cowl

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v cowl cover with or as with a cowl "cowl the boys and veil the girls"
    • n cowl a loose hood or hooded robe (as worn by a monk)
    • n cowl protective covering consisting of a metal part that covers the engine "there are powerful engines under the hoods of new cars","the mechanic removed the cowling in order to repair the plane's engine"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The word 'cappuccino' is the result of several derivations, the original of which began in 16th century. The Capuchin order of friars, established after 1525, played an important role in bringing Catholicism back to Reformation Europe. Its Italian name came from the long, pointed cowl, or cappuccino, derived from cappuccino, "hood," that was worn as part of the order's habit. The French version of cappuccino was capuchin, from which came English Capuchin. In Italian cappuccino went on to describe espresso coffee mixed or topped with steamed milk or cream, so called because the color of the coffee resembled the color of the habit of a Capuchin friar. The first use of cappuccino in English is recorded in 1948 in a work about San Francisco. There is also the story line that says that the term comes from the fact that the coffee is dark, like the monk's robe, and the cap is likened to the color of the monk's head.
    • Cowl a covering for a chimney or other ventilating shaft functioning to increase the draft.
    • Cowl A cowl-shaped cap, commonly turning with the wind, used to improve the draft of a chimney, ventilating shaft, etc.
    • Cowl A monk's hood; -- usually attached to the gown. The name was also applied to the hood and garment together. "What differ more, you cry, than crown and cowl ?"
    • Cowl (aviation) a removable metal covering for an aircraft engine, providing streamlining to minimize wind resistance; -- also called cowling.
    • n Cowl A vessel carried on a pole between two persons, for conveyance of water.
    • Cowl A wire cap for the smokestack of a locomotive.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n cowl A hood attached to a gown or robe, and admitting of being drawn over the head or of being worn hanging on the shoulders: worn chiefly by monks, and characteristic of their dress or profession.
    • n cowl A garment with a hood (vestis caputiata), black or gray or brown, varying in length in different ages and according to the usages of different orders, but having these two permanent characteristics, that it covered the head and shoulders, and that it was without sleeves.
    • n cowl Hence A monk.
    • n cowl A covering, originally cowl-shaped, for the top of a chimney or the upper end of a soil-pipe or ventilating shaft, made to turn with the wind, and intended to assist ventilation.
    • n cowl A wire cap or cage on the top of a locomotive-funnel.
    • n cowl An old name in some parts of England for a tub or large vessel for holding liquids; specifically, a large vessel for water, to be carried on a pole between two persons.
    • n cowl See kowl.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Cowl kowl a cap or hood: a monk's hood: the badge of monkhood: a monk: a cover for a chimney
    • v.t Cowl to make a monk of: to cover like a cowl
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
AS. cuhle, cugle, cugele,; cf. dial. G. kogel, gugel, OF. coule, goule,; all fr. LL. cuculla, cucullus, fr. L. cucullus, cap, hood; perh. akin to celare, to conceal, cella, cell. Cf. Cucullate

Usage

In literature:

