• Tools used in the cultivation of tobacco over 300 years ago. These tools—hoe, billhook, and cutting knives—were excavated at Jamestown
    Tools used in the cultivation of tobacco over 300 years ago. These tools—hoe, billhook, and cutting knives—were excavated at Jamestown
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n cultivation (agriculture) production of food by preparing the land to grow crops (especially on a large scale)
    • n cultivation the act of raising or growing plants (especially on a large scale)
    • n cultivation socialization through training and education to develop one's mind or manners "her cultivation was remarkable"
    • n cultivation the process of fostering the growth of something "the cultivation of bees for honey"
    • n cultivation a highly developed state of perfection; having a flawless or impeccable quality "they performed with great polish","I admired the exquisite refinement of his prose","almost an inspiration which gives to all work that finish which is almost art"--Joseph Conrad"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Cultivating a small garden in Virginia. (Conjectural sketch by Sidney E. King.) Cultivating a small garden in Virginia. (Conjectural sketch by Sidney E. King.)
A few farm tools used by an early settler for cultivating his newly cleared land A few farm tools used by an early settler for cultivating his newly cleared land

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Olives, which grow on trees, were first cultivated 5,000 years ago in Syria
    • Cultivation Bestowal of time or attention for self-improvement or for the benefit of others; fostering care.
    • Cultivation The art or act of cultivating; improvement for agricultural purposes or by agricultural processes; tillage; production by tillage.
    • Cultivation The state of being cultivated; advancement in physical, intellectual, or moral condition; refinement; culture. "Italy . . . was but imperfectly reduced to cultivation before the irruption of the barbarians."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Almonds are the oldest, most widely cultivated and extensively used nuts in the world.
    • n cultivation The act or practice of tilling land and preparing it for crops; the agricultural management of land; husbandry in general.
    • n cultivation Land in a cultivated state; tilled land with its crops.
    • n cultivation The act or process of producing by tillage: as, the cultivation of corn or grass.
    • n cultivation The use of a cultivator upon growing crops.
    • n cultivation The process of developing; promotion of growth or strength, physical or mental: as, the cultivation of the oyster; the cultivation of organic germs, or of animal virus; the cultivation of the mind, or of virtue, piety, etc.
    • n cultivation The state of being cultivated; specifically, a state of moral or mental advancement; culture; refinement; the union of learning and taste.
    • n cultivation Synonyms Training, Discipline, Education, etc. See instruction.— and Refinement, etc. See culture.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Over 5 million people in Brazil are employed by the coffee trade. Most of those are involved with the cultivation and harvesting of more than 3 billion coffee plants.
    • ns Cultivation the art or practice of cultivating: civilisation: refinement
    • ***


  • Jean Cocteau
    “What the public criticizes in you, cultivate. It is you.”
  • Charles De Montesquieu
    “Countries are well cultivated, not as they are fertile, but as they are free.”
  • Robert Louis Stevenson
    “It is a golden maxim to cultivate the garden for the nose, and the eyes will take care of themselves.”
  • Alexander Maclaren
    “Seek to cultivate a buoyant, joyous sense of the crowded kindnesses of God in your daily life.”
  • James Harris
    James Harris
    “The greatest people will be those who possess the best capacities, cultivated with the best habits.”
  • Elbert Hubbard
    “Cultivate only the habits that you are willing should master you.”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Cf. F. cultivation,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Low L. cultivāre, -ātum—L. colĕre, to till, to worship.


