cultivate

Definitions

  • Tools used in the cultivation of tobacco over 300 years ago. These tools—hoe, billhook, and cutting knives—were excavated at Jamestown
    Tools used in the cultivation of tobacco over 300 years ago. These tools—hoe, billhook, and cutting knives—were excavated at Jamestown
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v cultivate adapt (a wild plant or unclaimed land) to the environment "domesticate oats","tame the soil"
    • v cultivate prepare for crops "Work the soil","cultivate the land"
    • v cultivate foster the growth of
    • v cultivate teach or refine to be discriminative in taste or judgment "Cultivate your musical taste","Train your tastebuds","She is well schooled in poetry"
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Additional illustrations & photos:

Cultivating a small garden in Virginia. (Conjectural sketch by Sidney E. King.) Cultivating a small garden in Virginia. (Conjectural sketch by Sidney E. King.)
A few farm tools used by an early settler for cultivating his newly cleared land A few farm tools used by an early settler for cultivating his newly cleared land

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Olives, which grow on trees, were first cultivated 5,000 years ago in Syria
    • Cultivate To bestow attention, care, and labor upon, with a view to valuable returns; to till; to fertilize; as, to cultivate soil.
    • Cultivate To direct special attention to; to devote time and thought to; to foster; to cherish. "Leisure . . . to cultivate general literature."
    • Cultivate To improve by labor, care, or study; to impart culture to; to civilize; to refine. "To cultivate the wild, licentious savage.""The mind of man hath need to be prepared for piety and virtue; it must be cultivated to the end."
    • Cultivate To raise or produce by tillage; to care for while growing; as, to cultivate corn or grass.
    • Cultivate To seek the society of; to court intimacy with. "I ever looked on Lord Keppel as one of the greatest and best men of his age; and I loved and cultivated him accordingly."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Archeologists report that cannabis was most likely the first plant cultivated by humans. Cannabis was used for linen, paper, and garments
    • cultivate To till; prepare for crops; manure, plow, dress, sow, and reap; manage and improve in husbandry: as, to cultivate land; to cultivate a farm.
    • cultivate To raise or produce by tillage: as, to cultivate corn or grass.
    • cultivate To use a cultivator upon; run a cultivator through: as, to cultivate a field of standing corn. See cultivator .
    • cultivate To improve and strengthen by labor or study; promote the development or increase of; cherish; foster: as, to cultivate talents; to cultivate a taste for poetry.
    • cultivate To direct special attention to; devote study, labor, or care to; study to understand, derive advantage from, etc.: as, to cultivate literature; to cultivate an acquaintance.
    • cultivate To improve; meliorate; correct; civilize.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Each banana plant bears only one stem of fruit. To produce a new stem, only two shoots known as the daughter and the granddaughter are allowed to grow and be cultivated from the main plant.
    • v.i Cultivate kul′ti-vāt to till or produce by tillage: to prepare for crops: to devote attention to: to civilise or refine
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Quotations

  • Vernon Howard
    Vernon%20Howard
    “By cultivating the beautiful we scatter the seeds of heavenly flowers, as by doing good we cultivate those that belong to humanity.”
  • Charles De Montesquieu
    Charles%20De%20Montesquieu
    “Countries are well cultivated, not as they are fertile, but as they are free.”
  • Robert Louis Stevenson
    Robert%20Louis%20Stevenson
    “It is a golden maxim to cultivate the garden for the nose, and the eyes will take care of themselves.”
  • James Harris
    James Harris
    “The greatest people will be those who possess the best capacities, cultivated with the best habits.”
  • Elbert Hubbard
    Elbert%20Hubbard
    “Cultivate only the habits that you are willing should master you.”
  • Elizabeth Stuart Phelps
    Elizabeth Stuart Phelps
    “Happiness must be cultivated. It is like character. It is not a thing to be safely let alone for a moment, or it will run to weeds.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
LL. cultivatus, p. p. of cultivare, to cultivate, fr. cultivus, cultivated, fr. L. cultus, p. p. of colere, to till, cultivate. Cf. Colony
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Low L. cultivāre, -ātum—L. colĕre, to till, to worship.

