criminal

Definitions

  • One of the intriguing mysteries of Jamestown is how the left leg and left half of a human pelvis came to be thrown with other refuse into a well behind the row house. The logical inference is that a rebel or criminal had been hanged, drawn, and quartered
    One of the intriguing mysteries of Jamestown is how the left leg and left half of a human pelvis came to be thrown with other refuse into a well behind the row house. The logical inference is that a rebel or criminal had been hanged, drawn, and quartered
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj criminal guilty of crime or serious offense "criminal in the sight of God and man"
    • adj criminal involving or being or having the nature of a crime "a criminal offense","criminal abuse","felonious intent"
    • adj criminal bringing or deserving severe rebuke or censure "a criminal waste of talent","a deplorable act of violence","adultery is as reprehensible for a husband as for a wife"
    • n criminal someone who has committed a crime or has been legally convicted of a crime
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Richard Millhouse Nixon was the first US president whose name contains all the letters from the word "criminal." The second? William Jefferson Clinton
    • Criminal Guilty of crime or sin. "The neglect of any of the relative duties renders us criminal in the sight of God."
    • Criminal Involving a crime; of the nature of a crime; -- said of an act or of conduct; as, criminal carelessness. "Foppish and fantastic ornaments are only indications of vice, not criminal in themselves."
    • n Criminal One who has commited a crime; especially, one who is found guilty by verdict, confession, or proof; a malefactor; a felon.
    • Criminal Relating to crime; -- opposed to civil; as, the criminal code. "The officers and servants of the crown, violating the personal liberty, or other right of the subject . . . were in some cases liable to criminal process."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: In Texas criminals are required to give their victims 24 hours notice, either orally or in writing, and to explain the nature of the crime to be committed.
    • criminal Of or pertaining to crime; relating to crime; having to do with crime or its punishment: as, a criminal action or case; a criminal sentence; a criminal code; criminal law; a criminal lawyer.
    • criminal Of the nature of crime; marked by or involving crime; punishable by law, divine or human: as, theft is a criminal act.
    • criminal Guilty of crime; connected with or engaged in committing crime.
    • criminal Charges of offense against the public law of the state or nation, as distinguished from violations of municipal or local ordinances.
    • criminal Synonyms Illegal, Criminal, Felonious, Sinful, Immoral, Wicked, Iniquitous, Depraved, Dissolute, Vicious, agree in characterizing an act as contrary to law, civil or moral. All except illegal and felonious are also applicable to persons, thoughts, character, etc. Illegal is simply that which is not permitted by human law, or is vitiated by lack of compliance with legal forms: as, an illegal election. It suggests penalty only remotely, if at all. Criminal applies to transgressions of human law, with especial reference to penalty. Felonious applies to that which is deliberately done in the consciousness that it is a crime; its other uses are nearly or quite obsolete. Sinful and the words that follow it mark transgression of the divine or moral law. Sinful does not admit the idea that there is a moral law separate from the divine will, but is specifically expressive of “any want of conformity unto, or transgression of, the will of God” (Shorter Catechism, Q. 14). As such, it applies to thoughts, feelings, desires, character, while human law looks no further back of action than to intent (as, a criminal intent), and attempts to deal only with acts. Hence, though all men are sinful, all are not criminal. Immoral stands over against sinful in emphasizing the notion of a moral law, apart from the question of the divine will; its most frequent application is to transgressions of the moral code in regard to the indulgence of lust. Wicked bears the same relation to moral law that felonious bears to civil law; the wicked man does wrong wilfully and knowingly, and generally his conduct is very wrong. Iniquitous is wicked in relation to others' rights, and grossly unjust: as, a most iniquitous proceeding. Depraved implies a fall from a better character, not only into wickedness, but into such corruption that the person delights in evil for its own sake. Dissolute, literally, set loose or released, expresses the character, life, etc., of one who throws off all moral obligation. Vicious, starting with the notion of being addicted to vice, has a wide range of meaning, from cross to wicked; it is the only one of these words that may be applied to animals. See crime, atrocious, nefarious, and irreligious.
    • n criminal A person who has committed a punishable offense against public law; more particularly, a person convicted of a punishable public offense on proof or confession.
    • n criminal Synonyms Culprit, malefactor,evil-doer, transgressor, felon, convict.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In Utah a husband is responsible for all criminal acts committed by his wife while she is in his presence.
    • Criminal (krim′-) relating to crime: guilty of crime: violating laws
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Quotations

  • Proverb
    Proverb
    “All criminals turn preachers under the gallows.”
  • Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
    Sir%20Arthur%20Conan%20Doyle
    “When a doctor does go wrong he is the first of criminals. He has nerve and he has knowledge.”
  • Oscar Wilde
    Oscar%20Wilde
    “Society often forgives the criminal; it never forgives the dreamer.”
  • Friedrich Engels
    Friedrich Engels
    “Some laws of state aimed at curbing crime are even more criminal.”
  • Benjamin Ricketson Tucker
    Benjamin Ricketson Tucker
    “We enact many laws that manufacture criminals, and then a few that punish them”
  • Ogden Nash
    Ogden%20Nash
    “Every New Year is the direct descendant, isn't it, of a long line of proven criminals?”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. criminalis, fr. crimen,: cf. F. criminel,. See Crime
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—L. crimen.