There are muffled figures shuffling around to represent monks in cowls, saints, demons, and apostles.
"Behind the Beyond" by Stephen Leacock
Again it was Anthony of Padua in monk's cowl, barefooted, with tonsured head, a lighted torch in his hand.
"Peter the Priest" by Mór Jókai
I have seen clowns enough holding tapers aslant, both with and without cowls, to last me for my life.
"Romola" by George Eliot
And among these lay brethren, some fathers buried in their great white cowls lay prostrate and kissed the ground.
"En Route" by J.-K. (Joris-Karl) Huysmans
I recognized, under the cowl, the thin, sallow face and the sombre eyes.
"Margaret Tudor" by Annie T. Colcock
Illustrated by Maude and Genevieve Cowles.
"The Blue Wall" by Richard Washburn Child
One of them, Mrs. Cowling, died of it at the Abbey.
"The Forest of Dean An Historical and Descriptive Account" by H. G. Nicholls
It issued chuckling, and, as its cowl fell back, disclosed a well-known and decidedly mirthful countenance.
"A harum-scarum schoolgirl" by Angela Brazil
B. Cowles, from the Turnbull Library, was the first of the many young ladies who since then have been members of the staff.
"Report of the Chief Librarian" by J. O. Wilson and General Assembly Library (New Zealand)
Their eyes glanced sideways from under their cowls.
"Old Junk" by H. M. Tomlinson
No man ever set foot in this sanctuary unless in the cowl of St. Ignatius.
"Celebrated Travels and Travellers" by Jules Verne
A wind stirred his cowl and she saw the face of Diogenes.
"The Proud Prince" by Justin Huntly McCarthy
Cowles, Dr. Edward, Supt.
"An Historical Account of the Settlements of Scotch Highlanders in America" by J. P. MacLean
The grim towers rise boldly without ornament or decoration of any kind, and are cowled by a peculiarly strange roofing.
"The Automobilist Abroad" by M. F. (Milburg Francisco) Mansfield
Lander, Alfred Cowles & Son, 35.
"The American Missionary - Volume 52, No. 3, September, 1898" by Various
It's no the cowl that maks the friar.
"The Proverbs of Scotland" by Alexander Hislop
Lucilla knew her fate as well as if his long coat had been a cowl.
"Hopes and Fears scenes from the life of a spinster" by Charlotte M. Yonge
I wanted to put on a monk's cowl; but no convent would let me in.
"The Old Man of the Mountain, The Lovecharm and Pietro of Abano" by Ludwig Tieck
Walter H. Cowles, by Walter G. Cowles, Administrator, 1,000.
"The American Missionary -- Volume 54, No. 2, April, 1900" by Various
Cowles, Betsey M., i, 104.
"History of Woman Suffrage, Volume III (of III)" by Various
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In poetry:

All wrapt it was in a monkish cowl,
By the gate-lamp burning dim,
When a double shadow slid across,
And another stood by him !
"The Prophecy Of Merlin" by Anne Bannerman
With thee his splendid gifts I share,
Or soon this youthful head
A solemn monk's dark cowl shall wear,
To love and glory dead.
"Edgar And Ellen" by Matilda Betham
"By some still close-cowled mystery
We have reached feeling faster than he,
But he will overtake us anon,
If the world goes on."
"Fragment" by Thomas Hardy
She wandered where the sands were wet,
Weaving the sea-weed for a crown,
And there at eve a monk she met--
A holy monk in cowl and gown.
"The Witch" by Isabel Ecclestone Mackay
With these I roam, I sing with those,
And should the world with smiles or jeers
Provoke or lure, my lids I close,
And draw a cowl about my ears.
"At The Gate Of The Convent" by Alfred Austin
"Midst fawning priests and courtiers foul,
The losel swarm of crown and cowl,
White-robed walked Francois Fenelon,
Stainless as Uriel in the sun!
"The Chapel of the Hermits" by John Greenleaf Whittier

In news:

George Morin and Linda Arsenault Cowles.
Like many university libraries across the United States, Drake University's Cowles Library has been challenged in recent years to reduce costs while still maintaining a high level of service.
A massive canvas painted by Genevieve Cowles nearly a century ago was her gift to the Connecticut State Prison in Wethersfield, which was demolished after construction of the former Somers State Prison in 1963.
Notice the lack of an engine cowl.
Along with painted fiberglass wheel pants, landing gear, struts and cowl, it has molded cowl blisters and even a dummy P&W radial engine to complete its scale appeal.
WEDDINGS;Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, Allison Stacey Cowles.
Allison Stacey Cowles, the widow of William H Cowles 3d, who was the publisher of The Spokesman-Review in Spokane, Wash.
John Cowles Jr, 82, succumbed to lung cancer Saturday evening, surrounded by family.
John Cowles, shown here with his wife Sage.
Cowles died Saturday evening from lung cancer Image courtesy Cowles Center for Dance and the Performing Arts.
Cowles Syndicate Inc Read the article: Picture clocks combine time and artwork.
It sold this year at Cottone Auctions in Geneseo, N.Y. Cowles Syndicate Inc Read the article: All cupboards are not what they appear.
1967 Chevy Camaro Cowl Hood.
Students at Providence College are peeved at the school for (1) changing the alcohol policies on campus and (2) not doing a very good job of advertising the changes, the Cowl reports.
Placer Elementary School Principal Carolyn Cowles was presented by vases full of flowers, expressions of affection from her students on May 1, Principal 's Day.
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In science:

