crown

Definitions

  • "He gave me back the half-crown."
    "He gave me back the half-crown."
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v crown be the culminating event "The speech crowned the meeting"
    • v crown put an enamel cover on "crown my teeth"
    • v crown invest with regal power; enthrone "The prince was crowned in Westminster Abbey"
    • v crown form the topmost part of "A weather vane crowns the building"
    • n crown the part of a hat (the vertex) that covers the crown of the head
    • n crown an ornamental jeweled headdress signifying sovereignty
    • n crown a wreath or garland worn on the head to signify victory
    • n crown the center of a cambered road
    • n crown (dentistry) dental appliance consisting of an artificial crown for a broken or decayed tooth "tomorrow my dentist will fit me for a crown"
    • n crown the part of a tooth above the gum that is covered with enamel
    • n crown the top of the head
    • n crown the award given to the champion
    • n Crown the Crown (or the reigning monarch) as the symbol of the power and authority of a monarchy "the colonies revolted against the Crown"
    • n crown the top or extreme point of something (usually a mountain or hill) "the view from the peak was magnificent","they clambered to the tip of Monadnock","the region is a few molecules wide at the summit"
    • n crown the upper branches and leaves of a tree or other plant
    • n crown an English coin worth 5 shillings
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

The Crown Inn, Chiddingfold The Crown Inn, Chiddingfold
A white-crowned sparrow next to a nest containing two eggs A white-crowned sparrow next to a nest containing two eggs
Furred Law Cats Scrambling After the Crowns--5-13-564 Furred Law Cats Scrambling After the Crowns--5-13-564
This arf-crown won't do This arf-crown won't do
He drew off the crowns very gently, and put the nightcaps on their heads instead He drew off the crowns very gently, and put the nightcaps on their heads instead
The Mare broke her knees and the Farmer his crown The Mare broke her knees and the Farmer his crown
The Virgin Crowned by two Angels The Virgin Crowned by two Angels
The crown returns to the queen of the fishes The crown returns to the queen of the fishes

