Crusade

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v crusade go on a crusade; fight a holy war
    • v crusade exert oneself continuously, vigorously, or obtrusively to gain an end or engage in a crusade for a certain cause or person; be an advocate for "The liberal party pushed for reforms","She is crusading for women's rights","The Dean is pushing for his favorite candidate"
    • n crusade a series of actions advancing a principle or tending toward a particular end "he supported populist campaigns","they worked in the cause of world peace","the team was ready for a drive toward the pennant","the movement to end slavery","contributed to the war effort"
    • n Crusade any of the more or less continuous military expeditions in the 11th to 13th centuries when Christian powers of Europe tried to recapture the Holy Land from the Muslims
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Persians first began using colored eggs to celebrate spring in 3,000 B.C. 13th century Macedonians were the first Christians on record to use colored eggs in Easter celebrations. Crusaders returning from the Middle East spread the custom of coloring eggs, and Europeans began to use them to celebrate Easter and other warm weather holidays.
    • Crusade A Portuguese coin. See Crusado.
    • Crusade Any enterprise undertaken with zeal and enthusiasm; as, a crusade against intemperance.
    • Crusade Any one of the military expeditions undertaken by Christian powers, in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries, for the recovery of the Holy Land from the Mohammedans.
    • v. i Crusade To engage in a crusade; to attack in a zealous or hot-headed manner. "Cease crusading against sense."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n crusade A military expedition under the banner of the cross; specifically, one of the medieval expeditions undertaken by the Christians of Europe for the recovery of the Holy Land from the Mohammedans. The crusading spirit was aroused throughout. Europe in 1095 by the preaching of the monk Peter the Hermit, who with Walter the Penniless set out in 1096 with an immense rabble, who were nearly all destroyed on the way. The first real crusade, under Godfrey of Bouillon, 1096-9, resulted in the capture of Jerusalem and the establishment of a Christian kingdom in the Holy Land; the second, 1147, preached by St. Bernard, was unsuccessful; the third, 1189-92, led by the princes Frederick Barbarossa of Germany, Richard the Lion-hearted of England, and Philip Augustus of France, failed to recover Jerusalem, which the Mussulmans had taken in 1187; the fourth, 1202-4, ended in the establishment of a Latin empire in Constantinople, under Count Baldwin of Flanders, one of its leaders; the fifth, 1228-9, under the emperor Frederick II., the sixth, 1248-50, under St. Louis (Louis IX. of France), and the seventh and last, 1270-71, also under St. Louis, were all unsuccessful. There were other expeditions called crusades, including one of boys, 1212, “the children's crusade,” in which many thousands perished by shipwreck or were enslaved. The cost of the crusades and the loss of life in them were enormous, but they stimulated commerce and the interchange of ideas between the West and the East. The expeditions against the Albigenses under papal auspices, 1207-29, were also called crusades.
    • n crusade Any vigorous concerted action for the defense or advancement of an idea or a cause, or in opposition to a public evil: as, a temperance crusade; the crusade against slavery.
    • crusade To engage in a crusade; support or oppose any cause with zeal.
    • n crusade Same as crusado.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Crusade kroo-sād′ a military expedition under the banner of the cross to recover the Holy Land from the Turks: any daring or romantic undertaking
    • v.i Crusade to go on a crusade
    • ***

Quotations

  • Captain J. G. Stedman
    Captain J. G. Stedman
    “During the crusades all were religious mad, and now all are mad for want of it.”
  • A. J. P. Taylor
    A. J. P. Taylor
    “The crusade against Communism was even more imaginary than the specter of Communism.”
  • William Danforth
    William Danforth
    “I want you to start a crusade in you life -- to dare to be your best.”
  • Paul J. Meyer
    Paul J. Meyer
    “Determine what specific goal you want to achieve. Then dedicate yourself to its attainment with unswerving singleness of purpose, the trenchant zeal of a crusader.”
  • Robert Lindner
    Robert Lindner
    “It is a characteristic of all movements and crusades that the psychopathic element rises to the top.”
  • Harold Wilson
    Harold Wilson
    “This Party is a moral crusade or it is nothing.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. croisade, fr. Pr. crozada, or Sp cruzada, or It. crociata, from a verb signifying to take the cross, mark one's self with a cross, fr. L. crux, cross; or possibly taken into English directly fr. Pr. Cf. Croisade Crosado, and see Cross

Usage

In literature:

Influence of the crusades.
"History of Education" by Levi Seeley
A hundred years later, while Richard Coeur de Lion was on his Crusade, the moat was constructed.
"The History of London" by Walter Besant
In 1146 he was mainly instrumental in promoting the second crusade.
"Great Men and Famous Women. Vol. 5 of 8" by Various
I told her vaguely the story of the crusader's mace.
"The Belovéd Vagabond" by William J. Locke
Mass Movements and the Mores: The Woman's Crusade.
"Introduction to the Science of Sociology" by Robert E. Park
You have walked in the midst of crusaders in the streets of Acre and Antioch.
"The Saracen: Land of the Infidel" by Robert Shea
The religious crusades to the Holy Land commenced in the year 1095 and lasted to 1270.
"Gipsy Life being an account of our Gipsies and their children" by George Smith
Many of the men of note who were in the crusades, were of his character.
"The Christian Foundation, Or, Scientific and Religious Journal," by Various
VIA CRUCIS: A Romance of the Second Crusade.
"Lover or Friend" by Rosa Nouchette Carey
There he sought the acquaintance of Wilberforce, who was beginning his crusade against the slave trade.
"The Life of Sir James Fitzjames Stephen, Bart., K.C.S.I." by Sir Leslie Stephen
The crusade is hallowed by suffering and sacrifice.
"Mountain Meditations" by L. Lind-af-Hageby
The crusades were especially favorable to the commercial pursuits of the Italian states.
"The Railroad Question" by William Larrabee
It is interesting to remember that the effigy or reclining figure of a Crusader always has the legs crossed.
"John and Betty's History Visit" by Margaret Williamson
It was built nearly seven hundred years ago by an Earl of Cheshire, then just returned from the Crusades.
"England, Picturesque and Descriptive" by Joel Cook
The Crusades are, beyond all question, the most extraordinary and memorable movement that ever took place in the history of mankind.
"Blackwoods Edinburgh Magazine, Volume 59, No. 366, April, 1846" by Various
In the Middle Ages, prostitution developed especially after the Crusades.
"The Sexual Question" by August Forel
He was the fortunate possessor of an imagination, and, long since, he had learned its value in his crusade against crime.
"The Law-Breakers" by Ridgwell Cullum
This conclusion would be borne out by a study of almost any revival crusade.
"Religion & Sex" by Chapman Cohen
Besides, they are Crusaders.
"The Iron Pincers" by Eugène Sue
Even the Crusades partake of this economic character.
"American World Policies" by Walter E. Weyl
***

In poetry:

Sir GUY was a doughty crusader,
A muscular knight,
Ever ready to fight,
A very determined invader,
And DICKEY DE LION'S delight.
"Sir Guy the Crusader" by William Schwenck Gilbert
Now Vesper brings the sunset hour,
And, where crusading Knighthood trod,
Muezzin from his minaret tower
Proclaims, ``There is no God but God!''
"The Door Of Humility" by Alfred Austin
And still at sunset's solemn hour,
Where Christ's devout Crusader trod,
Defiant from the minaret's tower
Proclaim, ``There is no God but God!''
"The Door Of Humility" by Alfred Austin
And the speaker's words were so cheering,
As she talked to us of the time
When the women crusaded together;
How they battled against the wine.
"Treasured Moments" by Olivia Ward Bush-Banks
Soon the Crusaders would be met
Where winter's rest from war was set;
And then farewell to arms and Spain;--
Then for their own fair France again.
"The Troubadour. Canto 3" by Letitia Elizabeth Landon
Then, then, was that proposal made
Which drew those black men in the field,
Who gladly joined the great crusade
And learned to die, but not to yield.
"The Black Man's Wrongs" by James Madison Bell

In news:

Anti-tax crusader Douglas Bruce was released early from jail this morning, May 31, 2012.
Seahorse Crusader Amanda Vincent Find out how this pioneering researcher became immersed in the world of seahorses , and what it's like to spend 12 hours a day underwater.
Seahorse Crusader Amanda Vincent In this interview, find out how Vincent became immersed in the world of seahorses , and what it's like to spend 12 hours a day underwater.
Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld discusses terror threats, the war in Afghanistan, and his decision to cancel the Crusader plan.
Crusading former Texas attorney general's colorful political career began in the '70s.
This heart-wrenching, activist documentary goes for the heart and the mind with its dramatic story of a crusading Marine Corps veteran fighting for victims of water pollution at Camp Lejeune.
Dr Bill Thomas is a physician specializing in geriatrics and a crusader determined to revolutionize nursing home care.
Another Change.org crusade, this round led by Hearst heir Victoria Hearst.
Join us at First Baptist Church of Barstow for a live simulcast of the Harvest America Crusade message from Pastor Greg Laurie with special musical guests Jeremy Camp and Mercy Me.
Trump's Birther Crusade Gets Dissed, Monserrate Slicing Pizza Now.
A crusading Roman Catholic priest who has defied drug cartels and corrupt police to protect Central American migrants says church authorities are trying to smother his activist work with migrants by assigning him to parish duties.
Don't let the absurdist band name, surreal titles ("Hello Vagina," "A Children's Crusade on Acid"), and trippy atmospherics fool you -- these Indiana upstarts are exactingly crafty songwriters.
The Cherry Crusade's "funeral" for the Hawk rightly got national attention for its creativity, humor and depth.
Mark Squire , putting his stamp on the GMO industry Fairfax anti-GMO crusader hopes Prop 37 will 'modify' labeling laws.
The start was far from perfect, but the St Dominic Crusaders remain perfect after their 32-8 win over AAA Large conference rival St Mary's.
***

In science:

Yet, Bohr found many followers in his crusade to save ‘I am’ — all happy and content, if not complacent.
The Plight of `I Am'
***