Usage

In literature:

In 1573-5, Rauwolf, while traveling in the East, found the cauliflower cultivated at Aleppo, in Turkey.
"The Cauliflower" by A. A. Crozier
The cocoanut-tree is always in bearing on the islands of the Straits, and requires no cultivation.
"Foot-prints of Travel" by Maturin M. Ballou
The area in which the pecan is cultivated as an orchard tree is not confined to the limits of its native range.
"The Pecan and its Culture" by H. Harold Hume
The cultivation of coffee, in Brazil, employs as great a number of slaves as that of cotton in the United States.
"Cotton is King and The Pro-Slavery Arguments" by Various
Its cultivation is the cultivation of Ireland.
"Pilgrimage from the Alps to the Tiber" by James Aitken Wylie
Tobacco is an article of extensive cultivation in Virginia, Maryland, and some other districts.
"Travels in North America, From Modern Writers" by William Bingley
There are a great number of varieties of the cultivated Olive, as of other cultivated fruit.
"The plant-lore and garden-craft of Shakespeare" by Henry Nicholson Ellacombe
It was not until 1840 that the English began the cultivation of coffee in India.
"All About Coffee" by William H. Ukers
The third plowing may be given with a shovel or cotton-plow, or with the cultivator, again running twice in the row.
"The Peanut Plant" by B. W. Jones
FROM DOMESTICATION AND CULTIVATION.
"The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, Volume II (of 2)" by Charles Darwin
One of the first requisites of social success is a cultivated mind.
"Social Life" by Maud C. Cooke
In their native home they are used like the cultivated kind.
"Asparagus, its culture for home use and for market:" by F. M. Hexamer
Sometimes the orchard requires a certain kind of cultivation, at other times a different cultivation.
"The Apple" by Various
The cultivation of coco-nut plantations in Ceylon was thus described by Sir J. E. Tennent.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 6" by Various
To promote its cultivation, the English government should repair the neglected tanks, great and small.
"The Pearl of India" by Maturin M. Ballou
His peculiar position in literature is due to his being able to see as cultivated artists see.
"The Intellectual Life" by =Philip Gilbert Hamerton
Several are only known in cultivation, and we have but little knowledge of the wild parent forms from which they have descended.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 5" by Various
The study of algebra was intently cultivated among the Arabs, who gave it the name it bears.
"History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, Volume II (of 2)" by John William Draper
Cereals (except wheat) and other crops succeed well, and the number of acres under cultivation is nearly double that of any other Scottish county.
"The New Gresham Encyclopedia. Vol. 1 Part 1" by Various
Several species are cultivated as florists' flowers.
"The New Gresham Encyclopedia. Vol. 1 Part 2" by Various
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In poetry:

The genius may invent some plan
To ease the laborer's toil,
Or add facility for man
To cultivate the soil.
"Discontent" by Jared Barhite
Let knowledge cultivate, refine,
Let culture feed the mind,
Then fondly dream of hopes fulfilled,
And dreaming wake to find;--
"Heart-Throbs" by Olivia Ward Bush-Banks
A plow, they say, to plow the snow.
They cannot mean to plant it, no —
Unless in bitterness to mock
At having cultivated rock.
"Plowmen" by Robert Frost
But Mollie took the fever when our second babe was born,
And she lay upon the bed as white as snow;
And my idle cultivator lay a rusting in the corn;
And the doctor said poor Mollie she must go.
"The Pioneer" by Hanford Lennox Gordon
Ours be a higher, nobler goal,
To cultivate the sense and soul,
Not with the useless and the rude;
But with truth's ever-during charm
The powers of darkness to disarm,
And fill the world with light and good.
"Elevated Aims" by John Bowring
If the future's black as thunder, don't let people see you're blue;
Just cultivate a cast-iron smile of joy the whole day through;
If they call you "Little Sunshine", wish that THEY'D no troubles, too —
You may — grin.
"Grin" by Robert W Service

In news:

DuPont has reached a regulatory milestone with confirmation from the USDA that its Plenish high oleic soybean trait has been approved for cultivation in the U.S.
Afghan efforts to stamp out opium poppy cultivation are failing because of high prices for the illicit crop, pushing farmers to grow 18 percent more in 2012 than last year, the UN said in a report released Tuesday.
Neighborhood farmers' markets, where a wealth of vendors sell agricultural products raised in Central New York, have helped cultivate a fast-growing local business.
Hearsayer Gloria of Somewhereinseneca tuned in after last week's column with a question concerning the cultivation of gourds.
If terrorism is cultivated by modern media, how do we fight it.
Bees are considered to be the main pollinators of cultivated and wild plants.
These tasty fruits are among the most cultivated in the country, second only to oranges.
She did this by shooting and nearly killing pop artist and party maven Andy Warhol, whom she had tried with little success to cultivate as a patron.
Law enforcement officials said Friday they struck a major blow against illegal marijuana cultivation on public lands in the heart of Northern California pot country.
As the longest-standing school for girls in Hawaii, St Andrew's Priory School educates, cultivates and molds promising girls into women ready to take on the world.
Cultivating a Community Garden, not a Public Toilet .
Quantify & Cultivate Patient Engagement.
BANGKOK — The cultivation of illegal opium has increased in Myanmar for a sixth successive year, fueled in part by rising demand for heroin across Asia, the United Nations said Wednesday.
At 41, I've cautiously cultivated a few cherished female friendships.
"News to Me" and "Business Context Sniffer" are the latest two business intelligence initiatives that Microsoft is hoping to cultivate as commercial offerings.
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In science:

Department of Theoretical Physics, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Jadavpur, Kolkata-700032, India.
Persistence in Random Walk in Composite Media
This idea was cultivated by the theoretical computer science community beginning in the late 1980s, with research flowering in the late 1990s.
Finding structure with randomness: Probabilistic algorithms for constructing approximate matrix decompositions
Merriam Webster’s Dictionary’s defining it as “the cultivation of productive relationships for employment or business.” Sociologists have long studied this phenomenon, and have time and time again confirmed the role that social ties play in getting a new job.
Social Networks and Stable Matchings in the Job Market
However, since we investigate the collaborations of authors working on the topics of the venue and how the venue maintains and cultivates these collaborations, it is not necessary to consider the collaborations of these authors in other venues.
Development of Computer Science Disciplines - A Social Network Analysis Approach
Kienle, A., Wessner, M.: Principles for cultivating scientific communities of pracIn: P.
Development of Computer Science Disciplines - A Social Network Analysis Approach
Clients for the sciences aren’t cultivated among those who do not wish to obtain PhD.’s. f.
Lessons From the Physics-Education Reform Effort
Sadovsky M.G., Gurevich Yu.L., Manukovsky N.S. (1989) Kinetics of cell aggregation in continuous cultivation.
The simplest model of spatially distributed population with reasonable migration of organisms
The success stands upon the cultivation of not only one but multiple relevant technologies in the lattice QCD community over the last two decades, and would motivate further improvement/development in this stimulating field.
Non-perturbative renormalization in lattice QCD
In the present article we consider microarray data of gene expressions for yeast chemostat cultivations (Knijnenburg et al., 2009).
MMCTest - A Safe Algorithm for Implementing Multiple Monte Carlo Tests
All studies in this article are carried out using real biological data, given by a microarray dataset of gene expressions for yeast chemostat cultivations (Knijnenburg et al., 2009).
MMCTest - A Safe Algorithm for Implementing Multiple Monte Carlo Tests
We analyze a yeast chemostat cultivation dataset by (Knijnenburg et al., 2009).
MMCTest - A Safe Algorithm for Implementing Multiple Monte Carlo Tests
This dataset consists of 170 microarrays of yeast cultivations.
MMCTest - A Safe Algorithm for Implementing Multiple Monte Carlo Tests
We used the R package samr to fit s0 to the yeast cultivation dataset by (Knijnenburg et al., 2009).
MMCTest - A Safe Algorithm for Implementing Multiple Monte Carlo Tests
We start by applying MMCTest to real genome data in Section 4.1, given by a microarray dataset of gene expressions for yeast chemostat cultivations (Knijnenburg et al., 2009).
MMCTest - A Safe Algorithm for Implementing Multiple Monte Carlo Tests
Or, many spectra are taken of each cell, and a number of cells is measured for each cultivation batch, etc.
Sample Size Planning for Classification Models
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