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The highest toll paid by a ship to cross the Panama Canal was by the Crown Princess on May 2, 1993 in the amount of $141,349.97 U.S. funds
    • Crown p. p. of Crow.
    • Crown A coin stamped with the image of a crown; hence,a denomination of money; as, the English crown, a silver coin of the value of five shillings sterling, or a little more than $1.20; the Danish or Norwegian crown, a money of account, etc., worth nearly twenty-seven cents.
    • Crown (Eccl) A round spot shaved clean on the top of the head, as a mark of the clerical state; the tonsure.
    • Crown A royal headdress or cap of sovereignty, worn by emperors, kings, princes, etc.
    • Crown A size of writing paper. See under Paper.
    • Crown A wreath or garland, or any ornamental fillet encircling the head, especially as a reward of victory or mark of honorable distinction; hence, anything given on account of, or obtained by, faithful or successful effort; a reward. "An olive branch and laurel crown .""They do it to obtain a corruptible crown ; but we an incorruptible.""Be thou faithful unto death, and I will give thee a crown of life."
    • Crown An ornaments or decoration representing a crown; as, the paper is stamped with a crown .
    • Crown Anything which imparts beauty, splendor, honor, dignity, or finish. "The hoary head is a crown of glory, if it be found in the way of righteousness.""A virtuous woman is a crown to her husband."
    • Crown Highest state; acme; consummation; perfection. "Mutual love, the crown of all our bliss."
    • Crown Imperial or regal power or dominion; sovereignty. "There is a power behind the crown greater than the crown itself."
    • Crown (Bot) Same as Corona.
    • Crown (Naut) That part of an anchor where the arms are joined to the shank.
    • Crown (Geom) The area inclosed between two concentric perimeters.
    • Crown (Naut) The bights formed by the several turns of a cable.
    • Crown The dome of a furnace.
    • Crown The part of a hat above the brim.
    • Crown (Anat) The part of a tooth which projects above the gum; also, the top or grinding surface of a tooth.
    • Crown The person entitled to wear a regal or imperial crown; the sovereign; -- with the definite article. "Parliament may be dissolved by the demise of the crown .""Large arrears of pay were due to the civil and military servants of the crown ."
    • Crown (Naut) The rounding, or rounded part, of the deck from a level line.
    • Crown The topmost part of anything; the summit. "The steepy crown of the bare mountains."
    • Crown The topmost part of the head (see Illust. of Bird.); that part of the head from which the hair descends toward the sides and back; also, the head or brain. "From toe to crown he'll fill our skin with pinches.""Twenty things which I set down:
      This done, I twenty more-had in my crown ."
    • Crown The upper range of facets in a rose diamond.
    • Crown (Arch) The vertex or top of an arch; -- applied generally to about one third of the curve, but in a pointed arch to the apex only.
    • Crown To bestow something upon as a mark of honor, dignity, or recompense; to adorn; to dignify. "Thou . . . hast crowned him with glory and honor."
    • Crown (Mech) To cause to round upward; to make anything higher at the middle than at the edges, as the face of a machine pulley.
    • Crown To cover, decorate, or invest with a crown; hence, to invest with royal dignity and power. "Her who fairest does appear, Crown her queen of all the year.""Crown him, and say, “Long live our emperor.”"
    • Crown (Mil) To effect a lodgment upon, as upon the crest of the glacis, or the summit of the breach.
    • Crown To form the topmost or finishing part of; to complete; to consummate; to perfect. "Amidst the grove that crowns yon tufted hill.""One day shall crown the alliance.""To crown the whole, came a proposition."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Sir Barton won the Belmont Stakes in New York in 1919, to become the first horse to capture the Triple Crown. This was the first time that the Belmont Stakes had been run as part of thoroughbred racing's most prestigious trio of events. Sir Barton had already won the first two jewels of the Triple Crown -the Kentucky Derby in Louisville, Kentucky and the Preakness Stakes in Maryland.
    • n crown An ornament for the head; originally, among the ancients, a wreath or garland; hence, any wreath or garland worn on the head; a coronal. Crowns, made at first of grass, flowers, twigs of laurel, oak, olive, etc., but later of gold, were awarded in ancient Rome to the victors in the public games, and to citizens who had done the state some distinguished service. See corona, 2.