Usage

In literature:

Of course, in dealing with the criminal population of a great city, they cannot wear kid gloves, but Captain Clinton certainly goes too far.
"The Third Degree" by Charles Klein and Arthur Hornblow
By the instinctive criminal is understood a man in whom the criminal instinct has gained a supremacy over the social instinct.
"A Plea for the Criminal" by James Leslie Allan Kayll
He was made ill by the shock, but visited the wretched criminal to pray for his salvation.
"The Life of Sir James Fitzjames Stephen, Bart., K.C.S.I." by Sir Leslie Stephen
The criminal must have taken aim in the midst of a crowd!
"A Nest of Spies" by Pierre Souvestre
Underlying the practice is the theory that the children of criminals are born criminals.
"The Meaning of Evolution" by Samuel Christian Schmucker
The epileptic origin of criminality explains many characteristics of the criminal, the genesis of which was previously obscure.
"Criminal Man" by Gina Lombroso-Ferrero
It is needless to add that the protectors are often criminals, or of the criminal type.
"The Sexual Question" by August Forel
In life it is not criminals who provoke the most hatred, but rather honorable men.
"Friars and Filipinos" by Jose Rizal
Anxiously he waited for the hardened criminals to be brought in, when lo and behold!
"Modern Americans" by Chester Sanford
We had a dish of tea by the fireside, and then issued like criminals into the scathing cold of the night.
"The Works of Robert Louis Stevenson - Swanston Edition Vol. 20 (of 25)" by Robert Louis Stevenson
He became a criminal and was punished as a felon.
"History of the Great American Fortunes, Vol. I" by Myers Gustavus
This is a criminal prosecution.
"Report of the Proceedings at the Examination of Charles G. Davis, Esq., on the Charge of Aiding and Abetting in the Rescue of a Fugitive Slave" by Various
The Criminal Investigation Department is under Mr.
"Scotland Yard" by George Dilnot
Both civil and criminal business is taken at Manchester and Liverpool, but criminal business only at Leeds.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 4" by Various
As I said before, the necessities of the criminal prove his Nemesis.
"An Artist in Crime" by Rodrigues Ottolengui
There are criminals among you and we can identify them.
"Tangle Hold" by F. L. Wallace
He was, then, in the hands of a man who had tried to counsel criminals, who had lived in a House of Correction!
"Villa Eden:" by Berthold Auerbach
If it was not intrinsically criminal, it was not criminal at common law.
"An Essay on the Trial by Jury" by Lysander Spooner
No attempt is ever made to reform a criminal, either white or coloured.
"Following the Color Line" by Ray Stannard Baker
In criminal jurisprudence it has but a very subordinate value.
"Hammer and Anvil" by Friedrich Spielhagen
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In poetry:

For fear of criminals today
We lock the door;
Women and children still to stay
Hid evermore.
"For Fear" by Charlotte Perkins Stetson Gilman
He shares no part in daring plot,
He scorns to hint of anarchy;
He only asks his native right;
Can this be criminality?
"Honour's Appeal To Justice" by Olivia Ward Bush-Banks
"Stop!" said the Bart., "my cup
Is full - I'm worse than him in all;
Policeman, take me up -
No doubt I am some criminal!"
"Phrenology" by William Schwenck Gilbert
Yes; even lives were in his hands.
Yet he, though held in slavery,
Upon his honor threw no shame,
Or stain of criminality.
"Honour's Appeal To Justice" by Olivia Ward Bush-Banks
or, as lots have, silently vanished into
History's criminal noise
unmourned for, but that, after twenty-four years,
we should sit here in Austria
"The Common Life" by W H Auden
Hickory shoots unnumbered rise,
Sallow and wasting themselves in sighs,
Children begot at a criminal rate
In the sight of a God that is profligate.
"Geometry" by John Crowe Ransom

In news:

The International Criminal Court finds a Congolese warlord guilty of war crimes CNN's Zain Verjee reports.
Congolese former militia leader Thomas Lubanga pleaded not guilty to using child soldiers in the Democratic Republic of Congo 's 1998-2003 civil war, as the International Criminal Court's historic first trial opened Monday.
Judge in Craigslist 'sex-slave master' case says consensual S&M can be criminal.
S&M can be criminal even if it's consensual , a Brooklyn judge said today during the arraignment of a self-described Craigslist sex-slave master.
Friday's online chat was largely dominated by calls to think about bullying as less of a playground problem than a criminal act – with consequences to match.
State Attorney General Linda Kelly announces the new criminal charges related to the investigation of child sex crimes at Penn State.
One of the keys to our criminal justice system is the testimony of witnesses — testimony given freely without fear of retribution.
The Florida Department of Law Enforcement announced it has opened a criminal probe to investigate Strategic Allied Consulting.
The House took two votes, one on criminal contempt charges, which passed 255-67.
Savannah physician, wife cited for criminal contempt of court , fined in jury-form forgery.
A state-run program lets criminals apologize to their victims' families.
Five Erie County Council members want some type of independent operations review at the county's prison, which has seen multiple corrections officers suspended for various infractions -- some criminal -- since January.
Aetna Inc is planning to acquire for $5.6 billion agreed to pay millions of dollars to avoid criminal prosecution.
The low-budget space caper Lockout (featuring Joseph Gilgun, above, as a psychotic criminal) delivers no summer fun, crappy or otherwise.
Two criminal masterminds were caught red-handed trying to steal refreshments and a toilet seat from a courthouse in southern Sweden.
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In science:

Criminal purposes of all kinds, including activities by regular scientists which would be forbidden by their legal ethical regulations.
Brane Worlds, the Subanthropic Principle and the Undetectability Conjecture
We can imagine dozens of different criminal purposes for which the primitive individuals could be kidnapped, tortured and even killed, including ab ject topics such as ‘high gastronomy’ and sadist games.
Brane Worlds, the Subanthropic Principle and the Undetectability Conjecture
The criminant set of the tangential family is the critical set of π |Φ .
Simple tangential families and perestroikas of their envelopes
The set of tangential family germs is naturally decomposed according to the configurtions of their criminant sets.
Simple tangential families and perestroikas of their envelopes
In [10, 11], a significant correlation between the topological accessibility of streets and their popularity, micro-criminality, micro-economic vitality and social liveability had been established.
Random Walks Along the Streets and Canals in Compact Cities: Spectral analysis, Dynamical Modularity, Information, and Statistical Mechanics
Craig-Hart, P. Williams, S. Simon, N. Abdullaev, B. Stanislawski and L. Covill, Methods not Motives: Exploring links between transnational organised crime and international terrorism, National Criminal Justice Reference Service, NJC211207 (2005).
Intelligence gathering by capturing the social processes within prisons
P. Williams, Transnational Criminal Networks, John Arquilla, David Ronfeldt (eds) (2001) Networks and Netwars: The future of Terror, Crime, and Militancy Santa Monica, California.
Intelligence gathering by capturing the social processes within prisons
Such networks could include messaging and content sharing marketing criminal behavior or terrorist activity. The decentralised nature of the ether makes the usage of the MCP difficult to check.
Content Sharing for Mobile Devices
Our work is motivated by cases in which the evader has incomplete information about the network or lacks planning time or computational power, e.g. when authorities set up roadblocks to catch bank robbers, the criminals do not know all the roadblock locations or the best path to use for their escape.
Optimal Interdiction of Unreactive Markovian Evaders
It is however obvious from the “heat and light ” dis crimination plots registered (see Fig. 4) that such a high contamination level in 207Bi could limit the use of these detectors for dark matter research.
Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop "Radiopure Scintillators for EURECA" (RPScint'2008)
Access to your email, chat and other systems may enable a criminal to ’steal’ your identity, which may hurt you in many other ways.
The Identity Crisis. Security, Privacy and Usability Issues in Identity Management
The tag identifies the individual serving its purpose and is well integrated so that no criminal can easily spot it. The last challenge is that posed by authentication as a lot of sensitive information is given.
Data Aggregation and Privacy for Police Patrols
In the scenario of Police patrols, two or more officers tend to provide the details of the same criminal, belonging to the same zone. Aggregation is performed over the data set and this non redundant data is stored for further queries.
Data Aggregation and Privacy for Police Patrols
Context information can be summarized by identifying general patterns and later answering approximately to the queries using these patterns. From the fed in data, the details of the criminals have been observed.
Data Aggregation and Privacy for Police Patrols
These unclear messages will avoid the criminal from becoming aware of the police officer’s positioning, thereby, achieving location privacy.
Data Aggregation and Privacy for Police Patrols
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