cram

Definitions

  • Scipio Æmilianus cramming himself for a Speech after a hearty Supper
    Scipio Æmilianus cramming himself for a Speech after a hearty Supper
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v cram prepare (students) hastily for an impending exam
    • v cram study intensively, as before an exam "I had to bone up on my Latin verbs before the final exam"
    • v cram crowd or pack to capacity "the theater was jampacked"
    • v cram put something somewhere so that the space is completely filled "cram books into the suitcase"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Cram (Weaving) A warp having more than two threads passing through each dent or split of the reed.
    • Cram Information hastily memorized; as, a cram from an examination.
    • Cram The act of cramming.
    • Cram To eat greedily, and to satiety; to stuff. "Gluttony . . . . Crams , and blasphemes his feeder."
    • Cram To fill with food to satiety; to stuff. "Children would be freer from disease if they were not crammed so much as they are by fond mothers.""Cram us with praise, and make us
      As fat as tame things."
    • Cram To make crude preparation for a special occasion, as an examination, by a hasty and extensive course of memorizing or study.
    • Cram To press, force, or drive, particularly in filling, or in thrusting one thing into another; to stuff; to crowd; to fill to superfluity; as, to cram anything into a basket; to cram a room with people. "Their storehouses crammed with grain.""He will cram his brass down our throats."
    • Cram To put hastily through an extensive course of memorizing or study, as in preparation for an examination; as, a pupil is crammed by his tutor.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • cram To press or drive, particularly thrust (one thing), into another forcibly; stuff; crowd: as, to cram things into a basket or bag.
    • cram To fill with more than can be properly, conveniently, or comfortably contained; fill to repletion; overcrowd: as, to cram a room with people.
    • cram To fill with food beyond what is necessary, or to satiety; stuff.
    • cram To endeavor to qualify (a pupil or one's self) for an examination, or other special purpose, in a comparatively short time, by storing the memory with information, not so much with a view to real learning as to passing the examination; coach.
    • cram To tell lies to; fill up with false stories.
    • cram To eat greedily or to satiety; stuff one's self.
    • cram To store the memory hastily with facts, for the purpose of passing an examination or for some other immediate use; in general, to acquire knowledge hurriedly by a forced process, without assimilating it: as, to cram for a civil-service examination; to cram for a lecture.
    • n cram In weaving, a warp having more than two threads in each dent or split of the reed.
    • n cram The act or the result of cramming the memory; information acquired hurriedly and not assimilated.
    • n cram A lie.
    • n cram A densely packed gathering or crowd; a crush; a ‘jam.’
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • v.t Cram kram to press close: to stuff: to fill to superfluity:
    • v.i Cram to eat greedily: to get up a subject by cram:—pr.p. cram′ming; pa.p. crammed
    • n Cram a crush:
    • v.t Cram kram (slang) to make believe false or exaggerated tales: to teach for a special examination, only giving instruction useful for passing that examination
    • n Cram (slang) a lie: information that has been crammed: the system of cramming
    • ***

Quotations

  • Robert Browning
    Robert%20Browning
    “What's a man's age? He must hurry more, that's all; Cram in a day, what his youth took a year to hold.”
  • Charles Caleb Colton
    Charles%20Caleb%20Colton
    “Pedantry is the showy display of knowledge which crams our heads with learned lumber and then takes out our brains to make room for it.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
AS. crammian, to cram; akin to Icel. kremja, to squeeze, bruise, Sw. krama, to press. Cf. Cramp

Usage

In literature:

When we had crammed and crammed again, Aedituus took us into a chamber that was well furnished, hung with tapestry, and finely gilt.
"Gargantua and Pantagruel, Book V." by Francois Rabelais
The place is crammed, it appears; they have never had so many people before.
"The Three Cities Trilogy, Complete Lourdes, Rome and Paris" by Emile Zola
In the office of the Chief of Police outside I found Marny talking to Sergeant Cram.
"The Underdog" by F. Hopkinson Smith
Miss Bessie was with her, and they were cramming things into a portmanteau.
"Beautiful Joe" by by Marshall Saunders
I notice that the pockets of the National Guards are crammed full; a large number of cartridges has been distributed.
"Paris under the Commune" by John Leighton
The invaders entered the house, and returned, cramming their mouths with bread, and chopping asunder flitches of bacon.
"The World's Greatest Books, Volume V." by Arthur Mee and J.A. Hammerton, Eds.
Is it possible you have let up cramming long enough to make a call?
"Frank Merriwell at Yale" by Burt L. Standish
Yet it was crammed to the brim with knowledge of evil, and even tolerance therefor.
"The Penalty" by Gouverneur Morris
The windows were alive with spectators, the balcony was crammed.
"The Man Who Laughs" by Victor Hugo
He had crammed the theatre and half emptied the Empire Music Hall for six nights; a wonderful feat.
"The Regent" by E. Arnold Bennett
Each tram as it came up was savagely assaulted, seized, crammed and possessed, with astounding rapidity.
"The Matador of the Five Towns and Other Stories" by Arnold Bennett
People struggling to get up the steps to cram their money into Miller's pockets!
"True Stories of Crime From the District Attorney's Office" by Arthur Train
Nevertheless, the district is never more crammed than at Knype Wakes.
"Tales of the Five Towns" by Arnold Bennett
From the plain below one, which has always been crammed with riches, sprang the chief influences of Southern Gaul.
"Hills and the Sea" by H. Belloc
John Milton stood the cramming process like a true hero.
"Little Journeys to the Homes of the Great, Volume 5 (of 14)" by Elbert Hubbard
He forced it back with both hands rather as though it had failed of this duty and was being crammed away in disgrace.
"If Winter Comes" by A.S.M. Hutchinson
I rather would at Frekastein the ravens cram with thy carcase, than thy dogs lead to their meat, or thy hogs feed.
"The Elder Eddas of Saemund Sigfusson; and the Younger Eddas of Snorre Sturleson" by Saemund Sigfusson and Snorre Sturleson
If necessary, I could cram it up on Wednesday morning.
"Tell England" by Ernest Raymond
You now see why 'cramming' must be so poor a mode of study.
"Talks To Teachers On Psychology; And To Students On Some Of Life's Ideals" by William James
The city was full of warehouses, and the warehouses were crammed with valuables.
"Space Viking" by Henry Beam Piper
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In poetry:

Delightful task! to cram the hungry maw,
To teach the empty stomach how to fill,
To pour red port adown the parched craw;
Without one dread dessert—to pay the bill.
"Reflections of A Poet: On Being Invited To A Great Dinner" by Thomas Gent
The old Professor now is dead,
And turtles of the sea,
Knowing their blood they need not shed,
Are festive in their glee:
While sanitoriums are crammed
With legions dammed.
"The Healer" by Robert W Service
HIS chosen comrades thought at school
He must grow a famous man;
He thought the same and lived by rule,
All his twenties crammed with toil;
"What then?' sang Plato's ghost. "What then?"
"What Then?" by William Butler Yeats
And when I went in the house the table was set for me--
As good a supper's I ever saw, or ever want to see;
And I crammed the agreement down my pocket as well as I could,
And fell to eatin' my victuals, which somehow didn't taste good.
"How Betsey And I Made Up" by William McKendree Carleton
And when I went in the house the table was set for me—
As good a supper's I ever saw, or ever want to see;
And I crammed the agreement down my pocket as well as I could,
And fell to eatin' my victuals, which somehow didn't taste good.
"How Betsey and I made up" by Will McKendree Carleton
Physics, metaphysics, logic, mathematics--all the lot
Every wisdom--crammed octavo he has mastered and forgot,
With the ghosts of dead professors standing guard beside them all;
And the room is fall of shadows which their lettered backs recall.
"The Last Survivor" by Oliver Wendell Holmes

In news:

Cram session for Redskins, Cowboys in shortened week.
INTERVIEWS Kanye West Crams Two Tracks Into One Flashy Hype Williams Video.
Hot Dog Flavor crammed into a chip.
About 3 inches tall and perfectly shaped, they layer into a jar halved and cored without any cramming.
LOS ANGELES — With Amazon.com set to begin collecting sales taxes on California purchases Sept 15, many state residents are trying to cram in some last-minute tax-free shopping.
There are too many things for which we are thankful to cram into 24 hours.
We just figured we'd pile on and cram some more words about it into your earhole.
For those crammed within the city, bustling with pilgrims, it was a bit cold but tolerably so.
Limber ladies crammed into a tiny car, charity stunts and thousands of schoolchildren stacking cups are just some of the events happening around the globe on Thursday to celebrate Guinness World Records day.
On Wednesday night a heavyweight lineup of marquee acts will cram New York's.
Crammed in a box at Green Bay.
Hoisin sauce crams big flavor in little bottle.
If it had a belt, it would have to let it out so all that gray matter could expand to accommodate all the info crammed into it today.
The scene at Manhattan High School West Monday is one that has too often unfolded during tragic school shootings across the country- students crammed into corners and hiding under desks.
Opening this Friday, September 3, Machete promises to deliver the most ridiculous (in a good way) action you could possibly cram into its 1 hour and 45 minute duration.
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In science:

These are the Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Cram`er-von Mises, Wilcox [ Wilcox (1997)] and Lepage [ Lepage (1971)] tests.
A new test for the multivariate two-sample problem based on the concept of minimum energy
Kolmogorov-Smirnov- and Cram`er-von Mises type two-sample tests with various weight functions.
A new test for the multivariate two-sample problem based on the concept of minimum energy
Since ¯Sram is finite, Lemma 5.85 implies that Cram is finite of cardinality bounded independently of Γ, so the same is true of Φ(Π−1(Cram )).
Relations among modular points on elliptic curves
We also mention the paper where the same problem was studied under Cram ´er’s assumptions and in the case when x may depend on n.
Asymptotics for first-passage times of L\'evy processes and random walks
In particular, the conditions of Theorem 1.2 are fulfi lled if the distribution of ξ1 satisfies the so-called Cram ´er’s (or classical) conditions.
Asymptotics for first-passage times of L\'evy processes and random walks
With the help of Theor em 1.2 we can also cover the so-called intermediate case, when ξ1 has a distribution with a light tail but does not satisfy Cram ´er’s condition.
Asymptotics for first-passage times of L\'evy processes and random walks
For the first two cases, we use some results from paper . T hen, in Theorem 2.5 we give the asymptotics for Cram ´er’s case.
Asymptotics for first-passage times of L\'evy processes and random walks
Finally, in Theorem 2.7, we analyse distributions with exponential tails that are not covered by Cram ´er’s case.
Asymptotics for first-passage times of L\'evy processes and random walks
Here, λi are the coefficients of the Cram ´er series (see for the definition).
Asymptotics for first-passage times of L\'evy processes and random walks
Cram ´er’s case Let m(s) = E{esX1 } be the moment generating function of X1 .
Asymptotics for first-passage times of L\'evy processes and random walks
Integral limit theorems taking large deviations into account when Cram ´er’s condition does not hold.
Asymptotics for first-passage times of L\'evy processes and random walks
Moore. “Cramming more components onto integrated circuits”.
The New Embedded System Design Methodology For Improving Design Process Performance
It is separated from more general location M-estimators, as the techniques used there are not available for the median due to a failure of a Cram ´er condition.
Higher order asymptotics for the MSE of the sample median on shrinking neighborhoods
At the photosphere, the surface amplitude of solar p-modes in magnetic regions are reduced below those in magnetically quiet regions in the 5 minute band (Woods & Cram 1981).
Magneto-acoustic wave energy from numerical simulations of an observed sunspot umbra
Two of the important exceptions are the error probability of the random codes below the critical rate , which uses a finer version o f Cram ´er’s theorem , and the expected number of codewords of low-density parity-check (LDPC) codes .
Central Approximation in Statistical Physics and Information Theory
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