    • n crown An ornament or covering for the head worn as a Symbol of sovereignty. Crowns were of very varied forms till heralds devised a regular series to mark the grades of rank, from the imperial crown to the baron's coronet. (See coronet, 2.) The crown of England is a gold circle, adorned with pearls and precious stones, from which rise alternately four Maltese crosses and four fleurs-de-lis. From the tops of the crosses spring imperial arches, closing under a mound and cross. Within the crown is a crimson velvet cap with an ermine border. The crown of Charlemagne, which is preserved in the imperial treasury of Vienna, is composed of eight plates of gold, four large and four small, connected by hinges. The large plates are studded with precious stones, the front one being surmounted with a cross; the smaller ones, placed alternately with these, are ornamented with enamels representing Solomon, David, Hezekiah, and Isaiah, and Christ seated between two flaming seraphim. The Austrian crown is a sort of cleft tiara, having in the middle a semicircle of gold supporting a mound and cross; the tiara rests on a circle with pendants like those of a miter. The Russian crown is a modified form of the same imperial crown. The royal crown of France is a circle ornamented with eight fieurs-de-lis, from which rise as many quarter-circles closing under a double fieur-de-lis. The triple crown of the popes is more commonly called the tiara. (See diadem.) In heraldry the crown is used as a bearing in many forms. When a coronet or open crown is used to alter or differentiate a bearing, whether on the escutcheon or as a crest or supporter, it is not blazoned by itself, but the bearing is said to be crowned; when it is placed around the neck of an animal, the animal is said to be gorged.
    • n crown Figuratively, regal power; royalty kingly government.
    • n crown The wearer of a crown; the sovereign as head of the state.
    • n crown Honorary distinction; reward; guerdon.
    • n crown A crowning honor or distinction; an exalting attribute or condition.
    • n crown The top or highest part of something; the uppermost part or eminence, likened to a crown.
    • n crown The top of a hat or other covering for the head.
    • n crown The summit of a mountain or other elevated object.
    • n crown The end of the shank of an anchor, or the point from which the arms proceed; the part where the arms are joined to the shank. See cut under anchor.
    • n crown In lapidaries' work, the part of a cut gem above the girdle. See cut under brilliant.
    • n crown In mech., any terminal flat member of a structure.
    • n crown In architecture, the uppermost member of a cornice; the corona or larmier.
    • n crown The face of an anvil.
    • n crown The highest or central part of a road, causeway, bridge, etc.
    • n crown The crest, as of a bird.
    • n crown Completion; consummation; highest or most perfect state; acme.
    • n crown A little circle shaved on the top of the head as a mark of ecclesiastical office or distinction; the tonsure.
    • n crown That part of a tooth which appears above the gum; especially, that part of a molar tooth which opposes the same part of a tooth of the opposite jaw.
    • n crown In geometry, the area inclosed between two concentric circles.
    • n crown In botany, a circle of appendages on the throat of the corolla, etc. See corona, 6.
    • n crown A coin generally bearing a crown or a crowned head on the reverse. The English crown is worth 5 shillings or $1.22, and was issued by Edward VI. in 1551, and by his successors. The obverse type of the crowns of Edward VI., James I., and Charles I. is the king on horseback, but from Charles II. to Victoria the obverse type is the head of the king or queen. The rare piece known as the Oxford crown was made, under Charles I., by the engraver Rawlins, and bears on the obverse a small view of Oxford, in addition to the ordinary type. The petition-crown is a pattern or trial-piece for a crown of Charles II., bearing the petition of its engraver, Thomas Simon, praying the king to compare the coin with the crown of the Dutch engraver John Roettier, by whom Simon had been superseded at the English mint. The crown of the rose, crown of the double rose, double crown, Britain-crown, and thistle-crown were English gold coins. The crown of the rose was first introduced by Henry VIII. in 1526, and was made current for 4s. 6d. The crowns of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden are now worth 26.8 cents. The old crown of Denmark was 4 marks of crown money, or $1.23. The crown of Holland was 87 cents; that of Brabant, $1.07; that of France, $1.12 (that is, the écu at the beginning of the eighteenth century; but the old écu de la couronne, properly so called, varied from $1.50 to $2.20); that of Bern, 90 cents; that of Zurich, 89 cents; that of Basel, 85 cents. The silver crown of Portugal is $1.08. The Austrian gold crown is worth about $5. The name was also often used in English to translate the Italian scudo.
