cramp

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v cramp suffer from sudden painful contraction of a muscle
    • v cramp affect with or as if with a cramp
    • v cramp prevent the progress or free movement of "He was hampered in his efforts by the bad weather","the imperialist nation wanted to strangle the free trade between the two small countries"
    • v cramp secure with a cramp "cramp the wood"
    • n cramp a strip of metal with ends bent at right angles; used to hold masonry together
    • n cramp a clamp for holding pieces of wood together while they are glued
    • n cramp a painful and involuntary muscular contraction
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Queen Victoria used marijuana, to help relieve menstrual cramp pain
    • Cramp (Masonry) A device, usually of iron bent at the ends, used to hold together blocks of stone, timbers, etc.; a cramp iron.
    • Cramp (Med) A paralysis of certain muscles due to excessive use; as, writer's cramp; milker's cramp, etc.
    • Cramp A piece of wood having a curve corresponding to that of the upper part of the instep, on which the upper leather of a boot is stretched to give it the requisite shape.
    • Cramp (Carp) A rectangular frame, with a tightening screw, used for compressing the joints of framework, etc.
    • Cramp (Med) A spasmodic and painful involuntary contraction of a muscle or muscles, as of the leg. "The cramp , divers nights, gripeth him in his legs."
    • a Cramp Knotty; difficult. "Care being taken not to add any of the cramp reasons for this opinion."
    • Cramp That which confines or contracts; a restraint; a shackle; a hindrance. "A narrow fortune is a cramp to a great mind.""Crippling his pleasures with the cramp of fear."
    • Cramp To afflict with cramp. "When the gout cramps my joints."
    • Cramp to bind together; to unite. "The . . . fabric of universal justic is well cramped and bolted together in all its parts."
    • Cramp To compress; to restrain from free action; to confine and contract; to hinder. "The mind my be as much cramped by too much knowledge as by ignorance."
    • Cramp To fasten or hold with, or as with, a cramp.
    • Cramp To form on a cramp; as, to cramp boot legs.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Queen Victoria eased the discomfort of her menstrual cramps by having her doctor supply her with marijuana.
    • n cramp A claw; a paw.
    • n cramp A piece of iron bent at the ends, serving to hold together pieces of timber, stones, etc.; a clamp; a cramp-iron. See cramp-iron.
    • n cramp A bench-hook or holdfast.
    • n cramp A portable kind of iron press, having a screw at one end and a movable shoulder at the other, employed by carpenters and joiners for closely compressing the joints of frame-work.
    • n cramp A piece of wood having a curve corresponding to that of the upper part of the instep, on which the upper-leather of a boot is stretched to give it the requisite shape.
    • n cramp That which hinders motion or expansion; restraint; confinement; that which hampers.
    • cramp Contracted; strait; cramped.
    • cramp Difficult; knotty; hard to decipher, as writing; crabbed.
    • cramp To fasten, confine, or hold with a cramp-iron, fetter, or some similar device.
    • cramp To fashion or shape on a cramp: as, to cramp boot-legs.
    • cramp To confine as if in or with a cramp; hinder from free action or development; restrain; hamper; cripple.
    • n cramp An involuntary and painful contraction of a muscle; a variety of tonic spasm. It occurs most frequently in the calves of the legs, but also in the feet, hands, neck, etc., is of short duration, and is occasioned by some slight straining or wrenching movement, by sudden chill, etc. Cramp is often associated with constriction and griping pains of the stomach or intestines. It is commonest at night, and also often attacks swimmers. See spasm.
    • cramp To affect with cramps or spasms.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Cramp kramp an involuntary and painful contraction of a voluntary muscle or group of muscles: restraint: a piece of iron bent at the ends, for holding together wood, stone, &c.: a tool used by carpenters and others, having a movable part which can be screwed tight so as to press things together
    • adj Cramp hard to make out (used of handwriting): cramped: narrow
    • v.t Cramp to affect with spasms: to confine: to hinder: to fasten with a cramp-iron
    • ***

Quotations

  • J. M. Synge
    J. M. Synge
    “Lord, confound this surly sister, blight her brow with blotch and blister, cramp her larynx, lung and liver, in her guts a galling give her.”
  • Dorothy Parker
    Dorothy%20Parker
    “Razors pain you; rivers are damp; acids stain you; and drugs cause cramp. Guns aren't lawful; nooses give; gas smells awful; you might as well live.”
  • Inigo de Leon
    Inigo de Leon
    “The cure for writers cramp is writer's block.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. crampe, craumpe,; akin to D. & Sw. kramp, Dan. krampe, G. krampf,whence F. crampe,), Icel. krappr, strait, narrow, and to E. crimp, crumple,; cf. cram,. See Grape

Usage

In literature:

A man took cramp and clung to a companion until he could kick it out of himself.
"The Free Range" by Francis William Sullivan
The cramps of the legs, which are liable to attend cholera, are explained in Class III.
"Zoonomia, Vol. II" by Erasmus Darwin
And there is no cramp in my heart, no miasma clinging to my senses.
"Tatterdemalion" by John Galsworthy
At the first glance you can see that this is not a natural stance; the player is cramped and uncomfortable.
"The Complete Golfer [1905]" by Harry Vardon
They would not be likely to get the cramp or catch colds.
"Dick and His Cat and Other Tales" by Various
He was lying in a dingy bunk somewhere in the gloom of the cramped forecastle.
"The Black Buccaneer" by Stephen W. Meader
There may be nocturnal cramp in the muscles of the leg and foot.
"Manual of Surgery Volume Second: Extremities--Head--Neck. Sixth Edition." by Alexander Miles
In all my life I never heard of such a thing as writers' cramp.
"Good Luck" by L. T. Meade
I see a whole page of Edmund's somewhat cramped writing.
"Penshurst Castle" by Emma Marshall
I misdoubt that seat is cramped for three, and a baby to boot.
"Out of the Depths" by Robert Ames Bennet
His lungs seemed cramped; the blood could not properly reach his hands and feet.
"Partners of the Out-Trail" by Harold Bindloss
Like the ache of a tooth came the first warning of snowshoe cramp in his legs.
"The Country Beyond" by James Oliver Curwood
He looked about upon the small, cheaply furnished room, full of the neat makeshifts of cramped housewifery.
"Dr. Sevier" by George W. Cable
My trouble was Change of Life and cramping.
"Treatise on the Diseases of Women" by Lydia E. Pinkham
Many of the passengers left the train to stretch their cramped limbs or to satisfy their hunger.
"Victor's Triumph" by Mrs. E. D. E. N. Southworth
What seemed hours passed as they lay cramped, immobile.
"Slaves of Mercury" by Nat Schachner
I have small recollection of it, except the weariness of my cramped position, and Cassion's efforts to entertain.
"Beyond the Frontier" by Randall Parrish
McKay rose stiffly on cramped legs.
"The Pathless Trail" by Arthur O. (Arthur Olney) Friel
Amplitude of space, however, facilitates its attainment, as it is difficult to render a cramped bath beneficial and attractive.
"The Turkish Bath" by Robert Owen Allsop
They crouched down in the dark cramped interior and as they did so a pigmy thrust some roasted bananas in at the door.
"The Blind Lion of the Congo" by Elliott Whitney
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In poetry:

Not he would cramp to one small head
The awful laurels of the dead,
Time's mighty vintage cup,
And drink all honor up.
"Lincoln" by John Vance Cheney
Within Earth's wide domains
Are markets for men's lives;
Their necks are galled with chains,
Their wrists are cramped with gyves.
"The Witnesses" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Starvation - Poor Law Union fare -
And deadly cramps and chills,
And illness - illness everywhere,
And crime, and Christmas bills.
"At a Pantomime." by William Schwenck Gilbert
Cramped no more, I exult, extended,
All I think of I hold within;
Secret surety of vision splendid
Makes me one with my lordly kin.
"Middle Harbour" by John Le Gay Brereton
What time the gods kept carnival,
Tricked out in star and flower,
And in cramp elf and saurian forms
They swathed their too much power.
"Song Of Nature" by Henry David Thoreau
Indeed, the “fashion” is a thing
That never cramped your cornless toes:
Your single jewel is a ring
Slung in your penetrated nose.
"Black Lizzie" by Henry Kendall

In news:

The Navy is emphasizing personal fitness more than ever and telling sailors to work out at least three times per week, even when deployed and living in cramped conditions.
Pittsburgh Steelers wide receiver Emmanuel Sanders leg cramp against the Cincinnati Bengals last month may or may not have been fake .
He dropped to the ground, saying he had a cramp in his calf.
The NFL says he faked a leg cramp and fined him $15,000.
Sanders faked getting a leg cramp so the Steelers wouldn't have to use a timeout, NFL said.
Again this Friday night, our high school football athletes will have to deal with cramping and possible dehydration.
It is typically farm raised in small ponds where the fish are so cramped that the majority of their diet consists of fish feces and mud.
Spectroline Optimax Jr is a leak detection flashlight that reveals refrigerant leaks in cramped areas inaccessible to larger lamps.
Pinterest is fun when you want to browse photos of luxurious, palatial homes and beautiful furniture without leaving the futon in your cramped studio apartment.
Dear People's Pharmacy: I don't have restless leg syndrome or nighttime leg cramps.
Nothing was familiar on the cramped brick streets of St Pauli, which I had hoped would feel something like my similarly named hometown in Minnesota.
Wil Myers sits in a cramped video room near the Werner Park home clubhouse, the boxes and chairs forcing him to squeeze into a narrow space.
Among the many physical impacts this environment has on the body -- exhaustion, malnutrition, frostbite, cramps, sunburn -- one of the most serious is hypothermia.
For the discerning mariner who feels cramped by mere mega-yachts, there's a growing field of designers and shipbuilders eager to sell you an island.
When I first moved to Austin a little over a year ago, I took up residence in a cramped efficiency on the Eastside.
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In science:

Crampe N., Hopf structure of the Yangian Y (sln ) in the Drinfel’d realization, J.
Yangian of the Strange Lie Superalgebra of $\boldsymbol{Q_{n-1}}$ Type, Drinfel'd Approach
Even human bodies can be treated as a physical material, with appropriate friction coefficients, to describe the behaviour of crowds in cramped space .
Around the gap between sociophysics and sociology
Fig 5 models a different user able to make two quick successive touches, but which then is required to pause for some time (to avoid cramp), e.g.
Timed Test Case Generation Using Labeled Prioritized Time Petri Nets
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