crust

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v crust form a crust or form into a crust "The bread crusted in the oven"
    • n crust the trait of being rude and impertinent; inclined to take liberties
    • n crust the outer layer of the Earth
    • n crust a hard outer layer that covers something
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The most abundant metal in the Earth's crust is aluminum.
    • Crust (Med) A hard mass, made up of dried secretions blood, or pus, occurring upon the surface of the body.
    • Crust An incrustation on the interior of wine bottles, the result of the ripening of the wine; a deposit of tartar, etc. See Beeswing.
    • Crust (Cookery) The cover or case of a pie, in distinction from the soft contents.
    • Crust (Cookery) The dough, or mass of doughy paste, cooked with a potpie; -- also called dumpling.
    • Crust (Geol) The exterior portion of the earth, formerly universally supposed to inclose a molten interior.
    • Crust (Cookery) The hard exterior or surface of bread, in distinction from the soft part or crumb; or a piece of bread grown dry or hard.
    • Crust The hard external coat or covering of anything; the hard exterior surface or outer shell; an incrustation; as, a crust of snow. "I have known the statute of an emperor quite hid under a crust of dross.""Below this icy crust of conformity, the waters of infidelity lay dark and deep as ever."
    • Crust (Zoöl) The shell of crabs, lobsters, etc.
    • v. t Crust To cover with a crust; to cover or line with an incrustation; to incrust. "The whole body is crusted over with ice.""And now their legs, and breast, and bodies stood Crusted with bark.""Very foul and crusted bottles.""Their minds are crusted over, like diamonds in the rock."
    • v. i Crust To gather or contract into a hard crust; to become incrusted. "The place that was burnt . . . crusted and healed."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n crust A hard external portion, of comparative thinness, forming a sort of coating over the softer interior part; any hard outer coat or coating: as, the crust of frozen snow; the crust of a loaf of bread; a thin crust of politeness.
    • n crust Specifically In geology: The exterior portion of the earth; that part of the earth which is accessible to examination.
    • n crust The solid portion of the earth, as opposed to its fused interior, many geologists and physicists believing that the interior of the earth must be in a more or less fluid condition.
    • n crust Matter collected or concreted into a solid body; an incrustation; specifically, a deposit from wine, as it ripens, collected on the interior of bottles, etc., and consisting of tartar and coloring matter.
    • n crust A piece of an outer coating or incrustation; specifically, an external or a dried and hard piece of bread.
    • n crust In zoology, a shell; a test; the chitinous or other hard covering of various animals, as crustaceans and insects.
    • n crust In anatomy and physiology, a coat or covering harder or denser than that which is covered; a pellicle; a crusta: as, the buffy coat or crust of inflammatory blood; the crust of a tooth.
    • n crust The part of the hoof of a horse to which the shoe is fastened.
    • crust To cover with a crust or hard exterior portion or coating; overspread with anything resembling a crust; incrust.
    • crust To coat or line with concretions. See crust, n., 3.
    • crust To thicken or contract into a hard covering; concrete or freeze, as superficial matter.
    • crust To crust-hunt.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Crust krust the hard rind or outside coating of anything: the outer part of bread: covering of a pie, &c.:
    • v.t Crust to cover with a crust or hard case
    • v.i Crust to gather into a hard crust
    • n Crust krust (geol.) the solid exterior of the earth
    • ***

Quotations

  • Edna St. Vincent Millay
    Edna%20St.%20Vincent%20Millay
    “Set the foot down with distrust on the crust of the world -- it is thin.”
  • Havelock Ellis
    Havelock%20Ellis
    “All civilization has from time to time become a thin crust over a volcano of revolution.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “College-bred is a four-year loaf, using dad's dough, Coming out half-baked, with a lot of crust.”
  • Jonathan Swift
    Jonathan%20Swift
    “Promises and pie crusts are made to be broken.”
  • Jonathan Swift
    Jonathan%20Swift
    “Promises and Pye-Crusts, are made to be broken.”

Idioms

Upper crust - The upper crust are the upper classes and the establishment.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. crusta,: cf. OF. crouste, F. croûte,; prob. akin to Gr. ice, E. crystal, from the same root as E. crude, raw,. See Raw, and cf. Custard
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr.,—L. crusta, rind.

