cowpox

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n cowpox a viral disease of cattle causing a mild skin disease affecting the udder; formerly used to inoculate humans against smallpox
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The word vaccine comes from the Latin word "vacca," which means cow. This name was chosen beacause the first vaccination was derived from cowpox which was given to a boy
    • n Cowpox (Med) A pustular eruptive disease of the cow, which, when communicated to the human system, as by vaccination, protects from the smallpox; vaccinia; -- called also kinepox cowpock, and kinepock.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n cowpox A vaccine disease which appears on the teats of a cow, in the form of vesicles of a blue color, approaching to livid. These vesicles are elevated at the margin and depressed at the center; they are surrounded with inflammation, and contain a limpid fluid or virus which is capable of communicating genuine cowpox to the human subject, and of conferring, in a great majority of instances, a complete and permanent security against smallpox. Also called vaccinia. See vaccination.
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Usage

In literature:

I show you here the hand of Sarah Nelmes with cowpox, 1796.
"The Evolution of Modern Medicine" by William Osler
Smallpox takes thirteen or fourteen days to develop; cowpox runs its course in eight.
"Doctor Therne" by H. Rider Haggard
Whether cowpox is a modified form of smallpox or a distinct disease is unknown.
"The Home Medical Library, Volume I (of VI)" by Various
Smallpox remains smallpox and cowpox, cowpox.
"Special Report on Diseases of Cattle" by U.S. Department of Agriculture
He ascertained that cowpox, as it was commonly termed by the milkers, would frequently fail in effecting a security against the smallpox.
"The Great Events by Famous Historians, Volume 14" by Various
After he had differentiated genuine cowpox, however, there was no difficulty in tracing its apparent protective power.
"Makers of Modern Medicine" by James J. Walsh
By vaccinating a person we inoculate him with vaccinia or cowpox.
"Essays In Pastoral Medicine" by Austin ÓMalley
Cowpox is like a mild form of smallpox, and the introduction of this virus gives complete immunity to smallpox for several years after vaccination.
"A Civic Biology" by George William Hunter
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In news:

First smallpox vaccine made by English doctor Edward Jenner, using cowpox virus.
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In science:

The data are records of six pathogens: three species of Bartonel la bacteria (B. taylorii, B. grahamii, B. doshiae), cowpox virus, the bacterium Anaplasma phagocytophilum and the protozoan Babesia microti.
A coupled hidden Markov model for disease interactions
Aside from their intrinsic interest as a community of pathogens, Bartonel la, Anaplasma, Babesia and cowpox virus infections may also be zoonotic: capable of being transmitted from animals to humans and causing disease.
A coupled hidden Markov model for disease interactions
Antibodies to cowpox virus were detected by immunofluorescence assay (see Chantrey et al. (1999)). A brief description of the observed and derived variables is given in Table 1.
A coupled hidden Markov model for disease interactions
In voles and other wild rodents, infection with cowpox virus is known to last for approximately 4 weeks (Bennett et al. (1997)).
A coupled hidden Markov model for disease interactions
It is also possible that a current infection with cowpox virus hinders recovery from B. doshiae and previous exposure to cowpox prevents infection with Babesia.
A coupled hidden Markov model for disease interactions
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