the moral and intellectual nature of man; as, the culture of the mind. "If vain our toil
      We ought to blame the culture , not the soil."
    • Culture The act or practice of cultivating, or of preparing the earth for seed and raising crops by tillage; as, the culture of the soil.
    • Culture (Biol) The collection of organisms resulting from such a cultivation.
    • Culture (Biol) The cultivation of bacteria or other organisms (such as fungi or eukaryotic cells from mulitcellular organisms) in artificial media or under artificial conditions.
    • Culture The state of being cultivated; result of cultivation; physical improvement; enlightenment and discipline acquired by mental and moral training; civilization; refinement in manners and taste. "What the Greeks expressed by their paidei`a, the Romans by their humanitas , we less happily try to express by the more artificial word culture .""The list of all the items of the general life of a people represents that whole which we call its culture ."
    • Culture (Cartography) Those details of a map, collectively, which do not represent natural features of the area delineated, as names and the symbols for towns, roads, houses, bridges, meridians, and parallels.
    • v. t Culture To cultivate; to educate. "They came . . . into places well inhabited and cultured ."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Buttermilk does not contain any butter, but is a cultured milk product which is usually made from fat free milk
    • n culture The act of tilling and preparing the earth for crops; tillage; cultivation.
    • n culture The act of promoting growth in animals or plants, but especially in the latter; specifically, the process of raising plants with a view to the production of improved varieties.
    • n culture Hence— In bacteriology: The propagation of bacteria or other microscopic organisms by the introduction of the germs into suitably prepared fluids or other media, or of parasitic fungi upon living plants. Also called cultivation.
    • n culture The product of such culture.
    • n culture The systematic improvement and refinement of the mind, especially of one's own.
    • n culture The result of mental cultivation, or the state of being cultivated; refinement or enlightenment; learning and taste; in a broad sense, civilization: as, a man of culture.
    • n culture The training of the human body.
    • n culture The pursuit of any art or science with a view to its improvement.
    • n culture Cultivated ground.
    • culture To cultivate: as, “cultured vales,”
    • n culture In a map, all those features represented which are artificial or of human origin, such as meridians, roads, railroads, trails, ferries, bridges, houses, etc.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In ancient chinese culture it was common for them to use the lining of a cats stomach as a condom.
    • n Culture kul′tūr cultivation: the state of being cultivated: refinement the result of cultivation
    • v.t Culture to cultivate: to improve
    • ***

Quotations

  • Jawaharlal Nehru
    Jawaharlal%20Nehru
    “Culture is the widening of the mind and of the spirit.”
  • Thomas Wolfe
    Thomas%20Wolfe
    “Culture is the arts elevated to a set of beliefs.”
  • Harold Rosenberg
    Harold%20Rosenberg
    “The purpose of education is to keep a culture from being drowned in senseless repetitions, each of which claims to offer a new insight.”
  • Konrad Lorenz
    Konrad Lorenz
    “Historians will have to face the fact that natural selection determined the evolution of cultures in the same manner as it did that of species.”
  • Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe
    Johann%20Wolfgang%20Von%20Goethe
    “Hatred is something peculiar. You will always find it strongest and most violent where there is the lowest degree of culture.”
  • Roucher
    Roucher
    “The higher the culture the more honorable the work.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. culture, L. cultura, fr. colere, to till, cultivate; of uncertain origin. Cf. Colony

Usage

In literature:

But this variation is always from the primitive to the cultured, from the simple to the complex.
"Folklore as an Historical Science" by George Laurence Gomme
A brief review of the history of Voice Culture will serve to bring this fact out clearly.
"The Psychology of Singing" by David C. Taylor
Here it is nothing rare to meet the union of intellectual culture and self-respect with hard work.
"Harvard Classics Volume 28" by Various
Cultures are national amidst an international culture.
"The Menorah Journal, Volume 1, 1915" by Various
That is, in the life and culture of these groups, such traits may stand out distinctively.
"Human Traits and their Social Significance" by Irwin Edman
But after many years they revived sufficiently to stimulate me to action again in the line of pecan culture.
"Northern Nut Growers Association Report of the Proceedings at the Second Annual Meeting" by Northern Nut Growers Association
And almost overnight some force changed the entire cultural posture.
"Cubs of the Wolf" by Raymond F. Jones
The war and its emphasis on food seems to have increased interest in nut culture.
"Northern Nut Growers Association Thirty-Fourth Annual Report 1943" by Various
But he was a man of a certain amount of culture.
"Mary Wollstonecraft" by Elizabeth Robins Pennell
He must have been a man of culture.
"Erasmus and the Age of Reformation" by Johan Huizinga
From the beginning the Ohio Valley seems to have been a highway for migration, and the home of a culture of its own.
"The Frontier in American History" by Frederick Jackson Turner
The truth of social culture lies in moral culture.
"Pedagogics as a System" by Karl Rosenkranz
There is no more room in journalism for a gentleman; certainly not for literary men and people of culture.
"The Record of Nicholas Freydon" by A. J. (Alec John) Dawson
Culture and agriculture seemed all one to him.
"Miss Cayley's Adventures" by Grant Allen
Mere common-sense is defenseless against the armory of culture.
"On the Heights" by Berthold Auerbach
General Education and Culture.
"Great Singers on the Art of Singing" by James Francis Cooke
Both institutions once stood for culture and for culture exclusively.
"The Library and Society" by Various
But a part of the women, especially those of the liberal and cultured circles, saw the significance of this retrograde step.
"The Modern Woman's Rights Movement" by Kaethe Schirmacher
Conversation with these cultured ladies was indeed delightful.
"The Lost Manuscript" by Gustav Freytag
The object of culture is to stimulate and direct the activity of the mind.
"Thought-Culture" by William Walker Atkinson
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In poetry:

His mind's a cultured garden,
Where Nature's hand has sown
The flower-seeds of poesy--
And they have freshly grown,
Imbued with beauty and perfume
To other plants unknown.
"Lines On A Poet." by George Pope Morris
O Ancient World, before your culture dies,
Whilst failing life within you breathes and sinks,
Pause and be wise, as Oedipus was wise,
And solve the age-old riddle of the Sphinx.
"The Scythians" by Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Blok
Shall it, then, be unavailing,
All this toil for human culture?
Through the cloud-rack, dark and trailing,
Must they see above them sailing
O'er life's barren crags the vulture?
"Prometheus, Or, The Poet's Forethought. (Birds Of Passage. Flight The First)" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
"For all thy blessings thankfulness to wake,
Think of less cultur'd lands, less peaceful times;
Our coarsest fare, when sparingly we take,
'Tis luxury, compar'd with other climes.
"Love's Triumph" by Nathaniel Bloomfield
For no right cause, beneath whose ignorant reign
Arts, Culture, Reverence, Honour, all things fade,
Save Treason and the dagger of her trade,
And Murder with his silent bloody feet.
"Libertatis Sacra Fames" by Oscar Wilde
But happiest they who drooping realms relieve!
Whose virtues in our cultured vales appear!
For whose sad fate a thousand shepherds grieve,
And fading fields allow the grief sincere.
"Elegy XXV. To Delia, With Some Flowers" by William Shenstone

In news:

Q&A: Longtime art teacher introduces different cultures.
Presents from cultural gift shops.
Ask Westchester, July 2012: The White Plains Performing Arts Center Defends Its Cultural Season.
The cultured man and some less formidable types.
Indie-movie queen Julie Delpy (above) says she was so vocal in her teens about the casting-couch culture in France, it wrecked her career in her native country.
Rep Mazie Hirono gives a victory speech at the Japanese Cultural Center, Tuesday, Nov 6, 2012 in Honolulu.
Nucor's CEO is stepping aside , but its culture likely won't.
Deaf people are proud of ASL and their deaf culture.
They are locating works to include the diversity of authors and cultures in the state.
The United States isn't just one big melting pot of different cultures.
It went unspoken at the press conference, but everyone knows the oft-quoted phrase in popular culture about what you do when you assume .
LAHAINA - "People who help the land and the culture, who give unselfishly for the sake of the land, they are the heroes, the real warriors," the late Ed Lindsey, founder of Maui Cultural Lands (MCL), once said.
LAHAINA — "People who help the land and the culture, who give unselfishly for the sake of the land, they are the heroes, the real warriors," the late Ed Lindsey, founder of Maui Cultural Lands (MCL).
What the world needs even less than a new pop-culture vampire franchise is somebody saying that the last thing the world needs is another pop-culture vampire franchise.
"Ethiopian culture is so different from American culture and it makes for great comedy ," she says, adding that she is still shocked by how many people can't find Ethiopia on a map but know the region was starving.
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In science:

We also acknowledge the support of the Grant-in-Aid for the Global COE Program “The Next Generation of Physics, Spun from Universality and Emergence” and the Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research on Innovative Area N.21111006 from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) of Japan.
Use of delta N formalism - Difficulties in generating large local-type non-Gaussianity during inflation -
The ability to make transparent STFs means that cell cultures grown within them can be imaged, for example with confocal microscopy .
Thin-Film Metamaterials called Sculptured Thin Films
Not as much as requiring computing machines’ makers to adapt to each culture, but as much as to disorient a person landing on a web-page with a text in mathematics.
Notations Around the World: Census and Exploitation
In order to understand better this diversity, we are building a census of notations: it should allow any content creator or mathematician to grasp which mathematical notation is used in which language and culture.
Notations Around the World: Census and Exploitation
This paper reminds the great variation in the notations used in mathematical texts in many cultures: in order to obtain knowledge of this diversity, we propose to realize a census of the mathematical notations made of concrete observations from multiple texts.
Notations Around the World: Census and Exploitation
The census we propose should avoid such misconceptions by the maintenance of web-pages that link to textbooks that are commonly used hence should allow to dissipate any doubt about notations in wide usage in different cultures even if it is not well known.
Notations Around the World: Census and Exploitation
The Math-Bridge pro ject’s ob jective is to start where the learners start: in their own mathematical culture (the background can be quite different as described in [MGLU09] and [LCME+08], and bridge the gap to reach university-entry-level mathematics.
Notations Around the World: Census and Exploitation
The adaptation needed so that a software can interact with its users dependending on the cultures of the world have been investigated by such works as [Mar09] often based on the influential work of Hofstede [Hof01].
Notations Around the World: Census and Exploitation
Mathematics is widely viewed as a universal “methodology of reasoning” and a “language” common to all humans, truly “ob jective”, and thus independent of sub jective beliefs and cultural preformation.
Notations Around the World: Census and Exploitation
If we say that a mathematical theorem (for example Fermat’s last theorem) has been proven, we mean that a certain mathematical truth has been acertained at an ob jective level: It has been shown to hold as such, without reference to a particular language or culture.
Notations Around the World: Census and Exploitation
Mathematical thought has evolved in history in different cultural contexts (beginning with several hundred years B.C.), each developing its own methods by which mathematical ideas can be expressed and operated with.
Notations Around the World: Census and Exploitation
One might expect now that at least the mathematical symbols provide something like a well-defined and culturally independent language (or at least vocabulary).
Notations Around the World: Census and Exploitation
All these fields of usage of mathematical concepts constitute “cultures” whose customs differ in many respects.
Notations Around the World: Census and Exploitation
Whereas in many countries (as well as in the international communication) the number “twelve and a half ” is written in decimal representation as 12.5 some mathematical cultures would use 12, 5 instead.
Notations Around the World: Census and Exploitation
Which word or phrase is used to denote a concept or an operation is to some extent a matter of (official or informal) standardization, but it might as well be a matter of cultural tradition.
Notations Around the World: Census and Exploitation
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