Usage

In literature:

When the top has begun to crust over, brush with melted butter and sprinkle with sugar and cinnamon.
"The Suffrage Cook Book"
A few hundred yards away a hole yawned in the hard crusted snow.
"Panther Eye" by Roy J. Snell
They went too far and the crust broke under their weight.
"Complete Story of the San Francisco Horror" by Richard Linthicum
When making a fruit pie, put lower crust in the oven 5 minutes and bake while you are rolling out the top crust.
"Pennsylvania Dutch Cooking" by Unknown
When a hard crust formed, they knew they would dig pitfalls.
"The Later Cave-Men" by Katharine Elizabeth Dopp
This is the rough and jagged crust of the earth on which rests the carpet of soil.
"Conservation Reader" by Harold W. Fairbanks
It was much easier to eat the inside, as it was softer, and the crust had already grown quite hard.
"The Magic Soap Bubble" by David Cory
Rice with prunes, bacon, black crusts.
"Food for the Traveler" by Dora Cathrine Cristine Liebel Roper
While we know of some seventy elements present in the earth's crust, it is practically made up of only some sixteen.
"Manures and the principles of manuring" by Charles Morton Aikman
Much of the earth's crust was once underlaid by granites in a more or less fluid state.
"The Book of the National Parks" by Robert Sterling Yard
She turns the crust of her meat-pie into a splendid gourd, with a finger-print ornamentation.
"The Glow-Worm and Other Beetles" by Jean Henri Fabre
Then "picking the nose" removes the crusts, and frequent nosebleed results.
"The Home Medical Library, Volume II (of VI)" by Various
You've made it very hard for us to get reports, but I understand we successfully placed stuff in Sennech's crust.
"Tulan" by Carroll Mather Capps
And you will have only a crust of bread and water to-morrow.
"The Children's Book of Christmas Stories" by Various
When nearly tender, take them out of the liquor, and lay them in a deep pudding dish, lined with pie crust.
"The American Housewife" by Anonymous
I had to be content with a crust as I could earn it.
"Not Like Other Girls" by Rosa N. Carey
Either bake between crust in the common way, or bake crust crisp after pricking well, and spread with the preserved fruit.
"Dishes & Beverages of the Old South" by Martha McCulloch Williams
The crust over the volcano is quite thin enough, as it is.
"The Prairie Child" by Arthur Stringer
Prepare the crust as quickly as possible and do not touch it with your hands any more than necessary.
"Desserts and Salads" by Gesine Lemcke
At the foot of the steep bank on which Lambert and his captors stood the crust had caved, giving the fire air to hasten its ravages.
"The Duke Of Chimney Butte" by G. W. Ogden
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In poetry:

Oh, mother, give me bread!
Is then my father dead?
Oh, mother, one small crust of bread!
Oh, what misfortune dread!
"The Destruction Of Magdeburg" by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
"I do not want it for myself,
My mother, too, shall share;
Do give me just one little crust,
If you've a crust to spare."
"Who Cares?" by John Hartley
They always learnt their lessons
When it was time they should;
And liked to eat up all their crusts–
They were so very good.
"A Genteel Family" by Kate Greenaway
Has God made for Christ's sake a test—
To take or leave the crust,
That only he may have the best
Who licks the serpent-dust?
"The Disciple" by George MacDonald
Where yestreen the water slumbered,
With a sickly crust encumbered,
Leapeth now a roaring flood,
Wild as war, and red as blood.
"Lita of the Nile" by Richard Doddridge Blackmore
They found him dead his songs beside,
Six stairs above the din and dust
Of life: and that for which he died
Denied him even a crust.
"Days And Dreams" by Madison Julius Cawein

In news:

8 & $20 Recipe: Herb-Crusted Sole with Chardonnay.
The fact is, there's nothing that a deep-fried crunchy, crispy, crust doesn't improve.
Pair them with this Italian dish of crusted chicken sprinkled with Parmesan cheese on a bed of fresh arugula.
Milk-Chocolate Tart with Pretzel Crust.
YE OLDE (overstuffed like a pizza crust) notebook.
With monkfish, the slate slows the cooking process so the fish crusts, but stays tender.
With monkfish , the slate slows the cooking process so the fish crusts, but stays tender.
Mount St Helens could erupt within days, government scientists said on Wednesday, raising the alert after movement in the volcano's lava crust was detected following a week of small earthquakes.
Blend and press into pan to form crust.
I haven't bought pizza dough or crust in years, and that's because I learned how well Naan works to create quick and yummy individual pizzas.
Black pepper adds an intriguing dark note to the crust.
1 baked 9-inch single pie crust.
1 recipe pastry for a 9 inch double crust pie.
In search of Oreo crust recipe.
Stuffed crust is so 1995.
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In science:

We neglect the very thin crust which may be present in quark stars (Alcock, Fahri & Olinto 1986a).
The swallowing of a quark star by a black hole
Can strange star models satisfy this relation? Actually strange star structures with crusts were discussed previously (e.g., Kettner et al. 1995, Huang & Lu 1998, Madsen 1999).
What can the redshift observed in EXO 0748-676 tell us?
In an accreting binary system, it is possible that a strange star could be crusted.
What can the redshift observed in EXO 0748-676 tell us?
The mass and the height of the crust can be calculated by 1, the density, ρb , at the base of the crust, and 2, the gravitational equilibrium with suitable equation of state of matter in the crust.
What can the redshift observed in EXO 0748-676 tell us?
The mass-radius relations of strange stars are calculated with Eq.(2) for the strange quark matter core and with BPS equation of state for the crust (we choose ρb = ρd ), which are shown in Fig.1.
What can the redshift observed in EXO 0748-676 tell us?
Recently several authors have pointed the interest to the horizontal showers produced by the interaction of ultra high energy (UHE) neutrinos on the Earth crust [7, 8, 11, 9]. A measurement of horizontal showers provides a test of the GZK model as an indirect constraints of the ultra-high energy neutrino fluxes .
Test results of a prototype designed to detect horizontal cosmic ray flux
The parabolic bounds on the EeV energy range in the right sides are nearly un-screened by the Earth opacity while the corresponding UPTAUs bounds in the center below suffer both of Earth opacity as well as of a consequent shorter Tau interaction lenght in Earth Crust, that has been taken into account.
Test results of a prototype designed to detect horizontal cosmic ray flux
All present estimate are found for the Earth crust made of water; for the rock present bounds are lowered and sharper by nearly a factor 2.5 .
Test results of a prototype designed to detect horizontal cosmic ray flux
The basic idea is to measure the flux of particles from a shower produced horizontally in the atmosphere by the interaction of ultra high energy (UHE) neutrinos on the Earth’s crust.
Test results of a prototype designed to detect horizontal cosmic ray flux
X |α > |2 determines the shape of the crust at position X , on the two dimensional surface of the Earth.
On the Quantum Aspects of Geophysics
Energies as Eout or higher can be obtained at the expense of destructing practically the whole crust of the NS undergoing the starquake (de Freitas Pacheco 1998) or through magnetic reconnection (Thompson & Duncan 1995,1996; Woods et al. 1999).
A white dwarf-neutron star relativistic binary model for soft gamma-ray repeaters
However, a NS with no crust is fully unstable, and should explode (Colpi, Shapiro & Teukolsky 1993).
A white dwarf-neutron star relativistic binary model for soft gamma-ray repeaters
Then our view predicts: the very noticeable transition of the exponential time constant in GRB980827 lightcurve, around ∼ 80s after risetime, could be a signature of a crystallization phase transition of the WD crust.
A white dwarf-neutron star relativistic binary model for soft gamma-ray repeaters
Glitches (temporary speeding-up in the rotation of a neutron star that is gradually spinning down) are only partially understood, but are believed to provide evidence for a substantial crust overlapping with a superfluid region inside the star .
Quark matter in compact stars?
Observations of quasi-periodic oscillations in soft gamma repeaters have recently been used to obtain the frequencies of toroidal shear modes of their crusts.
Quark matter in compact stars?
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