In literature:

The Beormas had well cultivated their country, but they (Othere and his companions) did not dare to enter it.
"The Voyage of the Vega round Asia and Europe, Volume I and Volume II" by A.E. Nordenskieold
Lionel Wafer in his travels upon the Isthmus of Darien in 1699 saw the plant growing and cultivated by the natives.
"Tobacco; Its History, Varieties, Culture, Manufacture and Commerce" by E. R. Billings
Memory is cultivated, but not at the expense of the understanding.
"The Young Maiden" by A. B. (Artemas Bowers) Muzzey
When we get to the point of intensive cultivation we are to have the two-story farm.
"Northern Nut Growers Association Report of the Proceedings at the Fifth Annual Meeting" by Various
The banks are quite low and often cultivated to the river's edge.
"The Panjab, North-West Frontier Province, and Kashmir" by Sir James McCrone Douie
The discovery of a substitute for pollen removes an obstacle to the cultivation of honey bees, 94.
"Langstroth on the Hive and the Honey-Bee" by L. L. Langstroth
You do not need to cultivate a mediaeval or Roman Catholic type of ascetic piety in order to be called saints.
"Expositions of Holy Scripture" by Alexander Maclaren
Cooking was an art, and one which the people of Mizora had cultivated to the highest excellence.
"Mizora: A Prophecy" by Mary E. Bradley
In Great Britain its cultivation was forbidden in order to encourage its cultivation in Virginia.
"Commercial Geography" by Jacques W. Redway
The modifications of the skull in the most highly cultivated races are wonderful.
"The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, Vol. I." by Charles Darwin
Nearly every acre I have seen is susceptible of cultivation, and of course either cultivated, built upon, or devoted to wood.
"Glances at Europe" by Horace Greeley
Non-resistance may do for highly cultivated intellect in man, but not here.
"Mysteries of Bee-keeping Explained" by M. Quinby
The result has been a great increase in the area of cultivated or cultivable land.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 9, Slice 1" by Various
The species is, however, an extremely rare one in cultivation.
"Trees and Shrubs for English Gardens" by Ernest Thomas Cook
Rye, wheat and potatoes are the chief crops cultivated.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 5" by Various
It would seem that more attention should be given to its cultivation.
"The Practical Garden-Book" by C. E. Hunn
And not then, till the lands become exhausted and wholly unfit for farther cultivation.
"The South-West" by Jonathon Holt Ingraham
Oases are, in this section, very easily cultivated.
"The World and Its People: Book VII" by Anna B. Badlam
Swathed and folded in dirty cotton cloth, behold in the cultivator of the soil the original of the Egyptian mummy.
"The Highlands of Ethiopia" by William Cornwallis Harris
The latter product pays well, therefore I wonder there is not more attention paid to its cultivation.
"Two Years Among the Savages of New Guinea." by W. D. Pitcairn

In poetry:

The genius may invent some plan
To ease the laborer's toil,
Or add facility for man
To cultivate the soil.
"Discontent" by Jared Barhite
Let knowledge cultivate, refine,
Let culture feed the mind,
Then fondly dream of hopes fulfilled,
And dreaming wake to find;--
"Heart-Throbs" by Olivia Ward Bush-Banks
His is the need and his the right
Of leisure, free from harsh control,
That he may seek for mental light,
And cultivate his soul.
"Not Bread Alone" by John Critchley Prince
Ours be a higher, nobler goal,
To cultivate the sense and soul,
Not with the useless and the rude;
But with truth's ever-during charm
The powers of darkness to disarm,
And fill the world with light and good.
"Elevated Aims" by John Bowring
If the future's black as thunder, don't let people see you're blue;
Just cultivate a cast-iron smile of joy the whole day through;
If they call you "Little Sunshine", wish that THEY'D no troubles, too —
You may — grin.
"Grin" by Robert W Service
Then said the Doctor gravely: "My dear, you should engage
That circus man as tutor, to fit them for the stage;
To cultivate their voices, and train them up by rule —
The parrot and the billy goat, the monkey and the mule."
"The Parrot and the Billy-Goat" by Henry Clay Work

In news:

THE GOOD LIFE Pros and nonpros alike learn everything from cultivation to production at Culinary Institute of America at Greystone's intensive Illy workshop.
Fabulous Freddy's is looking to cultivate a new baseof loyal in-store customers, and it isn't going very farto find them.
With support from WCS, the Piagaçu Institute is working with local fishermen in the Brazilian Amazon to sustainably manage discus cultivation.
Easy-to-cultivate ixora a favorite in Florida.
Jacque Vaughn is trying to cultivate his youngsters' self-confidence.
Gandhi-King conference to cultivate our idealism.
Jicama is a large root vegetable cultivated in South America.
The company is the first to offer Einkorn pasta-the oldest species of cultivated wheat-at a commercial level.
In his 15 years as world champion, Garry Kasparov has cultivated a fearsome reputation as the chess-playing equivalent of a trash-talking basketball star.
At the Four Seasons at Manele Bay on Lanai , where tourism has replaced pineapple cultivation as the main economic activity.
Was charged with aggravated marijuana cultivation after turning himself into police Wednesday.
In linguistics , then, cultivating trees pays.
Unfortunately, camas cultivation in the San Juan archipelago effectively ended more than 150 years ago.
East Tennessee State cultivated a reputation for excellence in track and field, and cross country, over five decades under former coach Dave Walker.
Florida socialite cultivated close ties to top brass .

In science:

Other researche rs contend that understanding why a recommendation was made cultivates trust in a system [102].
A Connection-Centric Survey of Recommender Systems Research
This idea was cultivated by the theoretical computer science community beginning in the late 1980s, with research flowering in the late 1990s.
Finding structure with randomness: Probabilistic algorithms for constructing approximate matrix decompositions
Merriam Webster’s Dictionary’s defining it as “the cultivation of productive relationships for employment or business.” Sociologists have long studied this phenomenon, and have time and time again confirmed the role that social ties play in getting a new job.
Social Networks and Stable Matchings in the Job Market
However, since we investigate the collaborations of authors working on the topics of the venue and how the venue maintains and cultivates these collaborations, it is not necessary to consider the collaborations of these authors in other venues.
Development of Computer Science Disciplines - A Social Network Analysis Approach
Kienle, A., Wessner, M.: Principles for cultivating scientific communities of pracIn: P.
Development of Computer Science Disciplines - A Social Network Analysis Approach
Kienle, A., Wessner, M.: Analysing and cultivating scientific communities of practice.
Development of Computer Science Disciplines - A Social Network Analysis Approach
Such an enabling property has led guitar players spend lots of time in cultivating their techniques for the rewards garnered from rich tone colors.
Music in Terms of Science
Excellence cultivates principles, character, and integrity.
Music in Terms of Science
Clients for the sciences aren’t cultivated among those who do not wish to obtain PhD.’s. f.
Lessons From the Physics-Education Reform Effort
Sadovsky M.G., Gurevich Yu.L., Manukovsky N.S. (1989) Kinetics of cell aggregation in continuous cultivation.
The simplest model of spatially distributed population with reasonable migration of organisms
In Ap 05 I reported on a possible new phylum of the Archaea represented by the sole hyperthermophilic symbiont/parasitic species Nanoarchaeum equitans37 (Huber et al. 2002), which cannot be cultivated independently of its host. I quoted a linear size of 150 nm.
Astrophysics in 2006
The success stands upon the cultivation of not only one but multiple relevant technologies in the lattice QCD community over the last two decades, and would motivate further improvement/development in this stimulating field.
Non-perturbative renormalization in lattice QCD
We used the R package samr to fit s0 to the yeast cultivation dataset by (Knijnenburg et al., 2009).
MMCTest - A Safe Algorithm for Implementing Multiple Monte Carlo Tests
We start by applying MMCTest to real genome data in Section 4.1, given by a microarray dataset of gene expressions for yeast chemostat cultivations (Knijnenburg et al., 2009).
MMCTest - A Safe Algorithm for Implementing Multiple Monte Carlo Tests
Or, many spectra are taken of each cell, and a number of cells is measured for each cultivation batch, etc.
Sample Size Planning for Classification Models