    • n crown In Great Britain, a printing-paper of the size 15 × 20 inches: so called from the water-mark of a crown, once given exclusively to this size.
    • n crown In the United States, a writing-paper of the size 15 × 19 inches.
    • n crown Nautical, a kind of knot made with the strands of a rope. See crown, v. t., 9.
    • n crown The Order of the Crown of Bavaria, founded by King Maximilian Joseph I. in 1808. It is granted to persons who have attained distinction in the civil service of the state.
    • n crown The Imperial Order of the Crown of India, founded in 1878 for ladies, at the time of the assumption by Queen Victoria of the title Empress of India. It includes a number of Indian women of the highest rank.
    • n crown The Order of the Crown of Italy, founded by King Victor Emmanuel in 1868.
    • n crown The Order of the Crown of Prussia, founded by King William I. on his coronation in 1861.
    • n crown The Order of the Crown of Rumania, founded by King Charles on assuming the royal title in 1881.
    • n crown The Order of the Crown of Saxony, founded by King Frederick Augustus in 1807, soon after his assumption of the kingly title. It is of but one class, and limited to persons of high rank.
    • n crown The Order of the Crown of Siam, founded in 1869.
    • n crown The Order of the Crown of Würtemberg, founded by King William I. in 1818.
    • crown Relating to, pertaining to, or connected with the crown or royal possessions and authority: as, the crown jewels.
    • crown To bestow a crown or garland upon; place a garland upon the head of.
    • crown To invest with or as if with a regal crown; hence, to invest with regal dignity and power.
    • crown To cover as if with a crown.
    • crown To confer honor, reward, or dignity upon; recompense; dignify; distinguish; adorn.
    • crown To form the topmost or finishing part of; terminate; complete; fill up, as a bowl with wine; consummate; perfect.
    • crown Milit., to effect a lodgment and establish works upon, as the crest of the glacis or the summit of a breach.
    • crown In the game of checkers, to make a king of, or mark as a king: said of placing another piece upon the top of one that has been moved into an opponent's king-row. See checker, 3.
    • crown To mark with the tonsure, as a sign of admission to the priesthood.
    • crown Nautical, to form into a sort of knot, as a rope, by passing the strands over and under one another.
    • n crown The horizontal cap-piece or collar of a set of mine timbers. Also called crown-tree.
    • n crown That part of the bridle of a harness which extends over the horse's head and to which the checks are attached.
    • n crown In agriculture, the middle line of a ridge of land, formed by two furrow-slices laid back to back.
    • n crown In bell-founding, the top of a bell, of which the cannons are parts and to which the tongue is attached within. Also called pallet.
    • n crown Same as howell.
    • n crown The summit of a root, as of a beet or turnip, the leaf-bases forming a circle.
    • n crown The leaves and living branches of a tree. In forest measurements the use of the term varies with the kind of free and the purpose of the measurements. For example, crown may be used to designate either the whole leaf-and-branch system or that portion of it above a dead or a growing branch of a given size. In the description of trees the crown is said to be long or short, broad or narrow, compact or ragged, conical or flat.
    • n crown An abbreviation of crown-glass.
    • n crown See triple.
    • crown To give a crown or bulge to: as, to crown the surface of a ship's deck.
    • crown To cut off (the crown), as of a sugar-beet.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The "Miss America" pageant made its network TV debut on ABC In 1954. Miss California, Lee Ann Meriwether, was crowned the winner.
    • n Crown krown the diadem or state-cap of royalty: regal power: the sovereign: honour: reward, as the 'martyr's crown:' the top of anything, esp. of the head: completion: accomplishment; a coin stamped with a crown, esp. the silver 5s. piece—used also as the translation of the old French écu, worth from six francs (or livres) to three francs: a size of paper, because originally water-marked with a crown:
    • v.t Crown to cover or invest with a crown: to invest with royal dignity: to adorn: to dignify: to complete happily
    • n Crown krown (archit.) a species of spire or lantern, formed by converging flying-buttresses
    • ***

