cross-fertilization

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n cross-fertilization interchange between different cultures or different ways of thinking that is mutually productive and beneficial "the cross-fertilization of science and the creative arts"
    • n cross-fertilization fertilization by the union of male and female gametes from different individual of the same species
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n cross-fertilization In botany, the fertilization of the ovules of one flower by the pollen of another, on the same plant or on another plant of the same species. Cross-fertilization is effected by the agency of insects, and of the wind, water, etc. Also called allogamy and cross-pollination. Crossing between plants of different species is distinguished as hybridization.
    • n cross-fertilization In general, the sexual union of two germ-cells from two parent organisms, as contrasted with self-fertilization in plants and in some hermaphrodite animals.
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Usage

In literature:

He cross-fertilized the two sciences of acoustics and electricity.
"The History of the Telephone" by Herbert N. Casson
It has been already remarked, that the degree of fertility, both of first crosses and of hybrids, graduates from zero to perfect fertility.
"On the Origin of Species" by Charles Darwin
He took the night train out of Chicago and spent the next day crossing Nebraska, fertile, rich and interesting.
"The Breaking Point" by Mary Roberts Rinehart
It has been already remarked, that the degree of fertility, both of first crosses and of hybrids, graduates from zero to perfect fertility.
"On the Origin of Species" by Charles Darwin
Cross fertilization and hybridism.
"At the Deathbed of Darwinism" by Eberhard Dennert
Was this valley to be our home, or were we to cross the second range, into a still more fertile region?
"With Axe and Rifle" by W.H.G. Kingston
Let us consider the flower simply as a device to insure its own cross-fertilization.
"My Studio Neighbors" by William Hamilton Gibson
Professor Lake: I can't see any reason, but that if there are present any of the native trees, they are bound to cross-fertilize.
"Northern Nut Growers Association Report of the Proceedings at the Second Annual Meeting" by Northern Nut Growers Association
We adore as bidden the great deities of the ground; and thence I cross the fertile soil of Helorus in the marsh.
"The Aeneid of Virgil" by Virgil
It has been already remarked, that the degree of fertility, both of first crosses and of hybrids, graduates from zero to perfect fertility.
"On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection" by Charles Darwin
Crossing a belt of fertile land on the side of the harbour, they reached a range of barren hills.
"Notable Voyagers" by W.H.G. Kingston and Henry Frith
We shall find some fertile crosses I think between oaks and chestnuts, when enough species have been tried.
"Northern Nut Growers Association, Report of the Proceedings at the Third Annual Meeting" by Northern Nut Growers Association
Now oft among the crags, fleet-footed, stole The maid, or lightly crossed the fertile plain.
"Lilith" by Ada Langworthy Collier
Amid great privations the marching column crossed the mountains and the fertile plains on the opposite side, to the city of San Isidro.
"The Woman with a Stone Heart" by Oscar William Coursey
I have myself made for this special purpose many crosses, and all were perfectly fertile.
"The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, Vol. I." by Charles Darwin
Cross-fertilization is dear to her, and she invents many ingenious ways to bring it about, as in certain orchids.
"Under the Maples" by John Burroughs
As the stamens and pistil are borne by different flowers, cross-fertilization is necessary.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 9, Slice 8" by Various
Cross-fertilization easily takes place where different strains are produced in the same locality.
"Tobacco Leaves" by W. A. Brennan
This is a curious contrivance for insuring cross-fertilization through the help of the bees.
"Trees Worth Knowing" by Julia Ellen Rogers
It is obvious that, to secure cross fertilization, there must be some agent to transfer the pollen from one plant to another.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 648, June 2, 1888." by Various
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In news:

The music is not only loved around the globe, it's constantly expanding to encompass a world of unlimited cross-fertilization.
While in Cologne, he and his colleagues explored the idea of cross-fertilizing different musical traditions (i.e.
An Oncor lineman worked steadily in a basket to replace the cross arm and power lines by Texas Liquid Fertilizer in Holland.
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In science:

The discovered social network was intended to help people (vertices) identify others with similar interests and encourage cross-fertilization among the cluster participants.
A Connection-Centric Survey of Recommender Systems Research
Indeed, we believe that there are significant opportunities for cross-fertilization in this area.
Finding structure with randomness: Probabilistic algorithms for constructing approximate matrix decompositions
However, it is essential that we learn enough from each others to be able to communicate and cross fertilize.
Introduction - Strong interaction in the nuclear medium: new trends
Today, Bell inequalities cross-fertilized with Quantum Information Science has led to the concept of Device-Independent Quantum Key Distribution (DI-QKD) [2, 3].
Is realism compatible with true randomness ?
The attention of the quantum information community to study in condensed matter has stimulated an exciting cross fertilization between the two areas.
Entanglement study of the 1D Ising model with Added Dzyaloshinsky-Moriya interaction
Lulek for the perfect organization of a so interesting and cross-fertilizing school.
Introduction to Quantum Algebras
With this development has come considerable cross-fertilization of techniques between disciplines, with the realization that the same methods play a role across diverse disciplines within physics.
Quantum Gravity in Everyday Life: General Relativity as an Effective Field Theory
The cross fertilization between computational mathematics and numerical relativity was just entering a productive stage.
Testing numerical relativity with the shifted gauge wave
The science of the Internet is multidisciplinary and requires continual cross-fertilization among networking, physics, mathematics, and engineering communities.
The Workshop on Internet Topology (WIT) Report
The ongoing experiments for both the beam and target normal SSA in elastic eN scattering will trigger further theoretical work, and a cross-fertilization between theory and experiment can be expected in this field.
Two-Photon Physics in Hadronic Processes
The ISMD series offers a privileged, almost unique, opportunity for fruitful exchanges and cross-fertilizations between these various themes.
Multiparticle Dynamics in the LHC Era
This divergence is unfortunate, since the cross-fertilization of ideas between these fields has been a rich source of progress to all three.
A Goldstone Boson Primer
Stochastic versions of polynomial dynamical systems have yet to be studied in detail and many interesting problems arise that combine probability theory, combinatorics, and dynamical systems theory, providing a rich source of cross-fertilization between these fields.
Design of experiments and biochemical network inference
Foo, “Subjective Relevance: Implications on Digital Libraries for Experts and Novices,” Digital Libraries: International Collaboration and Cross-Fertilization, In Z. Chen et al. eds., vol.3334, Berlin: Springer-Verlag, pp. 207–220, 2004, doi:10.1007/b104284 S.S.
Studies on Relevance, Ranking and Results Display
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