Thus in practice it has only been implemented for systems of order 2, i.e., radial oscillations or nonradial oscillations in the Cowling approximation.
ADIPLS -- the Aarhus adiabatic oscillation package
Cowles Foundation Discussion Paper, No. 1181, Yale Univ.
Specification testing in nonlinear and nonstationary time series autoregression
The solutions to this system is governed by several parameters including the vertical wavenumber k , the Cowling number, C , the radial size of the domain (appearing below) L and the form and amplitude of the deviation shear profile Q.
Low magnetic-Prandtl number flow configurations for cold astrophysical disk models: speculation and analysis
Cowling approximation in which the metric is fixed, inaccurate data in the black hole interior can propagate out of the horizon in the GLM-MHD systems of equations.
Relativistic magnetohydrodynamics in dynamical spacetimes: A new AMR implementation
This is also much simpler as it allows one to treat gravity as a background condition, either through a Newtonian potential or a relativistic metric (the so-called Cowling approximation in relativity).
Foundations of Black Hole Accretion Disk Theory
Discussion Paper 1181, Cowles Foundation, Yale Univ.
A specification test for nonlinear nonstationary models
S. Chapman and T. G. Cowling, The Mathematical Theory of Non-Uniform Gases, 3rd. edn., (Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, 1970); J. H. Ferziger and H. G. Kaper, Mathematical Theory of Transport Processes in Gases (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1972); Y.
A molecular dynamics test of the Navier-Stokes-Fourier paradigm for compressible gaseous continua
If we retain the off-diagonal components of the dispersion tensor, they can be interpreted as viscosity, and the equations reduce to the Navier-Stokes equations (Choudhuri 1998; Chapman & Cowling 1970).
Validity of Hydrostatic Equilibrium in Galaxy Clusters from Cosmological Hydrodynamical Simulations
The results of the simulations seem to contradict a generally accepted result due to Cowling and Priest that the field lines at the very center of the reconnection region must osculate rather than cross at a finite angle.
Princeton University Observatory Annual Report, 1997-98
Also this earlier Cowling-Priest result was extended by Shivamoggi to include a small resistivity and again the result was inferred to be osculating fields as the viscosity went to zero.
Princeton University Observatory Annual Report, 1997-98
Cowling, “The mathematical theory of non-uniform gases”, Cambridge Univ.
A kinetic approach to granular gases
This is of particular relevance for the question whether the Cowling theorem for dynamo action can be fulfilled, after which a dynamo can only work with nonaxisymmetric fields.
Nonaxisymmetric patterns in the linear theory of MHD Taylor-Couette instability
After the Cowling theorem which requires the existence of nonaxisymmetric magnetic modes for the existence of a dynamo, a selfexcited dynamo might thus exist, but only for certain mag∼ 1.
Nonaxisymmetric patterns in the linear theory of MHD Taylor-Couette instability
On the other hand, after the Cowling theorem of dynamo theory a magnetic field can only be maintained if it is nonaxisymmetric.
Nonaxisymmetric patterns in the linear theory of MHD Taylor-Couette instability
It is now clear that the occurrence of nonaxisymmetric solutions as the preferred modes is a rather general phenomenon for containers with conducting walls which can become important for the design of future dynamo experiments (Cowling theorem).
The linear MHD Taylor-Couette instability for liquid sodium
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