Quotations

  • Evelyn Underhill
    Evelyn Underhill
    “Delicate humor is the crowning virtue of the saints.”
  • Thomas Carlyle
    Thomas%20Carlyle
    “If there be no enemy there's no fight. If no fight, no victory and if no victory there is no crown.”
  • Eustachius
    Eustachius
    “He who has put a good finish to his undertaking is said to have placed a golden crown to the whole.”
  • Oliver Goldsmith
    Oliver%20Goldsmith
    “The hours that we pass with happy prospects in view are more pleasing than those crowned with success.”
  • James Russell Lowell
    James%20Russell%20Lowell
    “Endurance is the crowning quality...”
  • John Ruskin
    John%20Ruskin
    “The last act crowns the play.”

Idioms

Uneasy lies the head that wears the crown - This means that people with serious responsibilities have a heavy burden.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. corone, coroun, crune, croun, OF. corone, corune, F. couronne, fr. L. corona, crown, wreath; akin to Gr. korw`nh anything curved, crown; cf. also L. curvus, curved, E. curve, curb, Gael. cruinn, round, W. crwn,. Cf. Cornice Corona Coroner Coronet
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. corone (Fr. couronne)—L. corona; cf. Gr. korōnos, curved.

Usage

In literature:

In 1519, he was elected to the imperial crown of Germany.
"History of the Reign of Philip the Second, King of Spain." by William H. Prescott
According to one of the conditions of the decree, Philip was to put off his crown.
"Women of Mediæval France" by Pierce Butler
Entered MacNab government, 1855, as commissioner of crown lands.
"The Makers of Canada: Index and Dictionary of Canadian History" by Various
He wore a dome-shaped crown of gold, surmounted by a blazing ruby.
"The Goddess of Atvatabar" by William R. Bradshaw
Johnson, it will be recollected, had the command of the expedition against Crown Point, on Lake Champlain.
"The Student's Life of Washington; Condensed from the Larger Work of Washington Irving" by Washington Irving
The fault was with his own acts, which made harsh measures by the Crown necessary and right.
"The Spanish Pioneers" by Charles F. Lummis
The appointment rested virtually with the Crown.
"The Divorce of Catherine of Aragon" by J.A. Froude
In 1849 it became a separate crown-land.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 4" by Various
He found the golden crown, which he wore, uniting once more the two savage tribes.
"Tahara" by Harold M. Sherman
A crown prince was born an hour ago!
"On the Heights" by Berthold Auerbach
They became, perhaps, during the reign slightly more dependent on the crown.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 8" by Various
It is not wonderful that, with such feelings of resentment towards the crown, the commons were backward in granting subsidies.
"View of the State of Europe during the Middle Ages, Vol. 3 (of 3)" by Henry Hallam
The crowns that you and I upon our brows are wearing, I as the King receive, as poet you are sharing.
"Marguerite de Valois" by Alexandre Dumas
It is very probable that the German crown had previously been offered to Ottakar, but that he had refused it.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Slice 2" by Various
He saw that if either Crown or Parliament must go down, better for England that it should be the crown.
"A Short History of England, Ireland and Scotland" by Mary Platt Parmele
An empress' crown of brilliants crowned her small, round head.
"Majesty" by Louis Couperus
Far up, it was crowned by a church with a solitary square tower and a Renaissance west front.
"Glories of Spain" by Charles W. Wood
I walked in front of him carrying his crown.
"Bartholomew Sastrow" by Bartholomew Sastrow
But there was a half-crown box that she did so want to give to someone!
"In the Days of Queen Victoria" by Eva March Tappan
Disaster of the Man of Forty Crowns III.
"Voltaire's Romances" by François-Marie Arouet
***

In poetry:

Show me not the Glory
Round about Thy Throne;
Show me not the flashes
Of Thy jewelled Crown.
"Homo Factus Est" by Digby Mackworth Dolben
Love, wear your crown:
To-morrow you may sleep.
And, sleeping, who shall say
What state you used to keep?
"A Song Of Delay" by Ethel Clifford
She was radiant in beauty,
Perfect, glorious, bright,
God wanted her for a setting
In His crown of light.
"Excelsior. Rev. 21:11. 19:1" by Frank Barbour Coffin
Upon her head defiant,
She wears a vine-leaf crown,
And on her naked shoulders,
Her hair is hanging down.
"Muses" by Victor James Daley
Loud sang the angels to God's praise
In chorus high,
When thou hadst crowned thy lengthen'd days
In victory!
"In Memoriam, On The Late Right Reverend Richard Allen, First Bishop Of The A. M. E. Church" by Benjamin Cutler Clark
Enough for me to ride the ring,
The victor's crown to wear;
But not in honour of the eyes
Of any ladye there.
"The Troubadour. Canto 4" by Letitia Elizabeth Landon

In news:

"I think after two decades it's long overdue," Ensell said before crowning new queen Lisa Kalas, a junior at A-Tech from Jefferson.
IBM AND THE HOLOCAUST The Strategic Alliance Between Nazi Germany and America's Most Powerful Corporation By Edwin Black Crown -- 519pp -- $27.50.
MSBA Executive Director Katherine Craven noted that while the authority has funded other projects in the Hampden-Wilbraham Regional School District in the past, the new high school will be "a crowning achievement".
The K-Bear studio is located on the 23rd floor of the Crowne Plaza.
Ninth annual Creeper 's Ball Band: Tainted Love When: 9 pm Saturday, Oct 27 Where: Crystal Bay Casino Crown Room Tickets: $25 Purchase: www.crystalbaycasino.com, 775-833-6333 or at the venue.
Was sent to the Crowne Plaza Hotel for a.
Mylissa Sauser was genuinely surprised when she was crowned the 2012 Miss Monticello of Riverfest last Sunday.
Tacoma honey on the menu at Crown Bar .
Crown Point at KING Studios with Grateful Mike (J.
Have you seen Crown Point perform at any of their visits to Cheyenne.
You'll get another chance tomorrow night, August 25, when the Portland, Oregon band returns to the Crown Bar on the corner of Carey and West Lincolnway in downtown Cheyenne.
Crown Bar hosts a pre-Thanksgiving party this Wednesday with a cocktail aptly named 'The Waddle.
Low-lit and warm, the Crown Bar 's royal re-treatment of WeHo straight stalwart Tempest deserves props for not going too fancy or campy with its new look.
The folks behind Primo Grill open Crown Bar on Saturday in the former Gary's Steak Out on Sixth Avenue in Tacoma.
Crown Point at the Crown Bar (Todd Coates).
***

In science:

The jewels in the ‘Crown of Creation’ (Jefferson Airplane 1968).
Report to Anaximander: A Dialogue on the Origin of the Cosmos in the Cradle of Western Civilization
In 1935, Birkhoff summed up his work on dynamics in a long paper [Bir35], “crowned” and published by the Pontifical Academy of Sciences.
On the genesis of symbolic dynamics as we know it
In one case an oscillatory motion has been observed in a polar crown filament before it erupted, suggesting that the eruption was triggered by fast magnetic reconnection rather than by slow photospheric shearing (Isobe and Tripathi 2006).
Astrophysics in 2006
Butler et al. (2004) used the heat transfer model of Albini (1996) in conjunction with models for fuel consumption, wind velocity profile and flame structure, to develop a numerical model for the prediction of spread rate and fireline intensity of high intensity crown fires.
A review of wildland fire spread modelling, 1990-present, 1: Physical and quasi-physical models
Predicted and observed rates of spread of crown fires in immature jack pine.
A review of wildland fire spread modelling, 1990-present, 1: Physical and quasi-physical models
Butler, B., Finney, M., Andrews, P., and Albini, F. (2004). A radiation-driven model for crown fire spread.
A review of wildland fire spread modelling, 1990-present, 1: Physical and quasi-physical models
Numerical study of a crown fire spreading toward a fuel break using a multiphase physical model.
A review of wildland fire spread modelling, 1990-present, 1: Physical and quasi-physical models
Mathematical model for spread of crown fires in homogeneous forests and along openings.
A review of wildland fire spread modelling, 1990-present, 1: Physical and quasi-physical models
Predicted ROS is the headfire ROS on level terrain under equilibrium conditions, thereby implicitly including effects of acceleration and crowning (Forestry Canada Fire Danger Group, 1992).
A review of wildland fire spread modelling, 1990-present 2: Empirical and quasi-empirical models
The effect of slope (Van Wagner, 1977b) and crown fire transition effects (Van Wagner, 1977a) then modify the basic ROS.
A review of wildland fire spread modelling, 1990-present 2: Empirical and quasi-empirical models
Conditions for the start and spread of crown fire.
A review of wildland fire spread modelling, 1990-present 2: Empirical and quasi-empirical models
Considered the most important of these ‘tests’ was the successful prediction by GR of the anomalous advance of the perihelion of the planet Mercury - almost considered the ‘jewel in the crown’ of general relativity.
Some Comments on the Tests of General Relativity
Lemma 4 ( Lemma 1.3 in ) A poset which does not contain a subposet isomorphic to Crown Poset satisfies O(P) G(P).
On natural join of posets properties and first applications
The nucleonic motion takes place within a circular crown (the so-called annulus ) determined by the concentric circles of rmin and rM ax radii.
Intermittency route to chaos for the nuclear billiard - a quantitative study
Raan A.F.J. , van Leeuwen T.N , Visser M.S. , van Eck N.J. , Waltman L (2010, in press) Rivals for the crown: Reply to Opthof and Leydesdorff.
The danger of pseudo science in Informetrics
***